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Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport (IATA: HGH, ICAO: ZSHC) is the principal airport serving Hangzhou, a major city in the Yangtze River Delta region and the capital of Zhejiang Province, China.[1] The airport is located on the southern shore of Qiantang River in Xiaoshan District and is 27 km (17 mi) east of downtown Hangzhou. Architecture firm Aedas designed Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.[2]

Hangzhou Xiaoshan
International Airport

杭州萧山国际机场
HangzhouHGHlogo.png
201607 Hangzhou Xiaoshan Intl Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport Co. Ltd.
ServesHangzhou, Zhejiang
LocationYingbin Avenue, Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates30°14′13.6″N 120°25′55.0″E / 30.237111°N 120.431944°E / 30.237111; 120.431944Coordinates: 30°14′13.6″N 120°25′55.0″E / 30.237111°N 120.431944°E / 30.237111; 120.431944
Websitewww.hzairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
HGH is located in Zhejiang
HGH
HGH
Location of airport in Zhejiang
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,600 11,811 Concrete
06/24 3,400 11,155 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers38,241,630
Cargo (tonnes)640,896
Aircraft movements284,893
Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
Simplified Chinese杭州萧山国际机场
Traditional Chinese杭州蕭山國際機場

The airport has service to destinations throughout China. International destinations are mainly in the east and southeast Asia, and points of Africa, Europe, and South Asia. The airport also serves as a focus city for Air China, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines and Xiamen Airlines.

In 2017, Hangzhou airport handled 35,570,411 passengers,[3] which ranked 10th in terms of passenger traffic in China. Additionally, the airport ranked 6th busiest in terms of cargo with 589,461.6 tonnes and was the country's 9th busiest airport by traffic movements at 271,066.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The airport was planned to be constructed in three phases. The first phase of construction started in July 1997, and was completed and opened for traffic on 30 December 2000. It replaced the old Hangzhou Jianqiao Airport, which was a dual-use civil and military airfield. In March 2004, the airport officially became an international airport after immigration and customs facilities were built and put into service.[1] A second runway of 3,600 meters is also under construction. Terminal extensions are also under construction as of 2012.

The airport was a hub of CNAC Zhejiang. After the airlines' merger with Air China, the latter inherited the Hangzhou hub.

KLM launched the first intercontinental air route out of Hangzhou, to Amsterdam, on 8 May 2010.[4]

On the evening of 9 July 2010, the airport was shut down for an hour when an unidentified flying object was detected.[5][6][7] Air traffic control could not locate it on radar and prudently waved off landing flights. Eighteen flights were affected. Though normal operations resumed four hours later, the incident captured the attention of the Chinese media and sparked a firestorm of speculation on the UFO's identity.

FacilitiesEdit

 
Control tower

Phase One of the airport occupies 7,260 acres (29.4 km2) of land. It has a capacity of eight million passengers and 110,000 tons of cargo a year, and can handle aircraft as large as the Boeing 747-400.[citation needed] It has one runway which is 3,600 metres (11,800 ft) long and 45 metres (148 ft) wide. The passenger terminal can handle 3,600 passengers an hour and is 100,000 square meters in size (including an underground parking of 22,000 square meters). The departure level has 36 ticket counters, including 12 in the international side of the terminal. There are 2,900 seats in the departure lounge. The immigration and customs area occupies 9,500 sq. meter of terminal space.

The apron occupies 340,000 square metres of land, and there are 12 jetways and 18 departure gates.

Maintenance facilities are certified to perform B-Check on all types of aircraft and C-Check on Boeing 737 and Boeing 757 aircraft.

Phase Two of the airport expansion project began construction on 8 November 2007. It included an International Terminal, a second Domestic Terminal, and a new runway.[8] The International Terminal was completed on 3 June 2010. The terminal has 8 air bridgegates, with one gate capable of handling the Airbus A380. All international flights, including flights to Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan depart from this terminal. The original terminal handles exclusively domestic flights. All other constructions were completed and operations began on 30 December 2012. [9]

The new runway is 3,400 meters (11,200 ft) long and 60 meters (200 ft) wide, which is capable of handling the Airbus A380.[10] The new domestic terminal (T3) has 90 Check-in desks and 21 Self Check-in counters. It also adds 26 security lanes and 31 aerobridge gates.[11] All public spaces of the terminal have free WIFI services.[12] With the addition of the new passenger terminal, the airport now has a total terminal floor area of 370,000 square metres and will enable the airport to handle 8,520 passengers at peak hour and 32.5 million passengers annually.[10]

Loong Airlines has its headquarters in the Loong Air Office Building (长龙航空办公大楼; Chánglóng Hángkōng Bàngōngdàlóu) on the airport property.[13]

Ground transportationEdit

 
Ground Traffic's Tickets Counter at the Arrival Hall
 
Airport Highway under construction, February 2016

Airport busEdit

There are airport bus services linking the airport to points throughout Zhejiang and cities in Jiangsu.

Bus services to/from downtown Hangzhou originate/terminate at the Ticketing Office on Tiyuchang Road with intermediate stops in between.

