Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport (IATA: CTU, ICAO: ZUUU) is the major international airport serving Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, China. Located about 16 kilometres (10 mi) southwest of downtown Chengdu to the north of Shuangliu District, Shuangliu airport is an important aviation hub for Western China. Shuangliu Airport is one of the two core hubs for Air China, together with Beijing, as well as the main hub and headquarters for Sichuan Airlines and Chengdu Airlines. China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Lucky Air and Tibet Airlines also have bases at Shuangliu Airport.

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

成都双流国际机场
Outside of CTU Terminal 2.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorSichuan Province Airport Group Co., Ltd.
ServesChengdu, Sichuan
LocationShuangliuWuhou
Hub for
Elevation AMSL495 m / 1,624 ft
Coordinates30°34′42″N 103°56′49″E / 30.57833°N 103.94694°E / 30.57833; 103.94694Coordinates: 30°34′42″N 103°56′49″E / 30.57833°N 103.94694°E / 30.57833; 103.94694
Websitewww.cdairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
CTU/ZUUU is located in Chengdu
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU is located in Sichuan
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU is located in China
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU is located in Asia
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU is located in Earth
CTU/ZUUU
CTU/ZUUU
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02R/20L 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02L/20R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers55,858,552
Aircraft movements366,887
Freight (in tons)671,903
Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
Simplified Chinese成都双流国际机场
Traditional Chinese成都雙流國際機場

Shuangliu Airport handled 55.9 million passengers in 2019, being among world's 25 busiest airports in 2019, the fourth-busiest in mainland China, and the busiest in western China.[1]

OverviewEdit

HistoryEdit

The airport, formerly named Shuangguisi Airport, opened as an auxiliary military airfield in 1938 during the Second Sino-Japanese War/World War II.[2] At the time, its runway was only large enough for small biplanes. It was also where the Republic of China Air Force Polikarpov I-15 fighters of the 5th Pursuit Group were based for aerial defense of the Chengdu area against Imperial Japanese bomber raids;[3] this following the Chinese retreat from Wuhan to Chungking (now Chongqing) as the new provisional capital in aftermath of the Battle of Wuhan against the Imperial Japanese onslaught. Civilian targets were indiscriminately bombed, and ace fighter pilot of the Chinese Air Force Major Wong Sun-shui, Captain Cen Zeliu and Lieutenant Lin Heng (younger brother of renowned architect and poet Lin Huiyin) flying in their I-15 fighter planes were all killed over Shuangliu air base as a result of battling against the most advanced fighter aircraft of the time; the Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" (Reisen) fighter, in defense of Chengdu on 14 March 1941.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

When the U.S. was shocked into World War II with the Pearl Harbor attack, the airport became known as "Shwangliu Airfield" as it was later used by the United States Army Air Forces Fourteenth Air Force as part of the China Defensive Campaign (1942–1945). It was used as a fighter base by the 33d Fighter Group, which flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bombers from the airport in 1944 to support Chinese ground forces, and also by reconnaissance units that operated camera-equipped P-38 Lightnings that located Japanese forces and provided intelligence to the fighter-bombers. The Americans closed their facilities at Shwangliu Airfield at the end of August 1945.[11][12]

On 12 December 1956, the Shuangguisi Airport was put under civil aviation, which was then formally listed as a civil aviation airport and renamed Chengdu Shuangliu Airport. In 1957, the flights of Chengdu civil aviation were shifted to Shuangliu Airport from Guanghan Airport. The flight courses from Chengdu were thus opened to various cities within China including Beijing, Taiyuan, Xi'an, Chongqing, Kunming, Guiyang, and Nanchong.[13] The airport went through several earlier expansions in 1959, 1967, 1983 and 1991 respectively.

