Jeju City (Korean: 제주시, romanizedJeju-si; Korean pronunciation: [tɕe̞.dzu]) is the capital of the Jeju Province in South Korea and the largest city on Jeju Island. The city is served by Jeju International Airport (IATA code CJU).

Jeju
제주시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationJeju-si
 • McCune-ReischauerCheju-si
Overview of Jeju City
Overview of Jeju City
Flag of Jeju
Official logo of Jeju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 33°30′47″N 126°31′23″E / 33.513°N 126.523°E / 33.513; 126.523Coordinates: 33°30′47″N 126°31′23″E / 33.513°N 126.523°E / 33.513; 126.523
CountrySouth Korea
ProvinceJeju
Administrative divisions19 dong, 4 eup, 3 myeon
Government
 • TypeMayor appointed by governor, no city council (unique in Korea due to Jeju's autonomy)
 • MayorGo huibeom (Democratic)
Area
 • Total977.8 km2 (377.5 sq mi)
Population
 • Total486,306
 • Density470.03/km2 (1,217.4/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Jeju
Websitehttp://www.jejusi.go.kr/

Located on an island off the Korean Peninsula, Jeju has mild, warm weather during much of the year. The city is a well-known resort, with prestigious hotels and public casino facilities. In 2011, 9.9 million passengers flew between the two cities of Seoul and Jeju, making the GimpoJeju route the world's busiest passenger air route.[1] Jeju welcomes over ten million visitors every year, mainly from the South Korean mainland, Japan, and China.[2][3] The population of Jeju City is 486,306 people and 205,386 households (244,153 men and 242,153 women, February 2019).[4] The population density is 470.03 (per square km, 2015).[5]

HistoryEdit

The area of the city has played a central role in Jeju since before recorded history. The Samseonghyeol, holes from which the three ancestors of the Jeju people are said to have come, are located in downtown Jeju City.

The city has grown quite rapidly since the 1970s. Shin Jeju (신제주), or "new Jeju", was created some decades ago, up the hill from the airport and houses many government buildings. The thatched roof buildings that were common throughout the city until the 1970s are gradually disappearing.

The city was separated from Bukjeju County in 1955. However, in 2005 Jeju Province voters approved a proposal to merge the city with Bukjeju County, also merging Seogwipo with Namjeju County to create two large cities directly administered by the province. That change was put into effect in July 2006.

In 2012 Sang-Oh Kim became mayor; he was formerly the Jeju regional president of National Agricultural Cooperative Federation.[6]

TransportationEdit

Jeju City is the principal transportation center for Jeju Province. It is home to the island's sole airport, Jeju International Airport; the Jeju-Seoul route is the world's busiest airline route.[1]

In addition, its port is the largest on the island, serving the great majority of passenger and cargo vessels that visit the island. It also stands at the center of the island's road network. To travel throughout the city and island, various buses are available. A bus ride from Jeju City to Seogwipo (the second largest city on the island) is typically an hour.[7]

EconomyEdit

Due to its central position in transportation, Jeju City sees the main share of tourist traffic to the island. Many tourists arrive at the city through the port terminal or airport, stay in the tourist hotels of the Sinjeju neighborhood, and stay within the city to visit various Jeju tourist attractions. These include Dragon's Head Rock (Yongduam, ko:용두암) along the coast; the Samseonghyeol, three holes in the downtown area; Hallasan National Park in the interior; the country's tallest mountain, Hallasan; and world's largest botanical garden, Bunjae Artpia.

The city also sells many oranges for which Jeju is famous. Jeju City is surrounded by orange and mandarin farms.[8][9]

Jeju Air has its headquarters in Jeju City.

GeographyEdit

In its former boundaries, Jeju City was 19.3 kilometers from east to west, and 10.2 kilometers from north to south. To the north, it looks across the Korea Strait at the southern coast of South Jeolla Province. To the south, it meets Seogwipo at the top of Hallasan, the island's sole mountain.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 290,116—    
1990 341,482+1.64%
2000 367,364+0.73%
2010 401,192+0.88%
2015 451,758+2.40%
2020 492,306+1.73%
Source: Citypopulation[10]

ClimateEdit

Jeju City has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. In Holdridge classification, Jeju City has a warm temperate moist forest climate. Due to its location, Jeju City is one of the warmest cities in Korea. However, ocean effect snow brings winter precipitation such as snow showers with strong wind during the winter. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is much wetter in summer, with more than 180 millimetres (7.1 in) of rain falling in each month from June to September. The highest temperature ever recorded is 37.5 °C (99.5 °F) on 25 July 1942[11] while the lowest temperature ever recorded is −6.0 °C (21.2 °F) on 16 February 1977.[11]

Climate data for Ildo 1-dong, Jeju City (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1923–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
24.5
(76.1)
28.1
(82.6)
30.9
(87.6)
33.1
(91.6)
34.5
(94.1)
37.5
(99.5)
37.5
(99.5)
34.4
(93.9)
32.1
(89.8)
26.7
(80.1)
23.3
(73.9)
37.5
(99.5)
Average high °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
9.9
(49.8)
13.3
(55.9)
18.0
(64.4)
22.1
(71.8)
24.9
(76.8)
29.3
(84.7)
30.1
(86.2)
26.1
(79.0)
21.6
(70.9)
16.4
(61.5)
11.0
(51.8)
19.3
(66.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
6.8
(44.2)
9.8
(49.6)
14.2
(57.6)
18.3
(64.9)
21.7
(71.1)
26.2
(79.2)
27.2
(81.0)
23.3
(73.9)
18.6
(65.5)
13.3
(55.9)
8.3
(46.9)
16.2
(61.2)
Average low °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.0
(39.2)
6.6
(43.9)
10.8
(51.4)
15.0
(59.0)
19.1
(66.4)
23.7
(74.7)
24.8
(76.6)
20.9
(69.6)
15.7
(60.3)
10.4
(50.7)
5.6
(42.1)
13.4
(56.1)
Record low °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
−6.0
(21.2)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.0
(39.2)
9.2
(48.6)
15.0
(59.0)
15.8
(60.4)
9.8
(49.6)
5.5
(41.9)
0.5
(32.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.5
(2.66)
57.2
(2.25)
90.6
(3.57)
89.7
(3.53)
95.6
(3.76)
171.2
(6.74)
210.2
(8.28)
272.3
(10.72)
227.8
(8.97)
95.1
(3.74)
69.5
(2.74)
55.6
(2.19)
1,502.3
(59.15)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.2 10.2 10.3 9.4 9.8 11.7 11.8 13.2 11.2 6.7 9.8 11.5 127.8
Average snowy days 7.2 4.2 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 5.3 18.1
Average relative humidity (%) 64.0 63.3 63.2 64.8 68.4 77.9 78.3 76.2 73.7 66.4 65.0 64.1 68.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 70.2 110.0 166.0 196.5 212.2 159.7 189.8 195.1 158.9 173.3 123.7 79.1 1,834.5
Percent possible sunshine 22.2 34.0 42.8 49.8 49.2 39.7 44.7 47.2 43.5 50.7 40.2 27.4 41.7
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine 1981–2010)[12][11][13]
Climate data for Gosan-ri, Hangyeong-myeon, Jeju City (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1988–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
20.1
(68.2)
21.4
(70.5)
27.3
(81.1)
27.5
(81.5)
29.6
(85.3)
34.3
(93.7)
35.5
(95.9)
32.5
(90.5)
30.3
(86.5)
26.8
(80.2)
21.9
(71.4)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
9.4
(48.9)
12.5
(54.5)
16.7
(62.1)
20.4
(68.7)
23.7
(74.7)
27.4
(81.3)
29.3
(84.7)
26.1
(79.0)
21.4
(70.5)
16.4
(61.5)
11.0
(51.8)
18.6
(65.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
6.6
(43.9)
9.4
(48.9)
13.4
(56.1)
17.1
(62.8)
20.7
(69.3)
24.9
(76.8)
26.4
(79.5)
23.0
(73.4)
18.5
(65.3)
13.5
(56.3)
8.5
(47.3)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
4.1
(39.4)
6.5
(43.7)
10.5
(50.9)
14.3
(57.7)
18.4
(65.1)
22.9
(73.2)
24.1
(75.4)
20.6
(69.1)
15.9
(60.6)
10.9
(51.6)
5.9
(42.6)
13.2
(55.8)
Record low °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.3
(37.9)
9.2
(48.6)
12.7
(54.9)
16.8
(62.2)
17.1
(62.8)
14.8
(58.6)
7.3
(45.1)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.2
(20.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.6
(1.60)
47.8
(1.88)
76.2
(3.00)
94.7
(3.73)
117.7
(4.63)
158.1
(6.22)
167.7
(6.60)
201.9
(7.95)
120.4
(4.74)
56.9
(2.24)
60.2
(2.37)
40.7
(1.60)
1,182.9
(46.57)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.6 9.0 10.2 9.0 9.6 11.3 11.3 13.1 9.6 6.3 8.6 10.4 119
Average snowy days 5.9 3.0 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 4.0 14.5
Average relative humidity (%) 66.9 68.0 69.9 74.2 80.2 86.2 89.2 83.9 77.8 69.7 67.9 66.5 75.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 95.4 131.0 175.4 196.3 205.3 156.0 172.6 219.7 187.4 206.6 150.7 106.3 2,002.7
Percent possible sunshine 28.7 40.7 45.0 50.3 46.9 36.8 40.4 52.0 50.5 58.8 48.9 34.9 44.7
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (snow and percent sunshine 1981–2010)[12][11][13]
Climate data for Chuja Islands, Jeju City (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
8.4
(47.1)
11.5
(52.7)
15.6
(60.1)
19.4
(66.9)
22.8
(73.0)
26.8
(80.2)
28.9
(84.0)
25.5
(77.9)
21.0
(69.8)
15.3
(59.5)
9.7
(49.5)
17.7
(63.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
5.7
(42.3)
8.6
(47.5)
12.5
(54.5)
16.3
(61.3)
19.9
(67.8)
24.3
(75.7)
26.2
(79.2)
22.9
(73.2)
18.4
(65.1)
12.8
(55.0)
7.5
(45.5)
15.0
(59.0)
Average low °C (°F) 2.8
(37.0)
3.3
(37.9)
6.0
(42.8)
10.0
(50.0)
13.9
(57.0)
17.8
(64.0)
22.2
(72.0)
24.2
(75.6)
21.1
(70.0)
16.4
(61.5)
10.6
(51.1)
5.1
(41.2)
12.8
(55.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.2
(1.07)
40.3
(1.59)
73.0
(2.87)
79.6
(3.13)
92.5
(3.64)
152.7
(6.01)
190.3
(7.49)
201.8
(7.94)
132.9
(5.23)
57.9
(2.28)
46.6
(1.83)
32.9
(1.30)
1,127.7
(44.40)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.9 5.5 7.0 7.7 7.8 8.8 9.1 8.5 6.9 4.6 5.9 7.4 85.1
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[12]
Climate data for Jeju
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average sea temperature °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
13.6
(56.5)
13.3
(55.9)
14.6
(58.3)
16.7
(62.1)
20.6
(69.1)
24.4
(75.9)
26.1
(79.0)
24.5
(76.1)
21.8
(71.2)
18.9
(66.0)
15.9
(60.6)
18.8
(65.8)
Mean daily daylight hours 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 10.0 12.0
Average Ultraviolet index 3 4 6 8 9 10 11 10 8 6 4 3 6.8
Source #1: seatemperature.org [14]
Source #2: Weather Atlas [15]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Jeju is divided into 19 neighbourhoods (dong), 4 towns (eup), and 3 townships (myeon):[16]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Jeju City is twinned with:[17]

