This article is a rough translation from Chinese. It may have been generated by a computer or by a translator without dual proficiency.
The Jingjinji Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ),[a] also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BJ-TJ-HB) and as the Capital Economic Zone, is the National Capital Region of the People's Republic of China. It is the biggest urbanized megalopolis region in North China. It includes an economic region surrounding the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, along the coast of the Bohai Sea. This emerging region is rising as a northern metropolitan region rivaling the Pearl River Delta in the south and the Yangtze River Delta in the east. In 2016 Jingjinji had a total population of 112 million people and was as populated as Guangdong.
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Major Prefectural Cities||Baoding|
|• Mayor of Beijing||Chen Jining|
|• Mayor of Tianjin||Zhang Guoqing|
|• Governor of Hebei||Xu Qin|
|• Total||217,156 km2 (83,844 sq mi)|
|• Total||112 million|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (CST)|
In 2019, Jingjinji produced around 8% (US$1.2 trillion or US$2.4 trillion in PPP) of China's GDP or about the same size as Mexico, occupying an area about twice the size of South Korea. Jingjinji has traditionally been involved in heavy industries and manufacturing. Tianjin's strengths have always been in aviation, logistics and shipping. Beijing complements this economic activity with strong petrochemical, education and R&D industries. The area is becoming a significant growth cluster for automobile, electronics, petrochemical sectors, automotive industry, software and aircraft, also attracting foreign investments in manufacturing and health services.
The Chinese central government has made it a priority to integrate all the cities in the Bohai Bay rim and foster economic development. This includes building an advanced communications network, better highways, increased education and scientific resources as well as tapping natural resources off the Bohai rim. In 2016, the Central Government approved a US$36-billion plan to link the various cities making up this metropolis by rail in order to reduce commute times and to better integrate them. This plan includes the construction of nine railways that are 1,100 km (683 miles) in length that are to be completed by 2020. The long-term goal is to create a one-hour commuting region; an additional 24 intercity railways are planned to be built before 2050.
|Metropolitan area||Chinese||Cities||Urban population|
|Beijing metropolitan area||北京城市圈
Běijīng Chéngshì Quān
|Beijing, Huairou, Miyun, Pinggu, Yanqing||16,858,692|
|Tianjin metropolitan area||天津城市圈
Tiānjīn Chéngshì Quān
|Tianjin, Binhai, Baodi, Jinghai, Jizhou, Ninghe||10,277,893|
|Shijiazhuang metropolitan area||石家庄城市圈
Shíjiāzhuāng Chéngshì Quān
|Shijiazhuang, Jinzhou, Xinji, Xinle||3,823,504|
|Baoding-Xiong'an metropolitan area||保定雄安城市圈
Bǎodìng-Xióng'ān Chéngshì Quān
|Baoding, Xiong'an, Anguo,
Dingzhou, Gaobeidian, Zhuozhou
|Tangshan metropolitan area||唐山城市圈
Tángshān Chéngshì Quān
|City||Pinyin||Population (2010)||Image||Information||City Map|
|Běijīng||19,612,368||Beijing is a metropolis in northern China and the capital of the People's Republic of China. Beijing is governed as a municipality under direct administration of the central government. Beijing is China's second largest city after Shanghai, with more than 17 million people in Beijing's jurisdiction.|
|Tiānjīn||12,938,224||The third largest city of the People's Republic of China in terms of urban population. Administratively it is one of the four municipalities that have provincial-level status, reporting directly to the central government. Its urban land area is the third largest in China, ranked only after Beijing and Shanghai.|
|Bǎodìng||10,029,197||Baoding is the third largest city in Hebei Province, ranked after Shijiazhuang and Tangshan. The city is located in the center of Beijing-Tianjin-Shijiazhuang Economic Triangle, with good transportation connections and commute distance to its nearby major cities. The newly-established Xiong'an New Area, which aims to be a high-tech, environmentally sustainable modern metropolis and serves as a new hub for some administration departments. Logistics bases in northern China are within the city limits of Baoding.|
