Zhuzhou

Zhuzhou (Chinese: 株洲; pinyin: Zhūzhōu), formerly Jianning, is a prefecture-level city of Hunan Province, China, straddling the Xiang River southeast of the provincial capital, Changsha, and bordering Jiangxi province to the east. It is part of the "Changzhutan Golden Triangle" (comprising the cities of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan). The city has jurisdiction over five counties (Yanling, Chaling, Youxian, Liling, Zhuzhou) and four districts (Hetang, Lusong, Shifeng and Tianyuan, a high-tech industrial development zone), and covers an area of 11,420 km2 (4,410 sq mi).

Zhuzhou

株洲市

Chuchow
Shennong Park in March 2019
Shennong Park in March 2019
Location of Zhuzhou City jurisdiction in Hunan
Location of Zhuzhou City jurisdiction in Hunan
Zhuzhou is located in Hunan
Zhuzhou
Zhuzhou
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates (Zhuzhou municipal government): 27°49′44″N 113°07′59″E / 27.829°N 113.133°E / 27.829; 113.133Coordinates: 27°49′44″N 113°07′59″E / 27.829°N 113.133°E / 27.829; 113.133
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
Municipal seatTianyuan District
Government
 • mayorMao Tengfei
Area
 • Prefecture-level city11,262 km2 (4,348 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2017)[1]
862.69 km2 (333.09 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city3,855,609
 • Density340/km2 (890/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2017)[1]
1,145,100
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-02
GDP2014[2]
 - TotalCNY 216.05 billion
 - per capitaCNY 54,544
(USD 8,787)
GDP growth rateIncrease 10.5%

As of the 2010 census, Zhuzhou had 3,855,609 inhabitants, of whom 1,055,373 lived in the built-up area (4 urban districts). With Xiangtan areas adjoining Zhuzhou due to be agglomerated in a few years' time, the joint built-up area will be home to 2,933,069 inhabitants. Zhuzhou is located in a subtropical monsoon climate zone and with its abundant mineral and organic resources has one of the highest agricultural yields in Hunan province.

Geography and climateEdit

Zhuzhou has a humid subtropical climate with long, hot summers, and cool to cold, cloudy, damp winters with occasional snow flurries. Within its administrative area, the annual mean temperature is 17.7 °C (63.9 °F), with the coolest month being January, which averages 5.3 °C (41.5 °F), and the hottest July, at 29.5 °C (85.1 °F).

 
Panoramic view of Zhuzhou

Administrative divisionsEdit

Zhuzhou administers five districts, one county-level city and three counties.

Map

GovernmentEdit

The government of Zhuzhou has a structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

The Mayor of Zhuzhou is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Zhuzhou or Zhuzhou Municipal Government. However, in the city's dual party-government governing system, the Mayor has less power than the Communist Party of Zhuzhou Municipal Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the "CPC Party Chief of Zhuzhou" or "Communist Party Secretary of Zhuzhou".

Wu Zhankui served 16 years as the 3rd, 5th and 10th Mayor of Zhuzhou from 1953 to 1955, 1956 to 1968, and 1980 to 1983. He is the longest term Mayor of Zhuzhou.

List of Mayors of Zhuzhou
No. English name Chinese name Took office Left office
1 Yang Dipu 杨第莆 April 1951 July 1951
2 Chen Jichang 陈继昌 July 1951 April 1953
3 Wu Zhankui 吴占魁 April 1953 May 1955
4 Ma Zhuangkun 马壮昆 May 1955 July 1956
5 Wu Zhankui 吴占魁 July 1956 January 1968
7 Wang Daju 王大举 January 1968 October 1968
8 Gao Jitang 高继唐 October 1968 November 1977
9 Zhou Zheng 周政 November 1977 June 1980
10 Wu Zhankui 吴占魁 December 1980 May 1983
11 Xue Houmin 薛厚民 October 1983 December 1984
12 Zhou Jitai 周吉太 May 1985 July 1990
13 Zhou Bohua 周伯华 July 1990 January 1993
14 Wang Tingming 王汀明 January 1993 April 2000
15 Xiao Yayu 肖雅瑜 April 2000 April 2003
16 Yan Shisheng 颜石生 April 2003 April 2007
17 Chen Junwen 陈君文 April 2007 April 2008
18 Chen Junwen 陈君文 January 2008 April 2008
19 Wang Qun 王群 May 2008 January 2009
20 Wang Qun 王群 January 2009 March 2013
21 Mao Tengfei 毛腾飞 May 2013 2016
22 Yang Weiguo 阳卫国 May 2016
List of CPC Party Secretaries of Zhuzhou
No. English name Chinese name Took office Left office
1 Yang Dipu 杨第莆 April 1951 July 1951
2 Chen Jichang 陈继昌 July 1951 November 1952
3 Hou Xiyi 侯锡义 December 1952 June 1954
4 Wang Zhiguo 王治国 June 1954 September 1954
5 Ma Zhuangkun 马壮昆 September 1954 December 1967
6 Gao Jitang 高继唐 October 1968 November 1977
7 Zhou Zheng 周政 November 1977 May 1980
8 Zhu Yuanming 朱远明 May 1980 February 1982
9 Li Zhaomin 李照民 February 1982 May 1983
10 Sun Wensheng 孙文盛 May 1983 July 1984
11 Cao Bochun 曹伯纯 July 1984 May 1990
12 Zhou Jitai 周吉太 June 1990 January 1994
13 Cheng Xinghan 程兴汉 February 1994 April 2000
14 Wang Tingming 王汀明 April 2000 March 2003
15 Xiao Yayu 肖雅瑜 March 2003 March 2008
16 Chen Junwen 陈君文 March 2008 April 2013
17 He Anjie 贺安杰 April 2013 March 2016
18 Mao Tengfei 毛腾飞 March 2016

