Beijing Daxing International Airport
Beijing Daxing International Airport (IATA: PKX, ICAO: ZBAD), located on the border of Beijing and Langfang, Hebei Province, is Beijing's second international airport. It has been nicknamed "the starfish". It was completed on June 30, 2019, and began operations on September 26, 2019.
Beijing Daxing International Airport
Aerial photo, January 2019
|Operator||Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited|
|Location||Daxing, Beijing & Guangyang, Langfang (Hebei)|
|Opened||25 September 2019 — ceremony|
26 September 2019 — first flights
|Time zone||China Standard Time (+8)|
|Elevation AMSL||98 ft / 30 m|
|Beijing Daxing International Airport|
The airport is 46 kilometres (29 mi) south of Tiananmen Square, 26 kilometres (16 mi) west of downtown Langfang, 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Xiong'an New Area, and 65 kilometres (40 mi) south of Beijing Capital International Airport, and serves Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. It is a hub for SkyTeam alliance airlines and some Oneworld members, while most Star Alliance members[a] have remained at Beijing Capital International, as has Hainan Airlines.
After almost five years of construction, the CN¥ 80 billion (US$11.4 billion) facility features a 700,000 m2 (7,500,000 sq ft) terminal, the world's largest single-building airport terminal, and sits on 47 km2 (18 sq mi) of land. The airport is awarded as best airport by hygiene measures in Asia-Pacific in 2020 by Airports Council International
Early media reports during September 2011 suggested that there could be up to 9 runways at the new airport: 8 runways for civil aviation plus one runway dedicated to military usage. It would replace Beijing Capital International Airport (which had 83 million passengers in 2013, second most in the world) as the main airport of Beijing, and be the largest in China. The airport was planned to be able to handle 120 to 200 million passengers a year, which, if capacity were fully used, would make it the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic, surpassing Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport by far.
Approval for constructionEdit
Official approval for construction by National Development and Reform Commission on December 22, 2014. It called for an airport to be constructed in the southern part of Daxing District of Beijing, along the border of Beijing and Hebei Province. No design or plans were released due to ongoing negotiations. It was stated that it would consist of 7 runways, 6 for civilian use and 1 for military purposes. Construction has been completed as of September 2019 with a capacity of handling 75 million passengers by 2025. The cost of construction was initially estimated to be at least 70 billion RMB (US$11.2 billion), including the 37 km (23 mi) Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway (Beijing section), to Beijing West railway station.
Design & ContractorsEdit
The airport's master plan was prepared by NACO (Netherlands Airport Consultants) and will feature a ground transportation centre providing the airport with public transportation links to high-speed rail, metro, expressways, Beijing Airport Bus routes, local buses and inter-airport transportation system. The terminal building was designed by British architects Zaha Hadid Architects, French planners ADPI and partners, and executed by the Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (BIAD). It consists of a central hub with six curved spokes. The façade was designed by XinShan Curtainwall and Beijing Institute of Architectural Design. Arup was subcontracted by Beijing Institute of Architectural Design as the fire engineering consultant, while China IPPR International Engineering was responsible for security system and baggage system designs. BuroHappold Engineering, as part of the consortium, worked with the architects to integrate engineering solutions into the design of the airport.
Hong Kong design studio Lead 8 was appointed as lead designer of the integrated service building (the 6th pier) in 2018. The terminal, according to Lead 8, will encompass "a purposeful design of work spaces, with integrated retail, dining, and entertainment options for the large number of passengers expected," with plans to incorporate interactive pet hotels, a child care and nursery, hybrid online retail and dining, and a showroom for companies.
Other contractors involved in the project include China Electronics Engineering Design Institute, Civil Aviation Electronic Technology, The Third Rail Survey and Design Institute Group Corporation (TSDI China), Beijing City Construction Design Research General Institute and Beijing General Municipal Engineering Design & Research Institute.
Beijing TsingHua TonHeng Urban Planning and Design Institute, Central Academy of Fine Arts, Dtree, Lea-Elliot, Lighting Design Studio, and East Sign Design & Engineering were also involved in the project.
Suppliers include Xsight Systems, T-Systems, Schindler, Thales, Beijing EasySky Technology and Oasys.
Construction of the airport began on December 26, 2014, and was led by chief engineer Guo Yanchi. By March 2017, the terminal had its concrete structure capped. On January 23, 2019, the first flight inspection began to be carried out and was expected to be completed in March.
On June 30, 2019, the airport officially finished construction and was in preparation for its September opening. The construction of the airport itself cost CN¥120bn (approximately US$17bn), with other projects in the periphery costing CN¥330bn (US$46.2bn), giving a total cost of CN¥450bn (US$63bn).
The airport opened on 25 September 2019—just six days before the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic of China—in a ceremony attended by the Chinese president and General Secretary of the Communist Party Xi Jinping. Inaugural flights from seven Chinese airlines began later in the afternoon, although flights operating out of the airport on the day were member-only, with the first official flight out of the airport an Airbus A380 operated by China Southern Airlines. Flights for the public began the following day on 26 September 2019. The first commercial flight landed at Beijing Daxing at 10:12 (UTC+8), September 26, 2019.
The airport serves as the hub for China United Airlines immediately after its opening and all their services have been relocated to Beijing Daxing. Others, such as China Eastern Airlines and China Southern Airlines, will also relocate.
Upon opening of the Daxing Airport, Beijing Nanyuan Airport, the oldest airport in China, closed on the same day. A military airfield will co-exist in Daxing, as was the case in Nanyuan.
It was initially planned for airlines of the SkyTeam alliance to be relocated to the new airport, while Star Alliance airlines would remain at Capital, effectively making both airports hubs. This was confirmed in 2016, when the Civil Aviation Administration of China announced that China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines and Xiamen Airlines along with other SkyTeam airlines would move to the new airport, while Air China and other Star Alliance carriers would remain at Capital. China Southern, China Eastern and Beijing Capital Airlines' intentions to move to Daxing were confirmed by a Xinhua report in December 2017.
Ten passenger airlines (China Southern Airlines, China United Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Beijing Capital Airlines, Hebei Airlines, Spring Airlines, Okay Airways, Juneyao Airlines, XiamenAir and Donghai Airlines) and one cargo airline (China Postal Airlines) signed agreements with the Capital Airport Group to enter the new airport.
CAAC required each Mainland Chinese airline (other than China Postal Airlines) to serve only one Beijing-area airport following the opening of Daxing, but allowed foreign airlines (including Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan-based airlines) to operate from both airports if they wished to do so. China Eastern Group and China Southern Group were each allocated 40% of landing slots with the remaining 20% for smaller Mainland China and international airlines. However, on 1 May 2019, this plan was changed by CAAC, with China Eastern Group relinquishing 10% of its allocated slots (to give it 30% of slots) to Air China Group in exchange for the China Eastern group continuing to operate its Shanghai-Beijing flights at Beijing Capital Airport.
SkyTeam members are slowly moving services to Daxing. China Eastern Airlines has moved some select domestic destinations to Daxing whilst retaining a large presence at Capital. It will launch new international routes to Paris and Tokyo at the end of March 2020. Similarly XiamenAir will move it hub routes to Fuzhou and Xiamen at the end of March 2020 whilst retaining other domestic destination at Capital. Their global partners Delta Air Lines will supposedly move at the end of April and Aeroflot will move at the beginning of June.
The OneWorld alliance announced in February 2019, that its member airlines were considering a formal co-location scheme at Daxing, particularly as many of them, now have codeshare partnerships with China Southern. Alliance members, British Airways and Malaysia Airlines moved their London-Heathrow and Kuala Lumpur to Beijing flights to Daxing whilst Finnair flies from Helsinki-to-Daxing as well as retaining a daily flight to Capital. S7 Airlines will move all its flights covering 5 Russian destinations to Daxing from Capital on 29 March 2020. Qatar Airways has also announced its intention to move to Daxing in Summer 2020.  American Airlines will relocate from Capital to Daxing due to its close partnership with China Southern. Royal Air Maroc which joined the alliance on 1 April 2020 already operates out of Daxing. Cathay Pacific reportedly intends to stay at Capital
Some foreign Star Alliance airlines are joining full member Air China and connecting partner Juneyao at Daxing. In January 2020, LOT Polish launched a 4-weekly flight from Warsaw, complementing its 3-weekly flight to Capital. Also in January 2020, Swiss International Air Lines announced that they will move their Zurich-Beijing flights from Capital to Daxing at the end of March 2020.
