Wuxi (simplified Chinese: 无锡; traditional Chinese: 無錫, WOO-shee)[2][3] is a city in southern Jiangsu province, eastern China, 135 kilometers (84 mi) by car to the northwest of downtown Shanghai, between Changzhou and Suzhou,[4] and one of the central cities in the Yangtze River Delta. It is the ancient founding capital of the state of Wu, the birthplace of Wu culture and the origin of Jiangnan[clarification needed]. As of the 2020 census, the city had a total population of 7,462,135 inhabitants.

Wusih, Wuhsi
Clockwise:SanYang Plaza,Lake Tai Plaza,Lake Tai New City,NianHuaWan,Lake Tai Bridge,Yixing
Clockwise:SanYang Plaza,Lake Tai Plaza,Lake Tai New City,NianHuaWan,Lake Tai Bridge,Yixing
Wuxi is full of warmth and water
Location in Jiangsu
Location in Jiangsu
Wuxi is located in Jiangsu
Location of the CBD in Jiangsu
Wuxi is located in Eastern China
Wuxi (Eastern China)
Wuxi is located in China
Wuxi (China)
Coordinates (Chengzhong Park (城中公园, CBD)): 31°29′28″N 120°18′43″E / 31.491°N 120.312°E / 31.491; 120.312
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions9
Township-level divisions73
Municipal seatBinhu District
 • CPC Municipal SecretaryDu XiaoGang
 • Acting MayorZhao JianJun
 • Prefecture-level city4,628 km2 (1,787 sq mi)
 (2020 Census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city7,462,135
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Urban center: 214000
Other Area: 214200, 214400
Area code510
ISO 3166 codeCN-JS-02
License plate prefixes苏B
GDP (2022)CNY 1.401 trillion ($ 2.17billion)
 - per capitaCNY 196,233.9($30,837.25)
HDI0.902 - very high
Local DialectWu: Wuxi dialect
"Wuxi" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese无锡
Traditional Chinese無錫
Hanyu PinyinPRC Standard Mandarin:
ROC Standard Mandarin:

Wuxi is a historically and culturally prominent city, and has been a thriving economic center since ancient times as a production as an export hub of rice, silk and textiles. In the last few decades it has emerged as a major producer of electrical motors, software, solar technology and bicycle parts. The city lies in the southern delta of the Yangtze River and on Lake Tai, which with its 48 islets is popular with tourists. Notable landmarks include Lihu Park, the Mt. Lingshan Grand Buddha Scenic Area and its 88-meter (289 ft)-tall Grand Buddha at Ling Shan statue, Xihui Park, Wuxi Zoo and Taihu Lake Amusement Park and the Wuxi Museum.

The city is served by Sunan Shuofang International Airport, which opened in 2004, the Wuxi Metro, opened in 2014, and the Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway and Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway which connect it to Shanghai.

Wuxi is also a major city among the top 500 cities in the world by scientific research outputs, as tracked by the Nature Index[5] and home to Jiangnan University, the only key national university of “Project 211” in the city. Wuxi also possesses one of the highest GDP per capita levels of any city in China.

Etymology Edit

Wuxi literally means "the capital of Wu (state)."[citation needed]

Despite varied origin stories, many modern Chinese scholars favor the view that the word is derived from the "old Yue language" or, supposedly, the old Kra–Dai languages, rather than reflecting the presence of tin in the area.[6][7][8]

History Edit

Clues are to be found at the Meili Museum and the Helv Relics Museum, Wuxi is the ancient capital of Wu State during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BCE). [9] Taibo and Zhongyong traveled southeast and settled in Wuxi Meili. There, Taibo and his followers set up the State of Wu, and made Wuxi as its founding capital which lasted for 600 years. The history of Wuxi can be traced back to Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC).[10] The tin industry thrived in the area in ancient times but it was eventually depleted, so that when Wuxi was established in 202 BCE during the Han dynasty, it was named "Wuxi" (the capital of WU state). Administratively, Wuxi became a district of Biling (later Changzhou) and only during the Yuan dynasty (1206–1368) did it become an independent prefecture.[11] Wuxi and Changzhou are considered to be the birthplaces of modern industrialization in China.[12]

Agriculture and the silk industry flourished in Wuxi and the town became a transportation hub under the early Tang Dynasty after the opening of the Grand Canal in 609. It became known as one of the biggest markets for rice in China.[11]

The Donglin Academy, originally founded during the Song dynasty (960-1279) was restored in Wuxi in 1604. Not a school, it served as a public forum, advocating a Confucian orthodoxy and ethics. Many of its academicians were retired court officials or officials deposed in the 1590s due to factionalism.[13]

As a populous county, its eastern part was separated and made into Jinkui county in 1724. Both Wuxi and Jinkui were utterly devastated by the Taiping Rebellion, which resulted in nearly 2/3 of their population being killed.[14] The number of “able-bodied males” (ding, ) were only 72,053 and 138,008 individuals in 1865, versus 339,549 and 258,934 in 1830.[15]

During the Qing dynasty (1636–1912), cotton and silk production flourished in Wuxi.[16] Trade increased with the opening of ports to Shanghai in 1842, and Zhenjiang and Nanjing in 1858. Wuxi became a center of the textile industry in China. Textile mills were built in 1894 and silk reeling establishments known as "filatures" were built in 1904.[11] Wuxi was remained the regional center for the waterborne transport of grain. The opening of the railways to Shanghai and to the cities of Zhenjiang and Nanjing to the northwest in 1908 further increased the exports of rice from the area.[11] Jinkui xian merged into Wuxi County with the onset of the Republic in 1912.[17] Many agricultural laborers and merchants moved to Shanghai in the late 19th century and early 20th century; some prospered in the new factories.[12]

