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Panjin (simplified Chinese: 盘锦; traditional Chinese: 盤錦; pinyin: Pánjǐn) is a coastal prefecture-level city in central Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, situated on the northern shore of the Liaodong Bay. It borders Anshan to the east, Yingkou to the southeast, and Jinzhou to the west and north. It is the smallest city in both Liaoning and the entire Northeast China with an administrative area of 4,071 square kilometres (1,572 sq mi), and Liaoning's least populous city with a population of 1.39 million people.
Location of Panjin City in Liaoning
|Coordinates (Panjin Library): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Districts and Counties|
|• CPC Panjin||Committee Secretary|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,084 km2 (1,577 sq mi)|
| • Urban|
|197.56 km2 (76.28 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,392,493|
| • Urban|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-LN-13|
|Administrative division code||211300|
|#||Name||Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2003 est.)||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|1||Xinglongtai District||兴隆台区||Xīnglóngtái Qū||380,000||194||1,959|
|2||Shuangtaizi District||双台子区||Shuāngtáizi Qū||190,000||62||3,065|
|3||Dawa District||大洼区||Dàwā Qū||390,000||1,683||232|
|4||Panshan County||盘山县||Pánshān Xiàn||290,000||2,145||135|
Panjin was established as a prefecture-level city with its current boundaries by the State Council on June 5, 1984.
Panjin is located between 40°40'−41°27' N and 121°31'−122°28' E, with its urban section mainly on the historical Liao River Delta. The Shuangtaizi River (which gives name to the city's Shuangtaizi District), formally the smaller western distributary but now the only lower section of the Liao River system, flows through the city and drains into the Liaodong Bay to its west between its Dawa District and Panshan County. The Daliao River, historically Liao River's larger eastern distributary and the main lower section but now a separate river system since 1958, runs east of Panjin, serving as the border between it and the neighboring cities of Anshan and Yingkou.
|Climate data for Panjin (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.6
|Average low °C (°F)||−14.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||5
Major points of interest include:
- Shuangtaihekou State Natural Reserve, a marshland that serves as natural habitat to 321 species of animals. It also serves as one of the few breeding grounds for endangered birds such as the red-crowned crane and Saunders' gull. Millions of birds of as much as 172 different species stop at the area during their migration, including more than 20 endangered species such as the red-crowned crane, demoiselle crane, white stork, black stork, white-fronted goose, whooper swan, and brown goshawk. On a special note, Panjin is also called "Home of the Cranes" for the above reasons.
- reed-grass beach (Golden Beach at Bohai Sea) and the clam mound
- Red Seabeach
- Hubin Park in Panshan, featuring the Liaohe Tablets. These stone tablets bear inscriptions of Chinese calligraphy by historical and contemporary artists.
- Higher Education:
Dalian University of Technology, Panjin Campus
- Secondary Education:
- Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- http://www.panjin.gov.cn/site/gb/pj/dlbt/dlbt.php(Chinese) Archived 2008-10-17 at the Wayback Machine