Panjin (simplified Chinese: 盘锦; traditional Chinese: 盤錦; pinyin: Pánjǐn) is a coastal prefecture-level city in central Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, situated on the northern shore of the Liaodong Bay. It borders Anshan to the east, Yingkou to the southeast, and Jinzhou to the west and north. It is the smallest city in both Liaoning and the entire Northeast China with an administrative area of 4,071 square kilometres (1,572 sq mi), and Liaoning's least populous city with a population of 1.39 million people.

Panjin

盘锦市
盘锦火车站 2013-11-06 06-17.jpg
Location of Panjin City in Liaoning
Location of Panjin City in Liaoning
Panjin is located in Liaoning
Panjin
Panjin
Location of the city centre in Liaoning
Coordinates (Panjin Library): 41°07′04″N 122°03′55″E / 41.1177°N 122.0654°E / 41.1177; 122.0654Coordinates: 41°07′04″N 122°03′55″E / 41.1177°N 122.0654°E / 41.1177; 122.0654
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceLiaoning
Districts and Counties
Government
 • CPC PanjinCommittee Secretary
Area
 • Prefecture-level city4,084 km2 (1,577 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2017)[1]
197.56 km2 (76.28 sq mi)
Population
 • Prefecture-level city1,392,493
 • Urban
 (2017)[1]
846,500
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
124000
Area code(s)427
ISO 3166 codeCN-LN-13
Licence plates辽L
Administrative division code211300
Websitepanjin.gov.cn

AdministrationEdit

Panjin has administrative jurisdiction over 3 districts and 1 county.

Map
# Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km2) Density (/km2)
1 Xinglongtai District 兴隆台区 Xīnglóngtái Qū 380,000 194 1,959
2 Shuangtaizi District 双台子区 Shuāngtáizi Qū 190,000 62 3,065
3 Dawa District 大洼区 Dàwā Qū 390,000 1,683 232
4 Panshan County 盘山县 Pánshān Xiàn 290,000 2,145 135

Panjin was established as a prefecture-level city with its current boundaries by the State Council on June 5, 1984.

GeographyEdit

Panjin is located between 40°40'−41°27' N and 121°31'−122°28' E, with its urban section mainly on the historical Liao River Delta. The Shuangtaizi River (which gives name to the city's Shuangtaizi District), formally the smaller western distributary but now the only lower section of the Liao River system, flows through the city and drains into the Liaodong Bay to its west between its Dawa District and Panshan County. The Daliao River, historically Liao River's larger eastern distributary and the main lower section but now a separate river system since 1958, runs east of Panjin, serving as the border between it and the neighboring cities of Anshan and Yingkou.

Panjin is a major crude oil production centre of Northeast China, with access to the Liaohe Oil Field, which was once the third largest oil field in China behind Daqing and Shengli Oil Fields.

ClimateEdit

Panjin has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa). It has an annual mean temperature of 9.2 °C (48.6 °F) and receives over 2700 hours of sunshine a year.

A panoramic view of Panjin (May 2012)

AttractionsEdit

Major points of interest include:

  • Shuangtaihekou State Natural Reserve, a marshland that serves as natural habitat to 321 species of animals. It also serves as one of the few breeding grounds for endangered birds such as the red-crowned crane and Saunders' gull. Millions of birds of as much as 172 different species stop at the area during their migration, including more than 20 endangered species such as the red-crowned crane, demoiselle crane, white stork, black stork, white-fronted goose, whooper swan, and brown goshawk. On a special note, Panjin is also called "Home of the Cranes" for the above reasons.
  • reed-grass beach (Golden Beach at Bohai Sea) and the clam mound
  • Red Seabeach
  • Hubin Park in Panshan, featuring the Liaohe Tablets. These stone tablets bear inscriptions of Chinese calligraphy by historical and contemporary artists.
 
reed-grass beach

See alsoEdit

EducationEdit

  • Higher Education:

Dalian University of Technology, Panjin Campus

Liaohe Petroleum Career Technical College

Panjin Vocational and Technical College

  • Secondary Education:

Panjin Senior Middle School

LYYG

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ http://www.panjin.gov.cn/site/gb/pj/dlbt/dlbt.php(Chinese) Archived 2008-10-17 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit