Siberian Federal District

Siberian Federal District (Russian: Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг, romanizedSibirskiy federal'nyy okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its population was 17,178,298 according to the 2010 Census,[2] living in an area of 4,361,800 square kilometers (1,684,100 sq mi).[1] The entire federal district lies within the continent of Asia.

Siberian Federal District
Сибирский федеральный округ
Flag of Siberian Federal District
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Country Russia
Established18 May 2000
Administrative centreNovosibirsk
Government
 • Presidential EnvoyAnatoly Seryshev
Area
 • Total4,361,800 km2 (1,684,100 sq mi)
 • Rank2nd
Population
 (2010)
 • Total17,178,298[2]
 • Rank3rd
 • Density3.8/km2 (10/sq mi)
GDP
 • Total 13.054 trillion
US$ 187 billion (2022)
 • Per capita₽ 781,580
US$ 11,182 (2022)
Time zones
Omsk OblastUTC+06:00 (Omsk Time)
most of the districtUTC+07:00 (Krasnoyarsk Time)
Irkutsk OblastUTC+08:00 (Irkutsk Time)
Federal subjects10 contained
Economic regions2 contained
HDI (2021)0.794[4]
high · 7th
WebsiteSFO.gov.ru
= Map
Siberian Federal District is located in Siberian Federal District
Siberian Federal District in Russia
Krasnoyarsk Krai

The district was created by presidential decree on 13 May 2000 and covers around 30% of the total land area of Russia.[5] In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were removed from the Siberian Federal District and added to the Far Eastern Federal District in accordance with a decree issued by Russian President Vladimir Putin.[6]

Demographics

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Population pyramid as of the 2021 Russian Census

Federal subjects

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The district comprises the West Siberian (part) and East Siberian economic regions and ten federal subjects:

 
# Flag Coat of Arms Federal subject Area in km2[1] Population (2021) GDP[7] Capital/Adm. center Map of Administrative Division
1     Altai Republic 92,900 210,924 ₽71 billion Gorno-Altaysk  
2     Altai Krai 168,000 2,163,693 ₽845 billion Barnaul  
3     Irkutsk Oblast 774,800 2,370,102 ₽1,924 billion Irkutsk  
4     Kemerovo Oblast 95,700 2,600,923 ₽1,807 billion Kemerovo  
5     Krasnoyarsk Krai 2,366,800 2,856,971 ₽3,065 billion Krasnoyarsk  
6     Novosibirsk Oblast 177,800 2,797,176 ₽1,617 billion Novosibirsk  
7     Omsk Oblast 141,100 1,858,798 ₽854 billion Omsk  
8     Tomsk Oblast 314,400 1,062,666 ₽706 billion Tomsk  
9     Tuva Republic 168,600 336,651 ₽89 billion Kyzyl  
10     Republic of Khakassia 61,600 534,795 ₽308 billion Abakan  
 
The geographic "center of Asia", Tuva Republic

Religion and ethnicity

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Religion in the Siberian Federal District as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[8][9]
Russian Orthodoxy
28.9%
Other Orthodox
1.9%
Other Christians
5.2%
Islam
1.4%
Buddhism
1.2%
Native faiths
1.6%
Spiritual but not religious
33.2%
Atheism and irreligion
18.7%
Other and undeclared
7.9%

According to a 2012 survey,[8] 28.9% of the population of the current federal subjects of the Siberian Federal District (excluding Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai) adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5.2% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1.9% is an Orthodox believer without belonging to any church or adheres to other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 1.4% is an adherent of Islam, 1.2% is an adherant of Buddhism, and 1.6% adhere to some native faith such as Rodnovery, Tengrism, or Tuvan Shamanism. In addition, 33.2% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 18.7% is atheist, and 7.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[8]

 
Ethnic map of the Siberian Federal District by urban and rural settlements, 2010 census

Ethnic composition, according to the 2010 census:

Presidential plenipotentiary envoys

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See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b c "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ Валовой региональный продукт по субъектам Российской Федерации в 2016-2022 гг., rosstat.gov.ru
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  5. ^ "Siberia Federal District, Russia (Siberian)". RussiaTrek.org. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  6. ^ "Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  7. ^ "Валовой региональный продукт". rosstat.gov.ru.
  8. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  9. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), August 27, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2017. Archived.
  10. ^ "Путин освободил Меняйло от должности губернатора Севастополя" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. July 28, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  11. ^ "Путин назначил Серышева полпредом в Сибирском Федеральном округе" [Putin appointed Seryshev Plenipotentiary in the Siberian Federal District]. Izvestiya (in Russian). October 12, 2021.
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Federal districts of Russia
North Caucasian | Central | Southern | Northwestern | Far Eastern | Siberian | Ural | Volga