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Four-abreast cross-section
Narrow-body Boeing 737 in front of a Boeing 777 wide-body

A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle permitting up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below 4 metres (13 ft) of width. In contrast, a wide-body aircraft is a larger airliner usually configured with multiple aisles and a fuselage diameter of more than 5 metres (16 ft) allowing at least seven-abreast seating and often more travel classes.

Contents

CapacityEdit

 
280 seat Thomas Cook Boeing 757-300[1]

The highest seating capacity of a narrow-body aircraft is 295 passengers in the Boeing 757–300, while wide-body aircraft can accommodate between 250 and 600 passengers.

2-abreast aircraft seats typically 4 to 19 passengers, 3-abreast 24 to 45, 4-abreast 44 to 80, 5-abreast 85 to 130, 6-abreast 120 to 230.[2] For the flight length, medium-haul aircraft are typically the Airbus A320 and Boeing 737, while regional airliners typically cover short haul.

MarketEdit

Historically, beginning in the late 1960s and continuing through the 1990s, twin engine narrow-body aircraft, such as the Boeing 737 Classic, McDonnell-Douglas MD-80 and Airbus A320 were primarily employed in short to medium-haul markets requiring neither the range nor the passenger-carrying capacity of that period's wide-body aircraft.[3][not in citation given]

The re-engined B737 MAX and A320neo jets offer 500 miles more range, allowing them to operate the 3,000 miles transatlantic flights between the eastern U.S. and Western Europe, previously dominated by wide-body aircraft. Norwegian Air Shuttle, JetBlue Airways and TAP Portugal will open up direct routes bypassing airline hubs for lower fares between cheaper, smaller airports. The B737NG 3,300-mile range is insufficient for fully laden operations and operate at reduced capacity like the A318, while the Airbus A321LR could replace the less fuel efficient B757s used since its production end in 2004.[4]

Boeing will face competition and pricing pressure from the Embraer E-Jet E2 family, Airbus A220 (formerly Bombardier CSeries) and Comac C919.[5]

Between 2016 and 2035, Flightglobal expects 26,860 single-aisles to be delivered for almost $1380 billion, 45% Airbus A320 family ceo and neo and 43% Boeing 737 NG and max.[6] By June 2018, there was 10,572 Airbus A320neo and Boeing 737 MAX orders: 6,068 Airbuses (57%, 2,295 with CFMs, 1,623 with PWs and 2,150 with not yet decided engines) and 4,504 Boeings (43%); 3,446 in Asia-Pacific (33%), 2,349 in Europe (22%), 1,926 in North America (18%), 912 in Latin America (9%), 654 in Middle East (6%), 72 in Africa (1%) and 1,213 not yet bounded (11%).[7]

Many airlines have shown interest in the A321LR or its A321XLR derivative, and other extended-range models, for thin transatlantic and Asia-Pacific routes.[8]

ExamplesEdit

Six-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage width Cabin width Max. seats Engines seat
width[a]
Hawker Siddeley Trident[b] UK 1962–1978 344 cm (135 in)[10] 180 3 turbofan[c]
Bristol Britannia UK 1952–1960 366 cm (144 in)[11] 350 cm (139 in)[12] 139 4×turboprop
Douglas DC-8[13] USA 1958–1972 373 cm (147 in) 351.2 cm (138 in) 269 4×turbojet/fan
Ilyushin Il-62[14] USSR/RU 1963–1995 375 cm (148 in) 349 cm (137 in) 186 4×turbofan
Vickers VC10[15] UK 1962–1970 375 cm (148 in) 351 cm (138 in)[16] 151 4×turbofan
Boeing 707/Boeing 720[17] USA 1958–1979 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 219 4×turbojet/fan 17"
Boeing 737[18] USA 1966–present 220 2×turbofan 17"
Boeing 757[19] USA 1981–2004 295 2×turbofan 17"
Boeing 727[20] USA 1963–1984 356 cm (140 in) 189 3×turbofan 16.9"
Tupolev Tu-154[21] USSR/RU 1968–2013 380 cm (150 in) 358 cm (141 in) 180 3×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-204[22] RU 1990–present[d] 357 cm (141 in) 215 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-334 RU 1999–2009 102 2×turbofan
Yakovlev Yak-42 USSR/RU 1977–2003 360 cm (142 in) 120 3×turbofan
Dassault Mercure FR 1971–1975 390 cm (154 in)[citation needed] 366 cm (144 in)[23] 162 2×turbofan
Airbus A320 family[24] Multi 1986–present 395 cm (156 in) 370 cm (146 in) 244 2×turbofan 18"[25]
Comac C919 CN 2016–present 396 cm (156 in)[26] 390 cm (154 in)[27] 174 2×turbofan
Irkut MC-21[28] RU 2017–present 406 cm (160 in) 381 cm (150 in) 230 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-114[e] USSR 1958–1963 420 cm (165 in) 406 cm (160 in)[16] 220 4×turboprop