Friendship citiesEdit

Memorandum of UnderstandingEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Top flights". Daily chart. The Economist. 2012-05-14. Retrieved 2012-05-14. Jeju, on the South Korean island of the same name, is not one of the country's 20 biggest cities. Yet the island's allure as a domestic tourist destination resulted in 9.9m passengers flying between Seoul and Jeju (in either direction) in 2011. This makes it the busiest airline route in the world, according to Amadeus, a company that provides technology to the travel industry.
  2. ^ "Jeju Island: South Korea's volcanic holiday destination". CNN. 2014-04-17. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
  3. ^ "The Chinese are buying up South Korea's Jeju Island, and the islanders are not too pleased". Quartz. Atlantic Media. 2014-09-11. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
  4. ^ nextez. "제주시홈페이지". www.jejusi.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  5. ^ "KOSIS". kosis.kr. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  6. ^ "'The farmers' mind' is key to accomplishment". 헤드라인제주 (in Korean). 2012-01-29. Retrieved 2021-11-15.
  7. ^ "How to Get Around Jeju Island with Public Transit". Trazy Blog. 2021-03-09. Retrieved 2021-11-15.
  8. ^ "Contact Us." Jeju Air. Retrieved on 2010-03-05.
  9. ^ "print_jeju.html." Jeju Air. Retrieved on 2010-03-05.
  10. ^ "South Korea: Provinces and cities".
  11. ^ a b c d 순위값 - 구역별조회 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  12. ^ a b c "Climatological Normals of Korea (1991 ~ 2020)" (PDF) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  13. ^ a b "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Jeju Sea Temperature". seatemperature.org. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Jeju, South Korea - Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  16. ^ 제주시소개 - 지리정보 면적 (in Korean). Jeju City homepage. Archived from the original on 2013-07-07. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  17. ^ "일본 하다노시". jeju.go.kr (in Korean). Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  18. ^ "Jeju, Südkorea". ulm.de (in German). Ulm. Retrieved 2020-04-15.

External linksEdit