Open main menu

Beijing Daxing International Airport

Beijing Daxing International Airport (Chinese: 北京大兴国际机场; pinyin: Běijīng Dàxīng Guójì Jīchǎng)[1] (IATA: PKX, ICAO: ZBAD), located on the border of Beijing and Langfang, Hebei Province, is Beijing's second international airport and is currently under construction.[2][3] The name of the airport was announced on September 14, 2018.[1] The terminal building, the second-largest single-building airport terminal after Istanbul Airport,[4] with an area of more than 1,000,000 m2 (11,000,000 sq ft),[5] was completed on June 30, 2019, and the airport is expected to be open on September 30, 2019.[1][6] Upon completion, it will serve as a major international hub airport in Northern China. There will be 4 runways, and 79 contact aircraft stands.

Beijing Daxing International Airport

北京大兴国际机场[1]

Běijīng Dàxīng Guójì Jīchǎng
新机场.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
ServesBeijing
Jing-Jin-Ji region
LocationDaxing, Beijing & Guangyang, Langfang (Hebei)
Opened30 September 2019 (expected)[1]
Time zoneChina Standard Time (+8)
Elevation AMSL98 ft / 30 m
Coordinates39°30′33″N 116°24′38″E / 39.50917°N 116.41056°E / 39.50917; 116.41056Coordinates: 39°30′33″N 116°24′38″E / 39.50917°N 116.41056°E / 39.50917; 116.41056
Map
PKX is located in Beijing
PKX
PKX
PKX is located in China
PKX
PKX
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01L/19R 3,400 11,154.8 Concrete
17L/35R 3,800 12,467.1 Concrete
17R/35L 3,800 12,467.1 Concrete
11L/29R 3,800 12,467.1 Concrete

The airport is 46 kilometers south of Tian'anmen Square, 26 kilometers west of downtown Langfang City, 50 kilometers northeast of Xiong'an New Area, and 65 kilometers from the existing Beijing Capital International Airport, and is expected to serve Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei.[7] It will serve as a hub for SkyTeam alliance airlines (except China Eastern Airlines),[8] while Star Alliance members will stay at the existing Beijing Capital International Airport. Hainan Airlines, which accounted for 10% of Beijing Capital International's passenger seat capacity in 2016, but is not part of any major alliance, will stay at the existing capital airport.[9]

Upon the opening of the new airport, Beijing Nanyuan Airport (currently solely served by China United Airlines) will be closed.

Contents

Development historyEdit

A second airport for Beijing was proposed in 2008.[10] By 2012, the existing Beijing Capital International Airport was running at near its full design capacity.[11][12]

Initial proposalsEdit

Early media reports during September 2011 suggested that there could be up to 9 runways: 8 runways for civil aviation plus one runway dedicated to military usage.[13][7][14][15][16] It would replace Beijing Capital International Airport (which had 83 million passengers in 2013, second most in the world) as the main airport of Beijing, and be the largest in China. The airport was planned to be able to handle 120 to 200 million passengers a year, which, if capacity were fully used, would make it the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic, surpassing Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport by far.[17]

Approval for constructionEdit

Official approval for construction by National Development and Reform Commission on 22 Dec. 2014.[18] It called for an airport to be constructed in the southern part of Daxing District of Beijing, along the border of Beijing and Hebei Province. No design or plans were released due to ongoing negotiations. It was stated that it would consist of 7 runways, 6 for civilian use and 1 for military purposes. Construction is expected to be completed in September 2019[19] with a capacity of handling 75 million passengers by 2025. The estimated cost of construction is at least 70 billion RMB (US$11.2 billion), including the 37 km (23 mi) Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway (Beijing section), to Beijing West railway station.[10][20]

