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G1 Beijing–Harbin Expressway

  (Redirected from Jingshen Expressway)

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway (simplified Chinese: 北京-哈尔滨高速公路; traditional Chinese: 北京-哈爾濱高速公路), designated as G1 and commonly abbreviated as Jingha Expressway (京哈高速) is an expressway linking the cities of Beijing and Harbin, Heilongjiang.

China Expwy G1 sign with name.svg

Beijing–Harbin Expressway
Jingha Expressway
Beijing–Harbin Expressway in red.
Taken July 2004
Route information
Part of
Length1,200 km[1] (700 mi)
Existed28 September 2001–present
Major junctions
South endShuanglong Road and 4th Ring Road, Chaoyang, BJ
North end G102 in Harbin, HL
Highway system
National Trunk Highway System

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway is commonly referred to as the Jingha Expressway. This name is derived from the two one-character Chinese abbreviations of the two cities at which the expressway terminates, Jing for Beijing and Ha for Harbin.


The Beijing–Harbin Expressway runs from Beijing, the national capital, to Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province. It passes through the following major cities:[2]


The first section of the Beijing–Harbin Expressway, opened in the 1990s was the short-lived Jingqin Expressway, running between the outskirts of Beijing and Qinhuangdao.[citation needed]

In 1990s the expressway was extended northeast from Qinhuangdao to Shenyang and westward to the 4th Ring Road in Beijing to become the Jingshen Expressway. The 658 km expressway from central Beijing to Shenyang was completed in time for the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. It opened to the general motoring public on September 15, 1999, after four years of work on different sections.[citation needed]

The expressway was extended to Harbin during the rapid expansion of the Chinese expressway system in the 2000s. The completed expressway was opened on September 28, 2001. It is now one of the seven radial expressways emanating from Beijing.

Improvements were made to the expressway in 2003 and 2004 by removing several toll stations in 2003 and repairing the previously uneven road surface between the 6th Ring Road and Xijizhen in Beijing in 2004.[citation needed]

On October 8, 2004, 36 vehicles were involved a horrendous series of car crashes on the expressway. The crashes occurred in the westbound lanes near the interchange with the Jinji Expressway, in the Tianjin municipality. Traffic was delayed up for over one and a half hours.[citation needed]

Toll networkEdit

When the expressway opened in September 1999, people were complaining about one thing: namely, the sheer number of toll gates. In some cases, a toll booth appeared every 15 kilometres.

It so turned out that the Jingshen expressway was constructed by different organisations, and as a result, each set up their own toll gate. This seemed to be OK at the start, but made traffic awfully slow, as traffic piled up in front of toll gates.

The PRC's Ministry of Communications (Transport) stepped in after four years and declared that, effective September 1, 2003, the Baodi toll gate in Tianjin and the Yutian toll gate in Hebei would be demolished, in order to create a networked toll system. Additionally, two expressway toll gates near Shanhaiguan would be merged as one. (Plans also hint that the toll gate at Bailu, Beijing, just east of the Eastern 5th Ring Road, would be gone soon, as soon as Beijing "gets its act together" and joins the networked toll system. The toll gate at Xianghe in Hebei, however, would be kept.)

Thus, for the section from Xianghe in western Hebei through to Shanhaiguan in eastern Hebei (and even through the Tianjin portion), this networked toll system applies—one of the first of its kind. This does away with the previous system, where toll booths appeared every time the jurisdiction changed. For some odd reason, Beijing and Liaoning are still not part of the networked toll system.

China plans to expand the networked toll system nationwide, starting with the Jingshen expressway as some kind of testing ground. For now, the change is being accepted positively. Average speed on the expressway has gone up, and a May 2004 law on traffic in general raised maximum speed limits on expressways nationwide from 110 km/h to 120 km/h. This makes traffic jams on this expressway either rare, or a thing of the past.

Detailed itineraryEdit

The Xianghe Toll Gate (Jingshen Expwy Hebei segment, July 2004 image)
Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July 2004)
Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July 2004)

The following is a list of interchanges As of 2005 along the expressway from Beijing to Shenyang.

