S7 Airlines, legally PJSC Siberia Airlines (Russian: ПАО «Авиакомпания "Сибирь"» "PАО Aviakompania Sibir"), is an airline headquartered in Ob, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, with offices in Moscow. As of 2008, it is Russia's biggest domestic airline, with its main bases at Domodedovo International Airport and Tolmachevo Airport.
|Founded||May 1957 (as Tolmachevsky squadron)|
|Commenced operations||May 1992 (as Siberia Airlines)|
|Frequent-flyer program||S7 Priority|
|Fleet size||86 (incl subsidiaries)|
|Company slogan||Freedom to choose|
|Headquarters||Ob, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia|
|Key people||Vladimir Obyedkov, General Director|
What is now S7 Airlines started in 1957 as "the Tolmachevo united squadron" of the General Directorate of Civil Aviation of the USSR. After the Soviet Union disintegration and during 1990's Russian economic reforms a state-run Siberia Airlines was created based on the squadron in 1992 and later privatized in 1994. The same year Siberia was assigned an IATA airline code.
In 1997, Siberia Airlines tried to buy Vnukovo Airlines, to make Moscow its next main hub, but this didn't eventuate. After the 1998 Russian financial crisis, Vnukovo Airlines was heading towards bankruptcy, and Siberia Airlines advised it to merge, but Vnukovo refused. In 1999, Siberia Airlines signed a document for the Vnukovo Airlines take-over, in the event the airline ceased operations due to insolvency.
Development since the 2000sEdit
Siberia Airlines began merging with Vnukovo Airlines in 2001. Siberia Airlines had acquired all the aircraft from Vnukovo Airlines including Tupolev Tu-154, Tupolev Tu-204-100 and Ilyushin Il-86.
In 2001, the airline absorbed Baikal Airlines and then in 2004, the airline absorbed Chelyabinsk Airlines and Enkor. In 2002, Siberia Airlines painted all Vnukovo Airlines fleet with its own livery and the airline began its service from Moscow-Vnukovo, but after some time it shifted all the flights, including the charter flights from Moscow-Sheremetyevo, to Moscow-Domodedovo.
The first western aircraft, Airbus A310s, were acquired in 2004. In summer 2004, during the Farnborough Airshow, the company signed a memorandum of understanding to purchase 50 of the Sukhoi Superjet 100, with the first plane to be delivered in 2007. However, the airline subsequently dropped its plans to order this aircraft, citing that the aircraft's changed specifications no longer met its requirements.
Siberia Airlines rebranded itself as S7 Airlines in 2005.
In line with an IATA resolution, from December 2006 the airline began to publish its fares for international destinations originating in Russia in euros, rather than US dollars. This resulted in a fare increase, as the conversion rate used was 1 euro = 1 US dollar. Fuel surcharges were also published in euros. Its domestic fares were still to be shown in the local currency. Also in December 2006, the airline became the second Russian air carrier to complete, and pass, the IATA International Safety Audit (IOSA), which is the first global air safety standard. On 27 September 2007, OAO Sibir Airlines /S7 Airlines/ received an official notice of IATA when the carrier was entered in the register of operators IOSA.
It was announced in April 2007 that a new division had been set up within the airline, called Globus. This division was to focus on charter flights for tourists to foreign holiday destinations. Initially, the aircraft for this division would be drawn from the mainline fleet, but during 2010–2014, 10 Boeing 737–800 aircraft were leased with an all-economy layout, with the option for a further 10 aircraft.
S7 has operated scheduled passenger flights to destinations in Russia, as well as international services to Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, PR China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea (South), Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Montenegro, Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan.
- Aegean Airlines
- Air Italy
- Air Moldova
- Asiana Airlines
- British Airways
- Cathay Dragon
- Cathay Pacific
- Cyprus Airways
- El Al
- Etihad Airways
- Hainan Airlines
- Japan Airlines
- Montenegro Airlines
- Qatar Airways
- Royal Jordanian
- Singapore Airlines
- TAP Air Portugal
- Ural Airlines
- Uzbekistan Airways
- Yamal Airlines
|Airbus A319-100||19||—||—||144||144||One in Oneworld livery.|
|Airbus A320neo||4||20||8||156||164||Russian launch customer.|
|Airbus A321neo||—||3||8||195||203||Russian launch customer
Entry into service 2018.
|Boeing 737-800||21||—||8||168||176||Operated by Globus Airlines.
One in Oneworld livery.
|Boeing 737 MAX 8||—||9||TBA||Russian launch customer
Entry into service September 2018.
Planned to be operated for Globus Airlines.
On 29 May 2007, the airline announced a proposed order for 15 Boeing 787 Dreamliners scheduled for delivery in 2014, with an option for 10 additional aircraft. However, the order was officially cancelled on 29 January 2009, with S7 stating that it was considering the possibility of taking the aircraft under a leasing scheme. As of November 2008, all Soviet-made aircraft had left the fleet.
In April 2018, S7 renewed interest in the Sukhoi Superjet by planning to purchase 25 Sukhoi Superjet 75 aircraft, with an option of 50 more for the new modification of the Superjet family, and become the launch customer. This choice is explained by replacing Embraer E-170 aircraft, due to their age. The airline plans to commence operations on this aircraft from 2023.
At different times, the S7 Airlines fleet has consisted of the following aircraft:
|Airbus A310-200||2004||2010||First aircraft repainted to the S7 2005-2017 livery|
|Airbus A310-300||2004||2014||Stored since 2010|
|Antonov An-24||1992||2000||Received from Aeroflot, used for domestic flights|
|Boeing 737–400||2006||2008||Transferred to Globus Airlines|
|Boeing 737–500||2005||2009||Replaced Tupolev Tu-154B-2.
3 sold to Air Ivoire and 7 to Aero Contractors
|Boeing 767-300ER||2008||2017||Replaced Ilyushin Il-86
replaced by Airbus A321neo.
Last wide-body aircraft of the airline's history.
|Ilyushin Il-86||1992||2008||1 sold to Ural Airlines, 5 were in the fleet since 1992, other from Vnukovo Airlines.
Replaced by Boeing 767-300ER
|Tupolev Tu-154B-2||1992||2004||All written off in 2004|
|Tupolev Tu-154M||1992||2009||3 transferred to Globus Airlines, 2 written off, 2 stored.
Replaced by Airbus A320 and Boeing 737-800
|Tupolev Tu-204-100||1992||2005||All incorporated from Vnukovo Airlines, replaced by Airbus A310|
Incidents and accidentsEdit
- On 4 October 2001, Siberia Airlines Flight 1812, a Tupolev Tu-154M, registration RA-85693, en route from Tel Aviv to Novosibirsk crashed into the Black Sea off Sochi, after being hit with a S-200V surface-to-air missile fired as part of a Ukrainian Air Defense exercise staged off Cape Opuk (or Chuluk) in Crimea. All 78 people on board were killed.
- On 24 August 2004, Siberia Airlines Flight 1047, a Tupolev Tu-154B2, registration RA-85556, en route from Moscow to Sochi exploded and crashed due to a terrorist bombing near Rostov-on-Don, Russia, killing all 46 people on board.
- On 9 July 2006, S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310 carrying 193 passengers and 10 crew members, suffered a landing accident at the Irkutsk International Airport in Siberia. The jet failed to decelerate on landing, overran the runway and crashed into a concrete barricade. 125 people died.
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