Chennai International Airport
Chennai International Airport (IATA: MAA, ICAO: VOMM) is an international airport serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, and its metropolitan area. It is located in Tirusulam, 21 km (13 mi) from the city centre. Chennai International Airport is the third busiest in international traffic and cargo capacity in the country behind New Delhi and Mumbai. It is the fourth busiest airport in country's overall passenger traffic behind New Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore. It is also 49th busiest airport in Asia making it one of the four major airports in India under the top 50 list. The airport is served by the airport metro station of the Chennai Metro and the Tirusulam railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway system. To cope with the passenger traffic, two new terminals, namely T2 and one satellite terminal, are under construction to handle 40 million passengers per year. Once completed, it will be India's first airport to have a satellite terminal. The new satellite terminal will be connected through a four way underground walkalator for passenger movement across different terminals. Still, the Tirusulam airport complex is expected to reach saturation by 2035, with a peak capacity of 40 million passengers, and a proposal for a new greenfield airport in Chennai is underway for decades. Once the new airport is commissioned, both the airports will be functional.
Chennai International Airport
|Owner||Airports Authority of India|
|Serves||Chennai metropolitan area|
|Location||Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||16 m / 52 ft|
|Statistics (April 2019 - March 2020)|
The domestic and the international terminals are named after former chief ministers of Tamil Nadu K. Kamaraj and C. N. Annadurai, respectively. It was the first airport in India to have international and domestic terminals located adjacent to each other. The airport serves as the regional headquarters of the Airports Authority of India for South India comprising the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Kerala and the union territories of Puducherry and Lakshadweep.
First test flight in MadrasEdit
The aviation history of the city began in 1910, when a city-based Corsican hotelier Giacomo D'Angelis built an aircraft and tested it in Island Grounds. Inspired by Frenchman, Louis Blériot, the first to fly across English Channel in July 1909, D'Angelis collaborated with Simpson's, a leading coach-builder in the city, to build a biplane. The biplane was built entirely from D'Angelis's own designs, fitted with a small horse-power engine. Samuel John Green, a motor engineer at Simpson's, helped with the manufacture and assembly of the biplane. On 10 March 1910, D'Angelis tested the aircraft in the suburb of Pallavaram, making it the first flight ever in Asia. While demonstrating it to the public during the ticketed show, he even took a person from the crowd on the aircraft as his passenger. Immediately, he also arranged a public viewing at the Island Grounds, charging entrance fees for the demonstration.
The interest in flying among prominent residents of the city resulted in the arrival of a set of aviators in 1911 to display the flying machines they had brought with them to India as a marketing initiative. The aviators included Baron de Caters and Jules Tyck. On 15 February 1911, Tyck flew in a Blériot aeroplane in front of the public. The aircraft was wheeled out by eight men with Tyck seated inside the craft wearing an oilskin coat and goggles. The men held the plane till its engine revved up and then let go, and the craft darted forward about 20 yards before rising into the air. In the air, the craft made a straight flight only for about three-quarters of the length of the ground and descended due to poor weather. Tyck flew again the next day, this time reaching a height of 2,400 feet, which was witnessed by the then Governor of Madras Sir Arthur Lawley. Two days later, on 18 February, another demonstration was given by Pierre de Caters, when he flew his aircraft in public.
Early commercial aviation history in IndiaEdit
The history of civil aviation in India began in December 1912, with the opening of the first domestic air route between Karachi and Delhi by the Indian state Air services in collaboration with the Imperial Airways, United Kingdom. However, it was just an extension of London–Karachi flight of the Imperial Airways. In 1915, the first Indian airline, Tata Sons Ltd, started a regular airmail service between Karachi and Madras without any patronage from the government, marking the beginning of air transportation in the southern part of India.
A test flight was conducted at the Island Grounds in 1914, when J. W. Madley, a water works engineer, tested an aircraft assembled by him. He flew it over the Red Hills reservoir to inspect works and shot a couple of aerial photographs of the reservoir from the aircraft.
Madras Flying ClubEdit
In March 1930, a discussion initiated by pilot G. Vlasto led to the founding of Madras Flying Club, which became a pioneer in South India. The club had 71 founding members, of whom 14 were Indians. Flt Lt H N Hawker became the club's first flight instructor. The club's first Indian chief pilot instructor, Mohammed Ismail Khan, trained several pilots, some of whom were trained professionally or others simply for fun. When the state council of Ceylon built an aerodrome at Ratmalana near Colombo in 1935, the first flight to land there was flown by chief flying instructor of the club Tyndale Biscoe. On 26 October 1936, Captain V. Sundaram, who got the first commercial pilot licence, flew a De Havilland Dove aircraft from Karachi to Madras.
First commercial flightEdit
On 15 October 1932, when J. R. D. Tata, founder of Tata Sons Ltd, flew a single-engined de Havilland carrying air mail (postal mail of Imperial Airways) from Karachi's Drigh Road Aerodrome to Bombay's Juhu Airstrip via Ahmedabad, the flight was continued to Madras via Bellary piloted by aviator Nevill Vintcent.
Madras Airport was one of the first airports of India, commissioned in 1948. The airport was built on land donated by the former governor of Madras Presidency, K Sriramulu Naidu. Although the first aircraft "de Havilland" landed in Madras Airport in 1932, the usage was confined only to military operations during World War II. In 1952, the Civil Aviation Department took over its operations followed by the AAI in 1972.
The first passenger art deco–style terminal was completed in 1954 on the North East side of Meenambakkam village, thus being referred to as Meenambakkam Airport. In the early 80's a new terminal was built at Tirusulam and passenger operations were shifted. The new domestic terminal (named Kamaraj Terminal 1) was commissioned in 1985 and the international terminal (named Anna Terminal 3) was commissioned in 1989. The old terminal building became Terminal 2 and is now used as a cargo terminal for Blue Dart Aviation.
