Kaohsiung International Airport
This article is written like a travel guide rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (February 2019)
Kaohsiung International Airport (IATA: KHH, ICAO: RCKH), also known as Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport (高雄小港機場; Gāoxióng xiǎogǎng jīchǎng) for the Siaogang District where it is located, is a medium-sized commercial airport in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Kaohsiung International is the second busiest airport in Taiwan in passenger movements, after Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport.
Kaohsiung International Airport
Gāoxióng Guójì Hángkōngzhàn
|Operator||Civil Aeronautics Administration|
|Location||Siaogang, Kaohsiung, Taiwan|
|Elevation AMSL||9 m / 30 ft|
Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration
Originally built as an Imperial Japanese Army Air Squadron base in 1942 during the Japanese rule era of Taiwan, Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the Republic of China government first took control of Taiwan in 1945. Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, it was demilitarised and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to an international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 1972.
During the 1970s and 1980s, direct international flights were rare at the airport, with Hong Kong and Tokyo being the only two destinations. Since the early 1990s, dedicated connection flights to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport) were inaugurated. This brought southern Taiwan travelers much convenience, as they can transit via the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport where there was a higher availability of international flights. This reduced the inconvenience that travelers in southern Taiwan needed to travel to Taoyuan in the north before flying south. These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger and flight movements. A new terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997.
In summer 1998, EVA Air opened a direct flight between Kaohsiung and Los Angeles, but it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership. Northwest Airlines served Siaogang Airport, operating from Kansai Airport from 1999 to 2001, and Narita Airport from 2002 to 2003. These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load caused by the September 11 attacks and SARS outbreak.
After Taiwan High Speed Rail, the high speed rail line that runs between Taipei and Kaohsiung along Taiwan's western plains, began operation in January 2007, Kaohsiung Airport suffered large reduction in passenger and flight movements. The convenience of Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel were eating up most load factors to Taipei Songshan Airport and Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, caused flights between cities on Taiwan's western plains to cease operation, with the last domestic flight between Taipei-Songshan and Kaohsiung ceased operation on 31 August 2012. The dedicated international connecting flight between Kaohsiung and Taoyuan International Airport stopped on 1 July 2017, after thirty-plus years of operation.
Since December 2008, Kaohsiung Airport has added direct flights to Hangzhou, and has since added flights to Shenzhen, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Changsha, Beijing, Kunming, Zhengzhou, Guilin, Qingdao and Chengdu.
Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals – domestic and international. They are connected by a corridor way.
The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the facility was first opened as a civilian airport. Through the years, it has undergone small expansions and improvements, but jet bridges have never been added. (The domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require jet bridges.) The current domestic terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal in 1997.
The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges. It serves all international and cross-strait flights to China. The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic one.
Airport Facilities and ServicesEdit
Services for People with DisablitiesEdit
Designated disabled parking spaces are available in parking lots. Disabled restrooms located in domestic and international terminals. Wheelchairs available at the Airport Service Counters.
- Wireless Internet: Free wireless internet access is available.
- Internet Online Service: Notebook can be connected to the PC connection points to access the Internet for free. These points are located at the eastern and western sides of the waiting area 3F in the International Terminal, and the waiting area 1F in the Domestic Terminal.
Luggage Storage ServicesEdit
Self-help Luggage Storage: Cloakroom coin boxes are available.
- Domestic Terminal: Baggage, delivery, luggage & storage box.
- International Terminal: third floor eastern side of the departure hall next to the general stores.
Luggage storage, packaging and transport counters: Located at the International Terminal third floor western side of the departure hall next to the catering shops.
- Private Vehicle Lots
- Coach Parking Lots
- Motorcycle Parking Lots
- Domestic Terminal Location：Domestic Terminal 1F
- International Terminal Location：3F, Restricted Area
- International Terminal
- Business Center
- Airport VIP Lounge
China Telecom's service counters are located in the International Terminal. Services include city telephone service, mobile phone service, mobile phone card, ADSL, Hinet, telephone fee inquiry, replenishment, payment, and various kinds of telephone cards are available for purchasing.
Location：International Terminal 3F. Services include the sale of stamps, postal parcels shipping, ATM machines, etc.
Travel insurance and life insurance. International Terminal 3F, departures lobby.
Foreign Currency ExchangeEdit
- Domestic Terminal Location：1F
- International Terminal Location：3F & 1F
Bank of Taiwan Service Counters
- 3F in the International Terminal
- 1F in the International Terminal
Chinese and Western style meals and beverages, convenience stores, Taiwanese southern style street snacks, special Chinese gourmet, Taiwanese beef noodles, coffee, pastry, etc.
Duty-free boutiques, National Museum of History exhibitions center and gift shop, duty-free tobacco and alcohol, and Taiwan agricultural products.
The Service Counter (Requests Wheelchair & Baby Stroller)Edit
The international flight Service Counter is located in a prominent spot on the 3/F concourse. Services include: general inquiry, postal agency, broadcasting services, fax, photocopying, transfer of passenger advice, lost & found and other assistance services. Wheelchairs and baby strollers are available upon requested. In addition, outbound passengers no need to leave ID card or fill out forms if request checking out a baby stroller. The passengers only need to leave the stroller at the boarding lounge or the service counter of the control area before boarding the plane.
Medical services available at the International Flight Terminal 3/F of the Departure Hall. Services include: emergency aid, physiological assessment (i.e. body temperature, respiration, pulse, blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood oxygen level measurements), external injury treatments, health awareness consultation, and seven units of automated external defibrillators.
The Automated External Defibrillator (AED): The airport has installed five units of AEDs at the international flight terminal and 2 units of AEDs at the domestic flight terminal. This enables any passenger in a life-threatening situation to be able to receive emergency aid, simply by following the AED voice guidance, even for non-medically trained persons, before the ambulance arrives, to increase the first aid success rates.
Tax Refund InformationEdit
Kaohsiung International Airport Tax Refund information
Airport Observation DeckEdit
The Airport Observation Deck is located at the window sill spaces next to the airport electric walkway. It has become a recreation area for passengers and citizens to watch the ground operations and the aircraft take off and land.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
Several airlines such as China Airlines and Uni Air operate charter flights from Kaohsiung to many Japanese cities including Asahikawa, Hakodate, Sapporo, Hanamaki, Obihiro, Nagasaki and Kumamoto, mostly during long vacations.
|Republic of China Air Force||Dongsha Island, Taiping Island|
|Uni Air||Dongsha Island|
|Operations and Statistics |
|Rank||Airport||Category||Passengers||% Change 2018 / 17||Carriers|
|1||Hong Kong||International||1,361,195||9.4%||China Airlines, Cathay Dragon|
|2||Penghu||Domestic||838,439||5.5%||Uni Air, Far Eastern Air Transport|
|3||Tokyo–Narita||International||602,818||14.2%||China Airlines, EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan, Japan Airlines, Vanilla Air|
|4||Osaka–Kansai||International||480,225||5.3%||China Airlines, EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan, Peach, Scoot|
|5||Kinmen||Domestic||446,423||6.0%||Uni Air, Far Eastern Air Transport|
|6||Macau||International||382,272||2.1%||EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan, Air Macau|
|7||Seoul–Incheon||International||339,657||43.9%||China Airlines, EVA Air, Jeju Air, T'way Air|
|8||Shanghai–Pudong||International||291,415||1.2%||China Airlines, EVA Air, Juneyao Airlines, Spring Airlines|
|9||Ho Chi Minh City||International||269,026||22.6%||Vietnam Airlines, VietJet Air|
|10||Naha||International||219,588||203.5%||China Airlines, Tigerair Taiwan, Peach|
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On 15 February 1969, a Douglas C-47B B-241 of Far Eastern Air Transport was damaged beyond economic repair in an accident at Kaohsiung International Airport.
- On 27 June 1989, a Cessna 404 Titan of Formosa Airlines on its way to Wang-an, Penghu crashed into nearby Cianjhen District streets shortly after takeoff. All 12 people on board were killed; there were no ground casualties.
- On 23 July 2014, TransAsia Airways Flight 222 took off from Kaohsiung International Airport bound for Magong. The ATR 72-500 crashed into buildings during a second attempt to land in bad weather. Of the 58 people on board, only 10 survived. 5 people on the ground were injured and the crash caused a fire involving two homes.
- Rail: The airport is served by Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Red line at Kaohsiung International Airport, providing access to Taiwan Railways at Kaohsiung main station and Taiwan High Speed Rail at Zuoying. Both terminals are connected.
- Coach: A one-way coach fare from Kaohsiung International Airport to Fangliao and Kenting is available.
- Local bus: Both terminals are served by local buses
- Car rental: a car rental centre is located between the terminals, near the airport bus stop.
- Taxis: Yellow taxis are available. A roaming taxi stop is at right side of International Terminal. There are also 2 Queuing taxi stops can be found at the airport, one is at left side of International Terminal, another one is at the left side of Domestic Terminal.
- "民航運輸各機場營運量－按機場分" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- Hung, Chih-wen (2015). 不沈空母 : 台灣島內飛行場百年發展史 [The history of airfields and airports in Taiwan] (in Chinese). 洪致文. ISBN 9789574325153.
- "History of Taiwan Kaohsiung Airport (KHH): Airport History and Facts, Kaohsiung Area, Taiwan".
- "2016 Annual Report". kia.gov.tw. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
- "民航運輸各機場營運量－按機場分" (PDF). CAA ROC (in Chinese). Retrieved 16 January 2018.
- "國際及兩岸定期航線班機載客率－按航線分" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "國內航線班機載客率－按航空公司及航線分" (PDF). CAA (in Chinese). Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "B-241 Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- Formosa Airlines Archived 19 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Baaa-acro.com.