Narrow-body aircraft

single-aisle full-size jet airliner classification
Size comparison between an Airbus A320 (narrow-body) and a Boeing 777-300ER (widebody aircraft)

A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle permitting up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below 4 metres (13 ft) of width. In contrast, a wide-body aircraft is a larger airliner usually configured with multiple aisles and a fuselage diameter of more than 5 metres (16 ft) allowing at least seven-abreast seating and often more travel classes. The highest seating capacity of a narrow-body aircraft is 295 passengers in the Boeing 757–300, while wide-body aircraft can accommodate between 250 and 600 passengers.

Thomas Cook Airlines Boeing 757-300 are the most dense single-aisle layouts at 280 seats.[1]

Between 2016 and 2035, Flightglobal expects 26,860 single-aisles to be delivered for almost $1380 billion, 45% Airbus A320 family ceo and neo and 43% Boeing 737 NG and max.[2] The re-engined Airbus A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX have longer range, enabling carriers to launch new routes with not enough capacity to require a widebody like for transatlantic flights to secondary destinations.[3]

2-abreast aircraft seats typically 4 to 19 passengers, 3-abreast 24 to 45, 4-abreast 44 to 80, 5-abreast 85 to 130, 6-abreast 120 to 230.[4] For the flight length, medium-haul aircraft are typically the Airbus A320 and Boeing 737, while regional airliners typically cover short haul.

Contents

Common narrow-body aircraft typesEdit

Six-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
Airbus A320 family[5] EU 1986– 395 cm (156 in) 370 cm (146 in) 236 2×turbofan
Airco DH 121[nb 1] UK 1962-1978 344 cm (135 in) 180 3 or 4 turbofan
Boeing 707/Boeing 720[7] USA 1958–1979 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 219 4×turbojet or 4xturbofan
Boeing 727[8] USA 1963–1984 376 cm (148 in) 356 cm (140 in) 189 3×turbofan
Boeing 737[9] USA 1966– 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 220 2×turbofan
Boeing 757[10] USA 1981–2004 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 295 2×turbofan
Bristol Britannia UK 1952-1960 139 4×turboprop
Comac C919[citation needed] CN 2016- 396 cm (156 in) 390 cm (154 in) 174 2×turbofan
Dassault Mercure[citation needed] FR 1971-1975 390 cm (154 in) 162 2×turbofan
Douglas DC-8[11] USA 1958–1972 373 cm (147 in) 353 cm (139 in) 269 4×turbojet or 4×turbofan
Ilyushin Il-62 USSR/RU 1963-1995 186 4×turbofan
Irkut MC-21[12] RU 2017- 406 cm (160 in) 381 cm (150 in) 230 2×turbofan
Lockheed L-188 Electra USA 1957–1961 98 4×turboprop
Tupolev Tu-114[citation needed] USSR 1958–1963 420 cm (165 in) 220 4×turboprop
Tupolev Tu-154[13] USSR/RU 1968–2013 380 cm (150 in) 180 3×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-204[citation needed] RU 1990- 380 cm (150 in) 357 cm (141 in) 215 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-334 RU 1999–2009 102 2×turbofan
Vickers VC10[14] UK 1962–1970 375 cm (148 in) 151 4×turbofan

Five-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage width Cabin width Max. seats Engines
Antonov 148 UKR since 2002 315 cm (124 in) 99 2×turbofan
BAC One-Eleven UK 1963–1989 320 cm (126 in) 119 2×turbofan
Boeing 377 Stratocruiser USA 1947-1963 114 4×piston engine
Bombardier CSeries CAN since 2012 3.5 m (138 in)[15] 328 cm (129 in) 160 2×turbofan
British Aerospace 146[nb 2] UK 1987–2001 350 cm (138 in) 112 4×turbofan
Comac ARJ21 CN since 2007 314 cm (124 in) 105 2×turbofan
Convair 880 USA 1959–1962 325 cm (128 in) 110 4×turbojet
Convair 990 USA 1961–1963 325 cm (128 in) 149 4×turbofan
DC-9/MD-80/MD-90/B717 USA 1965–2006 340 cm (134 in) 172 2×turbofan
de Havilland Comet UK 1949–? 81 4×turbojet
Douglas DC-4 USA 1942–1947 80 4×piston engine
Douglas DC-6 USA 1946–1958 89 4×piston engine
Douglas DC-7 USA 1953–1958 95 4×piston engine
Fokker F28/Fokker 70/Fokker 100 NL 1967–1997 330 cm (130 in) 122 2×turbofan
Ilyushin Il-18 USSR 1957–1985 120 4×turboprop
Lockheed Constellation USA 1943–1958 109 4×piston engine
Sud Aviation Caravelle FR 1958–1972 80 2×turbojet
Sukhoi Superjet 100 RU since 2007 323 cm (127 in) 108 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-144[18] USSR 1963–1983 140 4×turbojet
Vickers Viscount UK 1948–1963 75 4×turboprop