An air cargo complex was commissioned on 1 February 1978 for processing of import, export, and transshipment cargo, in addition to unaccompanied luggage, which is the second gateway air cargo terminal in the country after the one at Kolkata airport. On 23 September 1999, a centre for flowers, fruits and vegetables was commissioned at the cargo terminal.
In 2001, Chennai airport received ISO 9001-2000 certification, the first such international airport in India. During the early days, Madras Airport was one of the largest airports in India handling many international flight connections In 2008, the AAI started major modernisation of the airport.
Chennai airport is the regional headquarters of the Airports Authority of India (AAI) for the southern region of India comprising the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Kerala and the union territories of Puducherry and Lakshadweep. It functions from the ATS Complex within the airport and has 49 airports under its control, including 19 operational AAI airports, 5 operational private/joint venture airports, 5 non-operational airports, 12 military airports, and 8 disused airfields. These include 6 international airports, 15 domestic airports, and 3 customs airports.
Chennai airport is the centre of the southern flight information region (FIR), one of the four FIRs that the Indian air space is divided into. The regional executive director (RED) is responsible for the air traffic services over the Chennai FIR and airport management on ground at the airports in South India. The Chennai FIR includes terrestrial air space above the five southern states and two southern union territories and the oceanic air space of the southern part of the Bay of Bengal and the eastern part of the Arabian Sea. Coordination with the neighbouring national FIRs of Kolkata and Mumbai and with the neighbouring international FIRs of Sri Lanka, Kuala Lampur, and Yangon for air traffic control purposes are being made with telecommunication links (both voice and data). The immigration services at the airport are handled by the Bureau of Immigration.
The Government of India has proposed to offer a contract to a private operator to maintain and operate the daily operations of the airport. AAI recently invited bids for the same and various firms including Tata, Fraport, Celebi, Sahara, GMR, GVK and Essar have shown interest. The airport employees are protesting against the move fearing job losses.
Spread over an area 1323 acres, Chennai International Airport consists of three terminals: the old terminal at Meenambakkam (Terminal 2) used for cargo and the two terminals at the passenger terminal complex at Tirusulam (Terminals 1 and 3) used for domestic and international passenger operations, respectively.
Today, the passenger terminal complex consists of the newer domestic and international terminals interconnected by a link building, which is the older international block which today houses administrative offices and a restaurant. Although the complex is one continuous structure, it was built incrementally, Anna terminal (Terminal 3) was added in 1988 to the pre-existing Kamaraj terminal (Terminal 1).
- Terminals 1 & 2
The first part to be built was the domestic terminal (Terminal 1) which had two aero-bridges, making it the first airport in India to have aero-bridges at the domestic terminal. Later, the international terminal (Terminal 3) was built with three aero-bridges. After the completion of the international terminal, the old terminal at Meenambakkam (Terminal 2) was used exclusively for cargo.
- Terminals 3 & 4
Recently the international terminal was extended further west by adding a new block which includes three aero-bridges. At present, the new international block (Terminal 4) is used for departures while the older building (Terminal 3) is used for arrivals.
The international and the domestic terminals cover an area of 1.5 km2 and 1.8 km2, respectively. The airport is divided into two circles, with five zones each, for administrative conveniences. Around 550 acres of the airport premises fall within the St Thomas Mount and Pallavaram Cantonment Board's limits. The rest of the area comes under the Meenambakkam town panchayat's jurisdiction. The Kamaraj domestic terminal covers an area of 19,250 m2 (207,200 sq ft) with 48 check-in counters. The Anna international terminal covers an area of 42,870 m2 (461,400 sq ft) with 45 check-in counters, 38 immigration counters including 16 at the departure terminal and 22 at the arrival terminal and 18 customs counter including 2 at the departure terminal and 16 at the arrival terminal. There are four entry gates at the airport, two each at both the terminals. There are 5 X-ray baggage facilities at the domestic terminal and 2 at the international terminal. The total area of retail space at the existing domestic and international terminals is 3,250 sq m, comprising 60 concessions including duty-free retail shops, restaurants, snack bars and executive lounges. The Anna international terminal has 6 boarding gates on the first floor. The Kamaraj domestic terminal has a total of 9 boarding gates, including 6 on the ground floor and 3 on the first floor. The airport has 24 taxiways, including the 411-metre-long taxiway M on the southern side commissioned in March 2017, capable of handling 36 aircraft movements per hour. In January 2018, the airport began cross-runway operations to avoid flight delays, increasing aircraft movements from 36 to 42 an hour.
The airport currently has 70 parking bays, one of which can accommodate the super-jumbo Airbus A380. Parking bays at the domestic terminal include one in-contact bay for Airbus A300-sized aircraft, nine in-contact bays for Airbus A320/Boeing 737-sized aircraft, and 49 remote bays for A320/737-sized aircraft. Parking bays at the international terminal include seven in-contact bays for Boeing 747-sized aircraft, 13 remote bays for 747-sized aircraft, one remote bay for an A380 aircraft, and three cargo bays for 747-sized aircraft. Works on the 24 new night parking bays had been completed in the apron area. With the new parking bays, the Chennai airport has 81 parking bays.
Expansion and Modernization Phase IEdit
The airport was modernised and expanded in 2013, with the construction of a new international terminal (Terminal 4), the renovation of the existing international terminal (Terminal 3), the construction of a new domestic terminal (Terminal 1), the extension of the secondary runway, and the creation of a parallel runway, taxiways, aprons, parking bays and cargo terminal. The new terminal spread across 72,000 m2 (780,000 sq ft) has 72 passenger check-in counters. However, the plan for the parallel runway has been dropped.
The original plan to build a three-basement-level car parking for about 1,500 vehicles with about 8,000 sq m of commercial area on the open ground opposite the new domestic terminal building has been deferred temporarily. Instead, a surface-level parking to accommodate 400 vehicles has been planned at a cost of ₹44.2 million.