On 25 October 2020, China Southern Airlines transferred all its Beijing flights to Daxing Airport.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
The airport is linked to the city through various means of transportation, and a ground transportation center was constructed beneath the terminal building for this purpose. Two underground railway stations (for Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway and Intercity Railway Connector) and three metro stations (Daxing Airport Express, Line 20 (Line R4) and another planned metro line) were built beneath the terminal building. Currently, only one of the metro lines (Daxing Airport Express) and one of the railway lines (Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway) are in operation. The airport is also served by a highway system including Beijing Daxing Airport Expressway and Beijing Daxing Airport North Line Expressway connecting the airport and Beijing city.
A high-speed railway service, the Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway starts from Beijing West railway station. It will connect the urban area of Beijing, Daxing District of Beijing, Bazhou, and Xiong'an to the new airport. The section between the airport to Beijing will operate at speeds of 250 km/h (160 mph) and the section between the airport to Xiong'an will operate at speeds of 350 km/h (220 mph). The airport-to-Beijing section was opened on September 26, 2019, while the airport-to-Xiong'an section is expected to open in late 2020. It will take 28 minutes from Beijing West railway station to the new airport.
Another intercity railway, the Intercity Railway Connector, will connect Langfang, Yizhuang, Beijing Sub-administrative Center in Tongzhou District and Beijing Capital International Airport to Daxing Airport. Phase I of the intercity railway connector (Daxing Airport to Langfang East railway station) is under construction. Phase 1 of the railway will be finished in December 2022. The speed will be 200 km/h.
Another high-speed railway service, the Tianjin–Daxing Airport intercity railway, will connect Tianjin West railway station with Daxing Airport. Construction will finish in 2022. The speed will be 250 km/h.
The Daxing Airport Express of the Beijing Subway connects the airport to the urban area of Beijing and began operation on September 26, 2019. The line links Caoqiao station on Line 10 to the airport. Initially, only the Caoqiao-to-airport segment was opened, with a northern extension to Lize Business District scheduled to begin construction in 2020 and finish in 2022. A southern extension of the line, also known as Line R1 of Xiong'an Rail Transit (or Xiong'an to Daxing Airport Express), from Daxing Airport to Baoding East railway station is under planning. Construction for the test section is under preparation.
This section does not cite any sources. (January 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Below is the passenger data and development for Beijing Daxing International Airport for the years 2019:
^1 : 2019 statistics correspond to the last 4 months of 2019 since the opening of the airport.
- The exception is LOT Polish Airlines, which serves both airports.
- 北京大兴国际机场正式投运：南航领衔12家航空公司将这么飞. 2019-09-25.
- 北京大兴国际机场首个商业航班降落，搭载149名旅客 [The first commercial flight of Beijing Daxing International Airport landed with 149 passengers]. 2019-09-26.
- "CRI: Beijing Builds World's Biggest Airport due to Necessity". CRI. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "New Beijing airport touted as world's busiest: media". In.reuters.com. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Jiang, Steven (September 18, 2019). "Beijing's new mega-airport ready to open". CNN Travel.
- 中国联合航空将于2019年9月26日整体搬迁至北京大兴国际机场运行。原北京南苑机场始发及到达的所有航班均改至北京大兴国际机场。已购买2019年9月26日（含）以后客票的旅客，将在北京大兴国际机场出发或到达。请您仔细查看出行日期，以免影响您的行程。. China United Airlines.
- "Beijing Daxing Intl Airport official name for new hub". China Daily. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
- "New Beijing airport to open on Oct 1, 2019, able to accommodate 880,000 flights per year". The Straits Times. China Daily. 2018-05-17. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
- 大兴机场通航，将给京津冀带来什么？ [What will Daxing Airport bring to Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei?]. NBD.com. 2019-09-25. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- "Beijing's New Daxing Airport Stokes Rivalries and Confusion". Jing Travel. December 6, 2017. Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- 大兴国际机场："中国速度"建造北京新地标. 2019-09-22.
