Tunguska Plateau

The Tunguska Plateau (Russian: Тунгусское плато) is a mountain plateau in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Siberia, Russia. It is a part of the Central Siberian Plateau. The plateau is located in largely uninhabited area, the village of Noginsk was abandoned in 2006.[1]

Tunguska Plateau
Тунгусское плато
Tunguska Plateau is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Tunguska Plateau
Location in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia
Highest point
PeakUnnamed
Elevation866 m (2,841 ft)
Dimensions
Length600 km (370 mi)
Width300 km (190 mi)
Geography
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnoyarsk Krai
Range coordinates65°0′N 92°0′E / 65.000°N 92.000°E / 65.000; 92.000Coordinates: 65°0′N 92°0′E / 65.000°N 92.000°E / 65.000; 92.000
Parent rangeCentral Siberian Plateau
Borders onYenisei Range
Geology
Age of rockPaleozoic
Type of rockSedimentary rock, Trap rock and tuff intrusions
Climbing
Easiest routeFrom Turukhansk

The Tunguska Plateau is named after the historical name of the Evenks.

GeographyEdit

The Tunguska Plateau is located in central Krasnoyarsk Krai. To the north it is limited by the Kureika River and to the south by the Stony Tunguska River.[2] To the north and northeast rise the Putorana Mountains and to the east the border with the Syverma Plateau is not clearly defined. To the west the Tunguska Plateau descends quite abruptly towards the Yenisei River valley. The largest river having its sources in the plateau is the Bakhta, a right tributary of the Yenisei. Other rivers river flowing from it are: Erachimo, Nimde, Kochumdek, Tutonchana, Degali and Uchami (tributaries of the Lower Tunguska); and Stolbovaya and Kondroma (right tributaries of the Stony Tunguska).[3]

The average height of the Tunguska Plateau surface is between 600 meters (2,000 ft) and 800 meters (2,600 ft). The slopes of the mountains are often stepped and river valleys tend to form deep canyons in some areas.[4] The Lower Tunguska River crosses the plateau and divides it roughly into two halves.[3] The highest point is a 962 metres (3,156 ft) high unnamed summit in the southern half of the northern part.[4]

GeologyEdit

Geologically the Tunguska Plateau is made up of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks with volcanic rock intrusions —mainly trap rock and tuff.[4]

Flora and climateEdit

The plateau is part of the East Siberian taiga ecoregion. It is entirely covered by somewhat sparse and undersized larch taiga, except on the highest summits where only mountain tundra grows. There are swamps in the river valleys.[4] The Tunguska Plateau is located in the permafrost zone and the soil never thaws at great depths.[5]

The climate prevailing in the Tunguska Plateau is subarctic continental.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ногинск, Эвенкийский муниципальный район". www.evenkya.ru.
  2. ^ Geographic Encyclopedia - Tunguska Plateau (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b Google Earth
  4. ^ a b c d e Тунгусское плато, Great Soviet Encyclopedia in 30 vols. / Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov . - 3rd ed. - M, 1969-1978.
  5. ^ Олег Фейгин, Никола Тесла: Наследие великого изобретателя, p. 126

External linksEdit