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Hangzhou Jianqiao Airport (Chinese: 杭州笕桥机场), formerly romanized as Chien Chiao, also known as Hangzhou Air Base, is a People's Liberation Army Air Force Base and a former civil airport serving Hangzhou, the capital city of Zhejiang Province, China. It is located in the town of Jianqiao (Chinese: 笕桥) in Jianggan District, about 7 miles northeast of the city center. Jianqiao Airport served as Hangzhou's main airport until December 29, 2000, when all flights were transferred to the newly built Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.[2]

Hangzhou Jianqiao Airport

杭州笕桥机场
201604 Jianqiao Airport.JPG
Summary
Airport typeMilitary/former public
ServesHangzhou, Zhejiang, China
LocationJianqiao, Jianggan District
Elevation AMSL5 m / 16 ft
Coordinates30°19′59″N 120°14′20″E / 30.33306°N 120.23889°E / 30.33306; 120.23889Coordinates: 30°19′59″N 120°14′20″E / 30.33306°N 120.23889°E / 30.33306; 120.23889
Map
Jianqiao is located in China
Jianqiao
Jianqiao
Location of airport in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,200 10,500[1]:74 Asphalt
Cityscape of Jianggan District, taken near the airport. Heights of the buildings vary with the distance to the airport due to the height-restriction policy

HistoryEdit

Jianqiao was developed into an airfield and flight training institute in 1922 under support and directives of the Anhui clique warlord Lu Yongxiang and World War I veteran ace fighter pilot Zhu Binhou,[3] with a squadron of aircraft that included Breguet 14s.[4] Jianqiao air force base was then consolidated in 1931 in wake of the Mukden Incident by the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China , and was a location of major air battles between the Chinese air force and the Imperial Japanese air forces during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-45); battles scenes of Jianqiao which were re-enacted in a motion-picture patriotic war drama Heroes of the Eastern Skies (or Heroes of Jianqiao). In 1956 it was converted to a public airport and civil flights started on January 1, 1957. The airport was expanded in 1971 in preparation for the official visit of President Richard Nixon of the United States. In 1990 the runway was again lengthened and widened to 3,200 meters long and 50 meters wide. The airport handled 2,167,400 passengers in 1999, and served 46 routes in 2000 before all flights were transferred to the newly built Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.[2]

When it existed it housed the headquarters of Zhejiang Airlines.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Stroud (1980). Airports of the World. Putnam. ISBN 978-0370300375.
  2. ^ a b 杭州笕桥机场即将光荣“引退”
  3. ^ "中國人朱斌侯一戰時擊落德空軍司令". 阿波羅新聞網. 4 January 2008. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  4. ^ "中國第一位空戰英雄 朱斌侯傳略". www.flyingtiger-cacw.com. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  5. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 31 March-6 April 1999. 108. "Jian Qiao Airport, 7 Yucheng Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310021, China"