The terminal complex will have a flyover travellator connecting the existing newer terminals for a distance of about 1 km. It will have an elevated road on the top and a tube below which will have two walkalators which will connect the three brand new terminals together. The 600 m long walkalator belt was installed on 14 April 2018 at a cost of ₹260 million.
Expansion and Modernization Phase IIEdit
The current development projects include construction of a brand new international terminal, known as T2 in order to differentiate it from the Meenambakkam cargo Terminal 2, in place of the older Terminal 3 which currently lies in between the two newer Terminals 1 and 4. The design is a collaborative effort of team lead involving Frederic Schwartz Architects, Gensler, and led by New Delhi-based Creative Group. Creative Group is the principal architect for the project providing comprehensive architecture and engineering consultancy for the design of the passengers terminal buildings, parking garage structures and roadway access system. The proposed design, based on Gensler's Terminal 2015 concept, will be connected with the design elements of the existing Terminals 1 and 4. It was earlier reported that the new terminal building will have a handling capacity of 10 million passengers and when integrated with existing terminals will provide for a handling capacity of 23 million passengers a year. The new terminal building is expected to have an area of about 1,40,000 m² with 104 check-in counters, 16 aero-bridge and 60 immigration counters and the two runways would be interconnected by a network of taxiways. The ₹ 24,760-million expansion programme commenced on 11 July 2018 and will be completed by 2021. Once completed, the T2 will serve as the airport's sole international terminal, making the newer Terminals 1 and 4 the domestic terminals.
The design details of the runways are handled by the Airports Authority of India, while architecture firms are limited to designing buildings on the land side of the runway. The present proposal is parallel to the existing runway. The entire design as being organised around "two lush sustainable gardens" and the wing-like roofs helps collect rainwater and become part of the garden.
The domestic terminal building currently measures 139,931 sq ft (13,000.0 m2) and handles 4.74 million passengers a year. The revamped design of the domestic terminal building will accommodate twice as many passengers in a three-storey structure 984 ft long. The new design, based on the organisation of security and passenger circulation, centres around two lush, ecologically sustainable gardens each measuring nearly an acre and includes a parking garage with a green roof over 300 m long and rainwater capture systems collectively known as the "green gate" of the terminal. Expansive glass curtain walls will be incorporated to boost the feeling of airiness and spaciousness, as will skylights. The new terminal will have three levels. The departure area will be featured on the top level with the arrivals section on ground level. The arrivals section will form the base for airlines and other offices with the basement reserved for luggage scanners. The domestic terminal covers 67,700 sq m and will also have a provision of seven gates, two hard-stand hold rooms and 52 check-in counters, besides eight counters for e-ticketing. The international terminal will cover 59,300 sq m with the provision of two gates with multiple hard-stand hold rooms, 52 check-in counters, eight counters for e-ticketing, 18/10 immigration/Custom counters for handling passenger arrival and 18/4 immigration/Custom counters for outgoing passengers. Both the terminals will be equipped with an in-line baggage handling system capable of Level 4 security screening system. This system consists of four departure conveyors of a total length of 3,500 m and can handle 1,200 baggages per hour.
The new terminal buildings measure more than 140,000 m2 (1,500,000 sq ft). The new terminals buildings are expected to cater to 14 million more passengers per annum, including 4 million per annum at the international terminals. With the existing terminals handling 9 million, the airport will be able to handle 23 million passengers per annum after the integration with 16 million in domestic and 7 million in the international terminal. After expansion, the aircraft movements in the airport is likely to increase at the rate of 5 to 7%. By 2020–21, the airport is expected to handle 700 movements a day. The new terminals are expected to clock between 72 and 75 green points of the total 100 for integrated inhabited assessment. The AAI has divided the building for land-side and air-side operations. The spaces are connected with a central security checkpoint for departure and there is a glass bridge on each side of the building for arriving passengers. On the roadside, the new terminals are connected with an elevated corridor, which will have approach and exit ramps. The power requirement at the expanded airport is around 110 kV•A – more than three times the current needs. A new 11,000 kV sub-station has been built by the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation (TANGEDCO) at the airport to serve the terminals, for which the power has been sourced from Kadapperi near Tambaram. The retail space earmarked in the new international and domestic terminals is about 9,000 sq m, nearly thrice as much as the existing one.
- Accidents and Controversies
In recent years, there were many reported incidents of ceiling collapses and glass door and window breakages due to the poor quality and improper design of work during the recent modernisation of the airport terminals. The first incident happened on 13 May 2013 when 20 panels caved in near the security hold area due to heavy winds, followed by another incident on 11 August when 23 panels behind the check-in counters at the terminal crashed due to heavy condensation. The last reported incident of a Ceiling collapse happened in end April 2015, bringing the total number of incidents to an abnormal 45. As on 11 August 2015, the number of incidents have reached 50 which has been a point of discussion in social networking sites.
The Air Cargo Complex at the Chennai airport was established in 1978, when all regulatory and facilitating agencies were brought under one roof for faster processing/clearance of international cargo, to cater for air cargo movement in the southern region. At the cargo terminal, AAI functions as ground handling agency for airlines for handling or processing their cargo on ground and acts as custodian on behalf of customs import/export cargo under the customs act of 1962. Spread over an area of 19.5 acres, the complex uses cargo-handling equipments such as elevated transfer vehicle, forklifts, high-mast stackers, and power hydraulic pallet trucks for handling cargo. The covered area of the export wing of the complex is 20,595 sq m while that of the import wing is 20,090 sq m. The existing covered area of cargo terminal in occupation of AAI is 37,085 sq m. There are three ETV build-up/working stations and 18 manual build-up ETV loading positions at the complex.