- "Beijing's Giant New Airport Helps China Rival U.S. in the Skies". 2019-09-25.
Beijing Daxing International Airport, an 80 billion yuan ($11.2 billion) starfish-shaped structure
- "What does the world's largest single-building airport terminal look like?". BBC. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
- Taylor, Alan. "Photos: The World's Largest Airport-Terminal Building - The Atlantic". www.theatlantic.com. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
- Pinghui, Zhuang (25 September 2019). "Beijing Daxing airport – world's largest terminal – takes flight". South China Morning Post.
- Coffey, Helen (25 September 2019). "World's Largest Airport Terminal Opens in Beijing". The Independent.
- "China opens Daxing International Airport, a mega-hub with world's biggest terminal". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
- "China Daily USA - New capital airport cleared for takeoff". Usa.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "CNN Travel - Beijing approves US$11.2 billion international airport". Travel.cnn.com. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Beijing Capital Airport to Reach Its Design Capacity of 80 Million Passengers Within This Year". WCarn.com. 2012-05-24. Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Jonathan Watts in Beijing (2011-09-08). "Beijing set to become world's busiest aviation hub with new mega-airport". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Gigantic airport to be built in China". Wanderlust. 2011-09-15. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Business News Live, Share Market News - Read Latest Finance News, IPO, Mutual Funds News". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012.
- "Beijing's 2nd airport to be ready by 2017". China Daily. 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Beijing plans to build world's largest airport". Indian Express. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- 国家发展改革委关于北京新机场工程可行性研究报告的批复. 2014-12-22.
- 国家发展改革委关于北京新机场工程可行性研究报告的批复. 2014-12-22.
- 首都新机场跑道呈三纵一横分布 规划7条跑道 [Capital New Airport Runways Distributed As Three Vertical One Horizontal, 7 Runways Planned] (in Chinese). news.carnoc.com. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- "Chinese government approves construction of second Beijing airport". FlightGlobal. 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Home - NACO".
- Alex Davies (2012-10-09). "Beijing Is Building An Airport That's Bigger Than JFK, LaGuardia, And Newark Combined". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Beijing Daxing International Airport - Architecture - Zaha Hadid Architects". Retrieved 2019-08-22.
- "ADPI and ZHA working together on Beijing New Airport Terminal Building – the world's largest passenger terminal – Zaha Hadid Architects". Archived from the original on 2019-07-09. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
- "The Beijing-Daxing project | ADP Ingénierie". www.adp-i.com. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
- "The world's largest airport terminal planned for China". The Telegraph. 2015-04-28. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Beijing Daxing International Airport". Airport Technology.
- "Beijing Daxing International Airport". Design Build Network. Archived from the original on 2019-11-06. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- "Lead Designer appointed for commercial terminal at world's biggest airport". International Airport Review. 2018-07-31. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
- "Construction begins on 2nd international airport in Beijing". Asahi Shimbun. 2014-12-26. Archived from the original on 2014-12-30. Retrieved 2014-12-30.
- "Construction of new Beijing airport finished". China Daily. 2019-07-29. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- Li, Yan (2017-03-21). "Beijing's new airport terminal capped". Retrieved 2018-09-20.
- 习近平总书记宣布北京大兴国际机场正式投运. 大公网 (in Chinese). 25 September 2019.
- Kuo, Lily (25 September 2019). "Zaha Hadid's massive 'starfish' airport opens in Beijing". The Guardian.
- Chen, Jackie (25 September 2019). "Beijing Daxing International Airport officially begins operations". Business Traveller.
- Culver, David; Jiang, Steven (25 September 2019). "Beijing's Daxing International Airport now officially open". CNN.
- Chen, Laurie (25 September 2019). "Beijing's new 7-runway, star-shaped Daxing airport opened by Xi Jinping, with aviation industry ready for take-off". South China Morning Post.
- "Beijing's Second Airport Allocated To SkyTeam Carriers". Aviation Week. 2012-09-21. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "2 top Chinese airlines will move to new Beijing airport". english.cri.cn.
- "Three airlines to move to Beijing's new airport - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
- Reuters. "China's aviation regulator to relocate carrier to new airport". The Standard. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
- "China's airlines jostle for position at new mega airport, in rare glimpse into Beijing's palace intrigue". South China Morning Post. 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
- "Digital apps and new alliance lounges to drive major new oneworld customer benefits". www.oneworld.com. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
- "Malaysia Airlines is moving Beijing service from Capital (PEK) to Daxing (PKX) from 31DEC19. Reservations for flights to/from Beijing Capital on/after 31DEC19 closed around Wednesday 31JUL19". Routesonline. Twitter. 31 July 2019. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Beijing's New Mega Airport Will Challenge Air China's Dominance". Bloomberg News. 2017-07-21.
- "American Airlines Plans Move to Beijing Daxing International Airport in March 2021". news.aa.com. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
- "Less than a year before opening, inventive details of Beijing Daxing International Airport take shape". South China Morning Post. SCMP. 27 Oct 2018. Retrieved 15 Dec 2018.
- "南航告别首都机场，10月25日起全部转场大兴机场运营" (in Chinese). Dayoo. 25 October 2020. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
- 北京新机场2040年建成后吞吐旅客1亿 世界最大-新华网. www.xinhuanet.com.
- Liu, Jim. "China Eastern moves Beijing – Japan service to Daxing in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- Liu, Jim. "China Southern moves Beijing – Amsterdam to Beijing Daxing from late-Oct 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
- Liu, Jim (17 January 2020). "China Southern moves Beijing – Istanbul to Daxing from late-March 2020". Routesonline.
- Chua, Alfred (2 July 2019). "China Southern transfers first 13 services to Beijing Daxing". BlueSwanDaily.
- Liu, Jim (24 September 2019). "Hebei Airlines outlines Beijing Daxing operations from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
- Liu, Jim (22 September 2019). "Himalaya Airlines plans Beijing Daxing launch in late-Oct 2019". Routesonline.
- Liu, Jim (24 September 2019). "Juneyao Airlines adds Beijing Daxing service from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline.
- "Letnie cięcia w siatce połączeń LOT-u". pasazer.com. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
- 除了地铁新机场线，未来还有这些轨道线通往大兴机场. 2019-06-16.
- "Beijing Daxing Int'l Airport Expressway to be completed in June". China.org.cn. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- 京雄城际铁路今开工 北京段明年9月开通运营(图). news.sina.com.cn. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
- 京雄城际铁路北京西至大兴机场段26日开通运营. 2019-09-25.
- 京雄城际铁路全线开工 新机场至雄安段2020年底投用. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
- 28分钟！乘坐京雄城际看大兴机场. 2019-09-25.
- 北京新建城际铁路联络线或延迟至2022年底竣工. www.bjnews.com.cn. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
- 新机场又一交通动脉下月开工！与廊涿城际接驳，京南楼市利好 [The new airport's traffic artery will start next month! Connection with Langzhuo (Langfang-Zhuozhou) intercity railway, Beijing property market is good]. www.sohu.com. 2018-05-05. Archived from the original on 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
- 天津至北京大兴国际机场铁路环评二次公示，时速250公里工期3年. 2019-08-06.
- "36分钟！天津直达大兴机场，津兴铁路有望2022年开通". 2019-10-30.
- 地铁大兴机场线明起运营，6条机场大巴线路同步开通. 2019-09-25.
- 北京今年将启动轨道交通大兴机场线北延工程. 2020-01-12.
- "北京地铁11号线西段、新机场线北延通车时间定了". 2019-12-06.
- "雄安新区至北京大兴国际机场快线项目先期实施段施工总承包招标公告". 2019-12-01.
- 北京新机场航站楼2019年7月建成 8分抵最远登机口-新华网 [Beijing's New Airport Terminal Building to Finish Construction in July 2019, 8 Minutes to Farthest Boarding Gate - Xinhua Net]. www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Beijing Daxing International Airport.|