After World War II, Wuxi's importance as an economic center diminished, but it remains a regional manufacturing hub. Tourism has increasingly become important.[11] On April 23, 1949, Wuxi was divided into Wuxi City and Wuxi County, and it became a provincial city in 1953 when Jiangsu Province was founded. In March 1995, several administrative changes were made within Wuxi City and Wuxi County to accommodate for Wuxi New District, with the creation of 19 administrative villages such as Shuofang, Fangqian, Xin’an and Meicun.[10] Jiangnan University was originally founded in 1902, before merging with two other colleges in 2001 to form the modern university.[18]

Wuxi In Qing Dynasty

Climate Edit

Climate data for Wuxi (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.1
Average high °C (°F) 7.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.9
Average low °C (°F) 0.9
Record low °C (°F) −9.2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.3
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.2 9.9 11.4 10.5 11.2 13.3 12.1 12.6 8.8 7.9 8.5 7.7 124.1
Average snowy days 3.0 2.0 0.8 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.9 7
Average relative humidity (%) 74 74 73 71 71 77 79 80 79 74 75 72 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 123.0 124.0 145.8 171.0 181.4 136.7 189.5 185.4 161.9 162.4 140.3 139.0 1,860.4
Percent possible sunshine 38 40 39 44 43 32 44 46 44 47 45 45 42
Source: China Meteorological Administration[19][20]

Administrative Divisions Edit

The prefecture-level city of Wuxi administers seven county-level divisions, including 5 districts and 2 county-level cities. The information here presented uses the metric system and data from the 2020 Census.

These districts are sub-divided into 73 township-level divisions, including 59 towns and 24 subdistricts.

Subdivision Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2020) Area (km2) Density (/km2)
City Proper
Liangxi District 梁溪区 Liángxī Qū 985,465 73.29 13,446
Xishan District 锡山区 Xīshān Qū 882,387 395.9 2,229
Huishan District 惠山区 Huìshān Qū 893,675 321.5 2,780
Binhu District 滨湖区 Bīnhú Qū 915,093 620.4 1,475
Xinwu District 新吴区 Xīnwú Qū 720,215 209.9 3,431
Satellite cities (County-level cities)
Jiangyin City 江阴市 Jiāngyīn Shì 1,779,515 987.4 1,802
Yixing City 宜兴市 Yíxīng Shì 1,285,785 2,010 639.7
Total 7,462,135 4,618 1,616
Defunct: Chong'an District, Nanchang District, & Beitang District

Economy Edit

Wuxi has a relatively developed economy since ancient times. In 1895, Yang Zonglian and Yang Zonghan founded the first national capital enterprise, Yeqin Cotton Mill, outside the south gate of Wuxi. Subsequently, many enterprises with textile, silk and grain processing industries as the main body were born and developed rapidly. Wuxi became One of the birthplaces of national industry and commerce.[citation needed] During this process, many "firsts" and "most" in the history of Wuxi's modern industrial development were born; batches of industrial and commercial giants including the Rong family and the Tang family were born, and it also demonstrated the entrepreneurship of Wuxi's national industrial and commercial entrepreneurs.[citation needed] After the reform and opening up, private enterprises in Wuxi developed vigorously on the basis of the southern Jiangsu model represented by township industries. Well-known companies such as "Technology" all transformed during this period. And since July 1993, Taiji Industry was the first private enterprise listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange as a listed company in Jiangsu Province. Over the years, the scale of listed companies from Wuxi has gradually expanded, forming a relatively unique "Wuxi plate", ranking first in Jiangsu Province. First, it plays an increasingly important role in the economic development of the entire Yangtze River Delta.[citation needed]

After the reform and opening up, Wuxi has gradually become an important economic center in the east and a very dynamic commercial city with the opportunity brought by the Southern Jiangsu model.[citation needed] At the end of 2013, Wuxi became one of the "China's new first-tier cities" selected by "First Financial Weekly" due to its stable comprehensive strength; at the same time, "2013 Best Commercial Cities in Mainland China" released by the Chinese version of "Forbes" Among them, Wuxi ranks fifth, ranking first among prefecture-level cities.[citation needed]

In 2022, Wuxi's economic aggregate will hit a new high, and its comprehensive strength will continue to increase. According to preliminary calculations, the annual GDP of Wuxi will be 1,485.082 billion yuan, an increase of 3.0% over the previous year at comparable prices. The per capita GDP in terms of resident population reached 198,400 yuan, ranking second in the country.[citation needed]

In terms of industry, the added value of the city's primary industry was 13.365 billion yuan, an increase of 1.1% over the previous year; the added value of the secondary industry was 717.739 billion yuan, an increase of 3.6% over the previous year; The growth rate of the previous year was 2.4%; the ratio of the three industries was adjusted to 0.9 : 48.3 : 50.8.[citation needed]

A total of 158,100 new jobs were created in cities and towns throughout the year, of which 77,200 laid-off and unemployed people in various cities and towns were reemployed, and 31,200 people who had difficulties in finding jobs were reemployed. The city's urban registered unemployment rate was 2.68%. The added value of the private economy in the whole year was 983.124 billion yuan, an increase of 3.3% over the previous year, accounting for 66.2% of the total economic output, an increase of 0.2 percentage points over the previous year.[citation needed] The output value of privately-owned industries above designated size was 1,426.928 billion yuan, an increase of 12.8% over the previous year. Private investment was 240.341 billion yuan, down 3.6% from the previous year.[citation needed]