TransportationEdit

 
Zhuzhou Railway Station in July 2017

Zhuzhou is a very important transportation junction in South China. The Beijing–Guangzhou Railway and the Shanghai–Kunming railway meet here, which makes Zhuzhou Railway Station, conveniently located in downtown Zhuzhou, one of the five special class passenger-and-goods transportation stations in China. On average, a train passes through every three minutes. Zhuzhou North Station is the largest goods transportation marshalling station in South China, with 110 trains and more than 30,000 passengers passing through every day.

The Beijing–Guangzhou high-speed railway serves the city as well. As almost everywhere along this line, the high-speed railway is routed away from the city core. High-speed trains to Guangzhou, Wuhan, Beijing, Xi'an and points in between stop at Zhuzhou West Railway Station, which is located about 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) to the west of downtown Zhuzhou.

As well through its comprehensive railway system, Zhuzhou is connected to the rest of the country by 106 National Highway, 320 National Highway, 211 Provincial Highway,the BeijingZhuhai expressway, the ShanghaiRuili expressway, and three highways linking south Fujian, south Jiangxi and south Hunan Province.

Zhuzhou is 37 kilometres (23 miles) away from Changsha Huanghua International Airport. It takes about 30 minutes to drive to the airport by the Changsha–Zhuzhou Highway.

The Xiang River (Xiangjiang) flows through Zhuzhou, which makes it one of the eight river ports of Hunan Province.

A local rail manufacturer is currently constructing an Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit system (ART), due to open in 2018.

IndustryEdit

 
Xujiaqiao Pedestrian Street

Zhuzhou is the second largest city in Hunan Province; it is an industrial city with four key industries are metallurgy, machine manufacture, chemicals and building materials.

Zhuzhou became one of the eight key national-wide industrial cities in the 1st Five-Year-Plan. four out of 156 key projects were set up in Zhuzhou. Later on, more than 20 important factories were built in Zhuzhou.

Zhuzhou's high-tech industrial development zone was approved by the State Council in December 1992 and was designated in a 35 km2 (14 sq mi) area next to the Xiang River.[4]

 
Chaling County

The high-tech industrial development zone is located less than 10 km (6.2 mi) from China National Highway 320,[5] and provides incentives to encourage investment in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals; construction materials production, food and agricultural processing, heavy industry, and telecommunications equipment production.[5][6]

Building and structuresEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Zhuzhou is twinned with:

  •   Sumgait, Azerbaijan[7]
  •   Fredrikstad, Østfold, Norway and Zhuzhou signed a twin town agreement in 1999 after establishing contact in 1995. The two cities also signed agreements on student and competence exchange and culture. Also, two elementary schools—one in Zhuzhou and one in Fredrikstad—signed an agreement on friendship cooperation.
  •   Durham, North Carolina, United States
  •   Southern Pines, North Carolina, United States; The O'Neal School in Southern Pines, North Carolina has partnered and developed an exchange program with Nanfang High School and Zhuzhou Foreign Language School.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 68. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ 湖南统计信息网 - 株洲市2014年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  3. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Zhuzhou High-tech Park". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Zhuzhou Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  6. ^ Clean Energy Entrepreneurs Face More Obstacles in U.S., New York Times, September 8, 2010
  7. ^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09.