Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu (abbreviated BRVT; [ʔɓaː˨˩ ɹiə˧˨ʔ vʊwŋ͡m˦ˀ˥ taw˨˩] ) is a province of Vietnam. It is located on the coast of the country's Southeast region. It also includes the Côn Đảo islands, located some distance off Vietnam's southeastern coast. From 1954 to 1975, under South Vietnam, the province was called Phước Tuy.

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province
Tỉnh Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu
Hồ Cốc Beach
Flag of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province
Official seal of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province
A Place to Dock Boats
Location of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu within Vietnam
Location of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu within Vietnam
Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province is located in Vietnam
Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province
Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province
Location within Vietnam
Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province is located in Asia
Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province
Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province
Location within Asia
Coordinates: 10°35′N 107°15′E / 10.583°N 107.250°E / 10.583; 107.250
Country Vietnam
Metropolitan areaHo Chi Minh City metropolitan area
CapitalBà Rịa
Former seatVũng Tàu (until 2 May 2012)
 • People's Council ChairNguyễn Hồng Lĩnh
 • People's Committee ChairNguyễn Thành Long
 • Secretary of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Party CommitteeNguyễn Hồng Lĩnh
 • Total1,989.5 km2 (768.2 sq mi)
 • Total1,410,841
 • Density710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups97.53% Vietnamese[2]
Other minorities
 • TotalVND 149.574 trillion
US$ 6.496 billion
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes64 (until 16 July 2017)
254 (from 17 June 2017)
ISO 3166 codeVN-43
HDI (2020)0.793[4]

History edit

Drawing of Bà Rịa citadel in 1875

With the exception of the Côn Đảo islands, all of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province was once a part of Đồng Nai province to the north. In 1979, Vũng Tàu was separated from Đồng Nai and merged with the Côn Đảo islands (formerly part of Hậu Giang province), forming the new Vũng Tàu-Côn Đảo "special zone". Later, in 1992, Bà Rịa broke away from Đồng Nai Province, merging with Vũng Tàu-Côn Đảo to form the modern province of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu.[5]

Climate edit

The province has a tropical monsoon climate with 2 distinct seasons: a rainy season from May to October, and a dry season from November to April. The average annual temperature is 27 °C (81 °F), ranging from an average monthly temperature of 24.8 °C (76.6 °F) to an average monthly temperature of 28.6 °C (83.5 °F). The province receives 2,400 hours of sunshine per year while it receives an annual precipitation of 1,500 mm (59 in).[6]

Administrative divisions edit

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu is subdivided into eight district-level sub-divisions:

  • 5 districts:
  • 1 district-level town
  • 2 provincial cities:

They are further subdivided into six commune-level towns (or townlets), 47 communes, and 29 wards.

Côn Đảo district
Bà Rịa city
Vũng Tàu city
District-level sub-divisions Bà Rịa
Vũng Tàu
Phú Mỹ
Châu Đức
Côn Đảo
Đất Đỏ
Long Điền
Xuyên Mộc
Area (km2) 91.5[7] 141.1 333.84[8] 422.6 76 189.6[9] 77 640.9[10]
Population 205,192 527,025 221,030 143,306 8,360 76,659 140,485 162,356
Density (people/km2) 1,338 3,635 720 339 110 404 1,825 253
Administrative divisions 8 wards, 3 communes[7] 16 wards, 1 communes 5 wards, 5 communes 1 townlet, 15 communes 16 islands 2 townlets, 6 communes 2 townlets, 5 communes 1 townlets, 12 communes
Year of establishment 2012[7] 1992[11] 2018[8] 1994[8] 1991 2003 2003 1976
Source: Website of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province
History of developing
Year Population
1995 708,900
1996 730,400
1997 752,700
1998 775,600
1999 805,100
2000 829,900
2001 858,000
2002 880,800
2003 899,100
2004 918,900
2005 938,800
2006 955,700
2007 970,200
2008 983,600
2009 998,500
2010 1,012,000
2011 1,027,200
2017 1,098,794
2019 1,148,313

Demographics edit

According to 2015 statistics from the General Statistics Office of Vietnam, the province has a population of 1,072,600.[1] Urbanization in the province is above the country's average (50.52%).[13]