  From Beijing  
Continues as:
Shuanglong Road
East 4th Ring Road
0c   Louzizhuang
    Happy Valley Scenic Area Station
  Happy Valley Beijing
3   Gaobeidian Road
4   Side Road
5 A-B     East S50 5th Ring Road
6   Dougezhuang
  Beijing Bailu Toll Station
  Beijing Metropolitan Area  
12     Tongma Highway
  X014 Road
  Tianjiafu Service Area
     G45-East G4501 6th Ring Road
    G103 Road
  S301 Road
    X002 Road
    S207 Road
    G95 Capital Ring Expressway
  Beijing City  
  Hebei Province  
    S271 Road
  Hebei Xianghe Toll Station
    S274 Road
  Hebei Province  
  Tianjin City  
    S210 Road
80     S101 Road
    S1 Jinji Expressway
    S21 Tangcheng Expressway
    X574 Road
  Xinanzhen Service Area
  Tianjin City  
  Hebei Province  
    S208 Road
  Yutian Service Area
    S027 Road
    G25 Changshen Expressway
149     G112 Road
    G2502 Tangjin Expressway
    S23 Expressway
    S262 Road
  Luanxian Service Area
  Qian'an Expressway
    S252 Road
  Lulong Service Area
    S026 Road
    S261 Road
    S025 Jingshen Expressway
  Beidaihe Service Area
    S012 Yanhai Expressway (To be renamed   G0111 Qinbin Expressway)
  S52 Chengqi ExprGessway
    G0121 Jingqin Expressway
    G102 Road
    S251 Road
    S024 Road
  Shanhaiguan Toll Station
  Shanhaiguan Service Area
    G102 Road
  S364 Road
  Hebei Province  
  Liaoning Province  
    G102 Road
  Wanjia Toll Station
    G102 Road
  Suizhong Service Area
    G306 Road
  S213 Road
    G102 Road
  Xingcheng Service Area
    G102 Road
    S26 Xinjian Expressway
  Huludao Metropolitan Area  
  Haichen Road
Towards   G102 Road
  Daodong Road
  Tashan Service Area
442     S306 Road
  Huludao Metropolitan Area  
  Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone  
    S204 Road
  S308 Road
  Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone  
    G16 Danxi Expressway
  Concurrent with   G16 Danxi Expressway  
    S209 Road
  Linghai Service Area
    G2512 Fujin Expressway
481     X711 Road
    S308 Road
  Concurrent with   G16 Danxi Expressway  
    G16 Danxi Expressway

  S21 Fuying Expressway

  Panjin Service Area
    G305 Road
    S210 Road
    S307 Road
    G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway
  Liaozhong Service Area
    S106 Road
  S107 Road
    S304 Road
    S20 Dengliao Expressway
  Shenyang Metropolitan Area  
639   Gaohua
  Gaohua Service Area
  Shenyang Toll Station
(0)      G1113 Dafu Expressway
   G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway
  G102 Road
  G202 Road
  S109 Road
  Shenyang Metropolitan Area  
  Concurrent with   G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway 
Concurrent with   G1113 Danfu Expressway
(5)     G304 Road
  Concurrent with   G1113 Danfu Expressway  
(11)     G1113 Danfu Expressway
  Xijiang Street
  Shenyang Metropolitan Area  
    G101 Road
    Yixueyuan Station
  Lingyuan Street
    G203 Road
  Concurrent with   G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway 
    G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway
Shenyan Road
  Shenyang Metropolitan Area  
  Puhe Road
Towards Huishan
Qipanshan Forest Park
    G102 Road
  S107 Road
Guaipo Scenery Zone
    G102 Road
  S331 Road
    G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway
  Yinzhou Metropolitan Area  
    G102 Road
  Tieling Service Area
    G102 Road
  Yinzhou Metropolitan Area  
  Kaiyuan Service Area
    S303 Road
    S14 Liaokai Expressway
    G102 Road
    G102 Road
    S17 Pingkang Expressway
  Maojiadian Toll Station
  Liaoning Province  
  Jilin Province  
  Siping Metropolitan Area  
  Siping Toll Station
  Kaifaqu Road
North to Siping-Centre
South to   G303 Road
  Siping Metropolitan Area  
  Kaoshantun Service Area
    X152 Road
  Gongzhuling Service Area
    G102 Road
  Gongzhuling South Station
  Taojiantun Service Area
    X063 Road
  Changchun Metropolitan Area  
949     G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway
  Concurrent with   G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway  
  Changchun Service Area
960     S26 Fuchang Expressway
Renmin Street
969     S102 Road
    Zhongyiyaodaxue Station
977 A-B      G12 Hunwu Expressway
Orient Square
Museum of the Imperial Palace of the Manchu State


  Concurrent with    G12 Hunwu Expressway  
983     S101 Road
Dongrong Road
993   North Yuanda Street
Towards   G102 Road
  Concurrent with   G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway  
Concurrent with    G12 Hunwu Expressway
995     G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway
   G12 Hunwu Expressway
  Mishazi Service Area
  Changchun Metropolitan Area  
  Deha Road
    X025 Road
    X144 Road
Yutao Road
Towards Yushi
    S301 Road
  Jilin Province  
  Heilongjiang Province  
    G102 Road
    G102 Road
  Yunlianghe Service Area
  Harbin Metropolitan Area  
     G10 Suiman Expressway
  G1001 Harbin Ring Expressway
  Harbin Wapenyao Toll Station
  G102 Road
    Tongjiang Road Station
Continues as:
  G102 Road
  Towards Beijing  


Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ 中国高速公路7918网总规划. (in Chinese).
  2. ^ G1 京哈高速. (in Chinese).