The cargo complex consists of two divisions, namely, the export and the import facilities. The export facility covers an area of 16,366 sq m and the import facility covers 16,500 sq m. The complex has an exclusive cargo apron which can accommodate three wide-bodied aircraft with ULD parking area and hydrant-refuelling facility at the bay. The Customs department has appointed AAI and AI as the custodian at the complex. The import cargo of all the airlines is solely handled by AAI. The export cargo, on the other hand, is handled by AAI in respect of airlines handled by it while those of the rest of the airlines are handled by AI.
|Ground floor area||5,200 sq m|
|First floor area (office)||2,295 sq m|
|Truck dock position/area||14 trucks (865 sq m)|
|Examination area||770 sq m|
|Bonded area||2,270 sq m|
|Total area||20,090 sq m|
The available capacity and cargo handled at the terminal are listed below:
|Area||Annual capacity (Tonnes)||Annual tonnage (Tonnes)|
The existing capacity of the air cargo complex is expected to meet the requirement till 2020. Phase III and IV of the new integrated cargo terminal with latest automated storage and retrieval system is under construction, enhancing the area from 35,920 sq m to 54,620 sq m.
The upcoming import cargo storage and processing facility would have a capacity to handle almost 800,000 tonnes of cargo annually from the existing 300,000 tonnes. The new complex will have an area of 58,000 sq m against the current area of 26,000 sq m. The conventional way of warehouse management will be replaced by automated storage and retrieval system (ASRS) The ASRS would have over 8,000 storage bins and each bin would have a capacity to store 1.3 to 1.5 tonnes of cargo in it. Apart from ASRS, the upcoming facilities would also have multiple temperature-controlled cold storages for perishable cargo, with three chambers at 0 to 12 °C covering a total area of 445 sq m. There would be three fully secured strong rooms for storage and processing of high value cargo, such as gems, jewellery, gold and silver, both in export and import together. The new facility would also have dedicated isolated storage locations for handling dangerous and hazardous cargo.
In 2009, an integrated cargo complex was planned in the cargo complex of the airport. The complex would be constructed, at a cost of ₹ 1,450 million, in 15 months. While the ground floor would measure 21,000 sq m, the first floor would be built on 12,100 sq m. The new building would be used exclusively for import activities. Once the civil works were completed, the ASRS would be installed. It would cost ₹ 750 million.
Air traffic control towerEdit
Chennai is the home to India's biggest air traffic control (ATC) centre. The ATC tower is located at the Air Traffic Services Complex. There are two radars in Chennai—the mono-pulse secondary surveillance radar at Porur and the Chennai Westing House (terminal) radar. Advance surface movement guidance and control system has been introduced in the ATC tower.
As a first step towards integrating the entire airspace in the country, the automation system at the ATC in Chennai airport was commissioned on 1 October 2011. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has invested ₹ 420 million for the Chennai automation system, which runs on Auto Track 3+, a sophisticated air traffic control automation system supplied and installed by US-based Raytheon. A new route radar at Porur has also been installed and the 13-year-old terminal radar at the airport will be replaced. With the automation system in place, all information regarding tower control, approach control, area control and oceanic control would be exchanged electronically in Chennai. It would ensure reliability, thereby enhancing safety of aircraft and passengers.
Chennai is among the four flight information centres in the country besides Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata, and the Chennai ATC has Hyderabad, Mangaluru, Thiruvananthapuram and Bangalore under its control. Besides the two radars in Chennai, radar systems in Mangaluru, Bangalore, Bangalore HAL, Shamshabad (Hyderabad), Bellary and Thiruvananthapuram are included in the new system. With the advanced integrated radar technology, ATC in Chennai now has the entire South Indian region on its radar screens, mainly co-ordinating flight movements above 26,000 to 46,000 ft.
Following the Performance-Based Navigation system (PBN) and the air traffic control automation, in 2011, the AAI initiated a pilot project on a Ground-Based Augmentation System (GBAS), as part of implementing Gagan (Geo Augmented Navigation) in the country. There will be a set of 3–4 GPS satellites, one geo-synchronous satellite, GPS receivers at end of the runways, a ground station and a VHF data broadcast system. When the pilot project starts, Chennai airport will be the first airport in the country to have the facility.
Chennai airport has two runways—the 3,662 m (12,014 ft) long primary runway No 07/25 (North-east - South-west orientation) and the 2,925 m (9,596 ft) long secondary runway No 12/30 (North-west - South-east orientation). Approach lights include CAT-1 category at runway 07 and CAT-1 type at runway 25 for 510 m. Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI)-type landing aids are available in all the runways. Routine maintenance work of the primary runway is carried out twice a week—between 2.30 pm and 4.30 pm on Tuesdays and Saturdays.
Chennai airport does not have rapid exit taxiways that help pilots to vacate a runway without slowing down the aircraft soon after landing. Planes such as the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8 will have to slow down completely to negotiate sharp turns on the taxiway. In 2011, AAI began work on upgrading the existing taxiways and parking bays at the airport to handle these jumbo planes.
The secondary runway, which was initially 2,035 m long, was closed in 2009 to extend it over the Adyar river by means of a bridge over the watercourse at a cost of ₹ 4,300 million. Initially, 126.59 acres of land for second runway was handed over to Airports Authority of India (AAI). In March 2011, by acquiring 136 acres of land from the state government, AAI completed extension of the 2,035 m secondary runway by 1,400 m, whose commissioning, initially planned to be by November 2011, has been delayed as the approach lighting system has not been installed. While the cost of extending the runway was projected to be about ₹ 2,400 million, that of the bridge is almost ₹ 2,300 million. A bridge has been constructed across the Adyar river to extend the secondary runway by a length of 1,400 m to a total length of 3,445 m, including 835 m on the northern side of the river. The bridge accommodates the runway and a taxiway, making Chennai airport the only international airport in India to have a runway across a river. In Mumbai, only an end of the runway is over Mithi river. When the Airports Authority of India (AAI) recommissions the secondary runway, Chennai airport will join the league of airports with a functional runway across a river.