Five-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage width Cabin width Max. seats Engines Seat
width
de Havilland Comet UK 1949–1964 292 cm (115 in)[30] 81 4×turbojet
Douglas DC-4/DC-6/DC-7 USA 1942–1958 301 cm (118.5 in)[31] 95 4×piston engine
Sud Aviation Caravelle FR 1958–1972 301 cm (118.5 in)[32] 80 2×turbojet
Vickers Viscount UK 1948–1963 305 cm (120 in)[33] 75 4×turboprop
Fokker F28/Fokker 70/Fokker 100 NL 1967–1997 330 cm (130 in) 310 cm (122 in)[34] 122 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-144[35] USSR 1963–1983 330 cm (130 in)[f][36] 140 4×turbojet
DC-9/MD-80/MD-90/B717[37] USA 1965–2006 334.3 cm (131.6 in) 311.2 cm (122.5 in) 172 2×turbofan 17.9"
Antonov 148/158 UKR 2002 - present 313 cm (123 in)[38] 99 2×turbofan
Comac ARJ21[39] CN 2007 - present 336 cm (132 in) 314.3 cm (123.7 in) 105 2×turbofan
Boeing 377 Stratocruiser USA 1947–1963 335 cm (132 in)[40] 315 cm (124 in)[41] 114 4×piston engine
Ilyushin Il-18 USSR 1957–1985 351 cm (138 in)[42] 315 cm (124 in)[16] 120 4×turboprop
BAC One-Eleven UK 1963–1989 315 cm (124 in)[34] 119 2×turbofan
Sukhoi Superjet 100 RU 2007 - present 345 cm (136 in)[43]:451 323.6 cm (127 in)[44] 108 2×turbofan
Convair 880 USA 1959–1962 325 cm (128 in)[16] 110 4×turbojet
Convair 990 USA 1961–1963 325 cm (128 in)[16] 149 4×turbofan
Lockheed L-188 Electra USA 1957–1961 325 cm (128 in)[16] 98 4×turboprop
Lockheed Constellation USA 1943–1958 328 cm (129 in)[45] 109 4×piston engine
Airbus A220 CAN/Multi 2012 - present 350 cm (138 in)[46] 328 cm (129 in) 160 2×turbofan 18.6"
British Aerospace 146[47][g] UK 1987–2001 356 cm (140 in) 342 cm (135 in) 112 4×turbofan

Four-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage width Cabin width Max. seats Engines Seat
width
Yakovlev Yak-40 USSR 1966–1981 240 cm (94 in) 215 cm (85 in) 40 3×turbofan
Douglas DC-3[50] USA 1936–1942, 1950 250 cm (98 in) 27 2×piston engine
Bombardier Dash 8[51] CAN 1983–present 269 cm (106 in) 251 cm (99 in) 90 2×turboprop 17.3"
Fokker 27/Fokker 50 NL 1987–1997 254 cm (100 in)[34] 58 2×turboprop
Bombardier CRJ[52] CAN 1991—present 269 cm (106.1 in) 255 cm (100.5 in) 104 2×turbofan 17.3"
ATR 42/ATR 72[53] FR/IT 1984–present 280 cm (110 in) 257 cm (101 in) 78 2×turboprop 18"
Concorde FR/UK 1965–1979 262 cm (103 in)[34] 128 4×turbojet
Tupolev Tu-124 USSR 1960–1965 270 cm (106 in) 56 2×turbofan
Convair CV-240 USA 1947–1954 271 cm (106.5 in)[41] 40 2×piston engine
Tupolev Tu-134[54] USSR 1966–1984 290 cm (114 in) 271 cm (107 in)[55] 84 2×turbofan
Embraer E-Jet/E-Jet E2[56] BR 2001–present 301 cm (119 in) 274 cm (108 in) 146 2×turbofan 18"
Mitsubishi Regional Jet[57] JP 2017—present 276 cm (109 in) 92 2×turbofan 18.5"
Antonov An-24 USSR 1959–1979 277 cm (109 in)[34] 50 2×turboprop

