Boeing Commercial Airplanes

Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA) is a division of The Boeing Company. It designs, assembles, markets, and sells jet airliners and business jets (Boeing Business Jets), and also provides product-related maintenance and training to customers worldwide.[4] BCA operates out of its division headquarters in Renton, Washington, and has more than a dozen engineering, manufacturing, and assembly facilities located throughout the U.S. and internationally.[3] It includes the assets of the Douglas Aircraft division of the former McDonnell Douglas Corporation, which merged with Boeing in 1997.[5] As of the beginning of 2020, BCA employed almost 65,000 people.

Boeing Commercial Airplanes
TypeDivision
IndustryAviation
FoundedJuly 15, 1916; 105 years ago (1916-07-15)
FounderWilliam Boeing
Headquarters,
U.S.
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Stan Deal (President and CEO of BCA)
Products737, 747, 767, 777, 787, Boeing Business Jet (BBJ)
ServicesMaintenance, training
RevenueDecrease US$ 32.255 billion (2019)[1]
Decrease US$ −6.657 billion (2019)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$ 133.625 billion (2019)[1]
Total equityDecrease US$ −8.300 billion (2019)[1]
Number of employees
64,529 (January 1, 2020)[2]
ParentThe Boeing Company
Websiteboeing.com/commercial/
Footnotes / references
[3]

OrganizationEdit

Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA) is organized as:[citation needed]

BCA subsidiaries:

ManagementEdit

In November 2016, Boeing announced that Ray Conner would step down immediately as BCA's president and CEO.[13] He was succeeded by Kevin G. McAllister,[14] who was the first outside recruitment in BCA history. McAllister was instructed by Dennis Muilenburg to triple revenue from aftermarket services from $15 billion to a target of $50 billion over 10 years, with a new purpose-built unit headed by Stan Deal.[13] Keith Leverkuhn was the vice president and general manager of the 737 MAX program in March 2017 when it received certification.[15]

McAllister was eventually ousted by Boeing in October 2019, in the midst of a company crisis following two fatal crashes of its 737 MAX jets. Stan Deal succeeded him in both of his positions.[16][17] One insider called McAllister a "scapegoat" as he had only joined BCA during the later stages of the 737 MAX's development.[16]

ProductsEdit

Model naming conventionEdit

For all models sold beginning with the Boeing 707 in 1957, except the Boeing 720, Boeing's naming system for commercial airliners has taken the form of 7X7 (X representing a number). All model designations from 707 through 787 have been assigned, leaving 797 as the only 7X7 model name not assigned to a product.

For models 707 to 777, the full model number consists of an airplane's model number, for example, 707 or 747, followed by a hyphen and three digits that represent the series within the model, for example, 707-320 or 747-400. In aviation circles, a more specific model designation is sometimes used where the last two digits of the series designator are replaced by the two-digit, alpha-numeric Boeing customer code, for example, 747-121, representing a 747-100 originally ordered by Pan American World Airways (Boeing customer code 21) or 737-7H4, representing a 737-700 originally ordered by Southwest Airlines (Boeing customer code H4). Codes do not change for aircraft transferred from one airline to another. Unlike other models, the 787 uses a single digit to designate the series, for example, 787-8. This convention was followed in the development of the newest version of the 747, the 747-8, along with the 737 MAX and 777X series.

Additional letters are sometimes appended to the model name as a suffix, including "ER" to designate an "extended range" version, such as the 777-300ER, or "LR" to designate a "long range" version, for example 777-200LR. Other suffix designators include "F" for "freighter" (747-400F), "C" for "convertible" aircraft that can be converted between a passenger and freighter configuration (727-100C), "SR" or "D" for "short range" and "domestic" (747-400D, 747SR), and "M" for "combi" aircraft that are configured to carry both passengers and freight at the same time (757-200M, 747-400M). Passenger aircraft that are originally manufactured as passenger aircraft and later converted to freighter configuration by Boeing carry the suffix "BCF" designating a Boeing converted freighter (747-400BCF).

Aircraft in production or developmentEdit

Product list and details
Aircraft model Number built[18] Description Capacity First flight Variants in production Out-of-production variants
737 10,478 Twin‑engine, single aisle, short- to medium-range narrow-body 85–215 April 9, 1967 737 MAX, BBJ, C-40, 737 AEW&C, P-8 100, 200, 200C/Adv, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 700ER, 800, 900, 900ER
747 1,548 Heavy, four‑engine, partial double deck, twin–aisle main deck, single–aisle upper deck, medium- to long-range widebody 467–605 February 9, 1969 8F 100, 100SR/B, 200, 200F/C, SP, 200M, 300, 300M/SR, 400, 400M/D/F/ER/ERF, 8I, VC-25, E-4, YAL-1
767 1,135 Heavy, twin-engine, twin aisle, medium- to long-range widebody 180–375 September 26, 1981 300F, KC-767, KC-46, E-767 200, 200ER, 300, 300ER, 400ER[19]
777 1,584 Heavy, twin-engine, twin aisle, medium- to long-range, ultra long-range (200LR), widebody 301–550 June 12, 1994 200LR, 300ER, BBJ, Freighter[20] 200, 200ER, 300
787 789 Heavy, twin-engine, twin aisle, long-range widebody 210–330[21] December 15, 2009 8, 9,[22] 10, BBJ[23]
Future airliner models
Expected
EIS
Type Description Notes
2023 777X New 777 series, with the lengthened 777-9X, and extra-long-range 777-8X. New engine and new composite wings with folding wingtips Revealed 03/2019
2025-2027 Boeing NMA Middle of the market, between the 737 MAX and the 787 Dreamliner, also meant to replace aging 757s and 767s
after 2030 Y1/737RS Boeing 737 replacement

Orders and deliveriesEdit

The table below lists only airliners from the jet era.

Aircraft Orders Deliveries Unfilled
707 856 856
717-200 155 155
720 154 154
727 1,831 1,831
737 Original 1,144 1,144
737 Classic 1,988 1,988
737 NG 7,074 6,981 93
737 MAX 5,011 350 4,661
747 1,418 1,418
747-8 154 130 24
757 1,049 1,049
767 1,244 1,135 109
777 1,687 1,584 103
777X 326 326
787 1,421 789 632
Totals 25,512 19,564 5,948

Data from Boeing through end of January 2019[24][25]

Discontinued aircraftEdit

Aircraft
model
Number
built
Notes
1 2
6 1
6D 2
7 1
8 1
40 84
64 1
80 16
81 2
95 25
200 Monomail 1 Converted into the 8-passenger Model 221A
203 7
204 7
221 Monomail 1 Converted into the 8-passenger Model 221A
247 75
307 Stratoliner 10
314 Clipper 12
367-80 1
377 Stratocruiser 56 Civil development of the military C-97
707 865
720 154 Modified variant of the 707
717 156 Originally developed by McDonnell Douglas as the MD-95: an evolution of the DC-9 family.
727 1,831 Three-engine narrow-body jet
757 1,050 Narrow-body twin-engine jet

GalleryEdit

Specialty and other aircraftEdit

Airlines commonly order aircraft with special features or options, but Boeing builds certain models specifically for a particular customer.

  • The Boeing 707-138B was a shortened-fuselage, long-range model only sold to Qantas.
  • The Boeing 757-200M was a single-example model built for Royal Nepal Airlines (now called Nepal Airlines). This plane could be converted between passenger and freighter configuration. It was launched by Royal Nepal Airlines in 1986 and delivered two years later.
  • Boeing 747
  • Boeing was a consultant to Sukhoi on the Russian Regional Jet program that subsequently became the Sukhoi Superjet 100 twin-engine narrowbody airliner.

ConceptsEdit

AirfoilsEdit

  • Boeing 103 - used on Model 40 and F2B
  • Boeing 103A - used on F2B and F3B
  • Boeing 106 - used on Model 80, P-12, Monomail, Model 226
  • Boeing 106B - used on Model 95, Model 247D, P-12
  • Boeing 106R - used on various Beriev models
  • Boeing 109 - used on Model 95 and P-26
  • Boeing 117 - used on XPBB, B-29 and derivatives (307, 367, 377), all Aero Spacelines models, Tupolev Tu-4, Tu-70, Tu-75, Tu-80.

Major facilitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "2019 result". Boeing.
  2. ^ "Boeing: The Boeing Company: General Information". www.boeing.com. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Backgrounder" (PDF). The Boeing Company. November 2014. Boeing Commercial Airplanes employs more than 83,000 people under the leadership of President and CEO Ray Conner. The business unit’s revenue in 2013 was a record $53 billion.
  4. ^ "Boeing Commercial Airplanes: A Better Way To Fly". The Boeing Company.
  5. ^ "McDonnell Douglas shareholders approve merger with Boeing" (Press release). The Boeing Company. July 25, 1997. Archived from the original on December 24, 2010. Retrieved January 19, 2011. McDonnell Douglas Corporation's (NYSE: MD) shareholders voted today to approve the merger with The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA).
  6. ^ "Boeing Vancouver - Global IT Solutions for Airline Operations". www.aeroinfo.com. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  7. ^ "Aviall - Aircraft Parts, Supplies, Chemicals, Tools and Repair Services - Aviall". www.aviall.com. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  8. ^ "Home - Aviation Partners Boeing". www.aviationpartnersboeing.com. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  9. ^ Boeing Training & Flight Services Archived November 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Aerospace Engineering Services". CDG. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  11. ^ Preston Aviation Solutions
  12. ^ "Boeing Acquires Alenia North America's Interest in Global Aeronautica". Boeing, December 22, 2009.
  13. ^ a b "Boeing goes outside for new Commercial Airplanes CEO". seattletimes.com. November 21, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  14. ^ "Executive Biography of Kevin McAllister". Boeing.com. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  15. ^ "Boeing 737 MAX 8 Earns FAA Certification". boeing.mediaroom.com. PRNewswire: Boeing Communications. March 9, 2017.
  16. ^ a b Johnson, Eric M.; Shepardson, David (October 23, 2019). "Boeing ousts airliner chief as 737 MAX crisis grows". Reuters. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
  17. ^ "Boeing replaces head of commercial airplane unit amid 737 Max crisis". October 22, 2019.
  18. ^ as of January 2019
  19. ^ The Boeing 767 family. Boeing.
  20. ^ "Boeing: 777". www.boeing.com. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
  21. ^ 787-8 Fact Sheet, 787-9 Fact Sheet. Boeing.
  22. ^ Trimble, Stephen. "Boeing shows off completed horizontal stabiliser for 787-9". Flight International, January 15, 2013.
  23. ^ "Boeing Business Jets". Boeing. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
  24. ^ "Boeing: Commercial". www.boeing.com. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  25. ^ "Boeing: Commercial". www.boeing.com. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  26. ^ Gervais, Edward L. (November 29, 2007). "Boeing Current and Future Product Review" (PDF). Presentation to Federal Aviation Administration Great Lakes Region 23rd Annual Airport Conference. Boeing Commercial Airplanes. p. 54. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 27, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
  27. ^ "Boeing Unveils Hypersonic Airliner Concept | Aviation Week Network".
  28. ^ Pappalardo, Joe (June 26, 2018). "How Boeing's Hypersonic Passenger Plane Concept Works". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved March 11, 2019.

External linksEdit