Four-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
Antonov An-24 USSR 1959–1979 2×turboprop
ATR 42/ATR 72 FR/IT 1984–present 2×turboprop
Bombardier CRJ CAN 1991—present 2×turbofan
Bombardier Dash 8 CAN 1983–present 2×turboprop
Concorde FR/UK 1965–1979 4×turbojet
Convair CV-240 USA 1947–1954 2×piston engine
Douglas DC-3 USA 1936–1942, 1950 2×piston engine
Embraer E-Jet family BR 2001–present 2×turbofan
Fokker 50 NL 1987-1997 2×turboprop
Mitsubishi Regional Jet JP 2017—present 276 cm (109 in)[19] 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-124 USSR 1960–1965 2.7 m (106 in) 56 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-134[20] USSR 1966–1984 2.9 m (114 in) 2.71 m (107 in)[21] 84[20] 2×turbofan

Three-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. seats Engines
BAe Jetstream 41 UK 1992–1997 30 2×turboprop
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter CAD 1965-1988, 2008-present 175 cm (69 in) 19 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 120 BR 1983–2001; built individually as of 2007 228 cm (90 in) 30 2×turboprop
Embraer ERJ 145 family BR since 1989 2×turbofan
Saab 340/Saab 2000 SWE 1983–1999 2×turboprop
Short Brothers Short 360 IRL 1981–1991 2×turboprop

Two-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage Cabin Max. Seats Engines
Beechcraft 1900 USA 1982–2002 19 2×turboprop
Beechcraft Model 99 USA 1968–1986 15 2×turboprop
Britten-Norman Islander UK 1965–present 9 2×piston engine
Britten-Norman Trislander UK 1970–1982 16 3×piston engine
de Havilland Dove UK 1946–1947 8–11 2×piston engine
de Havilland Heron UK 1950–1963 14–17 4×piston engine
Dornier Do 228 Germany 1981–1998, 2009–present 19 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante Brazil 1968–1990 19 2×turboprop
Evektor EV-55 Outback Czech Republic 2011–present 9–14 2×turboprop
Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner USA 1968–2001 19 2×turboprop
GAF Nomad Australia 1975–1985 12–16 2×turboprop

GalleryEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ except seven-abreast for Channel Airways[6]
  2. ^ except six-abreast for some operators including CityJet[16] and Mahan Air[17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ seatguru : Thomas Cook B757-300
  2. ^ "Flight Fleet Forecast's single-aisle outlook 2016-2035". Flight Global. 10 November 2016. 
  3. ^ Jens Flottau (Mar 3, 2017). "A320neo And Boeing 737 MAX Spur Market Shifts". Aviation Week & Space Technology. 
  4. ^ Ajoy Kumar Kundu (12 April 2010). Aircraft Design. Cambridge University Press. pp. 163–167. ISBN 1139487450. 
  5. ^ a321 specifications
  6. ^ "Variants". Shockcone.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  7. ^ 707 acaps
  8. ^ 727 acaps
  9. ^ 737 acaps
  10. ^ 757 acaps
  11. ^ "Commercial Aircraft of the World" (PDF). Flight. 23 November 1961. 
  12. ^ MC-21 spec
  13. ^ tu-154 specs
  14. ^ "A Little VC10derness". A site dedicated to the VC10. 2017-02-26. 
  15. ^ Bombardier Aerospace Commercial Aircraft Customer Support: Airport planning publication, p. 5.
  16. ^ "SeatGuru Seat Map Air France RJ-85 Avroliner". SeatGuru. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  17. ^ "Seat Map". Mahan Air. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  18. ^ TU-144 SS Technical Specs: Accommodation
  19. ^ "MRJ Brochure" (PDF). Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation. 2016. 
  20. ^ a b [1]
  21. ^ [2]