|Shíjiāzhuāng||9,547,869||Shijiazhuang is the capital of Hebei, as well as the third largest city in Jingjinji, after Beijing and Tianjin.|
|Tángshān||7,577,284||Tangshan, a coastal city along the Bohai Bay and neighboring Tianjin, is the second largest city in Hebei, after Shijiazhuang. It is also known for the 1976 Tangshan earthquake.|
|Cāngzhōu||7,134,053||A city in south-east Hebei on the coast of the Bohai Sea coast. It borders Tianjin to the north.|
|Lángfāng||4,358,839||Langfang is located between Beijing and Tianjin and contains the Sanhe exclave, which is separate from the rest of Hebei.|
|Zhāngjiākǒu||4,345,491||A city in north-west Hebei. It borders Beijing to the southeast.|
|Chéngdé||3,473,197||A city in north-east Hebei, best known for the Chengde Mountain Resort.|
- Beijing Capital International Airport
- Beijing Daxing International Airport
- Tianjin Binhai International Airport
- Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport
- Chengde Puning Airport
- Qinhuangdao Beidaihe Airport
- Tangshan Sannühe Airport
- Zhangjiakou Ningyuan Airport
There are many major highways servicing the routes within Jingjinji area. This includes the following expressways:
- Jingjintang Expressway, from Beijing, through Tianjin's urban area, to Binhai / TEDA
- Jinghu Expressway, from Jinjing Gonglu Bridge to Shanghai (together with Jingjintang Expressway, this is the expressway from Beijing to Shanghai)
- Jingshen Expressway, through Baodi District on its way from Beijing to Shenyang
- Jingshi Expressway, from Beijing, to Shijiazhuang
- Baojin Expressway, from Beichen District, Tianjin, to Baoding, Hebei -- known in Tianjin as the Jinbao Expressway
- Jinbin Expressway, from Zhangguizhuang Bridge to Hujiayuan Bridge, both within Tianjin
- Jinji Expressway, from central Tianjin to Jixian County
- G95 Capital Area Loop Expressway
The following six China National Highways pass through Tianjin:
- China National Highway 102, through Ji County, Tianjin on its way from Beijing to Harbin
- China National Highway 103, from Beijing, through Tianjin's urban area, to Binhai
- China National Highway 104, from Beijing, through Tianjin, to Fuzhou
- China National Highway 105, from Beijing, through Tianjin, to Macau
- China National Highway 112, circular highway around Beijing, passes through Tianjin
- China National Highway 205, from Shanhaiguan, Hebei, through Tianjin, to Guangzhou
Intercity high-speed rail linesEdit
Other high-speed rail linesEdit
- Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway
- Beijing–Shenyang high-speed railway
- Beijing–Shijiazhuang high-speed railway
- Tianjin–Qinhuangdao high-speed railway
High-speed rail lines planned or under constructionEdit
- Preen, Mark (2018-04-26). "The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integration Plan". China Briefing News. Retrieved 2019-10-11.Preen, Mark (2018-04-26). "The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Integration Plan". China Briefing News. Retrieved 2019-10-11.
- Johnson, Ian (July 19, 2015). "In China, a Supercity Rises Around Beijing". New York Times.
- "National Data". data.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
- "National Data". data.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
- "China approves $36-billion railway plan for Jing-Jin-Ji megacity". Business News. Reuters. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- Regional Definition: Bohai Sea Archived 2006-09-30 at the Library of Congress Web Archives Unep.Org Retrieved 2010-01-09
- Tianjin at a Glance Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine uschina.org Retrieved 2010-01-09
- Gain a strategic advantage in the Bohai Bay region sdic.com.cn 2007-06-11 Retrieved 2010-01-16
- Baculinao, Eric (March 25, 2017). "Jing-Jin-Ji: China Planning Megalopolis the Size of New England". World. NBC News. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- "Xiong'an, China's Newest Special Economic Zone - CKGSB Knowledge". knowledge.ckgsb.edu.cn. Retrieved 2018-07-19.