Current statusEdit

A large-scale expansion was conducted on flight area and navigation area from 1994 to 2001. The runway was extended to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft) with Class 4E rating, allowing for larger jumbo jets including the Boeing 747-400. The newly built terminal building was incorporated with a three-parallel-porch design, accommodating an hourly capacity of 3,500 passengers during rush hours, while the previous terminal building was only designated for regional flights within Sichuan and Chongqing.[citation needed]

The airport is now an international civil airport with flights to more than 50 international destinations and over 170 domestic airports, and is a hub for Chengdu Airlines, Air China and Sichuan Airlines. It is linked to downtown Chengdu by the Airport Expressway, the Chengdu–Mianyang–Leshan intercity railway and the newly built Chengdu Metro line 10 which has stations in both terminals.[14] KLM launched the first intercontinental air route from Chengdu, to Amsterdam, on 28 May 2006.[15]

The construction of its second runway started from late 2008, and service commenced in December 2009. The completed new runway, 3,600 metres (11,811 ft) in length and 60 metres (197 ft) in width, upgraded the previous flight area rating from 4E to 4F, capable of handling the Airbus A380.[16] The new Terminal 2 has started construction in June 2009; trial operations began on 28 July 2012 with limited airlines and was officially opened on 9 August 2012 for all domestic airlines other than Sichuan Airlines. T1 is split into Domestic and International wings, and retained all international flights from airlines within and outside China. The new terminal is twice the size of the current T1, and allows the airport to handle up to 50 million passengers annually.

On 9 June 2014, United Airlines began operating a nonstop service from San Francisco to Chengdu, connecting central China to the United States non-stop for the first time.[17] Service to the US has since expanded, as Hainan Airlines now offers nonstop service from Chengdu to Los Angeles[18] and began nonstop service to New York–JFK in October 2017.[19] In addition, Sichuan Airlines and Air China have many international routes in this airport.

With the opening of Chengdu Tianfu Airport on 27 June 2021,[20] it is planned for most international and cargo routes to be moved away from Shuangliu Airport, which is to mainly operate domestic flights going forward.[21]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Penang[22]
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air Busan Seoul–Incheon[23]
Air China Aksu, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bazhong,[24] Beijing–Daxing,[25] Changzhou, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dali, Daocheng, Dongying, Frankfurt, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Hami, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hong Kong, Hongyuan, Hotan, Jinan, Karamay, Kashgar, Kathmandu, Korla, Kuqa, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, London–Heathrow,[26] Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle,[27] Phuket, Qamdo, Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shihezi, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xiangyang, Xichang, Xining, Yangon, Yinchuan, Yining, Zhangjiajie, Zhuhai
Air Macau Macau
Air Seychelles Charter: Mahé
Air Travel Kunming
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Bangkok Airways Charter: Koh Samui
Beijing Capital Airlines Guangzhou, Hangzhou,[28] Madrid,[28] Qingdao, Sanya
Cambodia Airways Phnom Penh[29]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Changsha, Chifeng, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hefei, Jinchang, Jining, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Linfen, Nanjing, Nanning, Quanzhou, Quzhou, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tianjin, Ulanhot, Wuhan, Xingyi, Yancheng, Yueyang, Zhangye, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Maotai, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Charter: Koh Samui[30]
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan,[31] Changchun, Dali, Guangzhou, Huai'an,[32] Jeju, Jieyang, Jinan,[33] Jinzhou, Kalibo, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Liuzhou,[32] Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanchang, Phuket, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shiyan,[34] Wuxi, Xiamen,[32] Xinzhou,[32] Yantai, Yinchuan, Yulin, Zhanjiang,[35] Zhuhai
China Express Airlines Bijie, Chongqing, Guiyang, Hohhot,[36] Korla, Liuzhou, Manzhouli,[36] Xingyi
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Daocheng, Daqing, Guangzhou, Harbin, Hotan,[37] Jieyang, Korla, Linyi, Nanning, Nanyang, Qianjiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Ordos, Shijiazhuang
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Guiyang, Liupanshui
Dalian Airlines Dalian
Donghai Airlines Nantong
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[38]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
GX Airlines Nanning
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Chicago–O’Hare,[39][40] Guangzhou, Haikou, New York–JFK, Qionghai,[41] Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Urumqi
Hebei Airlines Beijing–Daxing,[42] Shijiazhuang
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
IndiGo Delhi, Mumbai[43]
JC International Airlines Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville
Jiangxi Air Nanchang
KLM Amsterdam
Kunming Airlines Changsha, Kunming
Lanmei Airlines Siem Reap
Lao Airlines Vientiane[44]
Lion Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali
Loong Air Dalian, Enshi, Handan, Hangzhou, Jinan, Kaili, Mandalay, Wenzhou,[45] Xiangyang, Yan'an
Seasonal charter: Tashkent[46]
Lucky Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Jinan, Kunming, Lancang, Lijiang, Sihanoukville[47]
Maldivian Charter: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Malé
Malindo Air Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Langkawi
Myanmar National Airlines Yangon
Nok Air Phuket
Okay Airways Changsha, Tianjin
Qatar Airways Doha
Qingdao Airlines Luoyang,[48] Nha Trang,[49] Qingdao
Ruili Airlines Datong,[50] Harbin, Kunming, Qingyang, Qinhuangdao
Shandong Airlines Guilin, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Qingdao, Xiamen
Shanghai Airlines Budapest,[51] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong[51]
Shenzhen Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Wuxi
Sichuan Airlines Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Cairo,[52] Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Copenhagen,[53] Daocheng, Datong, Dazhou, Dubai–International, Dunhuang, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Gannan, Ganzhou, Garze,[54] Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang,[55] Haikou, Hailar,[56] Handan, Hangzhou, Hanoi,[57] Harbin, Hefei, Helsinki,[58] Ho Chi Minh City,[59] Hohhot, Hong Kong, Istanbul,[60] Jiayuguan, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Kangding, Kashgar, Kathmandu, Krabi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Longyan, Lüliang, Mangshi, Melbourne, Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[61] Nanjing, Nantong, Nha Trang, Nyingchi, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Phuket, Pu'er, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Rizhao, Rome–Fiumicino,[62] Saint Petersburg, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Taipei–Songshan, Taiyuan, Tel Aviv,[63] Tokyo–Narita, Turpan, Vancouver, Wenshan,[64] Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xichang, Yangon, Yangzhou, Yichang, Yichun (Jiangxi), Yingkou, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Charter: Saipan
Sky Angkor Airlines Siem Reap, Sihanoukville
Spring Airlines Krabi, Phnom Penh, Phuket,[65] Surat Thani
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin
Tibet Airlines Cangyuan, Changchun, Dali, Diqing, Harbin, Kathmandu, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Nyingchi, Qamdo, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse, Tianjin, Xiamen, Xi'an
United Airlines San Francisco[66]
Urumqi Air Urumqi
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi, Nha Trang
Charter: Phu Quoc
XiamenAir Cebu[67]
 