At the end of the year, 423,300 enterprises of various types were registered by the registration authorities at all levels in the city, including 36,000 state-owned and collective holding companies, 7,000 foreign-invested enterprises, and 380,400 private enterprises. At the end of the year, there were 660,900 self-employed households, and 80,800 newly registered households that year.[citation needed]

The annual urban consumer price index (CPI) rose by 2.1%, an increase of 0.4 percentage points over the previous year. Among them, the price of service items increased by 1.0%, and the price of consumer goods increased by 2.9%. The increase in the price of industrial production was stable. The ex-factory price of industrial producers rose by 1.7% and the purchasing price of industrial producers rose by 3.9%. Since it was established in 1992, Wuxi New District (WND), covering an area of 220 square kilometers (85 sq mi), has evolved to be one of the major industrial parks in China. In 2013, it had a GDP of 121.3 billion yuan ($19.54 billion), and an industrial output value of 276.7 billion yuan, accounting for 15% of production in the Wuxi area. The district includes the Wuxi Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Wuxi (Taihu) International Technology Park, Wuxi Airport Industrial Park, China (Wuxi) Industrial Expo Park, China Wu Culture Expo Park, and International Education and Living Community.[21] Hotels in Wuxi include Wuxi Maoye City – Marriott Hotel, Hilton Hotel's Wuxi-Lingshan Double Tree Resort near the Lingshan Giant Buddha, Kempinski Hotel Wuxi, Landison Square Hotel Wuxi, noted for its Wu jade phoenix sculpture in the lobby, Radisson Blu Resort Wetland Park Wuxi, Sheraton Wuxi Binhu Hotel, the Wuxi Grand Hotel, and Wuxi Hubin Hotel and many other hotels.[22]

In 2022, Wuxi's GDP will reach 1,485.082 billion yuan, an increase of 3.0% over the previous year based on comparable prices; calculated based on the permanent population, the per capita GDP will reach 198,400 yuan; the city's annual general public budget revenue will be 113.338 billion yuan.[citation needed]

Business Edit

As an important commercial center in East China, it has always been famous for its unique geographical location and historical background. Wuxi's commercial development has a long and prosperous history, and it has played a vital role in the local economic and social development.[citation needed]

The earliest commercial development in Wuxi can be traced back to the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, when commercial activities were already carried out here. With the evolution of history, Wuxi has gradually become a transportation hub and commercial center in the Jiangnan area.[citation needed] Wuxi is located on the shore of Taihu Lake and has convenient transportation. It has been a distribution center for silk, tea, rice and other commodities since ancient times. Today, Wuxi Commerce has developed into a diversified economic system dominated by service industries and high-tech industries.[citation needed]

There are many characteristics and advantages of Wuxi business. First of all, its geographical location is superior, located in the center of the Yangtze River Delta, and the transportation is convenient, which is conducive to the circulation of commodities. Secondly, Wuxi has rich natural resources and cultural heritage, which provides unique conditions for commercial development.[citation needed] In addition, the Wuxi municipal government has been committed to optimizing the business environment, attracting many domestic and foreign investors and entrepreneurs to invest and start businesses.[citation needed]

Now Wuxi is a regional business hub, with extensive manufacturing and large industrial parks devoted to new industries. Historically a center of textile manufacturing,[11] the city has adopted new industries such as electric motor manufacturing,[23][24] MRP software development, bicycle and brake manufacturing, and solar technology, with two major photovoltaic companies, Suntech Power[25] and Jetion Holdings Ltd, based in Wuxi. Wuxi Pharma Tech, a major pharmaceutical company, is based in Wuxi.[26] The city has a rapidly developing skyline with the opening of three supertall skyscrapers in 2014: Wuxi IFS (339 meters (1,112 ft)[27]), Wuxi Suning Plaza 1 (328 meters (1,076 ft)[28]) and Wuxi Maoye City - Marriott Hotel (303.8 meters (997 ft)[29]).

Center 66

Wuxi's commercial area is concentrated along Zhongshan Road in Liangxi District. On this road, Maoye Department Store, Hongdou Wanhua City, Great Oriental Department Store, Suning Plaza, Henglong Plaza, Yaohan, Parkson and other Chinese and foreign commercial retail enterprises gather. Chong'an Temple, Nanchan Temple, and Nanchang Street are three traditional commercial bazaars. Among them, Chong'an Temple Block is as famous as Shanghai Town God's Temple, Nanjing Confucius Temple, and Suzhou Xuanmiao Temple, which are also formed by temple bazaars.

Since the establishment of Yaohan, the first Sino-foreign joint venture retail enterprise in Jiangsu Province in 1996, and the establishment of Metro, China's second foreign-funded hypermarket, in Wuxi in 1997, the concentration of foreign-funded commercial retail in Wuxi is second only to Shanghai in the Yangtze River Delta region. Today, it includes Plaza 66, Great Eastern Department Store, Wuxi Yaohan, IKEA Gathering, Yaohan Center, Bailian Outlets, Apple Direct Store, Mixc City, Coastal City, Maoye Department Store, a large number of Wanda Plazas and Rong Commercial retail benchmarking enterprises such as Chuangmao and Outlets Chuanzhisha still maintain their uniqueness in Jiangsu Province or in the Yangtze River Delta region, thus establishing Wuxi as one of the most important commercial center cities in Jiangsu Province and even in the Yangtze River Delta region

Cuisine Edit

Wuxi spareribs sauce

About food features,Wuxi cuisine is part of Jiangsu cuisine (also known as Huaiyang cuisine, Jiangsu-Zhejiang cuisine), one of the four major Chinese cuisines.[30] Traditional Wuxi cuisine is sweet. This is because the taste of As the plains have also moved south, Wuxi cuisine has become sweeter.