DesignEdit

 
Model of the terminal building

The airport's master plan was designed by airport consulting firm CACC (China Airport Construction Corporation) and will feature a ground transportation centre providing the airport with public transportation links to high-speed rail, metro, expressways, Beijing Airport Bus routes, local buses and inter-airport transportation system.[21] The terminal building was designed by British architects Zaha Hadid Architects [22][23]and French planners ADPI[24], and executed by the Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (BIAD). It consists of a central hub with six curved spokes.[25] Hong Kong design studio Lead 8 was appointed as lead designer of the integrated service building(the 6th pier) in 2018. The terminal, according to Lead 8, will encompass "a purposeful design of work spaces, with integrated retail, dining, and entertainment options for the large number of passengers expected," with plans to incorporate interactive pet hotels, a child care and nursery, hybrid online retail and dining, and a showroom for companies [26]

ConstructionEdit

 
An Airbus A380 of China Southern Airlines takeoffs at PKX on May 13th, 2019

Construction of the airport began on December 26, 2014.[27] By March 2017, the terminal had its concrete structure capped.[28] On January 23, 2019, the first flight inspection began to be carried out and is expected to be completed in March. On June 30, 2019, the airport officially finished construction and is in preparation for its September opening.

Service developmentEdit

It was initially planned for airlines of the SkyTeam alliance to be relocated to the new airport, while Star Alliance airlines would remain at Capital, effectively making both airports hubs.[29] This was confirmed in 2016, when the Civil Aviation Administration of China announced that China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines and Xiamen Airlines along with other SkyTeam airlines would move to the new airport, while Air China and other Star Alliance carriers would remain at Capital.[30] China Southern, China Eastern and Beijing Capital Airlines' intentions to move to Daxing were confirmed by a Xinhua report in December 2017.[31]

Ten passenger airlines (China Southern Airlines, China United Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Beijing Capital Airlines, Hebei Airlines, Spring Airlines, Okay Airways, Juneyao Airlines, XiamenAir and Donghai Airlines) and one cargo airline (China Postal Airlines) signed agreements with the Capital Airport Group to enter the new airport.[citation needed]

CAAC required each Mainlaind Chinese airline (other than China Postal Airlines) to serve only one Beijing-area airport following the opening of Daxing, but allowed foreign airlines (including Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan-based airlines) to operate from both airports if they wished to do so.[32] China Eastern Group and China Southern Group were each allocated 40% of landing slots with the remaining 20% for smaller Mainland China and international airlines. However, on 1 May 2019, this plan was changed by CAAC, with China Eastern Group relinquishing 10% of its allocated slots (to give it 30% of slots) to Air China Group in exchange for the China Eastern group continuing to operate its Shanghai-Beijing flights at Beijing Capital Airport.[33]

Among Oneworld carriers, British Airways and Malaysia Airlines will move their London and Kuala Lumpur to Beijing flights to Daxing whilst Finnair has filed for flights from Helsinki to Daxing as well as retaining a daily flight to Capital.[34] American Airlines has indicated plans to relocate flights from Capital to Daxing due to its tie-up with China Southern.[35] Cathay Pacific and Cathay Dragon reportedly intend to stay at Capital.[36] The alliance announced in February 2019, that its member airlines were considering a formal co-location scheme at Daxing.[37]

Airport facilitiesEdit

The first phase of the airport project is designed with a target of 72 million passengers,[38] 2 million tons of cargo and mail,[38] and 620,000 aircraft movements in 2025, with plans to handle 100 million passengers in the long term.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

Ground transportationEdit

Intercity railEdit

A new high-speed railway service, the Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway, is under construction and will start from Beijing West railway station. It will connect the urban area of Beijing, Daxing District of Beijing, the new airport, Bazhou, and finally Xiong'an. The section between the airport to Beijing will operate at speeds of 250 km/h and the section between the airport to Xiong'an will operate at speeds of 350 km/h.[47] The airport to Beijing section is expected to open in September 2019,[47] while the airport to Xiong'an section in late 2020.[48] It will take 20 minutes from Beijing West railway station to the new airport.[49]