HighwayEdit

The Airport is accessed by Airport Road, which connects to the Airport Expressway and is linked to downtown Hangzhou by the Xixing Bridge. The Airport Expressway also has an exit at North Shixin Road, which is linked to downtown Xiaoshan. The Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo Expressway has an exit at the airport.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Daqing, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin,[14] Guiyang, Harbin, Hohhot, Karamay, Korla, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang,[14] Linfen, Liupanshui, Nanning, Nha Trang,[15] Osaka-Kansai,[16] Phuket,[17] Rome–Fiumicino,[18] Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Surat Thani, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Ulanqab, Urumqi, Weihai, Xi'an, Xining,[19] Yantai, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Hailar[19]
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian[20]
Air Macau Macau
All Nippon Airways Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Enshi, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jeju,[21] Jieyang, Kunming, Lijiang, Madrid, Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[22] Naha, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Saipan, Sanya, Shijiazhuang, Shizuoka, Urumqi,[23] Vancouver, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yichang, Yinchuan,[23] Zhengzhou
Cambodia Angkor Air Siem Reap[24]
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu, Dalian, Haikou
China Eastern Airlines Baoshan,[25] Beijing–Capital, Changde,[26] Chengdu, Golmud,[27] Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Jiamusi,[28] Jieyang, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linyi, Liuzhou,[29] Luzhou, Mudanjiang,[28] Naha,[30] Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qingdao, Quanzhou,[31] Shenyang,[32] Shizuoka, Singapore,[31] Sydney,[33] Taiyuan, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining, Xinyang,[34] Yan'an, Yanji, Yantai,[28] Yinchuan, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang,[35] Zunyi–Xinzhou
China Express Airlines Chongqing,[36] Tianshui, Xi'an, Xiangyang
China Southern Airlines Aksu, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jieyang,[37] Lanzhou, Meixian, Nanning, Nanyang, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xining, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing
Donghai Airlines Shenzhen, Zhuhai
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Hainan Airlines Baotou, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha,[36] Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hailar,[23] Harbin,[38] Hengyang, Hohhot, Jinzhou, Nanning, Sanya,[36] Sapporo–Chitose,[39] Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tongliao,[38] Urumqi, Wuhai, Xi'an, Yantai,[40] Yichang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Hebei Airlines Quanzhou, Shijiazhuang, Singapore[41]
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
JC International Airlines Sihanoukville
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Nha Trang[42]
Juneyao Airlines Bijie, Guiyang, Harbin, Huai'an, Huizhou, Kunming, Lijiang, Yueyang
Seasonal: Hailar[43]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Cheongju
Kunming Airlines Kunming, Tengchong
Lion Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali
Loong Air Aksu,[44] Anshun, Baotou, Beijing–Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chifeng, Chongqing, Datong, Enshi, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Hanzhong, Harbin, Huai'an, Huaihua,[45] Jieyang, Kaili, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linyi,[46] Luoyang, Mandalay,[45] Mianyang,[47] Qianjiang, Qinhuangdao, Qionghai, Rizhao,[48] Shenzhen, Shiyan, Taiyuan, Tongliao, Ulanhot,[49] Urumqi, Weihai, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xingyi, Xining, Xinzhou, Xishuangbanna, Yan'an,[48] Yanji,[48] Yantai, Yinchuan,[50] Yulin,[48] Zhangjiajie,[48] Zhengzhou, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Charter: Nha Trang
Lucky Air Ganzhou, Kunming
Maldivian Charter: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Malé
Mandarin Airlines Kaohsiung, Taichung
Myanmar Airways International Seasonal: Mandalay (begins 17 July 2019),[51] Yangon (begins 19 July 2019)[51]
Okay Airways Harbin,[52] Jieyang,[53] Sanya,[52] Tianjin
Seasonal: Jeju,[54] Kalibo, Phuket[55]
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Kalibo
Philippines AirAsia Kalibo
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan[56]
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guilin, Mudanjiang, Nanning, Qingdao, Urumqi, Xiamen, Yantai, Yinchuan[57]
Shanghai Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Zhengzhou
Shenzhen Airlines Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Yuncheng
Sichuan Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[58] Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Daocheng,[59] Dunhuang, Fuyang, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Handan, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City,[60] Jiayuguan, Kangding,[61] Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Los Angeles, Mandalay,[62] Mianyang, Nanning, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wuyishan,[58] Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yangon,[63] Zhaotong, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai[59]
Spring Airlines Jeju, Jieyang, Macau,[64] Shenyang, Shijiazhuang
Sriwijaya Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang,[65] Phuket[66]
Tianjin Airlines Chongqing, Dalian, Hohhot, Qingdao,[67] Tangshan, Tianjin, Urumqi,[67] Xi'an,[67] Yantai
Tibet Airlines Dazhou,[68] Lhasa, Mianyang, Yibin
Uni Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Songshan[69]
Urumqi Air Dunhuang,[70] Urumqi[70]
Vietjet Air Nha Trang[71]
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang
West Air Chongqing[72]
XiamenAir Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Hong Kong,[73] Kunming, Lanzhou,[74] Liuzhou, Macau, Melbourne,[75] Nanning, Osaka–Kansai,[76] Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xichang, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Maotai
Seasonal: Hailar[77]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Atlas Air Anchorage, Chicago
Atran Airlines[78] Riga
China Southern Cargo[79] Los Angeles
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
SF Airlines[80] Beijing, Chengdu, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Xi'an

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit