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U-Tapao International Airport (Thai: ท่าอากาศยานนานาชาติอู่ตะเภา) (IATA: UTP, ICAO: VTBU) also spelled Utapao and U-Taphao, is a joint civil–military public airport serving Rayong and Pattaya cities in Thailand. It is in Ban Chang District of Rayong Province.[4] Its official name is "U-Tapao Rayong Pattaya International Airport".[5]

U-Tapao–Rayong–Pattaya International Airport

ท่าอากาศยานอู่ตะเภา-ระยอง-พัทยา
U-Tapao International Airport logo.png
U-Tapao International Airport ATC Tower.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerRoyal Thai Navy
OperatorDepartment of Airports
ServesChonburi-Pattaya Metropolitain Area and Rayong
LocationBan Chang, Rayong, Thailand
Hub for
Elevation AMSL42 ft / 13 m
Coordinates12°40′47″N 101°00′18″E / 12.67972°N 101.00500°E / 12.67972; 101.00500Coordinates: 12°40′47″N 101°00′18″E / 12.67972°N 101.00500°E / 12.67972; 101.00500
Websitewww.utapao.com
Map
UTP is located in Thailand
UTP
UTP
Location of airport in Thailand
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 3,505 11,500 Asphalt
Statistics
Total passengers (2018)[1]1,860,794
Source: DAFIF[2][3]

It also serves as the U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield, home of the Royal Thai Navy First Air Wing. U-Tapao is the home of a large Thai Airways maintenance facility, servicing that airline's aircraft as well as those of other customers.[6] Due to the blockade of Bangkok's airports by opposition protesters, U-Tapao briefly became the main air gateway to Thailand between 26 November and 5 December 2008. As both of Bangkok's international airports essential to the country's tourist boom are operating beyond capacity as of 2015,[7][8] U-Tapao in particular has been eyed as an alternate international gateway due to relative proximity to the capital.

Contents

LocationEdit

U-Tapao lies approximately 90 miles (140 km) southeast of Bangkok, south of Rte 3 (Thanon Sukhumvit) at km189, near Sattahip on the Gulf of Thailand, about a 45-minute drive from Pattaya (Thailand's most popular beach resort).

HistoryEdit

Vietnam WarEdit

U-Tapao was built by the United States to accommodate B-52 bombers for missions in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia during the Vietnam War.[9] Construction began on 15 October 1965 and was completed on 2 June 1966.[10] U-Tapao was the primary Southeast Asian airfield for US Air Force B-52 Stratofortress bombers, called "Bee-hasip-sawng" (B-52) by the local Thais.[11] U-Tapao was a front-line base along with the other US bases at Korat, Udon, Ubon, Nakhon Phanom, and Takhli. The USAF B-52s made regular sorties over North Vietnam and North Vietnamese-controlled areas in Laos, carrying an average of 108 500-pound and 750-pound bombs per mission. U-Tapao was a regular stop on Bob Hope's Christmas shows for the troops.[12]

November 2008 protests in BangkokEdit

 
U-Taphao Airport Terminal

With the temporary closure of Suvarnabhumi Airport and Don Mueang Airport in late November 2008 because they had been occupied by anti-government protestors, U-Tapao became for a time Thailand's main supplementary international gateway. Many airlines arranged special flights to and from U-Tapao to ferry international passengers stranded by the closure of the Suvarnabhumi Airport.[13][14][15][16][17] Several governments including Italy, Macau and Spain also sent chartered flights to evacuate residents.

As many as 100,000 passengers were stranded in Thailand until early December. Although its runway can accommodate large aircraft, U-Tapao's terminals are not designed to handle more than a few flights a day. Travellers were subject to many hardships, and as the security was not up-to-date, some US-bound flights were diverted to Japan and their passengers required to go through a supplementary security check before continuing.[15]

Airport expansionEdit

As Bangkok's two international airports are operating beyond capacity, the government intends to turn U-Tapao into a third major destination for airlines. A new second terminal, which will increase airport capacity from 800,000 to three million persons per year. Terminal 2 was partially opened in November 2018 and will be officially opened in February 2019.[18]

There are also 41 direct flights landing from China weekly[19] with more airlines scheduled to announce soon. Airport director, Rear Adm Worapol Tongpricha, said the 620 million baht terminal is the start of a three-year, first-phase development. In the second phase, the government will boost the capacity further to 15 million people.[20]

ConcessionsEdit

In late-2018, King Power was awarded a ten-year contract to operate U-Tapao duty-free shops. A partnership between Thai retailer Central Department Store Company (Central Group) and DFS Group will manage retail shops and services, mainly food and beverage, also for 10 years.[21]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

Accidents and incidentsEdit

On 28 October 1977, a Douglas DC-3 of Air Vietnam en route from Tan Son Nhat International Airport, Ho Chi Minh City, to Duong Dong Airport, Phu Quoc, Vietnam, was hijacked and diverted to U-Tapao Air Base to refuel. Two Vietnamese officials on the aircraft were killed in the hijacking.[29]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Passenger statistics for 2015-2019" (PDF). U-Tapao Rayong Pattaya International Airport (in Thai).
  2. ^ Airport information for VTBU at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for UTP at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  4. ^ "U Tapao-Pattaya International Airport" (PDF). U Tapao Airport Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Home". U-Tapao Rayong Pattaya International Airport. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  6. ^ [1] Archived 6 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "New terminal to boost U-Tapao Airport".
  8. ^ "Don Mueang is world's busiest LCC". The Nation. 15 September 2015.
  9. ^ Janssen, Peter (6 June 2017). "Military airbase set for commercial take-off in Thailand". Asia Times. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  10. ^ "History". U-Tapao Rayong Pattaya International Airport. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  11. ^ Ellis, John. "U-Tapao Air Base" (Historical photos). Cohojohn.tripod.com. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  12. ^ "Bob Hope Visit". Thailand Dog Handlers. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  13. ^ "ANA International Flight Status". Fli.ana.co.jp.
  14. ^ "Cathay Pacific". Cathay Pacific.
  15. ^ a b "Latest update on Bangkok, Utapao and Europe flights". EVA Airways. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  16. ^ "THAI Operates 34 Special Inbound and Outbound Flights on 2 December 2008". THAI. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  17. ^ Page 6, South China Morning Post, 30 November 2008.[not specific enough to verify]
  18. ^ "Terminal 2 at U-Tapao airport to be fully opened in February". The Nation. 8 November 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  19. ^ http://www.utapao.com/
  20. ^ "U-Tapao airport takes new leap". Bangkok Post. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  21. ^ Moodie, Martin (21 November 2018). "King Power wins U-Tapao Airport duty free contract; Central Group/DFS alliance gains duty paid and services". The Moodie Davitt Report. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Donghai Airlines adds Wanzhou – Utapao from late-May 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  23. ^ "Loong Air adds Xi'An – Utapao service from April 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  24. ^ Liu, Jim. "Qingdao Airlines adds Lanzhou – SE Asian routes in July 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  25. ^ "International Flights". U-Tapao International Airport. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  26. ^ "Thai Lion Air adds Utapao – Haikou service from May 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  27. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/285133/thai-lion-air-expands-china-network-in-july-2019/
  28. ^ Liu, Jim (13 November 2018). "Ural Airlines plans new Utapao routing from late-Dec 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 November 2018.)
  29. ^ "Hijacking description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 5 August 2010.

External linksEdit

  Media related to U-Tapao International Airport at Wikimedia Commons