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Almaty International Airport (Kazakh: Halyqaralyq Almaty Áýejaıy, Russian: Международный Аэропорт Алматы, romanizedMezhdunarodnyy Aeroport Almaty) (IATA: ALA, ICAO: UAAA) is the largest international airport in Kazakhstan. It is about 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of Almaty,[1] the country's largest city and commercial capital. Almaty airport accounts for half of passenger traffic and 68% of cargo traffic to Kazakhstan.[2] In 2012, the airport handled 4,003,004 passengers, including 1,997,570 arriving passengers, and 2,005,434 departing passengers.

Almaty International Airport
Alaport logo top.png
Almaty Airport Osokin-1.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerJSC Almaty International Airport
ServesAlmaty
LocationAlmaty, Kazakhstan (inside city limits)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL681 m / 2,234 ft
Coordinates43°21′19″N 077°02′41″E / 43.35528°N 77.04472°E / 43.35528; 77.04472Coordinates: 43°21′19″N 077°02′41″E / 43.35528°N 77.04472°E / 43.35528; 77.04472
Websitealaport.com
Map
UAAA is located in Kazakhstan
UAAA
UAAA
Location in Kazakhstan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 4,400 14,436 Concrete
05L/23R 4,500 14,764 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers5,640,800
Source: AIP Kazakhstan[1]

Contents

Owners and managementEdit

Almaty International Airport JSC is 100% owned by Venus Airport Investments B.V.,[3] a company registered in Amsterdam.

  • Aibol (Aybol) Anuaruly Bekmukhambetov, President and Director[4]
  • Bakhtiyer Kadyrov, Vice President of Finance
  • E. L. Eliseeva, Acting Chief of Economics and Financial Analysis Department
  • Akzholtayev Murat Serikuly, Head of Automatic Systems – Terminal Service
  • Nurimanov Sagdat Yerikbekuly, Head of the First-Aid Post
  • Anuar Saydenov,[5] member of the Board of Directors, the independent director of the Company
  • Diyar Kanashev, member of the Board of Directors.

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The airport was built in 1935, for all small civil/military flying ships. Up to 1990 it was the part of Kazakh Department of Civil Aviation, and then reorganized into "Alma-Ata Airport" in 1991. Since 1993 it has run as an independent business unit. In 1994, it was reorganized into OJSC "Almaty Airport" and later renamed to JSC Almaty International Airport.

The supersonic transport (SST) Tupolev Tu-144 began service on 26 December 1975, flying mail and freight between Moscow and Alma-Ata in preparation for passenger services, which commenced in November 1977. The Aeroflot flight on 1 June 1978 was the Tu-144's 55th and last scheduled passenger service.

Following a runway reconstruction in 1998, Almaty airport was awarded II category and status of an international airport.

On 9 July 1999 a fire started in the shashlik kitchen of the airport restaurant. The terminal building burned down in just a few hours, but without major injuries.

Development since the 2000sEdit

Construction of a new terminal was completed in 2004. On 30 September 2008 a second runway was opened with a first departure of a BMI flight bound for London Heathrow. The new runway has also been given an ICAO certificate for CAT III landings which will significantly reduce the number of planes diverting to nearby airfields due to low visibility, especially during the winter months. This runway is the longest in central Asia. The new runway can accept all types of aircraft without limitation of take-off weight and operations frequency.

Growth in connectivity is in danger of being compromised by airport infrastructure that is comparatively expensive and not keeping pace with demand growth. IATA is urging the Kazakhstan government to follow ICAO principles and eliminate differential ANSP charges between domestic and international carriers. Currently (2012), it is 18% more expensive to turn around an Airbus A320 in Almaty than at similarly-sized airports in Europe. The differential rises to 43% for a Boeing 767.[6]

There were plans to build a new passenger terminal for international flights with six loading bridges and capacity up to 2,500 passengers per hour in the near future. A developed infrastructure complex consisting of a Marriott Hotel, conference halls, business center, shopping center and cinemas were planned to be within this terminal.