Economy edit

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu provincial economic activities include: petroleum (the most important), electricity at the Phú Mỹ Power Plants and Bà Rịa Power Plant (accounting for approx. 40% of the country's total power capacity), petrochemicals: Phú Mỹ Urea Plant (800,000 metric tonnes per year), polyethylene (100,000 metric tonnes per year), steel production, and cement production. Tourism, commerce and fishing are also important economic activities of the province. Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu contributes greatly to the country's budget. In 2005, it accounted for around 24 percent of Vietnam's budget (42,000 billion dong) of a total of 180,000 billion dong (exchange rate is 16,000 dong/dollar), ranking second, after Ho Chi Minh City before Hanoi (28,000 billion dong in 2005). The provincial GDP per capita ranks second to none in the country, over $4,000, if excluding petroleum GDP, it is over $2,000 (Hồ Chí Minh City ranks second with this index $1,850). In terms of living standards, Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu ranks third, behind Hồ Chí Minh City and Hanoi.[citation needed]

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu is also one of the leading direct foreign investment (FDI) attractions of Vietnam, in the top five of FDI acquisition provinces of Vietnam. In tourism, there are some big projects licensed or to be licensed soon: Saigon Atlantis resort (capitalized US$300 million), Vũng Tàu Aquarium and Bàu Trũng entertainment park ($500), and Xuyên Mộc safari ($200).[citation needed]

Tourism edit

Vũng Tàu is an important tourist destination, being particularly well known for its beaches, for its colonial-era architecture, and the Christ of Vũng Tàu, a large statue built by Vietnam's Catholic minority. It was completed in 1974, with the height of 32 metres and two outstretched arms spanning 18.4 metres. It is among the tallest statues of Christ in Asia. Among the most famous tourist destinations are the existing very popular and crowded beaches of Vũng Tàu and Long Hải and the new up and coming destinations of Hồ Tràm and Hồ Cốc located further along the South Sea coast. The main media agency in the province is the Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Daily Newspaper.

Determining tourism as one of the pillars of local socio-economic development, in early 2017, Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province decided to re-establish the Tourism Department. By the end of the year, Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Provincial Party Committee had issued a resolution on developing high-quality tourism, which aimed to develop the tourism infrastructure and improve the quality of tourism products and services in the direction of modernity and difference, while ensuring a safe, civilized and friendly tourist environment. According to Trịnh Hàng, Director of the Tourism Department of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province, since its establishment, the Tourism Department has advised the Provincial People's Committee on many plans such as the census of tourist accommodation establishments throughout the province, the plan on enhancing the management of tourist destinations, the plan on regulations to select tourism establishments with the title "Meeting the standards for tourist service", the plan on regulations to manage the beaches, and completing the master plan on tourist development of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province by 2025, with a vision to 2030. With the efforts of the provincial tourism industry and local authorities, the image of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu tourism has created a positive impression for visitors. Many other visitors to Vũng Tàu at this time have also been impressed by the changes in the destination. Vũng Tàu tourism is very much regaining its prestige and class.[14]

Infrastructure edit

BRVT serves as a major trade gateway for Vietnam due to its proximity to industrial zones, port complex, major highways, and transshipment routes. Infrastructure investments in the province have not only increased connectivity within the province but also with neighboring economic hubs such as Ho Chi Minh City and Đồng Nai province.[15]

Ports edit

BRVT is a major gateway for international shipments in Southeast Asia, due to the Cai Mep–Thị Vải port complex. The port system ranks among the major ports in the region and one of only 19 in the world capable of handling 190,000 deadweight tonnage (DWT) vessels.

Container ships from this port complex are capable of transporting goods to Europe as well as North America. In addition, the province is also around 70 km from Ho Chi Minh City's Cát Lái port.

The government is also planning to increase investments in the development of terminals and road infrastructure to increase connectivity, efficiency, and port capacity.

Airports edit

The Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport in Ho Chi Minh City is less than 90 km from the province and around 70 km from the Cai Mep–Thị Vải port complex.

In addition, the new Long Thành International Airport which is under construction is only around 30 minutes from the port complex and 50 km from the province.