With a new airport under consideration, the project for a parallel runway has been put on hold and the total land required for the airport expansion reduced from 1,069.99 acres to 800 acres. AAI planned to operate 2,400 m even after removing obstructions. About 2,085 m of the runway was earlier used for landing only smaller aircraft, like ATR types. In February 2012, airport authorities announced that only about 2,160 m of the secondary runway would be operational as there will be 330 m permanent displacement at GST road side and 780 m displacement at the other end. This restricted length would be enough to operate Airbus A320 and Boeing 737 aircraft without load penalty. Bad planning by the airport authorities, which has resulted in the removal of the very-high-frequency omni range equipment (VOR) from its original location where a link way has been constructed between the main and the secondary runways, has been considered the reason behind the delay.
The present runway occupancy time at the airport (the time an aircraft spends on the runway) is around 70 seconds. By October 2018, the runway occupancy time will be reduced to 60 seconds, with the completion of the ongoing runway development works.
In 2018, the airport acquired 151 acres for expansion works from neighbouring areas including Kolappakkam, Manappakkam, St. Thomas Mount and Gowl Bazaar. Expansion works includes installation of simple approach lighting systems for secondary runway, construction of hangars and parallel taxi track for the airport, fuel farm, installation of CAT 1 approach lighting system for the main runway, and a wide-aperture localiser antenna.
Passenger vehicle parkingEdit
As of 2018, the existing parking lot at the airport can accommodate 1,200 cars. In June 2018, an ₹ 2,500-million multi-level car park with a capacity to accommodate 2,237 cars was planned at both ends of the Airport Metro Rail station in front of the airport on a 4.25-acre plot. It will have a built-up area of one million square feet and will be 27 metres tall with six levels. In addition, a 250,000-square-feet mall will be built by the Olympia Group and Larsen & Toubro in 18 months. The mall will have a 238,100-square-feet cinema multiplex and a 35,678-square-feet 59-key transit hotel facility. The parking facility will be connected to the travelator linking the international and domestic terminals. Construction began in March 2019 and will be completed by the end of 2020.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
Domestic flights operate from Terminal 1, international departures operate from Terminal 4, while the older Terminal 3 is used for international arrivals. Terminal 2, the old terminal at Meenambakkam, is used for cargo operations. The airport serves as the regional headquarters of the Airports Authority of India for the southern region of India comprising the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Kerala and the union territories of Puducherry and Lakshadweep.
Busiest International Passenger RoutesEdit
The following are the top international passenger routes from the Chennai airport.
|Rank||City||2019 (Until Sep)||2018||2017|
Busiest Domestic Passenger RoutesEdit
All Tamilnadu State Passenger RoutesEdit
|Year (April-March)||International (MT)||Domestic (MT)||Total (MT)|
Flight kitchen and caterersEdit
TajSATS, a joint-venture of the Indian Hotels Company and SATS (formerly known as Singapore Airport Terminal Services) provides in-flight catering at Chennai airport. TajSATS adheres to ISO 22000:2005 standards and achieved Halal Certification. It also manages airport lounges in Chennai and Mumbai airports. The airline lounges at Chennai airport include Maharaja Lounge at the international terminal and the Indian Airlines Lounge at the domestic terminal. The Taj Madras Flight Kitchen, a joint-venture of the Indian Hotels, SATS and Malaysia Airlines started in 1994, is situated at GST Road, Pallavaram, and operates airport restaurants at the airport. The Taj Madras Flight Kitchen also has a multi-cuisine restaurant with a full-fledged bar named 'Flights of Fancy' at the airport serving snacks and refreshments.
MRO hangar facilityEdit
In 2008, Simplifly Deccan opened a US$2.9 million maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) hangar at Chennai International Airport. The 70,000 sq ft facility can handle one A320 or two ATR aircraft and provides basic- and medium-level maintenance checks and protective storage for Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines aircraft and functions as a repair shop and assembly area. The hangar, which took nearly two years to build, has a total construction area of 3,200 sq m. The maintenance hall spans 46 m wide, 54 m deep and 17 m high. The hangar has space for one Airbus A320 and 2 ATR aircraft at one time. It is equipped with an engineering and training facility and an engineering maintenance conference room.
Airport houses many duty-free shops and restaurants in its lobby. The authority is planning to open more shops in the premises. It is said that around 18,500 sq ft of space is available for shops. Recently, Flemingo International, Dubai was given the contract to open duty-free shops in both the International and Domestic terminals.
The airport is situated on the Grand Southern Trunk Road (National Highway 32), a major national highway connecting several cities within the state. The airport is served by Tirusulam railway station on the Suburban railway network. Airport prepaid taxis are available round the clock, with moderate fares fixed by the government. The airport metro station of the Chennai Metro connects the airport to other parts of the city, making it the second airport in India to be connected to a metro system. Shuttle services between the metro station and the terminals are provided for the passengers. In future, the concourse of the metro station will be linked to the passenger terminals by means of a connector tube connecting the metro station to the flyover at the terminals, so that passengers alighting from the train can go to the departure area of the airport terminals without coming out of the station building. The Tirusulam suburban train station will also be integrated with the metro station and the airport. A flyover at the entrance of the airport helps the traffic on GST road bypass the entrance. The Kathipara grade-separator at Guindy facilitates the traffic flowing from the city centre onto the airport side.
In 2018, a 600-meter-long travelator connecting the terminals was opened at a cost of ₹ 800 million.
A vertical garden was constructed in the terminals at a cost of ₹ 400 million. The garden has about 40 different varieties of plants. The garden is visible from the terminals and also the connecting tube that links the landside to the airside (the area closer to the runway). The garden is watered using the drip irrigation method.
Expansion of present airportEdit
An integrated simulator will be installed at Chennai airport, which will be the first of its kind in the country, at a cost of ₹ 200 million. The equipment will be set up at the Air Traffic Services complex.