Terminal 1 of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport in August 2019
 
Shuangliu Airport international departure hall

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Air China Cargo Chicago–O'Hare, Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Novosibirsk,[68] Zhengzhou[69]
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Postal Airlines Nanjing
DHL Aviation Shanghai–Pudong
FedEx Express Anchorage, Delhi, Guangzhou
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Shanghai–Pudong
Korean Air Cargo Chennai, Hanoi, Seoul–Incheon
SF Airlines Lhasa, Shenzhen
Shenzhen Donghai Airlines Hong Kong, Shenzhen
Sichuan Airlines Cargo Bangalore, Brussels, Chennai, Singapore[70]
Suparna Airlines Cargo Châlons-en-Champagne, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Prague, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen
UPS Airlines Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Warsaw–Chopin[71]

Other facilitiesEdit

China Southwest Airlines once had its headquarters on the airport property.[72]

StatisticsEdit

Annual passenger traffic at CTU airport. See source Wikidata query.

Ground transportationEdit

Airport busesEdit

 
Entrance C of Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport Station, Chengdu Metro
  • Airport Bus No. 1, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - City Centre (Minshan Hotel, Section 2 of Renmin Road South, Metro station of Jinjiang Hotel); single ticket: ¥10.
  • Airport Bus No. 2, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - Chengdu railway station (North Railway Station); single ticket: up to ¥10.
  • Airport Bus No. 3, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - Chengdu East railway station (Chengdu Dong Railway Station); single ticket: ¥12.

TaxiEdit

It costs about RMB 60 Yuan from Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport to the city centre of Chengdu.

 
Transporting system of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

High-speed train (CRH)Edit

Passengers can take the CRH train at Shuangliu Airport railway station to Chengdu South railway station and Chengdu East railway station; single tickets are about ¥11 (US$1.5). The CRH trains at Shuangliu Airport railway station are also bound for Mianyang, Deyang, Meishan Dong (East), Leshan railway and Emeishan railway stations.

MetroEdit

Two stations on Line 10 of the Chengdu Metro links Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport with Taipingyuan station. The stations are Terminal 1 of Shuangliu International Airport station and Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport station which serves Terminals 1 and 2 respectively. It was opened on 6 September 2017.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

  Media related to Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport at Wikimedia Commons

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.