Highways edit

The province has access to major national highways such as National Highway 51 and National Highway 1. In addition, expressways such as Ho Chi Minh City – Long Thành – Dầu Giây Expressway, Biên Hòa - Vũng Tàu expressway, and Bến Lức - Long Thành highway (to open in 2020) further increase connectivity with the surrounding provinces.

Within the province, the connectivity between ports or industrial zones with the national roadway systems is supported by numerous regional highways, port roads, and industrial zone roads.

Industrial zones edit

As of August 2018, there are 15 industrial parks in BRVT, including nine which are operational with an average occupancy rate of 47 percent. There are currently 339 projects in local industrial parks, including 162 foreign and 177 domestic projects.

The locality is also home to two industrial parks that specialize in supporting industries, Phú Mỹ 3 and Đá Bạc.

International relations edit

Sister cities edit

There are 9 sister cities/regions of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu province:[16]

City/region Since
 South Jeolla 12 May 1997
 Rostov Oblast, Russia 28 February 2000
 Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia 9 September 2000
 Ansan, South Korea 17 August 2004
 Northern Territory, Australia 19 September 2007
 Nova Scotia, Canada 30 November 2009
 Pohang, South Korea 9 March 2010
 Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia 31 October 2010
 Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan 15 September 2012

Festival edit

  • Nghinh Co Festival at Dinh Cố Shrine (12th day of the second lunar month)[17]
  • Sea Festival[18]
The fair in this festival will also showcase products and promote cooperation between businesses in industry, agriculture, trade and services in the province and neighboring provinces. Several seminars and workshops on trade and tourism promotion, as well as environmental protection, will be organised
  • International Kite Festival (held annually since 2009 in Vũng Tàu City)

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Số liệu thống kê – Diện tích, dân số và mật độ" [Interractive statistics tables – Area, population and density] (in Vietnamese). General Statistics Office of Vietnam. Archived from the original (To access, click the desired location in column 1 (Địa phương), click "2015" in column 2 (Năm), and click the desired field in column 3 (Chỉ tiêu): click Diện tích for Area, Dân số for Population, and Mật độ dân số for Population density) on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Area and Population". Ba Ria–Vung Tau People's Committee. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Tình hình kinh tế, xã hội Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu năm 2018". Cục Thống kê tỉnh Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  4. ^ General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2021). Báo cáo Chỉ số phát triển con người Việt Nam giai đoạn 2016 – 2020 [Vietnam's Human Development Index (2016-2020)] (PDF) (Report). pp. 29–30. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 October 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2023.
  5. ^ "History – Ba Ria". Vung Tau Portal. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Natural Conditions – Ba Ria". Vung Tau Portal (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Về việc thành lập thành phố Bà Rịa thuộc tỉnh Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu, Trang Chính phủ.
  8. ^ a b c Theo Nghị định 45-CP, văn bản bổ sung.
  9. ^ Căn cứ Luật Tổ chức Chính phủ ngày 25 tháng 12 năm 2001, Theo Thư Viện Pháp Luật.
  10. ^ Dân số Huyện Xuyên Mộc vào năm 2007 Archived 10 August 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Theo Công Đoàn Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu.
  11. ^ Mít tinh kỷ niệm 20 năm thành lập – Vũng Tàu[permanent dead link], Cổng thông tin thành phố Vũng Tàu.
  12. ^ Dân số trung bình phân theo địa phương qua các năm, Theo Tổng cục thống kê Việt Nam.
  13. ^ "Diện tích và dân số" [Area and population] (in Vietnamese). Ba Ria–Vung Tau People's Committee. Archived from the original on 20 March 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  14. ^ "vietnamtourism.gov.vn".
  15. ^ "An Economic Overview of Ba Ria – Vung Tau province". Vietnam Briefing News. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  16. ^ "Danh sách các tổ chức, địa phương nước ngoài đã ký kết biên bản thoả thuận hợp tác với tỉnh Bà Rịa - Vũng Tàu". Sở Ngoại vụ tỉnh Bà Rịa - Vũng Tàu (in Vietnamese). 9 May 2018. Archived from the original on 26 December 2022. Retrieved 26 December 2022.
  17. ^ Websoft.vn. "Festivals in Ba Ria – Vung Tau". Vietnamtourism (in Latin). Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province's Sea Festival kicks off". vietnamnews.vn. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.

External links edit