Portal:Siberia

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Introduction

Siberia
Geographical region
       Siberian Federal District        Geographic Russian Siberia        North Asia, greatest extent of Siberia

       Siberian Federal District
       Geographic Russian Siberia
       North Asia, greatest extent of Siberia

Siberia (/sˈbɪəriə/; Russian: Сибирь, tr. Sibir', IPA: [sʲɪˈbʲirʲ] (About this soundlisten)) is an extensive geographical region spanning much of Northern Asia. Siberia has been part of modern Russia since the latter half of the 16th century. Novosibirsk is the center of the Siberian Federal District since May 13, 2000.

The territory of Siberia extends eastwards from the Ural Mountains to the watershed between the Pacific and Arctic drainage basins. The river Yenisey conditionally divides Siberia into two parts, Western and Eastern. Siberia stretches southwards from the Arctic Ocean to the hills of north-central Kazakhstan and to the national borders of Mongolia and China. In Russia the Eastern part of the country is not viewed as Siberia. The eastern region of Russia next to Siberia was historically called the Far East by the Russians. The local population of the Far East do not see themselves as Siberians either.

With an area of 13.1 million square kilometres (5,100,000 sq mi), Siberia accounts for 77% of Russia's land area, but it is home to only 23% of the country's population (approximately 33 million people). This is equivalent to an average population density of about 3 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.8/sq mi) (approximately equal to that of Australia), making Siberia one of the most sparsely populated regions on Earth. If it were a country by itself, it would still be the largest country by area, but in population it would be the world's 35th-largest.

Worldwide, Siberia is well-known primarily for its long, harsh winters, with a January average of −25 °C (−13 °F), as well as its extensive history of use by Russian and Soviet governments as a place for prisons, labor camps, and internal exile. (Full article...)

Selected article - show another

President Vladimir Putin, Chairwoman of the Veterans Council of the Great Patriotic War in Norilsk Natalia Golubyatnikova and Rector of all the Afflicted Father Sergius during a visit to the memorial of the victims of Norillag on 22 March 2002

Norillag, Norilsk Corrective Labor Camp (Russian: Норильлаг, Норильстрой, Норильский ИТЛ) was a gulag labor camp set by Norilsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia and headquartered there. It existed from June 25, 1935 to August 22, 1956.

Initially, the Norillag labor force was responsible for the construction of the Norilsk mining-metallurgic complex and for mining copper and nickel. Its activities gradually expanded into virtually all economical functions of the region, from fishing to "reconstruction of the house where lived Comrade I.V. Stalin in exile".

Starting from 1,200 inmates in 1935, its numbers jumped to 9,000 in 1937 (the onset of the Great Purge) and peaked in 1951 at 72,500, housed in 30 camp sections. Memorial estimates the total number of its inmates over the history of the camp at 400,000, with about 300,000 being political prisoners. The geography of this camp system included the Norilsk area, including Dudinka and Kayerkan, as well as more remote places, including Krasnoyarsk and some agricultural camps in Kureika (village), Atamanovo and Shushenskoye. (Full article...)
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Interesting facts - show different entries

Bratsk Hydropower Project

  • Patomskiy crater, in Siberia gained the notice of Russian ufologists after a 2010 scientific expedition.

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Trans-Siberian Railway route map

Trans–Siberian Railway
0 km
0 mi
Moscow
Yaroslavsky
Terminal
59 km
37 mi
Khotkovo
73 km
45 mi
Sergiyev Posad
Greater Ring of the Moscow Railway
112 km
70 mi
Alexandrov
Balakirevo
145 km
90 mi
Berendeevo
Ryazantsevo
Silnitsi
200 km
124 mi
Petrovskoye
224 km
139 mi
Rostov Yaroslavski
Semibratovo
Kozmodemyansk
284 km
176 mi
Yaroslavl
289 km
180 mi
356 km
221 mi
Danilov
Sot
394 km
245 mi
Lyubim
Seksha
Brodni
Korega
to Vologda
450 km
280 mi
Bui
Rossolovo
Khramki
501 km
311 mi
Galich
Krasilnikovo
Loparevo
Monakovo
Antrolovo
Nikkolo-Ugol
Nikolo-Poloma
Nomzha
Yelenskiy
Neva
Nelsha
Brantovka
Petrushino
Kostrikha
651 km
405 mi
Manturovo
Vocherovo
Shekshema
Varakinskiy
698 km
434 mi
Sharya
Zeblyaki
Yakshanga
Burunduchikha
Suprotivniy
Metil
Gostovskaya
Shabalino
818 km
508 mi
Svetcha
Yuma
Kapidantsi
Atsvezh
Darovitsa
to Nizhny Novgorod & Moscow
870 km
541 mi
Kotelnich
Bistryagi
Orichi
Strizhi
Lyangasovo
Chukhlominskiy
957 km
595 mi
Kirov
975 km
606 mi
Pozdino
Poloy
995 km
618 mi
Bum-Kombinat
Prosnitsa
Ardashi
Rekmino
1052 km
654 mi
Zuevka
to Verkhnekamskaya, Ivdel & Surgut
Kosa
Falenki
to Verkhnekamskaya & Ukhta
1127 km
700 mi
Yar
Kozmil
1165 km
724 mi
Glazov
to Solkamsk, Serov, Demyanka & Surgut
(with 25 kV 50 Hz AC electrification)
1194 km
742 mi
Balyezino
Pibanshur
to Izhevsk
1221 km
759 mi
1223 km
760 mi
Chepsta
Kez
Kabalud
Kuzma
Borodulino
Subbotniki
1310 km
814 mi
Vereshchagino
Zyukay
1340 km
833 mi
Mendeleevo
Grigorevskaya
1387 km
862 mi
Chaikovskaya
Shabunichi
1410 km
876 mi
Overyata
Kurya
1432 km
890 mi
1436 km
892 mi
Perm
to Solikamsk & Nizhny Tagil
1452 km
902 mi
Ferma
Mulyanka
Yug
Yergach
1534 km
953 mi
Kungur
Kishert
Shumkovo
Tulumbasi
Kordon
Shamary
1672 km
1039 mi
Shalya
Sarga
Sabik
1729 km
1074 mi
Kuzino
1770 km
1100 mi
Pervouralsk
1777 km
1104 mi
Europe
Asia
from Kazan
to Nizhny Tagil
1816 km
1128 mi
Yekaterinburg
Shartash
Putevka
Kosulino
Gagarskiy
Bazhenovo
Gryaznovskaya
1912 km
1188 mi
Bogdanovich
to Serov
Pishminskaya
Yelansky
1955 km
1215 mi
Kamyshlov
Aksarikha
Oshchepkovo
Proselok
2033 km
1263 mi
Talitsa
2064 km
1283 mi
Yushala
Bahkmetskoye
Tugulym
Karmak
2144 km
1332 mi
Tyumen
Voynovka
to Tobolsk & Surgut
Ozero Andreyevskoya
Vinzili
Bogdaninskaya
2222 km
1381 mi
Yalutorovsk
Zavodoukovsk
Novaya Zaimka
Vagay
Omutinskaya
Lamyenskaya
Golishmanovo
Karasulskaya
2431 km
1511 mi
Ishim
Maslyanskaya
Novo Andreyevskiy
Mangut
2565 km
1594 mi
Nazyvayevsk
Dragunskaya
Lyubinskaya
2706 km
1681 mi
Irtysh
2712 km
1685 mi
Omsk
Kormilovka
2760 km
1715 mi
Kalachinsk
Ivanovka
Karatkansk
2885 km
1793 mi
Tatarsk
Kabakly
Chany
Ozero Karachinskoye
Koshkul
Tebisskaya
3040 km
1889 mi
Barabinsk
Kozhurla
Ubinskaya
Kargat
Kokoshino
3212 km
1996 mi
Chulym
Duplenskaya
Lesnaya Polyana
Chik
3322 km
2064 mi
Ob
3332 km
2070 mi
3335 km
2072 mi
Novosibirsk
Mochische
Oyash
Chebula
3463 km
2152 mi
Bolotnaya
3491 km
2169 mi
Yurga
Talmenka
Yashkino
Kholkino
3570 km
2218 mi
Tayga
Likhtach
3602 km
2238 mi
Anzhero-Sudzhensk
Yaya
Izhmorsk
Berikulsk
Antibesskiy
to Asino, Bely Yar,
Nizhnevartovsk & Surgut
3715 km
2308 mi
Mariinsk
Suslovo
Tyazhin
Itat
3849 km
2392 mi
Bogotol
Kritovo
3917 km
2434 mi
Achinsk
to Lesosibirsk & Dudinka
3960 km
2461 mi
Chernorechsk
Kozulka
Zeledeyevo
Kacha
Minino
4098 km
2546 mi
Krasnoyarsk
4101 km
2548 mi
Zlobino
Zikovo
Sorokino
Kamarchaga
Balay
4227 km
2627 mi
Uyar
4262 km
2648 mi
Zaozyornaya
Kamala
Solyanka
Boshnyakovo
4343 km
2699 mi
Kansk-Yeniseysky
4375 km
2718 mi
Ilanskaya
Ingashiskaya
Tinskaya
Reshoti
to Yarki
Klyuchi
Yurti
Tayshet diversion line
to Kostomarovo (Baikal-Amur Mainline)
Biryusinsk
4516 km
2806 mi
Tayshet
4520 km
2809 mi
4555 km
2830 mi
Razgon
Alzamay
4631 km
2878 mi
Kamyshet
Uk
4680 km
2908 mi
Nizhneudinsk
Khingoy
Khudoyelanskaya
Sheberta
Utay
4794 km
2979 mi
Tulun
Shuba
Tulyushka
4875 km
3029 mi
Kuytun
Kharik
Kimeltey
4940 km
3070 mi
Zima
Tiret
Zalari
Golovinskaya
5027 km
3124 mi
Kutulik
Zabituy
5061 km
3145 mi
Cheremkhovo
5087 km
3161 mi
Polovina
Belaya
5124 km
3184 mi
Usolye-Sibirskoye
5133 km
3189 mi
Telma
Kitoy
5160 km
3206 mi
Angarsk
5170 km
3212 mi
Meget
5178 km
3217 mi
Irkutsk-Sort
5185 km
3222 mi
Irkutsk
Kaya
Goncharovo
B. Lug
Podkamennaya
Kultuk
5312 km
3301 mi
Slyudyanka
Utulik
5358 km
3329 mi
Baykalsk
Murino
5390 km
3349 mi
Vydrino
5426 km
3372 mi
Tankhoi
Pereyemnaya
5477 km
3403 mi
Mysovaya
5530 km
3436 mi
Posolskaya
Timlyuy
5562 km
3456 mi
Selenginsk
Talovka
Tataurovo
5642 km
3506 mi
Ulan-Ude
5655 km
3514 mi
Talitsi
5675 km
3526 mi
Onokhoy
Zaigraevo
Chelutay
Ilka
5734 km
3563 mi
Novoilinski
Kizma
5784 km
3594 mi
Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky
Balyaga
Tarbagatai
Novo-Pavlovka
Tolbaga
Khokhotay
5884 km
3656 mi
Bada
Zhipkhegen
5932 km
3686 mi
Khilok
Khushenga
Kharagun
6053 km
3761 mi
Mogzon
Khilok
6093 km
3786 mi
Sokhondo
6125 km
3806 mi
Yablonovaya
Lesnoy
Ingoda
Chernovskaya
Kadala
6199 km
3852 mi
Chita
Peschanka
Atamanovka
Novaya
Makkaveyevo
6265 km
3893 mi
Darasun
6293 km
3910 mi
Karaymskaya
6312 km
3922 mi
Urulga
Zubarevo
Razmakhnino
Solntsevaya
6417 km
3987 mi
Onon
6446 km
4005 mi
Shilka-Pass
Kholbon
6496 km
4036 mi
Priiskavaya
Nerchinsk
6532 km
4059 mi
Kuenga
branch to Sretensk
6593 km
4097 mi
Chernyshevsky-Zabaikalski
6629 km
4119 mi
Bushuley
Khoktonga
6670 km
4145 mi
Zilovo
Ulyakan
Uryum
Sbega
6789 km
4218 mi
Ksenevskaya
Kislyy Klug
Arteushka
Razdolnoye
6906 km
4291 mi
Mogocha
Taptugari
Semiozernyy
7010 km
4356 mi
Amazar
Zhanna
7075 km
4396 mi
7119 km
4424 mi
Yerofei Pavlovich
7211 km
4481 mi
Urusha
7266 km
4515 mi
Takhtamigda
Bamovskaya
7273 km
4519 mi
7306 km
4540 mi
Skovorodino
7323 km
4550 mi
Bolshoy Never
Taladan
Gonzha
7501 km
4661 mi
Magdagachi
Sulus
Tigda
7602 km
4724 mi
Ushumun
Sivaki
Mukhinskaya
Bereya
7723 km
4799 mi
Shimanovskaya
7772 km
4829 mi
Ledyanaya
Buzuli
7815 km
4856 mi
Svobodny
M. Chesnokovskaya
Serishevo
7873 km
4892 mi
Belogorsk
7875 km
4893 mi
Vozhayevka
Pozdeyevka
Yekaterinoslavka
7992 km
4966 mi
Zavitaya
8037 km
4994 mi
Bureya
Domikan
8088 km
5026 mi
Arkhara
Rachi
Kundur-Khabarovskiy
8198 km
5094 mi
Obluchye
Kimkan
to Novy Urgal
8234 km
5116 mi
Izvestkovaya
Birakan
Teploye Ozero
Londoko
8306 km
5161 mi
Bira
8351 km
5189 mi
Birobidzhan
In
8480 km
5269 mi
Volochayevka
Dezhnevka
Nikolayevka
8512 km
5289 mi
Priamurskaya
8515 km
5291 mi
8523 km
5296 mi
Khabarovsk
Korfovskaya
to Nakhodka, Imbo, Selikhino & De-Kastri
8598 km
5343 mi
Verino
8621 km
5357 mi
Khor
Dormidontovka
8642 km
5370 mi
Vyazemskaya
Rozengartovka
8756 km
5441 mi
Bikin
Zvenevoi
Burlit-Volochayevskiy
Luchegorsk
Guberovo
8890 km
5524 mi
Dalnerechensk
8900 km
5530 mi
Lazo
Ruzhino
Lesozavodsk
Shmakovka
Sviyagino
9050 km
5623 mi
Spassk-Dalny
Muchnaya
9109 km
5660 mi
Sibirtsevo
Ipplolitovka
Ozernaya Pad
Dubininskiy
9177 km
5702 mi
Ussuriysk
Baranovsky
Nadezdinskaya
9255 km
5751 mi
Ugolnaya
9289 km
5772 mi
Vladivostok

Most populated areas

The cities of Siberia, from 80,000 inhabitants and above. Open the SVG file to click on the cities' names.

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