Yanqing District (simplified Chinese: 延庆区; traditional Chinese: 延慶區; pinyin: Yánqìng Qū), formerly known as Yanqing County before 2015, is a subdivision of the municipality of Beijing located northwest of the city proper of Beijing. The district consists of 11 towns and 4 rural townships, and borders the Beijing districts of Huairou to the east and Changping to the south as well as the Hebei counties of Huailai to the west and Chicheng to the north. The district will host alpine skiing, bobsled, luge and skeleton during the 2022 Winter Olympics.
Ancient cave dwellings of the Guyaju Ruins are located in Yanqing.
Location of Yanqing in Beijing
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Township-level divisions||3 subdistricts|
|• Total||1,992 km2 (769 sq mi)|
|• Density||140/km2 (360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
The urban area of Yanqing is composed of Baiquan Subdistrict, Rulin Subdistrict, Xiangshuiyuan Subdistrict and Yanqing Town, with a population that exceeds 100,000. The urban area has a central business district and exhibition center.
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Rulin Subdistrict||儒林街道||Rúlín Jiēdào||125,659||14.26|
|Baiquan Subdistrict||百泉街道||Bǎiquán Jiēdào||6.20|
|Xiangshuiyuan Subdistrict||香水园街道||Xiāngshuǐyuán Jiēdào||7.45|
|Yanqing town||延庆镇||Yánqìng Zhèn||47.00|
|Kangzhuang town||康庄镇||Kāngzhuāng Zhèn||33,487||75.00|
|Badaling town||八达岭镇||Bādálǐng Zhèn||8,094||96.00|
|Yongning town||永宁镇||Yǒngníng Zhèn||24,075||158.70|
|Jiuxian town||旧县镇||Jiùxiàn Zhèn||19,932||109.70|
|Zhangshanying town||张山营镇||Zhāngshānyíng Zhèn||23,769||248.00|
|Sihai town||四海镇||Sìhǎi Zhèn||6,001||115.70|
|Qianjiadian town||千家店镇||Qiānjiādiàn Zhèn||9,463||371.00|
|Shenjiaying town||沈家营镇||Shěnjiāyíng Zhèn||12,021||37.30|
|Dayushu town||大榆树镇||Dàyúshù Zhèn||21,630||64.00|
|Jingzhuang town||井庄镇||Jǐngzhuāng Zhèn||10,646||125.70|
|Dazhuangke Township||大庄科乡||Dàzhuāngkē Xiāng||5,276||126.57|
|Liubinbao Township||刘斌堡乡||Liúbīnbǎo Xiāng||6,088||116.20|
|Xiangying Township||香营乡||Xiāngyíng Xiāng||7,782||96.00|
|Zhenzhuquan Township||珍珠泉乡||Zhēnzhūquán Xiāng||3,503||114.00|
Culture and tourismEdit
The district is rich in historical sites and outdoor attractions.
The most visited attraction of Yanqing is Badaling, a restored section of the Great Wall, that is highly popular with tourists. Badaling Remnant (Shixiaguan) and Shuiguan sections of the Great Wall in Yanqing are to the west and east respectively of the highly popular Badaling and receive spillover visitors especially during peak periods.
One of the most popular day-trips for residents of Beijing is the Longqing Gorge located in the village of Gucheng in the district. The scenic area features a canyon filled at the bottom with a reservoir from a nearby man made dam, providing short boat cruises along the dramatic landscape of narrow peaks.
The remnants of a 1,000 year old cliff dwelling community date back to the Tang Dynasty are found at Guyaju Ruins near the village of Dongmenying. Archaeologists are uncertain about the origins of Guyaju. One theory holds that the Kumo Xi, a steppe tribe, carved from the rocks the halls and hundreds of dwellings that form a fortress community in the caves.
Yanqing is currently served by one commuter railway line operated by Beijing Suburban Railway (BCR). Line S2 (both the main and branch lines) starts from Huangtudian railway station in Changping District and stops at the following stations in Yanqing:
- 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：延庆县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
- "Beijing's best day trips: lakes and rivers". Time Out Beijing. May 2, 2017.
- "Longqing Gorge 龙庆峡". The Beijinger.
- "1000 Years Old Houses Carved out of Rock: Guyaju Ruins". China Underground. April 10, 2016.
- Kirch, John (June 13, 2018). "One hour out: Beijing Beyond the Great Wall to the Guyaju Caves". Wall Street Journal.
- "Beijing rebuilds its ancient town". China Daily. July 21, 2003.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yanqing.|
Media related to Yanqing District at Wikimedia Commons
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