Three-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage width Cabin width Max. seats Engines Seat
width
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter[58] CAN 1965–1988, 2008–present 175 cm (69 in) 161 cm (63.2 in) 19 2×turboprop
BAe Jetstream 31/41 UK 1982–1997 185 cm (73 in)[59] 30 2×turboprop
Short 360 UK 1981–1991 193 cm (76 in)[60] 36 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 120[61] BR 1983–2001 228 cm (90 in) 210 cm (83 in) 30 2×turboprop 17.3"
Embraer ERJ 145 family[62] BR 1989-present 228 cm (90 in) 210 cm (83 in) 50 2×turbofan 17.3"
Saab 340/Saab 2000[63] SWE 1983–1999 231 cm (91 in) 216 cm (85 in) 50 2×turboprop 18.1"
Dornier Do 328 DE 1991–2000 217.2 cm (85.5 in)[64] 32 2×turboprop 18.1"

Two-abreast cabinEdit

Type Country Production Fuselage width Cabin width Max. seats Engines
Beechcraft 1900 USA 1982–2002 1.37m 19 2×turboprop
Beechcraft Model 99 USA 1968–1986 15 2×turboprop
Britten-Norman Islander UK 1965–present 9 2×piston engine
Britten-Norman Trislander UK 1970–1982 16 3×piston engine
de Havilland Dove UK 1946–1947 8–11 2×piston engine
de Havilland Heron UK 1950–1963 14–17 4×piston engine
Dornier Do 228 Germany 1981–1998, 2009–present 19 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante Brazil 1968–1990 19 2×turboprop
Evektor EV-55 Outback Czech Republic 2011–present 9–14 2×turboprop
Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner USA 1968–2001 19 2×turboprop
GAF Nomad Australia 1975–1985 12–16 2×turboprop

