Shuangliu District

Shuangliu District (simplified Chinese: 双流区; traditional Chinese: 雙流區; pinyin: Shuāngliú Qū; lit. 'double flow') is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, Southwest China. The district covers an area of 1,065 square kilometres (411 sq mi), and has a population of approximately 1,396,400 as of 2019.[3] It is the home of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, the fourth busiest airport in China.[4] Shuangliu District is rapidly being urbanized by the growth of Chengdu and the airport's recent expansion. The district is bordered by the prefecture-level cities of Ziyang to the southeast and Meishan to the south.

Shuangliu
双流区
Shuangliu district scenery
Shuangliu district scenery
Location of Shuangliu in Chengdu
Location of Shuangliu in Chengdu
Shuangliu is located in Sichuan
Shuangliu
Shuangliu
Location in Sichuan
Coordinates: 30°34′08″N 103°55′34″E / 30.569°N 103.926°E / 30.569; 103.926Coordinates: 30°34′08″N 103°55′34″E / 30.569°N 103.926°E / 30.569; 103.926[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceSichuan
Sub-provincial cityChengdu
Area
 • Total1,032 km2 (398 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[2]
 • Total1,158,516
 • Density1,086/km2 (2,810/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
6102XX
Chengdu district map
Subdivisions of Chengdu, Sichuan
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Airplane silhouette.svg
20
Core districts
1 Jinjiang
2 Qingyang
3 Jinniu
4 Wuhou
5 Chenghua
Suburbs
6 Longquanyi
7 Qingbaijiang
8 Xindu
9 Wenjiang
11 Shuangliu
12 Pidu
15 Xinjin
Satellite cities
16 Dujiangyan
17 Pengzhou
18 Qionglai
19 Chongzhou
20 Jianyang
Rural
10 Jintang Co.
13 Dayi Co.
14 Pujiang Co.
Websiteshuangliu.gov.cn

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Shuangliu District was home to the ancient city of Guangdu [zh], which served as the capital of a number of ancient clans.[5] The area of present-day Shuangliu District was incorporated into the Qin state in 316 BCE as Shu Commandery [zh].[5] In 127 BCE, the area was administered as Guangdu County (Chinese: 广都县).[5] In 9 CE, the county was renamed to Jiudu Pavilion (Chinese: 就都亭), and in 58 CE, its named was reverted to Guangdu County.[5] In 352 CE, the area was reorganized as Ningshu Commandery [zh].[5] In 559 CE, under the Northern Zhou, Ningshu Commandery was abolished and replaced by Shu Commandery and Guangdu County was once again restored.[5] In 601, under the Sui dynasty, Shuangliu County was established within Shu Commandery.[5]

On March 1, 2016, Shuangliu County was upgraded to Shuangliu District.[5]

GovernmentEdit

District governmentEdit

As a district, Shuangliu is headed by a Party Committee Secretary (simplified Chinese: 书记; traditional Chinese: 書記; pinyin: shūjì). On May 31, 2018, Han Yi was appointed as the Party Committee Secretary of the district.[6] Since December 19, 2016, Chen Lin has served as the Director of the Standing Committee of the Shuangliu's People's Congress, the district's legislative body.[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

As of 2020, Shuangliu District is divided into 15 subdistricts and 4 towns.[8]

SubdistrictsEdit

The 15 subdistricts of Shuangliu District are as follows:[8]

TownsEdit

The 4 towns of Shuangliu District are as follows:[8]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2019, the district has an estimated population of 1,396,400, of which, 652,100 are hukou holders.[3] In 2019, the district reported a rate of natural increase of 13.15 per thousand.[3]

EconomyEdit

The district reported a GDP of 96.205 billion Yuan for 2019, an 8.8% increase from 2018.[9] The following table shows a breakdown of the district's GDP:[9]

Sector 2019 Value (Yuan) Percent of 2019 GDP Percent Increase from 2018
Primary Sector 1.839 billion 1.91% 2.6%
Secondary Sector 31.104 billion 32.33% 8.4%
Tertiary Sector 63.262 billion 65.76% 9.2%
TOTAL 96.205 billion 100.00% 8.8%

The now-defunct China Southwest Airlines had its headquarters on the property of Shuangliu Airport.[10]

EducationEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Sichuan University's Jiang'an Campus is in the county.[11]

Southwest University for Nationalities maintains a campus near the airport.[12]

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

Junior high school
  • Shuangliu Experimental Secondary School
  • Tanghu Secondary School
  • Shuangliu Foreign Language Secondary School
  • Dongsheng 1st Secondary School
  • Dongsheng 2nd Secondary School
  • Dongsheng 3rd Secondary School
  • Léman International School - Chengdu, a K-12 international school, is located in Da'an Village (大安村), Zhengxing Township (正兴镇), Shuangliu County.[13]
Senior high school
  • Shuangliu High School
  • Tanghu High School
  • Shuangliu Foreign Language High School
  • Dongsheng 1st High School
  • Dongsheng 2nd High School
  • Dongsheng 3rd High School

TransportationEdit

Road transportEdit

The district is served by China National Highway 318.

Air transportEdit

Shuangliu District is home to the Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, which, in 2018, saw the fourth largest passenger traffic in China, and the twenty-sixth largest in the world.[4]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Shuangliu" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ 我市2010年第六次全国人口普查数据公报 (in Simplified Chinese). Government of Chengdu. 2011-05-13. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  3. ^ a b c 行政区划与人口 [Administrative Divisions and Population] (in Chinese). Shuangliu District People's Government. 2021-03-01. Retrieved 2021-04-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ a b "Preliminary world airport traffic rankings released". ACI World. 2019-03-13. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h 历史沿革 [History] (in Chinese). Shuangliu District People's Government. 2021-03-01. Retrieved 2021-04-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ 韩轶同志任中共成都市双流区委书记_四川在线. sichuan.scol.com.cn (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  7. ^ 成都双流区新一届区人大、政府、政协领导班子选举产生(图|简历)_四川在线. sichuan.scol.com.cn (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  8. ^ a b c 2020年统计用区划代码 [2020 Statistical Division Codes] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-12-12. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  9. ^ a b 2019年全区实现地区生产总值增长8.8%-统计数据 - 工作信息 - 信息公开目录 - 成都市双流区统计局 - 区部门-成都市政府信息公开. gk.chengdu.gov.cn (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  10. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 1–7 April 1998. 57. "Shuangliu Airport, Chengdu, 610202, Sichuan, China"
  11. ^ "Home" (English). Sichuan University. Retrieved on March 14, 2015. "Jiang’an Campus: Chuanda Road ,Shuangliu County,Chengdu,610207"
  12. ^ "Home" (in Simplified Chinese). Southwest University for Nationalities. 2015-11-16. 航空港校区地址:双流县航空港开发区大件路文星段168号(610225)Archived 2007-04-28 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Contact Us." Léman International School - Chengdu. Retrieved on October 1, 2015. "G213 National Road, Da'an Village Zhengxing County, [sic] Shuangliu Township, [sic] Chengdu, 610218 China"

External linksEdit