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Coordinates: 34°45′N 127°0′E / 34.750°N 127.000°E / 34.750; 127.000

South Jeolla Province (Korean: 전라남도, Jeollanam-do, Korean pronunciation: [tɕʌl.la.nam.do]) is a province of South Korea. South Jeolla has a population of 1,902,324 (2014) and has a geographic area of 12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi) located in the Honam region at the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula. South Jeolla borders the provinces of North Jeolla to the north, South Gyeongsang to the northeast, and Jeju to the southwest in the Korea Strait.

South Jeolla Province

전라남도
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • McCune‑ReischauerChŏllanam-do
 • Revised RomanizationJeollanam-do
Official logo of South Jeolla Province
Location of South Jeolla Province
CountrySouth Korea
RegionHonam
CapitalMuan County
Subdivisions5 cities; 17 counties
Government
 • GovernorKim Yung-rok (Democratic)
Area
 • Total12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi)
Area rank3rd
Population
 (October, 2014)
 • Total1,902,324
 • Rank6th
 • Density142/km2 (370/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • FlowerCamellia japonica
 • TreeGinkgo
 • BirdOriental turtle dove
ISO 3166 codeKR-46
DialectJeolla
Websitejeonnam.go.kr ‹See Tfd›(in English)

Muan County is the capital and Yeosu is the largest city of South Jeolla, with other major cities including Suncheon, Mokpo, and Gwangyang. Gwangju was the largest city of South Jeolla until becoming a Metropolitan City in 1986, and was the historic capital until the provincial government was relocated to the Muan County town of Namak in 2005.

South Jeolla was established in 1896 from the province of Jeolla, one of the Eight Provinces of Korea, consisting of the southern half of its mainland territory and most outlying islands. South Jeolla was known as Zenra-nan Prefecture during the Japanese Colonial Period from 1910 and became part of South Korea following the division of Korea in 1945.

Contents

GeographyEdit

The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabuk-do Province, on the south by Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do.

There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,100 kilometres (3,800 mi) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.

The province is only partially mountainous. The plains along the rivers Seomjin, Yeongsan and Tamjin create a large granary. There is abundant rainfall in the area, which helps agriculture. The province is also home to the warmest weather on the peninsula. This helps to produce large amounts of agricultural produce, mainly rice, wheat, barley, pulses and potatoes. Vegetables, cotton and fruits are also grown in the province.

A small amount of gold and coal is mined in the province, but industries have also been developed in the area.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Jeollanam-do is divided into 5 cities (si) and 17 counties (gun). Listed below is the name of each entity in English, hangul, and hanja.

 
Yeosu
 
Mokpo
Map # Name Hangul Hanja Population (2012)[1] Subdivisions
 
City
1 Yeosu 여수시 麗水市 290,774 1 eup, 6 myeon, 20 haengjeong-dong
2 Mokpo 목포시 木浦市 238,368 23 haengjeong-dong
3 Suncheon 순천시 順天市 279,435 1 eup, 10 myeon, 13 haengjeong-dong
4 Gwangyang 광양시 光陽市 152,131 1 eup, 6 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong
5 Naju 나주시 羅州市 100,312 1 eup, 12 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong
County
6 Muan County 무안군 務安郡 71,294 3 eup, 6 myeon
7 Haenam County 해남군 海南郡 81,321 1 eup, 13 myeon
8 Goheung County 고흥군 高興郡 76,118 2 eup, 14 myeon
9 Hwasun County 화순군 和順郡 70,757 1 eup, 12 myeon
10 Yeongam County 영암군 靈巖郡 64,596 2 eup, 9 myeon
11 Yeonggwang County 영광군 靈光郡 58,026 3 eup, 8 myeon
12 Wando County 완도군 莞島郡 54 867 3 eup, 9 myeon
13 Damyang County 담양군 潭陽郡 48,329 1 eup, 11 myeon
14 Boseong County 보성군 寶城郡 49,940 2 eup, 10 myeon
15 Jangseong County 장성군 長城郡 47,231 1 eup, 10 myeon
16 Jangheung County 장흥군 長興郡 42,643 3 eup, 7 myeon
17 Gangjin County 강진군 康津郡 41,160 1 eup, 10 myeon
18 Sinan County 신안군 新安郡 46,007 2 eup, 12 myeon
19 Hampyeong County 함평군 咸平郡 37,528 1 eup, 8 myeon
20 Jindo County 진도군 珍島郡 34,486 1 eup, 6 myeon
21 Gokseong County 곡성군 谷城郡 32,896 1 eup, 10 myeon
22 Gurye County 구례군 求禮郡 27,765 1 eup, 7 myeon

Sister cities and provincesEdit

ReligionEdit

Religion in South Jeolla (2005)[3]

  Korean folk religion or not religious (53.4%)
  Protestantism (21.8%)
  Buddhism (16.1%)
  Catholicism (8.7%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of South Jeolla 30.5% follow Christianity (21.8% Protestantism and 8.7% Catholicism) and 16.1% follow Buddhism.[3] 53.4% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

List of Governors of South Jeolla ProvinceEdit

TourismEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistics". South Jeolla Province. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
  2. ^ "Background Brief on International Trade" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  3. ^ a b "2005 Census - Religion Results". Archived from the original on 2015-09-04.

External linksEdit