From another perspective Wuxi is one of the birthplaces of Chinese cuisine, and the world-famous Wuxi cuisine is naturally the best representative of local food culture. Wuxi cuisine is famous for its focus on sweetness, and meat and bones are an outstanding representative. Wuxi people like to eat meat and bones, part of the reason is that they are based on family culture and inheritance. The long history of this dish can be traced back to the Ming Dynasty, and it is a traditional delicacy on the family table in Wuxi. Whenever the family is reunited, a pot of fragrant meat and bones will be placed on the table. The warm atmosphere and strong delicacy make family members feel the love for each other. emotional connection.

Education Edit

University Edit

  • Jiangnan University: a key national university of “Project 211” and center for scientific research, which was originally founded in 1902 and established in 1958 as the Wuxi Institute of Light Industry. In 2001 it was reconstituted by the Ministry of Education with the merger of two other colleges to formally establish Jiangnan University.[18] The Taihu University of Wuxi, beside Huishan National Forest Park is a private university and one of the largest in China, covering over 2,000 acres with over 20,000 teachers and students and more than 20 different faculties.[31]
  • Wuxi University [zh]: Wuxi University, located in Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, is a public general undergraduate university approved by the Ministry of Education, managed by the People's Government of Jiangsu Province, organized by the People's Government of Wuxi City, and supported by Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology.
  • DongNan University Wuxi Campus: Founded in April 1988, formerly known as Southeast University Wuxi Campus, it is one of the first batch of key university branches approved by the former State Education Commission, and it is the first to explore the cultivation mode of outstanding engineers in my country.
  • Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications Wuxi Campus
  • Nanjing University of Science and Technology Jiangyin Campus
  • Wuxi Higher Normal School: Founded in 1911, it was formerly known as the Jiangsu Provincial Third Normal School. Famous scholars such as Qian Songyan, Wu Guanzhong, and Chen Shouzhu are all alumni of the school.
  • Peking University School of Software and Microelectronics: Established in March 2002, it is a school directly affiliated to Peking University.

High school(A Portion) Edit

    Tianyi Middle School
    Tianyi Middle School in Jiangsu Province: The school was founded in 1946.
  • Wuxi No. 1 Middle School: Founded in the third year of Xuantong in the Qing Dynasty (1911), it has undergone changes until now. Now it is a key school in Jiangsu Province and a national model high school.
  • Wuxi Furen High School: Originally a church school, it was originally founded in 1918 by Wuxi alumni of Shanghai St. John's University. It was the school with the most advanced facilities in Wuxi at that time. It had physical and chemical laboratories and lecture halls. After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, it moved to Shanghai. run a school. After 1949, it was renamed Wuxi No. 2 Middle School, and its name was restored in 2003. It is now a key school in Jiangsu Province and a national model high school.
  • Meicun High School in Jiangsu Province: Founded in 1913 in Meicun (ancient Meili), the birthplace of Wu culture, in 1914, brothers Qian Zhi and Qian Mu came to teach at the school.
  • Wuxi No. 3 High School: In 1920, Gao Yang, a townsman, sold all his property and founded a private Wuxi middle school.
  • Wuxi No. 1 Girls' Middle School.
  • Wuxi Shibei High School: Founded in 1934, it was originally a "private Yuandao Middle School". It was rated as a provincial four-star high school in 2006.
  • Xishan High School in Jiangsu Province: Founded in 1906 by the industrialist Kuang Zhongmou in the east of Wuxi City. After 1949, it was renamed Wuxi County Middle School, and in 1996, it was renamed Jiangsu Xishan High School until now.
  • Wuxi Public Welfare Middle School: It was founded in 1919 by brothers Rong Zongjing and Rong Desheng. The first principal was Hu Yuren, a famous educator from Wuxi. After 1949, it was renamed Wuxi No. 5 Middle School.
  • Jiangsu Nanjing Senior High School: It was formerly known as Jiangyin Nanjing Academy established in 1882, which was the highest institution of higher learning and education center in Jiangsu Province at that time. Celebrities such as Yu Chan, Niu Yongjian, and Wang Zengqi once attended the school.
  • Yixing Middle School in Jiangsu Province: Founded in 1928, it is a key school in Jiangsu Province and a national model high school. Celebrities such as Jiang Nanxiang and Yu Zhaozhong are all alumni of the school.
  • Wuxi Daqiao Experimental School: Wuxi Daqiao Experimental School was founded in August 1993. It was then named "Wuxi Daqiao Experimental Middle School". It was the first private school approved by the Wuxi Municipal People's Government since the reform and opening up. It was renamed Wuxi in 2012 Bridge Experimental School.