In January 2018, a satellite terminal near the second runway was planned to be built in 3 years. A 1.5 km tunnel to connect the satellite terminal with the main buildings has been planned at a cost of ₹ 7,000 million. This tunnel will run at a depth of 10.5 feet below the ground.
Following the ₹ 23,000 million phase I expansion that began in 2007 and completed in 2013, the phase II expansion at a cost of ₹ 25,870 million is expected to begin in 2018, aimed to be completed in 42 months by September 2021. This will expand the area to 160,000 m², with a capacity of 35 million passengers, up from the existing capacity of 18 million. With the completion, the new building will serve as the international terminal, with the existing domestic and international terminals serving as domestic terminals.
As of July 2018, the AAI had acquired 130 acres of land for the expansion of the present airport, and acquisition of another 101 acres of land is in progress.
Second international airportEdit
There is a current plan of setting up of a new greenfield airport at Sriperumbudur and Tiruvallur taluks, apart from the expansion of the existing airport at Tirusulam. The greenfield airport would come up on 2400 acre of land. About ₹ 200,000 million will be invested in a greenfield airport near Chennai, says Tamil Nadu's vision 2023 document.
The feasibility report of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which has suggested that a second airport for the city could come up on 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) at Sriperumbudur, was submitted to the state government. The four-runway second airport is proposed to be built on 4,823 acres near Sriperumbudur, South-west of Chennai, at an estimated cost of ₹ 35,000 million in the first phase. Second phase not disclosed. To be built in two phases, the anticipated expenditure for phase I of the project is ₹ 40,000 million with an 87,000 sq m terminal along with a parking space for 750 vehicles. The second phase involves 1,50,000 sq m of terminal and enhancing parking space to accommodate 1,500 vehicles at an investment of ₹ 14,750 million. The greenfield airport will be able to handle 40 million passengers per annum.
As of September 2019, the State government has shortlisted six locations for the second international airport. These include Thiruporur (40 km from the present airport), Vallathur (70 km), Thodur (55 km), Mappedu (46 km), Cheyyar (90 km), and Maduramangalam (55 km).
Incidents and accidentsEdit
- On 5 March 1999, Air France flight 6745, an ex-UTA Boeing 747-2B3F (SCD) freighter (registration F-GPAN) carrying a revenue load of 66 tonnes of cargo from Charles de Gaulle Airport [CDG], Paris to Madras [MAA] via Karachi [KHI] and Bangalore [BLR] crash-landed, caught fire and burned out. Madras ATC had cleared the aircraft for an ILS approach to the airport's runway 07. The crew abandoned the approach due to technical difficulties and the aircraft circled to attempt a second approach. At the end of the second approach, the aircraft's nose struck the runway while touching down because its nose gear was not locked. The plane skidded and came to rest 7,000 feet (2,100 m) down the 13,050 ft (3,980 m) runway. After it had come to a standstill, the crew noticed smoke on the flight deck and began to extinguish the flames. Soon after, flames erupted in the aircraft's front section. One crew member managed to escape from the flight deck via a rope ladder. The remaining four crew members were rescued by the airport fire service from the rear, before the flames engulfed the entire aircraft. The fire service was unable to extinguish the fire and the aircraft burned out.
- On 29 September 1986, Indian Airlines flight IC 571, an Airbus A300b2-1c (registration VT-ELV), on a routine flight from Chennai to Mumbai, aborted take-off due to a bird-strike and suffered a runway excursion. No fatalities were reported. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
- In August 1984, a bomb blast 1,200 m from the airport killed 33 persons and injured 27 others. It was in old airport building situated near Meenambakkam railway station. The entire concourse was razed down and had to be rebuilt.
- In April 2020, all flights were cancelled till 3rd May due to COVID-19.
2015 Chennai floodsEdit
In December 2015, unprecedented rainfall associated with India's North-east monsoon caused extensive flooding of the airport tarmac and runways. The airport was closed for a week to all traffic by the Airports Authority of India from the evening of 1 December until noon on 6 December. About 1,500 passengers and 2,000 airport workers were evacuated as water entered terminal buildings and 30-35 aircraft were stranded on the apron. Military authorities permitted the use of Naval Air Station INS Rajali in Arakkonam, 70 km (43 mi) west of central Chennai and Tambaram Air Force Station 20 km (12 mi) south as relief airports for a limited service of civilian commercial flights as well as official rescue/assistance flights. Additionally, Indian Air Force evacuated passengers from Chennai airport to the two military bases for onward journeys on Air Force transport aircraft to other domestic destinations. On 5 December, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation permitted a partial re-opening of the airport during daylight hours under visual meteorological conditions only, allowing airlines to ferry stranded aircraft out of Chennai without passengers or cargo on board. Operations under instrument meteorological conditions were not permitted. Rescue and assistance flights were however permitted to operate in and out of the airport.