Image galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ with 2" armrests when not otherwise specified
  2. ^ except seven-abreast for Channel Airways[9]
  3. ^ +1 booster on some variants
  4. ^ limited production
  5. ^ up to eight-abreast in tourist class[29]
  6. ^ Series Aircraft, 300 cm (118 in) prototype
  7. ^ except six-abreast for some operators including CityJet[48] and Mahan Air[49]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thomas Cook B757-300, seatguru
  2. ^ Ajoy Kumar Kundu (12 April 2010). Aircraft Design. Cambridge University Press. pp. 163–167. ISBN 1139487450. Archived from the original on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2016.
  3. ^ "The eye of the storm". The Economist. Retrieved 2017-11-03.
  4. ^ Richard Weiss, Andrea Rothman and Benjamin D Katz (September 15, 2016), "Your next trans-Atlantic trip may be on Boeing's smallest plane, the humble 737", Bloomberg
  5. ^ Trefis stock analysis (March 6, 2014), "New Entrants Pose a Challenge to Boeing's Share of the Global Commercial Airplane Market", Forbes Great Speculations, Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own
  6. ^ "Flight Fleet Forecast's single-aisle outlook 2016–2035". Flight Global. 10 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Infographic: How is the narrowbody market-share shaping up?". Flight Global. 12 July 2018.
  8. ^ Adrian Schofield, Sean Broderick, Kerry Reals and Jens Flottau (Jan 30, 2019). "Long-Range Narrowbodies Open New Airline Opportunities". Aviation Week & Space Technology.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  9. ^ "Variants". Shockcone.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
  10. ^ "Commercial aircraft survey". Flight International. 23 Oct 1975.
  11. ^ Greg Goebel (1 Aug 2018). "The Bristol Britannia & Vickers Viscount". AirVectors.
  12. ^ "Commercial aircraft of the world" (PDF). Flight International. 20 Nov 1959.
  13. ^ "Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning" (PDF). Boeing. 1989.
  14. ^ John Pike Page (Sep 7, 2011). "Il-62 Classic". GlobalSecurity.
  15. ^ "A Little VC10derness". vc10.net. 2017-02-26.
  16. ^ a b c d e f "Commercial Aircraft of the world". Flight International. 23 Nov 1961.
  17. ^ 707 acaps
  18. ^ 737 acaps
  19. ^ 757 acaps
  20. ^ 727 acaps
  21. ^ tu-154 specs
  22. ^ Élodie Roux. Avions civils à réaction : plan 3 vues et données caractéristiques. p. 610.
  23. ^ Peter Middleton (20 May 1971). "Dassault Mercure". Flight International. p. 726.
  24. ^ "A321neo details". Airbus.
  25. ^ "A321 aircraft characteristics" (PDF). Airbus. Feb 1, 2019.
  26. ^ Bradley Perrett (8 September 2009). "Comac Begins Building C919 Structure". Aviation Week. Lay summary.
  27. ^ "Zhuhai10: COMAC releases C919 specifications". Flight Global. 16 November 2010.
  28. ^ "MC-21 aircraft family specifications and performance". Irkut.
  29. ^ "Tupolev Tu-114". Flight. 28 Feb 1958. p. 286.
  30. ^ "Commercial Aircraft of the world". Flight International. 23 Nov 1961.
  31. ^ "Commercial Aircraft of the world". Flight International. 23 Nov 1961.
  32. ^ "Commercial Aircraft of the world". Flight International. 23 Nov 1961.
  33. ^ "Commercial Aircraft of the world". Flight International. 23 Nov 1961.
  34. ^ a b c d e "Commercial aircraft survey". Flight International. 23 Oct 1975.
  35. ^ TU-144 SS Technical Specs: Accommodation
  36. ^ "Dimensions - Series Aircraft". TU-144 SST.
  37. ^ "MD-80 Series Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning" (PDF). McDonnell Douglas. Dec 1989.
  38. ^ Peter Collins (28 Nov 2011). "A flight test of Antonov's An-158 regional jet". Flightglobal.
  39. ^ Élodie Roux. Avions civils à réaction : plan 3 vues et données caractéristiques. p. 60.
  40. ^ "The Development Of Boeing's 367-80 or Charging Into the Jet Age Armed With Only a Slide Rule and Spline".
  41. ^ a b "commercial aircraft of the world". Flight. 20 November 1959.
  42. ^ "Inside the 11-18". Flight International. 1 July 1960.
  43. ^ Jane's all the world's aircraft. 2005.
  44. ^ "SSJ100 Datasheet" (PDF). SuperJet International. 2011.
  45. ^ "Commercial Aircraft of the world". Flight International. 23 Nov 1961.
  46. ^ Bombardier Aerospace Commercial Aircraft Customer Support: Airport planning publication Archived 2016-09-20 at the Wayback Machine, p. 5.
  47. ^ Élodie Roux. Avions civils à réaction : plan 3 vues et données caractéristiques. p. 162.
  48. ^ "SeatGuru Seat Map Air France RJ-85 Avroliner". SeatGuru. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  49. ^ "Seat Map". Mahan Air. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  50. ^ "Buffalo Airways Data".
  51. ^ "Q Series Brochure" (PDF). Bombardier. 2017.
  52. ^ "CRJ Series Brochure" (PDF). Bombardier. 2017.
  53. ^ "ATR 72–600 Quick view" (PDF). ATR. October 2018.
  54. ^ southampton.ac.uk/~jps7/Aircraft%20Design%20Resources/Aircraft%20configuration/russian%20aircraft%20data.xls
  55. ^ en.avia.pro/blog/tu-134
  56. ^ "Embraer 195 Airport Planning Manual" (PDF). Embraer. 9 Oct 2015.
  57. ^ "MRJ Brochure" (PDF). Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation. 2016.
  58. ^ "Twin Otter Series 400 Technical Description". Viking Air Ltd.
  59. ^ "High performance Jetstream 31". FLIGHT International. 10 October 1981.
  60. ^ "Shorts 360 joins commuterliner battle". FLIGHT International. 2 August 1980.
  61. ^ "Airport Planning Manual" (PDF). Embraer. 30 Oct 2000.
  62. ^ "Airport Planning Manual" (PDF). Embraer. 29 Jan 2007.
  63. ^ "SAAB 2000" (PDF). Saab Aircraft Leasing. 2009.
  64. ^ "Dornier 328-100 (TP)" (PDF). 328 Support Services GmbH. 2013.