Elementary(A Portion) Edit

  • Lianyuan Street Primary School in Wuxi City: Founded in 1898, it is the earliest new-style education higher primary school in Wuxi. It was originally named Aishi School, and after the Republic of China, it was renamed County Lianyuan Street Primary School after the location of the school. After 1949, it was renamed as Dongfanghong Primary School. In 1978, it was restored to its original name. Now it is a provincial and municipal key primary school.
  • Donglin Primary School in Wuxi City: In August 1902, according to the order, Donglin Academy was reorganized into Donglin Academy for new education.
  • Primary School Affiliated to Wuxi Normal School: Founded in 1913 by Gu Zhuo, the principal of Jiangsu Provincial Third Normal School and a famous educator from Wuxi, Gu Zhuo had studied in Japan, so it was built on the basis of the Primary School Affiliated to Tokyo Higher Normal School (now University of Tsukuba), Japan, in 1915 In 1937, the school established the first elementary school boy scout organization in Wuxi. On November 11, 1937, the original school was closed due to the bombing of Japanese bombers. After 1949, it used to be a school for the children of CCP cadres. In 1982, it was designated as an experimental primary school in Jiangsu Province.
  • Wuxi Jiyu Experimental School: Founded in 1901, it is the first "nine-year consistent" school in Wuxi City.
  • Nanchang Street Primary School in Wuxi City: It was originally Dongwu No. 8 Primary School founded by Wuxi Christian Supervisory Committee in 1911, and later called Mingde Primary School.

International Education(A Portion) Edit

  • Wuxi Nanwai Kings International School: A K-12 international school jointly established by Dipont Education Group, Nanjing Foreign Language School, King's College London, and Dipont Education Group. The school is a high-quality international education project introduced by the Wuxi Municipal Government.
  • Wuxi International School: Wuxi International School, referred to as WIS, is a public international school. Established in 2003, Wuxi International School provides an international educational environment for the children of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan compatriots and foreigners who work and live in Wuxi, and is directly under the management of Wuxi Education Bureau.
  • Siying School for Children of Foreigners in Xinyu District, Wuxi: A non-profit group, since 1986, iSC offers academic excellence and caters for the intellectual, physical and emotional development of students. iSC operates six schools for foreign children in China - in Chengdu, Qingdao, Wuhan, Wuxi, Tianjin and Yantai - and one in the UAE.
  • Wuxi Foreign Language School: Founded in 1998, Wuxi Foreign Language School has developed into a 12-year consistent foreign language characteristic school, and has been named as a designated school for the children of Wuxi foreigners, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan students and returned entrepreneurial talents. The school consists of kindergarten, primary school, junior high school, high school and bilingual department.

Landmarks Edit

Grand Buddha at Ling Shan
Jade Phenix Source of Wuxi City Emblem

The city lies in the southern Yangtze River delta on Lake Tai, which is the third largest freshwater lake in China, and a rich resource for tourism in the area with cruises. There are 72 peninsulas and peaks and 48 islets, including Yuantouzhu (the Islet of Turtlehead) and Taihu Xiandao (Islands of the Deities).[32]

Parks and gardens Edit

The dome made of lights of the Holy Altar in the Brahma Palace, near the Grand Buddha at Ling Shan

Wuxi has many private gardens or parks built by learned scholars and illustrious people in the past. Lihu Park in Binhu District was built in 1927 and named after the politician and economist Fan Li. The Star of Taihu Lake is noted for its water Ferris wheel. The gardens contains a long embankment with willow trees and a path beside the lake with numerous small bridges and pavilions.[33] On the southwest bank of the lake at the foot of Junzhang Hill is Changguangxi Wetland Park, a 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) stretch of canal connecting Lihu Lake to the north and Taihu Lake to the south. It contains the Shitang Bridge and a lotus pond.[34] Also in Binhu District is Wuxi Zoo and Taihu Lake Amusement Park, an AAAA national landmark with over a 1000 animals including Asian elephant, leopard, chimpanzee, giant panda and white rhinoceros and an ecology and science exhibition and recreation area.[35]

The 30 hectare (74 acres) Mt. Lingshan Grand Buddha Scenic Area on the southwest tip of Wuxi contains the 88 meters (289 ft) tall Grand Buddha at Ling Shan, the world's largest bronze Buddha statue. The Mt Lingshan area also contains the Brahma Palace, Xiangfu Temple, Five Mudra Mandala, Nine Dragons Bathing Sakyamuni (a 7.2 meters (24 ft) statue of Sakyamuni), and numerous other Buddhist sites.[36] Xihui Park, established in 1958 at the foot of Xi Shan to the west of the city, contains Jichang Garden and the Dragon Light Pagoda.[37]

Museums Edit

Wuxi Museum

Wuxi Museum was formally opened on October 1, 2008 following a merger of the Wuxi Revolution Museum, Wuxi Museum and Wuxi Science Museum. Covering over 71,000 square meters (760,000 sq ft) and an exhibition area of 24,100 square meters (259,000 sq ft) it is the largest public cultural building in Wuxi, with 600,000 visitors annually as of 2019. The museum also administers the Chinese National Industry and Commerce Museum of Wuxi, Chengji Art Museum, Zhou Huaimin Painting Museum, Zhang Wentian Former Residence and Wuxi Ancient Stone Inscriptions Museum.[38] Wuxi Art Museum, known as the Wuxi Painting and Calligraphy Institute before the rename in 2011, was established on December 7, 1979 in Chong’an district. The current facility has a space of 1,135 meters (3,724 ft).[39]

Hongshan Archaeological Museum in Wuxi New District opened in 2008 and houses artifacts related to the local Wu culture between 770 and 221 BC. The items, which include miniature jade engravings and objects related to burial and musical customs, were unearthed at Hongshan Tomb Complex in 2004.[40] The Helv City Ruins is an extremely precious historical and cultural heritage in Wuxi City, and it is the capital of Helu, one of the Five Hegemons in the Spring and Autumn Period. The city was built in the first year of Helu (the sixth year of King Jing of Zhou, 514 BC), more than 2,500 years ago.

As early as 1956, the Helu City site was named a provincial cultural relic protection unit by the Jiangsu Provincial Government. At the national expert demonstration meeting held in 2008, the site was identified as the capital of King Helu of Wu, and was named one of the "Top Ten New Archaeological Discoveries in China in 2008". In 2011, it was selected as "Jiangsu Grand Site". In March 2013, it was named the seventh batch of national key cultural relics protection units by the State Council. In December of the same year, it was selected into the National Archaeological Site Park Project List announced by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage

The Former Residence of Xue Fucheng at No. 152 Xueqian Street in Chong'an district, is the former home of Zue Fencheng, a noted diplomat of the late Qing dynasty and is open to the public.[41]

Wuxi Grand Theater Edit

The main design concept of Wuxi Grand Theater is based on its regional location.[42] The site of Wuxi Grand Theater is located on an artificial peninsula in the south bank of Taihu Lake. There is a highway bridge nearby, which makes the location of the site comparable to that of Sydney Grand Theater. This location determines that Wuxi Grand Theater will become an important landmark building. The building is like a huge The statue generally rises from the height of the base to a height of 50 meters. The 8 huge roofs of the building protrude far outside the wall like wings, making the theater look like a butterfly. The large roof is also conducive to blocking the heat of the sun. The architectural design concept is unique: inside the steel wings are thousands of LED lights. It is possible to change the color of the wings according to the characteristics of the show, thanks to the perforated aluminum plates that cover the underside of the wings to make this concept possible. Another special feature of the design concept of Wuxi Grand Theater is the "forest" formed by 50 pillars of light with a height of 9 meters. The pillars of light start from the square at the main entrance, support the roof of the central hall, and pass through the entrance along the lake side Extending to the lake, a feature with strong Chinese characteristics runs through the entire building: a large amount of bamboo, which is both a traditional Chinese material and a modern material, is used. Recently, some new bamboo manufacturing and usage methods have made it possible for the auditorium of the main theater to be wrapped by 15,000 solid bamboo blocks of different shapes determined according to acoustic needs and architectural images. Wuxi Grand Theater also adopted a Finnish The featured material is nearly 20,000 specially designed glass blocks on the curved wall of the theater audience hall along the lake side. Finnish nature, lakes and ice, were the inspiration for the architectural design.

Wuxi Sunac Taihu Show Project Edit

Wuxi Sunac Taihu Show Project is located in the prime location of Wuxi's future city center, the center of Taihu Lake Scenic Area, and a collection of transportation networks.[43] As a traditional cultural tourism city, Wuxi is rich in tourism resources. The project will fill the lack of high-tech tourism and experiential tourism in Wuxi and even the entire Jiangsu Province, and improve the transformation of Wuxi and even Jiangsu from traditional tourism to high-tech tourism. It has made great contributions to the development and enhancement of the city's charm.

The project has 3 floors above ground and 2 floors underground. The height of the main steel roof structure is about 36 meters. The main structure of the lower part is a reinforced concrete frame-shear wall structure system. The steel roof is a radial steel truss with a central transition ring and cantilever Beam structure, the truss plane diameter is 62 meters, the outer cantilever is 10 meters, and the suspended steel pipe imitation bamboo column is set under the cantilever structure.

The project won the China Steel Structure Gold Award; it was rated as the world's top ten best buildings and the world's top ten most anticipated buildings by the world's two authoritative media "The Times of England" and "CNN News". After the TV station, the New World Trade Center in the United States, and the Burj Khalifa in the United Arab Emirates, it was the only project that two major authoritative media focused on reporting at the same time.

Sports Edit

Wuxi Sports Center opened in October 1994 and has a capacity of 30,000.[44] It hosts the Wuxi Classic, a snooker event which attracted the biggest names in snooker. Wuxi City Sports Park Stadium hosted the 2017 ITTF Asian-Championships (Ping Pong),[45] and the 2019 World Cup in snooker in June 2019.[46] Major League Baseball based its main Chinese recruitment center in Wuxi since 2009 in Wuxi Development Center at Dongbeitang High School. There Major League Baseball scouts recruit the best players in China in the hopes that they will eventually play professional baseball in America.[47]

In 2022, The Wuxi Olympic Sports Center project has a total land area of about 56.7 hectares, a total construction area of about 467,000 square meters, and a total investment of about 6.9 billion yuan. It is planned to have a stadium with 60,000 seats, a gymnasium with 18,000 seats, a swimming pool with 2,000 seats and a national fitness center, and it will be constructed in accordance with the standards of a Grade A stadium. After completion, it can host large-scale comprehensive sports events across the country. In addition to "one venue, two halls", a 70,000-square-meter cultural, commercial, sports and tourism complex including commercial and hotel facilities will also be built. Through strengthening planning and operation, multiple "first competitions" and "first exhibitions" will be introduced in the future. Premiere" and other activities, and strive to build Wuxi Olympic Sports Center into a modern large-scale sports complex with various projects, rich formats and complete functions.