The new terminal was to be located along Kuldja Road to help reduce traffic on the way to the airport. However the terminal's construction was stopped due to managers postponing the project's construction in 2010 because of disagreements with Air Astana's plans for the terminal which was intended to serve Air Astana international flights while the existing terminal would serve domestic destinations. The problems of this plan would be according to the managers is that Air Astana would have faculties operating, and its planes transferring from one end of the runway to another which would create delaying transporting problems for Air Astana; since the runway lines would be busy with the having lack of space of creating new runways. There has been a conclusion to demolish the construction and rebuild the new terminal used for domestic and international flights. There are now plans to build new airport in Kapchagai reservoir which is 48 km away from Almaty.[7]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo[8]
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Astana Aktau, Aktobe, Atyrau, Baku, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Bishkek, Delhi, Dubai–International, Dushanbe, Ho Chi Minh City,[9] Hong Kong, Istanbul, Karaganda, Kazan, Kiev–Boryspil, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kyzylorda, Moscow-Domodedovo (begins 27 October 2019),[10] Moscow–Sheremetyevo (ends 26 October 2019),[10] Nur-Sultan, Oral, Oskemen, Pavlodar, Saint Petersburg, Seoul–Incheon, Sharm El Sheikh,[11] Shymkent, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Ürümqi
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum[12]
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya[13]
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku[14]
Bek Air Aktau, Aktobe, Atyrau, Kostanay, Oral, Nur-Sultan
Belavia Minsk
China Southern Airlines Ürümqi
Ellinair Seasonal: Thessaloniki
FlyArystan Karaganda,[15] Nur-Sultan,[15] Oral,[15] Pavlodar,[16] Shymkent,[16] Taraz[15]
flydubai Dubai–International
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital
Kam Air Kabul
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini[17]
Nordwind Samara[18]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qazaq Air Bishkek,[19] Nur-Sultan, Osh,[20] Pavlodar, Shymkent, Kostanay, Kyzylorda
Seasonal charter: Issyk-Kul
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk[21]
SCAT Airlines Aktau, Aktobe, Atyrau, Haikou,[22] Karagandy, Kokshetau, Kostanay, Mineralnye Vody, Nur-Sultan, Oral, Oskemen, Petropavl, Semey, Shymkent, Taraz, Usharal,[23] Xi'an, Zhezkazgan
Seasonal: Antalya,[24] Sanya
Somon Air Dushanbe
Sunday Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya,[25] Nha Trang,[26] Phuket[26] Sharm El Sheikh[25]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Ural Airlines Moscow-Zhukovsky,[27][28] Saint Petersburg[28]
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent

CargoEdit

 
Check-in hall
 
Apron view
AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Hong Kong
Cargolux Budapest, Hong Kong, Luxembourg
Cargolux Italia Hong Kong, Milan–Malpensa
Lufthansa Cargo Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Tashkent
MNG Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha,[29] Hong Kong[29]
Silk Way Airlines Zhengzhou
Turkish Airlines Cargo Bishkek, Guangzhou, Istanbul–Atatürk, Seoul–Incheon, Nur-Sultan, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan[30]
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong

StatisticsEdit

Annual trafficEdit

Annual Passenger Traffic[31][32][33]
Year Passengers % Change
2010 3,000,000  
2011 3,665,538   22.2%
2012 4,003,004   9.2%
2013 4,323,224   8%
2014 4,588,866   6%
2015 4,905,307   6.9%
2016 4,878,450   0.5%
2017 5,640,800   15.6%
2018 5,686,926   1%

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • 7 July 1980, Aeroflot flight 4227: All 163 occupants of a Tupolev Tu-154B-2, tail number CCCP-85355, lost their lives when the aircraft crashed shortly after take-off from Alma-Ata Airport. The airplane was due to operate a domestic scheduled Alma-Ata–Simferopol passenger service under the Kazakh division as Flight 4227; the airspeed suddenly dropped because of thermal currents it encountered during climb out, causing the airplane to stall about 5 km (3.1 mi) away, crashing and catching fire.
  • 30 August 1980, Aeroflot Flight 5463, Tupolev Tu-134 crashed on approach to Almaty after a flight from Chelyabinsk where all 90 passengers and crew died.[34]
  • 29 January 2013, SCAT Airlines Flight 760, a Bombardier CRJ-200ER, registration UR-CJ006, crashed during a low-visibility approach into Almaty International Airport that originated from Kokshetau. All 21 occupants died. On March 2, 2015 the Interstate Aviation Committee released their final report stating that during the missed approach, necessitated by weather conditions being below minima, the elevator was deflected to lower the nose instead of raising the nose resulting in a steep dive and impact with the ground. The investigation was unable to determine the cause of the elevator movement but did not find evidence of any system malfunction or external influences.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "ISI Intellinews". euromoney.com.
  3. ^ "Loading..." kazworld.info.
  4. ^ "Loading..." kazworld.info.
  5. ^ "Loading..." kazworld.info.
  6. ^ "Building the "Silk Road in the Sky" via Kazakhstan". The Gazette of Central Asia. Satrapia. 16 September 2012.
  7. ^ Бурдин, Виктор (16 May 2017). "Почему "Эйр Астана" против нового терминала аэропорта Алматы".
  8. ^ Liu, Jim (13 November 2018). "Aeroflot adds A330-300 Almaty service in W18". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Air Astana. Прямой рейс во Вьетнам". www.itplus.kz. International Travel plus. 27 September 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  10. ^ a b Dyson, Molly (21 August 2019). "Air Astana to transfer Moscow flights to Domodedovo". Buying Business Travel. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim (28 May 2019). "Air Astana adds Sharm el Sheikh service from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 May 2019.)
  12. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/283688/air-astana-adds-seasonal-bodrum-service-in-s19/
  13. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "AtlasGlobal begins leased A330 operation in S18".
  14. ^ "AZAL launches regular flights to Almaty". AzerNews.az. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d Liu, Jim. "FlyArystan outlines initial domestic routes from May 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  16. ^ a b https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/284122/flyarystan-schedules-additional-new-routes-in-late-may-2019/
  17. ^ https://astanatimes.com/2019/03/kazakh-iranian-companies-to-expand-international-air-routes/
  18. ^ Liu, Jim (16 April 2019). "Nordwind schedules new Central Asia service in 2Q19". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  19. ^ "Qazaq Air to connect Kazakhstan with more international destinations". www.inform.kz (in Russian). KazInform. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim (20 May 2019). "Qazaq Air adds Almaty – Osh service from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  21. ^ Liu, Jim (15 March 2018). "S7 Airlines increases Novosibirsk – Almaty in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  22. ^ http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-03/16/c_137900035.htm
  23. ^ Liu, Jim (31 October 2018). "SCAT adds Almaty – Usharal service from late-Oct 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  24. ^ "SCAT adds Almaty – Antalya service from late-Dec 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  25. ^ a b "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  26. ^ a b "Flights Availability". pegasys.pegast.ru. 21 March 2018.
  27. ^ "Ural Airlines adds Moscow Zhukovsky – Almaty route in Dec 2018". routesonline.com. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  28. ^ a b "Из Казахстана в Россию откроют 4 авиамаршрута". www.forbes.kz (in Russian). Forbes Kazakhstan. United Media Group. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  29. ^ a b Ltd, DVV Media International. "Qatar Airways Cargo adds another new freighter service". Air Cargo News. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  30. ^ Ltd. 2019, UBM (UK). "Turkish Cargo adds 7 destinations in Jan 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  31. ^ Airport. "files/ARAL/2016" (PDF). kase.kz.
  32. ^ UAAA. "Министерства по инвестициям и развитию РК". www.facebook.com.
  33. ^ "Аэропорт Алматы в 2018г увеличил пассажиропоток на 1%". www.interfax.kz. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  34. ^ Harro Ranter (30 August 1983). "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134A CCCP-65129 Alma-Ata".

External linksEdit