31°05′51″N 121°51′09″E / 31.09750°N 121.85250°E / 31.09750; 121.85250

Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd.
Native name
Chinese: 中国商用飞机有限责任公司
Company typeState-owned limited company
Founded11 May 2008; 16 years ago (11 May 2008)
Area served
Key people
He Dongfeng (Chairman)[1]
Zhao Yuerang (President)[2]
ProductsCommercial airliners
Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd.
Simplified Chinese中国商用飞机有限责任公司
Traditional Chinese中國商用飛機有限責任公司
Simplified Chinese中国
Traditional Chinese中國商飛

The Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd. (COMAC, Chinese: 中国商用飞机有限责任公司) is a Chinese state-owned aerospace manufacturer established on 11 May 2008 in Shanghai.[3] The headquarters are in Pudong, Shanghai.[4] The company has a registered capital of RMB 19 billion (US$2.7 billion as of May 2008). The corporation is a designer and constructor of large passenger aircraft with capacities of over 150 passengers.

The first aircraft marketed by COMAC is the ARJ21 regional jet, which was developed by China Aviation Industry Corporation I. This was followed by the C919 narrow-body aircraft, which can seat up to 168 passengers and made its maiden flight in 2017,[5] entering into commercial service in March 2023.[6]

History edit

Origins edit

COMAC, Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, was established on 11 May 2008 in Shanghai. It was established jointly by Aviation Industry Corporation of China, Aluminum Corporation of China, Baosteel Group Corporation, Sinochem Group, Shanghai Guosheng Corporation Limited, and State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission.[citation needed]

U.S. sanctions edit

In January 2021, the United States government named COMAC as a company "owned or controlled" by the People's Liberation Army and thereby prohibited any American company or individual from investing in it.

Products edit

A Comac C919 in flight

Model naming convention edit

For all models sold beginning with the Comac C919, COMAC's naming system for commercial airliners has taken the form of 9X9.[citation needed]

Aircraft in production or development edit

Product list and details (date information from Comac)
Aircraft Variants Description Capacity First Flight Launch Customer
First Delivery
ARJ21 700,900,F,B Twin‑engine, single aisle, short-range 70−105 28 November 2008 ▪ November 28th, 2015 ▪ Chengdu Airlines[7]
C919 100ER Twin‑engine, single aisle, short- to medium-range 150−190 5 May 2017[8] ▪ May 28th, 2023 ▪ China Eastern Airlines
C929[9] 500,600,700 Twin‑engine, twin aisle, long-range 250−290 2030 (deferred) Currently in detailed design stage
C939[10][11] Twin‑engine, twin aisle, long-range 400 Currently in preliminary design stage
COMAC Beijing Aircraft Technology Research Institute

Orders and deliveries edit

As of March 2024.

Aircraft Orders Options Deliveries Backlog
ARJ21 252 25 133 119
C919[12] 738 120 5 733 C929 -
Total 990 145 138 852

Collaborations edit

Bombardier edit

On 24 March 2011, Comac and the Canadian company Bombardier Inc. signed a framework agreement for a long-term strategic cooperation on commercial aircraft.[13][14]

Products included in the programme include[citation needed]:

In May 2017, Bombardier and Comac began holding talks about an investment into Bombardier's passenger jet business.[15]

Boeing edit

On 23 September 2015, Boeing announced plans to build a Boeing 737 completion and finishing plant in China.[16] The facility will be used to paint exteriors and install interiors into airframes built in the United States.[17] The joint-venture plant will be located in Zhoushan, Zhejiang.[18]

Ryanair edit

In June 2011 COMAC and Irish low-cost airline Ryanair signed an agreement to cooperate on the development of the C919, a 200-seat narrow-body commercial jet which will compete with the Boeing 737 and Airbus A320.[19]

UAC edit

China-Russia Commercial Aircraft International Co. Ltd. (CRAIC), a joint venture company invested by COMAC and Russia's United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) responsible for the development of a wide-body commercial jet, was established in Shanghai on 22 May 2017. Research and development for the new plane will be conducted in Moscow, and it will be assembled in Shanghai.[20]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China. "He Dongfeng - Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China". Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  2. ^ Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China. "Zhao Yuerang - Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China". Archived from the original on 10 December 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  3. ^ An Lu (11 May 2008). "China's jumbo passenger aircraft company established in Shanghai". Xinhua. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  4. ^ 联系我们 (in Chinese (China)). COMAC. 5 January 2010. Archived from the original on 5 August 2019. Retrieved 7 January 2020. 上海市张杨路25号
  5. ^ "With maiden jet flight, China enters dog-fight with Boeing, Airbus". Reuters. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  6. ^ https://www.voanews.com/a/7528331.html
  7. ^ "China's COMAC delivers first ARJ21 jet plane to domestic airline". Reuters. 28 November 2015.
  8. ^ "China's first big passenger plane takes off for maiden flight". BBC News. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Comac confirms 'C929' moniker as widebody enters 'detailed design' stage". Flight Global. 6 November 2023.
  10. ^ Chen, Frank (13 May 2024). "China begins work on new C939 widebody jet, going bigger and bolder after C919's success". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 13 May 2024.
  11. ^ "China's COMAC working on preliminary designs for new C939 widebody jet, SCMP reports". Yahoo Finance. Reuters. 13 May 2024. Retrieved 13 May 2024.
  12. ^ "China's COMAC to start C919 deliveries in 2022, report says". www.aerotime.aero. 20 January 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  13. ^ "COMAC and Bombardier Sign Strategic Agreement on Commercial Aircraft" (Press release). Bombardier. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  14. ^ Jon Ostrower (1 April 2011). "Many questions surround Bombardier/Comac partnership". Flight Global. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  15. ^ Weinland, Don (18 May 2017). "Chinese group in talks to aid struggling jet maker Bombardier". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  16. ^ "China orders 300 Boeing planes worth $38 billion". USA Today. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  17. ^ Thompson, Loren. "Boeing To Build Its First Offshore Plane Factory In China As Ex-Im Bank Withers". Forbes. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  18. ^ Boeing to build plant in Zhoushan Archived 17 February 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Shanghai Daily.
  19. ^ Ryanair and Comac (Commercial Aircraft Corp. of China) Sign C 919...
  20. ^ "China-Russia joint venture to develop wide-body commercial jet". China Daily.

External links edit