Awards and rankingsEdit
- "Traffic News for the month of March 2020: Annexure-III" (PDF). Airports Authority of India. 22 May 2020. p. 3. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
- "Traffic News for the month of March 2020: Annexure-II" (PDF). Airports Authority of India. 22 May 2020. p. 3. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
- "Traffic News for the month of March 2020: Annexure-IV" (PDF). Airports Authority of India. 22 May 2020. p. 3. Retrieved 22 May 2020. url-status=live
- "• India - international passenger traffic at airports 2018". Statista. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- "Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 May 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- Sekar, Sunitha (14 May 2019). "Tambaram Air Force base to be used by smaller aircraft soon". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
- Sekar, Sunitha (26 September 2018). "L&T starts work on airport terminal". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- "Chennai: Satellite terminal between two runways readying for take-off | Chennai News - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- "New Chennai Airport: Chennai's 2nd airport may come up on 3,500 acres near Mamandur | Chennai News - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 8 March 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- Muthiah, S. (22 August 2010). "Madras Miscellany". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- Muthiah, S. (1 December 2003). "The magnificent men in Madras". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- Ayyappan, V. (21 August 2009). "When Good Old Madras Took Wing". The Times of India. Chennai: The Times Group. Archived from the original on 14 June 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "Giacomo D'Angelis, first to fly in Asia (Madras 10 March 1910)". OurMedia. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- Bhargava, Kapil. "Beginning of Aviation in India—A peep into its early history" (PDF). bharat-rakshak.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "Civil Aviation". Transport Corporation of India Ltd. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Air-India Ltd. (1) – Tata Air Lines – Tata Sons – Tata Air Services". Timetableimages.com. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "History of Chennai Airport". Office of the Commissioner of Customs. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "About Chennai International Airport". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Air Cargo Complex, Chennai Airport, Chennai". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 3 February 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Airport Audit, Commercial & Cargo". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Chennai Airport". Indian Logistics Info.com. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "ISO 9001-2000 for Chennai airport". Business Line. Chennai: The Hindu. 27 August 2001. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "Certification Awarded to Airports Authority of India" (PDF). AAI. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Domestic Projects". AAI. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Southern Regional Headquarters". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 24 June 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "Foreigners Regional Registration Office, Chennai". Bureau of Immigration, Ministry of Home Affairs, India. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Nine firms take part in Chennai airport familiarisation trip: AAI". Business Standard. Chennai. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Chennai, Lucknow airports privatisation: Tata, foreign firms participate in pre-bid meeting". Economic Times. Times Group. 22 September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "AAI employees stand firm against Chennai airport privatisation". The Hindu. Chennai. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Chennai airport upgradation to be completed by year-end". Daily News & Analysis. New Delhi: DNA. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- Gill, Kuldip Singh; Sushil Kumar Sharma, Rakesh Katyal and Kaushal Kumar (December 2000). "Aedes aegypti survey of Chennai Port/Airport, India". Dengue Bulletin. World Health Organization. 24. Archived from the original on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- Madhavan, D. (25 July 2011). "Cantonment, AAI in row over airport expansion". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Technical Information". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Passenger Information". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- Kannan, Swetha (9 December 2011). "New-look Chennai airport to have nearly 3 times current retail space". Business Line. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- Sekar, Sunitha (3 March 2017). "A new taxiway for Chennai airport". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- Sekar, Sunitha (12 January 2018). "Cross-runway operations begin at city airport". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- "Development fee imminent at Chennai airport: AAI". The Hindu. Chennai. 27 May 2011. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- Ayyappan, V. (24 November 2011). "Parallel runway plan in city aborted". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- Oppili, P. (16 July 2011). "Plan for multi-level car parking facility at Chennai airport deferred". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- Srivathsan, A.; P. Oppili (22 September 2008). "Architects for airport expansion". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- Mathews, Neelam (28 August 2007). "Chennai Airport to be India's Greenest". Architectural Record. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- "Designs unveiled for new terminals at Chennai Airport in India". World Interior Design Network. 31 January 2011. Archived from the original on 8 September 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- Sujatha, S. (23 December 2011). "New terminals likely by June next year". Deccan Chronicle. Chennai. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- Kannan, Swetha; T. E. Raja Simhan (19 March 2012). "Chennai airport opening may be delayed due to lack of power supply". Business Line. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- Oppili, P. (14 March 2012). "Sub-station holds key to new domestic terminal inauguration". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Chennai Airport false ceiling collapse: airport police file FIR". The Hindu. Chennai. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Air Cargo Complex, Chennai Airport, Chennai—Salient Features". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Cargo Information". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 29 December 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- Oppili, P. (11 June 2011). "75% of modernisation work over at air cargo complex". The Hindu. Chennai. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Air Cargo Complex, Chennai Airport, Chennai—Perishable Cargo". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- Oppili, P. (21 January 2009). "Integrated cargo complex planned". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Air Traffic Needs an Upgrade as Developing Countries Become More Affluent, Fly More: Expert". Raytheon. 10 July 2012. Archived from the original on 4 January 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- Janardhanan, Arun (29 September 2011). "Chennai ATC enjoys the navigation of entire South Indian skies". The Times of India. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Vayalar Ravi inspects Air Traffic Control Tower at airport". The Hindu. Chennai. 2 October 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Ayyappan, V. (22 July 2011). "Airport on a smart flight guidance system". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Sujatha, S. (30 September 2011). "AAI to integrate entire air space". Deccan Chronicle. Chennai. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Sinha, Shishir; Ashwini Phadnis (21 September 2011). "Integrated air space management from Chennai today". Business Line. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Kumaraswami, Sridhar (15 September 2011). "Chennai ATC to control traffic over 20,000 ft". The Asian Age. Chennai: AsianAge.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Oppili, P. (26 May 2011). "Testing of new air traffic control technology begins". The Hindu. Chennai. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- Ayyappan, V. (26 July 2011). "Soon, satellites to guide planes at airport". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- Ayyappan, V. (15 October 2011). "Runway over river to open in Nov". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- Ayyappan, V. (11 December 2011). "Airport gets ready for jumbo planes". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- "Runway across Adyar ready for day operation". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. 20 November 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- Sujatha, S. (23 December 2011). "On a wing and a prayer". Deccan Chronicle. Chennai. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- Ayyappan, V. (29 January 2009). "Work on runway across Adyar takes off". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Chennai Airport will be the first to have a runway across the river". Projects Info. ProjectsInfo.com. 8 August 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Across the river, retrieved 3 December 2011[permanent dead link]
- Umapathi, S. (4 January 2012). "உள்நாட்டு முனையம் முதலில் திறப்பு சென்னை விமான நிலையத்தில் பணிகள் தீவிரம்". Dina Malar (in Tamil). Chennai. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
- "Airport cries for second runway". Deccan Chronicle. Flash News Today. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Chennai airport: Second runway in the offing". Deccan Chronicle. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Secondary runway run into hassles". IBN Live. Chennai: Express News Service. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Main runway to be shut for six hours a day till October". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. 27 August 2018. p. 3. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- Sunitha, Sekar (24 January 2018). "AAI to acquire 151 acres for Chennai airport expansion". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. p. 3. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- Sekar, Sunitha (15 June 2018). "Multi-level car park to be built at Chennai airport". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. p. 3. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- Sekar, Sunitha (13 March 2019). "Multi-level parking facility soon at airport". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. p. 2. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- Simhan, T. E. Raja (3 January 2018). "50 companies evince interest in new multilevel car park at Chennai airport". The Hindu Business Line. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- Shivakumar, C. (7 September 2018). "Airport to house multiplex with multi-level car parking". The Indian Express. Chennai: Express Publications. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- "Regional Headquarters". Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "Air France to Launch Chennai – Paris Service from June 14". traveltrendstoday.in. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
- Liu, Jim. "Air France tentatively delays Chennai launch to late-March 2021". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- "Ethiopian Airlines S20 India service changes as of 03JAN20". Airlineroute. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- "New Flights Information, Status & Schedule | IndiGo". www.goindigo.in.
