Putorana Plateau

The Putorana Plateau (Russian: Плато Путорана, romanizedPlato Putorana) or the Putorana Mountains is a mountainous area in the Russian Federation. It is a large massif or plateau crossed by mountain ranges. The nearest large settlement is Norilsk, where foreign travel is restricted. The city is served by Alykel Airport.

Putorana Plateau
Путорана
Тишина озера Дюпкун.jpg
Landscape of the Putorana area
Highest point
PeakMount Kamen
Elevation1,678[1] m (5,505 ft)
Dimensions
Length800 km (500 mi)
Width500 km (310 mi)
Geography
Putorana Plateau is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Putorana Plateau
Location in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnoyarsk Krai
Range coordinates69°0′N 93°30′E / 69.000°N 93.500°E / 69.000; 93.500
Parent rangeCentral Siberian Plateau
Borders onNorth Siberian Lowland
Tunguska Plateau
Syverma Plateau
Geology
Age of rockPaleozoic
Type of rockBasalt, trap rock
Climbing
Easiest routeFrom Norilsk and Talnakh
Putorana Plateau
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Плато Путорана-3.jpg
LocationKrasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, Asia
CriteriaNatural: (vii), (ix)
Reference1234rev
Inscription2010 (34th session)
Area1,887,251 ha (4,663,500 acres)
Buffer zone1,773,300 ha (4,382,000 acres)
Websitezapovedsever.ru
Coordinates69°2′49″N 94°9′29″E / 69.04694°N 94.15806°E / 69.04694; 94.15806Coordinates: 69°2′49″N 94°9′29″E / 69.04694°N 94.15806°E / 69.04694; 94.15806
Putorana Plateau is located in Russia
Putorana Plateau
Location of Putorana Plateau in Russia
Putorana Plateau is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Putorana Plateau
Putorana Plateau (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
The ranges of the Putorana covered in snow make it stand out among the neighboring lower plateaus. To the upper left the Yenisei valley. NASA image.

The area of the mountains contains some of the largest known nickel deposits in the world.

GeographyEdit

The Putorana Plateau is a high-lying plateau crossed by mountain ranges at the northwestern edge of the Central Siberian Plateau. It is located east of the Yenisei River valley, between 67° and 70° N of latitude, southwest of the Anabar Plateau, north of the Syverma and Tunguska plateaus and south of the North Siberian Lowland.[2] The main subranges of the Putorana are the Keta Range, Lontokoisky Kamen, Kharayelakh Range, Chaya-Ayan, Brus Kamen, and Lama Range, among others.[3] The highest mountain in the range system is Mount Kamen which stands 1,678 m (5,505 ft) above sea level and is also the highest point of the Central Siberian Plateau. Talnikovy Waterfall, is reputedly one of the highest waterfalls in Asia.

Lakes on the plateau such as the Dyupkun and Lake Lama are large and form whole ecosystems, which spread over many tens of kilometers. “Putorana” is from the native language of the Evenks and translates to “the country of lakes with steep banks”. The more than 25,000 lakes are between 180 and 420 m (590 and 1,400 ft) deep, and together they form the second-largest store of fresh water in Russia by capacity after Lake Baikal.

Russia's geographical center, Lake Vivi, is situated on the southern limit of the plateau, where it overlaps with the Syverma Plateau.[4]

 
Lake and reflection in the Putorana area.

GeologyEdit

The Putorana area is mainly composed of basalt from the Siberian Traps.[5]

ClimateEdit

The Putorana region is located above the Arctic Circle. The climate is harsh, sharply continental, with long, cold winters. However, in certain lake valleys, such as Lake Lama, there is a somewhat milder microclimate owing to the protection afforded by neighboring ranges from the northern winds.[6]

Spring, summer and autumn fall respectively in the months of June, July, and August, the remaining months are winter with temperatures between −32 °C (−26 °F) and −40 °C (−40 °F). In July, the warmest month, average air temperatures stay around 8 °C (46 °F) and may reach a maximum of 16 °C (61 °F). Precipitation is between 500 millimeters (20 in) and 800 millimeters (31 in), falling mainly in the summer in the form of rain. The snow cover in winter is relatively sparse.[5]

Protected areaEdit

The Putorana Nature Reserve, established in 1988 and administered from Norilsk, is a protected area covering some 1,887,251 ha (4,663,500 acres) with a buffer zone of 1,773,300 ha (4,382,000 acres). It was set up to protect the world's largest herd of wild reindeer, as well as snow sheep.

In July 2010, the Putorana Reserve was inscribed on the World Heritage List as "a complete set of subarctic and arctic ecosystems in an isolated mountain range, including pristine taiga, forest tundra, tundra and arctic desert systems, as well as untouched cold-water lake and river systems".[7]

Natural resourcesEdit

The Plateau's minerals include igneous basalt rocks, iron ores (magnetite and hematite), silicates (prehnite, zeolite), apatites, perovskites and highly saturated copper and nickel ores. The natural resources are presented by abundant water and coal.[8]

Mountains near Norilsk, at the NW end of the Putorana Plateau
Putorana is one of the most remote and pristine areas of Russia.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Russia. Topographic map R-45,46; M 1: 1 000 000
  2. ^ Google Earth
  3. ^ Oleg Leonidovič Kryžanovskij, A Checklist of the Ground-beetles of Russia and Adjacent Lands. p. 14
  4. ^ "Plateau Putorana". mapstor. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  5. ^ a b Путорана, Great Soviet Encyclopedia in 30 vols. / Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov . - 3rd ed. - M, 1969-1978.
  6. ^ Planeta Zemlya - Putorana
  7. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Site datasheet
  8. ^ "Путорана плато, Ср. Сибирь_минералогические находки". geo.web.ru. Retrieved 2018-03-21.

External linksEdit