Another high-speed railway service, the Tianjin–Beijing Daxing Airport railway, will connect Tianjin West railway station with Daxing Airport.[50] Construction will start in 2019[51] and finish in 3 years.[50] The speed will be 250 km/h.[50]

Another intercity railway, the Intercity Railway Connector, will connect Langfang, Yizhuang, Beijing Sub-administrative Center in Tongzhou District and Beijing Capital International Airport to the new airport. Phase I of the intercity railway connector (New Airport to Langfang East railway station) is under construction. Phase 1 of the railway will be finished in December 2022.[52] The speed will be 200 km/h.[52][53]

SubwayEdit

The Daxing Airport Express of the Beijing Subway will connect the airport to the urban area of Beijing and begin operation at the same time as the airport. The line links Caoqiao station on Line 10 to the airport. Initially, only the Caoqiao to airport segment will open, with a northern extension to Lize Business District scheduled to begin construction in the second half of 2019[54] and finish in 2021.

In the long term planning of the Beijing Subway, Line 20 (Line R4) of the Beijing Subway is planned to terminate at the new airport.[55]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Beijing Daxing Intl Airport official name for new hub". China Daily. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  2. ^ "CRI: Beijing Builds World's Biggest Airport due to Necessity". CRI. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  3. ^ "New Beijing airport touted as world's busiest: media". In.reuters.com. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  4. ^ "Construction". www.igairport.com. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  5. ^ "What does the world's largest single-building airport terminal look like?". BBC. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  6. ^ "New Beijing airport to open on Oct 1, 2019, able to accommodate 880,000 flights per year". The Straits Times. China Daily. 2018-05-17. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  7. ^ a b Joanna Corrigan (2011-09-14). "Mail Online: China plans third airport for Beijing which will outstrip Heathrow as the world's busiest". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  8. ^ "CAAC permits China Eastern ops at Beijing Capital".
  9. ^ "Beijing's New Daxing Airport Stokes Rivalries and Confusion".
  10. ^ a b "China Daily USA - New capital airport cleared for takeoff". Usa.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  11. ^ "CNN Travel - Beijing approves US$11.2 billion international airport". Travel.cnn.com. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  12. ^ "Beijing Capital Airport to Reach Its Design Capacity of 80 Million Passengers Within This Year". WCarn.com. 2012-05-24. Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  13. ^ Jonathan Watts in Beijing (2011-09-08). "Beijing set to become world's busiest aviation hub with new mega-airport". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  14. ^ "Gigantic airport to be built in China". Wanderlust. 2011-09-15. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  15. ^ Economic Times: China plans to build world's biggest airport near Beijing Archived 2012-05-27 at Archive.today
  16. ^ "Beijing's 2nd airport to be ready by 2017". China Daily. 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  17. ^ "Beijing plans to build world's largest airport". Indian Express. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  18. ^ 国家发展改革委关于北京新机场工程可行性研究报告的批复http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/201412/t20141215_652143.html
  19. ^ 首都新机场跑道呈三纵一横分布 规划7条跑道 [Capital New Airport Runways Distributed As Three Vertical One Horizontal, 7 Runways Planned] (in Chinese). news.carnoc.com. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  20. ^ "Chinese government approves construction of second Beijing airport". FlightGlobal. 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  21. ^ Alex Davies (2012-10-09). "Beijing Is Building An Airport That's Bigger Than JFK, LaGuardia, And Newark Combined". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  22. ^ "Beijing Daxing International Airport - Architecture - Zaha Hadid Architects". Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  23. ^ "ADPI and ZHA working together on Beijing New Airport Terminal Building – the world's largest passenger terminal – Zaha Hadid Architects". Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  24. ^ "The Beijing-Daxing project | ADP Ingénierie". www.adp-i.com. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  25. ^ "The world's largest airport terminal planned for China". The Telegraph. 2015-04-28. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  26. ^ "Lead Designer appointed for commercial terminal at world's biggest airport". International Airport Review. 2018-07-31. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  27. ^ "Construction begins on 2nd international airport in Beijing". Asahi Shimbun. 2014-12-26. Archived from the original on 2014-12-30. Retrieved 2014-12-30.
  28. ^ Li, Yan (2017-03-21). "Beijing's new airport terminal capped". Retrieved 2018-09-20.
  29. ^ "Beijing's Second Airport Allocated To SkyTeam Carriers". Aviation Week. 2012-09-21. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  30. ^ "2 top Chinese airlines will move to new Beijing airport".
  31. ^ "Three airlines to move to Beijing's new airport - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  32. ^ Reuters. "China's aviation regulator to relocate carrier to new airport". The Standard. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  33. ^ "China's airlines jostle for position at new mega airport, in rare glimpse into Beijing's palace intrigue". South China Morning Post. 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
  34. ^ "Malaysia Airlines is moving Beijing service from Capital (PEK) to Daxing (PKX) from 31DEC19. Reservations for flights to/from Beijing Capital on/after 31DEC19 closed around Wednesday 31JUL19". Routesonline. Twitter. 31 July 2019. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  35. ^ "Beijing's New Mega Airport Will Challenge Air China's Dominance". Bloomberg News. 2017-07-21.
  36. ^ "Less than a year before opening, inventive details of Beijing Daxing International Airport take shape". South China Morning Post. SCMP. 27 Oct 2018. Retrieved 15 Dec 2018.
  37. ^ "Digital apps and new alliance lounges to drive major new oneworld customer benefits". www.oneworld.com. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  38. ^ a b "北京新机场2040年建成后吞吐旅客1亿 世界最大-新华网".
  39. ^ "Air China announces new services at Beijing Daxing International Airport for winter 2019/2020 – Blue Swan Daily". Blue Swan Daily. 17 June 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  40. ^ Liu, Jim (10 July 2019). "British Airways Beijing airport changes from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  41. ^ Chua, Alfred (2 July 2019). "China Southern moves Ho Chi Minh flights to Beijing Daxing". FlightGlobal. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  42. ^ "China United Airlines (IATA code: KN) has started ticket sales for flights to/from Beijing Daxing, as the airline moves entire Beijing operation from Nanyuan (NAY) to Daxing (PKX) on 30SEP19". Routesonline. 27 July 2019. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  43. ^ Liu, Jim (26 June 2019). "Finnair plans Beijing Daxing launch in Nov 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  44. ^ "LOT poleci z Warszawy na nowe lotnisko Pekin-Daxing". pasazer.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  45. ^ Liu, Jim (9 July 2019). "LOT Polish Airlines adds Beijing Daxing service from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  46. ^ Liu, Jim (25 July 2019). "Malaysia Airlines schedules Beijing Daxing service from late-Dec 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  47. ^ a b 京雄城际铁路今开工 北京段明年9月开通运营(图). news.sina.com.cn. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  48. ^ "京雄城际铁路全线开工 新机场至雄安段2020年底投用". Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  49. ^ http://ccnews.people.com.cn/n1/2019/0226/c141677-30902134.html
  50. ^ a b c "天津至北京大兴国际机场铁路环评二次公示,时速250公里工期3年". 2019-08-06.
  51. ^ "天津至北京大兴国际机场联络线预计2019年开工". 2019-02-25.
  52. ^ a b "北京新建城际铁路联络线或延迟至2022年底竣工". www.bjnews.com.cn. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  53. ^ 新机场又一交通动脉下月开工!与廊涿城际接驳,京南楼市利好. www.sohu.com. 2018-05-05. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  54. ^ "2019年北京市轨道交通计划开建2条线". 2019-02-22.
  55. ^ 北京新机场航站楼2019年7月建成 8分抵最远登机口-新华网 [Beijing's New Airport Terminal Building to Finish Construction in July 2019, 8 Minutes to Farthest Boarding Gate - Xinhua Net]. www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2018-05-21.