- Lim, Sean (22 November 2018). "Frequent fliers on some SilkAir routes will soon have to fly Scoot, SIA announces ahead of merger". businessinsider.sg. Archived from the original on 30 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "Business News Live, Share Market News - Read Latest Finance News, IPO, Mutual Funds News". Retrieved 28 January 2020.[permanent dead link]
- "MASKargo adds new intra-Asia routing in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- Jeff Lee. "Sichuan Airlines to launch freighter operations in October". Cargo Facts. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- "SF "Airlines commences cargo line from Shenzhen to Chennai". Retrieved 28 January 2020.
- "GMR Hyderabad International Airport adds new domestic freighter service". Retrieved 28 January 2020.
- "Spicejet introduces dedicated freighter services from Chennai & Vizag to Surat & Kolkata/Durgapur from 26th Feb 2020". 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- "Passengers 2017-2018" (PDF). Airports Authority of India.
- "Passengers 2018-2019" (PDF). Airports Authority of India.
- "Passengers 2019-2020" (PDF). Airports Authority of India.
- "Busiest International Passenger Routes". DGCA India.
- "Busiest Domestic Passenger Routes 2019". DGCA India.
- "Busiest Domestic Passenger Routes 2018". DGCA India.
- "Busiest Domestic Passenger Routes 2017". DGCA India.
- "Busiest Domestic Passenger Routes 2019". DGCA India.
- "Busiest Domestic Passenger Routes 2018". DGCA India.
- "Busiest Domestic Passenger Routes 2017". DGCA India.
- "Freight 2017-2018" (PDF). Airports Authority of India.
- "Freight 2018-2019" (PDF). Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- "Freight 2019-2020" (PDF). Airports Authority of India.
- "Company Profile". TajSATS Air Catering. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Airline Lounges". TajSATS Air Catering. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Indian Hotels Company Ltd.—Company History". The Economic Times. Chennai: The Times Group. n.d. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Airport Restaurant". TajSATS Air Catering. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Deccan opens MRO hangar at Chennai Airport". India Aviation. Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation. 22 January 2008. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
- "Flemingo to run duty-free shops at nine airports". The Hindu. Chennai. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- "Airports Authority of India wants modern stalls at terminals, companies not keen". Times of India. Chennai. 9 October 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- Sridhar, Asha (24 May 2012). "Work on airport metro station to begin soon". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- "Chennai: Battery cars to shuttle between metro, airport". The Times of India. 2 October 2016.
- Ayyappan, V. (9 March 2012). "AAI and CMRL firmed up to build the airport metro station". The Times of India. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- Janardhanan, Arun (23 September 2011). "Corridor to connect airport with stations". The Times of India epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Travelator ready, but open to public only from 14 April". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. 26 March 2018. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- Sekar, Sunitha (27 June 2017). "Vertical garden at airport to be revived". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
- "Chennai Airport to get Rs 200 million ATC Simulator". The New Indian Express. IBN Live. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Satellite terminal: AAI to start work in 3 years". The Times of India. Chennai: The Times Group. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- Sekar, Sunitha (10 January 2018). "City airport to have tunnel to connect to satellite terminal". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- Sekar, Sunitha (8 January 2018). "Airport's Phase II expansion set to take off". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- Ramakrishnan, T. (19 July 2018). "Expansion of airports hits stride". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "TN proposes second greenfield airport". The Hindu Business Line. Chennai, India. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Oppili, P. (8 August 2011). "State government has to decide on second airport for Chennai: AAI". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 11 September 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Greenfield Airport plan on fast track". The New Indian Express. Chennai: IBNLive.com. 5 September 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- Sangeetha Kandavel & Sunitha Sekar (22 September 2019). "Six locations shortlisted for city's second airport". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-2B3F (SCD) F-GPAN Chennai Airport (MAA)". Aviation Safety Network. Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Eelam Army chief held for Chennai blast". The Indian Express News Service. 8 February 1998. Archived from the original on 7 October 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Airport blast: HC sets aside life term for five". The Hindu. Chennai. 3 May 2000. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Chennai airport closed until noon on Sunday". Economic Times.
- "Naval Base to act as civilian airport". Times of India.
- "IAF to evacuate stranded passengers from Chennai airport". The Statesman.
- "Chennai airport to be made operational today". Zee News India.
- "3. Chennai International Airport – Chennai ~ Awards". List Delhi. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- "About Madras International Meenambakkam Airport ~ Chennai Airport Awards & Honors". MakeMyTrip. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- Puru. "Airports in India—the top 5". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
- "Best Airports 2019 by Region". Skytrax World Airport Awards. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
Media related to Chennai International Airport at Wikimedia Commons