Transport Edit

Sunan Shuofang International Airport
Wuxi Metro
  • Wuxi Metro began operations in 2014, with two lines totaling 19 miles (31 km) and over 124 miles (200 km) in total expected with new lines opening over the next few decades.[49]
  • Wuxi Public Transport refers to the urban road public transportation system serving Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, China. Its first line was opened in 1927. As of 2020, Wuxi Public Transport has 297 bus lines with a length of 5,760 kilometers and 3,036 operating vehicles. In 2020, the annual passenger volume of Wuxi buses will be 191.18 million.
  • Sunan Shuofang International Airport, situated 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) from the city center, opened in 2004, and has direct flights to Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Taipei, Singapore, and Osaka.[50]
Wuxi Railway Station
  • Wuxi lies along China National Highway 312 which connects Shanghai to central and northwestern China. The 274 kilometers (170 mi) Shanghai-Nanjing Expressway (G42), which opened in November 1996, connecting it to Shanghai, Suzhou, Changzhou, Zhenjiang and other cities in Jiangsu province.[51] The 62.3 kilometers (38.7 mi) Wuxi-Yixing Expressway connects Wuxi with Yixing within the regional prefecture-level area.[52]
    Wuxi jiangyin Port has 12 berths, mainly distributed in Shenxia Port Area, all of which have passed the open acceptance for foreign ships, with a total area of 1.5 million square meters, which are operated by Dagang Branch and Dacheng Branch respectively. Dagang Branch has a yard area of 710,000 square meters, and has two large warehouses with an area of 12,000 square meters each, each equipped with two 20-ton cranes. There are 10 dock berths, and the front of the dock maintains a water depth of -15 meters all year round. Among them, there are two 50,000-ton and 100,000-ton ocean-going berths, and one 2,000-ton sea-going berth, equipped with 9 gantry cranes with a lifting capacity of 40T, which can complete the cargo of arriving ships below 100,000 tons Unloading and transfer operations. There are also four 5,000-ton inland berths with a total length of 536 meters, equipped with multiple portal cranes and loading belt conveyors for port dredging. The port area is equipped with 7 120-150 ton truck scales and 2 gantry cranes. The warehouse has a maximum storage capacity of 3 million tons. It is mainly responsible for the unloading, storage and transfer of metal ore, coal and some general cargo. In order to meet the needs of customers, Dagang Branch also has ore screening and crushing equipment. After crushing, it can be directly conveyed to the vibrating screen for screening by the belt conveyor. The screen aperture can be adjusted according to the needs of different customers, and the production and processing can form lump ore and fine ore, with an annual output of 800,000-1 million tons. Dagang Branch has also launched three-condition general cargo liner routes from Jiangyin to the Middle East, Thailand and South Korea. Dacheng Branch was completed and put into operation in 2015.
  • Wuxi Public Transport refers to the urban road public transportation system serving Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, China. Its first line was opened in 1927. As of 2020, Wuxi Public Transport has 297 bus lines with a length of 5,760 kilometers and 3,036 operating vehicles. In 2020, the annual passenger volume of Wuxi public transport will be 191.18 million passenger.

Medical Edit

Wuxi has a long history of medicine, especially in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Since the Ming Dynasty, famous doctors such as You Zhongren, Shi Zhongmo, Deng Xingbo, Ke Huaizu, Xue Fuchen, etc. have either worked in the imperial hospital, or been ordered to diagnose and treat the royal family. Among them, Tan Yunxian and Xu Lushi are rare female doctors in ancient China. As for the modern medical institutions in Wuxi, it began in 1908 when Li Kele, a missionary of the American Episcopal Church and a doctor of medicine, founded the Puren Hospital, which is now the Second People's Hospital of Wuxi.

At present, Wuxi has one medical school (Medical College Affiliated to Jiangnan University), ten municipal hospitals, and 210 hospitals, including thirteen tertiary hospitals

  • Wuxi No. 1 People's Hospital
  • Wuxi No. 2 People's Hospital (North and South Campus)
    Wuxi No. 2 People's Hospital
  • Jiangnan University Affiliated Hospital (formerly No. 3 Hospital and No. 4 Hospital, currently North and South Branches)
  • Wuxi No. 5 People's Hospital
  • Wuxi No. 7 People's Hospital, Wuxi Ninth People's Hospital
  • Wuxi Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital
  • Wuxi Maternal and Child Health Center
  • Wuxi Children's Hospital
  • 904 General Hospital
  • Jiangyin People's Hospital
  • Jiangyin Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine
  • Yixing People's Hospital

among which Wuxi People's Hospital released the "2013 China Ranked twelfth in the "Top 100 Competitiveness List of Prefectural-level City Hospitals".

Some Famous Scenic Spots Edit

  • Grand Canal: Although active water transportation has been handed over to the new Grand Canal that bypasses the city, the Grand Canal has been running through the city since the Sui dynasty, and cruises that travel along the ancient Grand Canal are being held.
  • Lake Tai and Sanshan: Enjoy the scenery at Gentosho Park, a peninsula that juts out into the lake. Monkey Island in Lake Tai,.
  • Xihui Park: A park on the west side of the city, straddling Xishan and Huishan. Tin Mountain is a mountain that once produced tin. The mountain offers a great view of the city, and is dotted with Buddhist temples and pavilions. There is also a ropeway.
  • Nianhuawan: Located at No. 68 Huanshan West Road, Binhu District, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, 30 miles from Wuxi City
  • Nanchang street: It is a kilometer away, covers an area of 106.67 hectares, with a total construction area of 350,000 square meters. Flower Tower, Smile Square. Komawan opened on November 14, 2015. As an important part of Lingshan Buddhist culture, Kehuawan generally takes "Zen" as the theme element, and "Zen" combines Buddhist culture with the dual proposition of travel and vacation throughout Lingshan cultural scenic spots. Kehuawan is the "Oriental Zen Life" The overall positioning of paradise, the garden of the world's soul holiday. On November 5, 2021, Nianhuawan was recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism as the first group of national night cultural tourism consumption gathering areas.
  • Tian Xia Second Spring: Located in Xihui Park. The name derives from the fact that Lu Yu, a tea master who wrote the "Cha Jing" in the Tang dynasty, ranked Eisen in Huishan, Wuxi as the second most suitable water for brewing tea. He is also known for the erhu song "Nisen Eigetsu".
    Jichangyuan: Located in Xihui Park. Located to the east of Mount Huishan, it is a representative masterpiece of the Ming dynasty mansion-style garden with its peaks as a borrowed landscape. Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty is said to have visited Yuchuyuan many times and built Beijing's Summer Palace based on it.
  • Li Garden: A garden built in 1930 by Wang Yuqing, a local businessman. Fan Li, a vassal of Yue Wang Gohan, was built in the lake where he spent time with Xi Shi, who was said to be a matchless beauty.
  • Three Kingdoms City/Water Margin City: An open set built for a China Central Television TV drama.
  • Donglin Academy: An academy founded by Yang Shi, a Confucian scholar in the Northern Song dynasty, and produced bureaucrats called the Donglin Party in the Ming dynasty.
  • Former Residence of QianZhongShu: The birthplace of Qian Zhongshu, a writer and literary researcher known for works such as "Waijo" and "Song Poetry Selection Notes."
    Wuxi Xiangfu Temple
    Lingshan Giant Buddha: Inaugurated on November 15, 1997, the Great Buddha stands 88 meters tall, making him the second tallest Buddha in China, and 101.5 meters high including the three-tiered pedestal.
    Nanchan Temple
    Nanchan Temple: Nanchan Temple, also known as Fusheng Temple, is located at No. 32, Xiangyang Road, Liangxi District, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, on the north side of Wuxi Nanchan Temple Scenic Area, in the south corner of the old city. By the ancient canal of Wuxi. Founded in the first year of Nanliang Taiqing (547), Nanzen Temple was originally called Hu Guo Temple. -1031), the temple was rebuilt and awarded the "Fusheng Temple", commonly known as "Nanzen Temple", known as "the most beautiful jungle in the southern Yangtze". The Nanzen Temple covers an area of 7,000 square meters, divided into east and west roads, and mainly includes buildings such as Tianwang Hall, Daxiong Hall, and Miaoguang Pagoda. In 2012, Wuxi Nanchan Temple Scenic Area, where Nanchan Temple is located, was recognized as a national AAAA-level tourist attraction. In 1983, Nanzenji Temple's Myoguang Pagoda was announced by the Wuxi Municipal People's Government as the first group of cultural relics protection groups in Wuxi City.
  • Xuelang Mountain
  • Changguangxi

Some Celebrities Edit

  • An Guo, printer and collecter of antiques (1481–1534)
  • Ni Zan, painter (1301–1374)
  • Xue Fucheng, diplomat (1838–1894)
  • Gu Deng, mathematician and politician (1882–1947?)
  • Chen Chi (1912—2005), painter
  • Hua Yanjun (1893–1950), musician
  • Liu Tianhua, folk musician (1895–1932)
  • Zhou Peiyuan, (1902–1993) theoretical physicist
  • Zhang Xu, telecommunications engineer (1913–2015)
  • Zou Jiayi, (b. 1963), politician and economist
  • Qian Zhongshu, 20th century Chinese literary scholar and writer (1910–1998)
  • Qian Weichang, physicist, applied mathematician and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (1910–1998)
  • Marie Lu, (b. 1984), novelist, author of Legend serie

Sister Cities Edit

Asia   Edit

Europe   Edit

  •   Cascais, Portugal: concluded on September 14, 1993
  •   Vicenza, Italy: concluded on January 25, 2006  
  •   Leverkusen, Germany: concluded on April 27, 2006
  •   Nimes, France: concluded on April 5, 2007
  •   Sodertalje, Sweden: concluded on October 8, 2007
  •   Kortrijk, Belgium: concluded on October 30, 2007
  •   Beiserkellen, Denmark: concluded on August 22, 2008
  •   Chelmsford, United Kingdom: concluded on 19 November 2009
  •   Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands: concluded on February 10, 2010
  •   Lahti, Finland: concluded on November 7, 2011
  •   Patras, Greece: concluded on December 24, 2012
  •   Zielona Góra, Poland: concluded on January 7, 2014

America   Edit

  •   Chattanooga, United States: concluded on October 12, 1982
  •   Fredericton, Canada: concluded on November 22, 2010
  •   Sorocaba, Brazil: concluded on December 18, 2010
  •   San Antonio, United States: concluded on February 16, 2012
  •   Puebla, Mexico: concluded on December 25, 2014

Oceania   Edit

  •   Hamilton, New Zealand: concluded on July 5, 1986
  •   Frankston, Australia: concluded on November 8, 2012

Africa   Edit

  •   Fez, Morocco: concluded on June 29, 2010

See Also Edit

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External links Edit