East China Normal University

East China Normal University (ECNU) is a public university in Shanghai, China. It is affiliated with the Ministry of Education and co-sponsored with the Shanghai Municipal People's Government. The university is part of Project 211, Project 985, and the Double First-Class Construction.

East China Normal University
华东师范大学 (Chinese)
Motto in English
Pursue what we have not been taught, and practice what we are going to teach[1]
TypePublic (National)
Established1951; 73 years ago (1951)
PresidentXuhong Qian
CampusNorth Zhongshan Rd. Campus (1072.25 acres)
Minhang Campus (2071.53 acres)
ColorsEcnu red
Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance
MascotECNU Lions
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese华东师范大学
Traditional Chinese華東師範大學

It was formed in 1951 by the merger of the Great China University (est. 1924) and Kwang Hua University (est. 1925) and originated from the St. John's College founded in 1879. As of 2020, ECNU is organized into 22 schools, colleges, and institutes, located in two campuses throughout Minhang and Putuo.

History edit

Qun Xian Tang in North Zhongshan Road Campus, built in 1929, meaning "a place where talents and scholars assemble".
Former Seal of ECNU.

Origins edit

East China Normal University traces its roots to the formation of St. John's College (later to become St. John's University) in 1879, and its heritage has had a deep influence in the development of Chinese modern higher education.[2]

In 1879, St. John's College was founded by William Jones Boone and Joseph Schereschewsky, Bishop of Shanghai, by combining two pre-existing Anglican colleges in Shanghai. In 1905, the college became St. John's University and was registered in Washington D.C. in the United States. It was the first institution to grant bachelor's degrees in China, starting in 1907.

After the May Thirtieth Movement in 1925, some academics and students left the St. John's University, later forming the private Kwang Hua University to support the labor and anti-imperialist movement during the middle period of the Republic of China era.

In 1924, after a student protest at the Xiamen University in Fujian some academics fled north to Shanghai, where they established what became the Great China University (also known as Daxia University).

Establishment of the university edit

Siqun Auditorium built in 1946, named in memory of Wang Boqun, former president of the Great China University and the first Minister of Communications.

After the founding of the People's Republic of China, East China Normal University was officially formed in 1951 by the merger of the Great China University and the Kwang Hua University, and was joined at the same time by a number of faculty members from Fudan University, Tongji University, University of Shanghai and East China PE Academy, making it the first national teacher’s training university of the People's Republic of China. This was done in part due to the government's desire to pool these institutions' resources into a single, stronger entity, cultivate talents with professional knowledge, and promote the development of education in the country.

In the 1950s, the Chinese government regrouped the country's higher education institutions in an attempt to build a Soviet-style system. Under this policy, most of the faculties from Saint John's University, Zhejiang University, University of Shanghai, Utopia University, and Aurora University were incorporated into ECNU to form a comprehensive multi-disciplinary university. Some of the academics at the Tongji University and Jiaotong University were also transferred to ECNU.[3]

In March 1959, ECNU was authenticated as one of the first 16 National Key Universities in China, and this status was reaffirmed in 1978. From 1972 to 1980 (during the Cultural Revolution in mainland China), five schools including ECNU were merged to create Shanghai Normal University, and in 1980 its original name was resumed.[4]

Diploma of East China Normal University, 1953.

1980 to present edit

University Library, Minhang Campus.

In June 1986, ECNU was selected to be one of the first 33 higher education institutions authorized, by the State Council, to establish their graduate schools. In 1996, ECNU passed the prerequisites appraisal and became one of universities sponsored by the major national program "Project 211". In 2006, the Ministry of Education and Shanghai Municipality signed into a partnership for co-sponsoring the development of the university, qualifying ECNU as a member of the "Project 985".

ECNU is now under the direct auspices of the Ministry of Education. The university sponsors or supervises publication of more than 20 academic journals and periodicals. The library collection exceeds 4,000,000 volumes. 25 primary or secondary schools are affiliated to the university.

International partnerships edit

The university has established strategic cooperative partnership with universities such as École Normale Supérieure and its group in France, the University of Pennsylvania and Cornell University in USA, Tokyo University and Kobe University in Japan, and the University of Melbourne in Australia, the University of Warwick in the UK, etc. It has been carrying out academic exchanges with over 150 universities and institutions of Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan, the United States, Canada, Australia, Korea, and Russia, etc. ECNU plays host to a CIEE satellite campus, where 100 American college students study each semester. The university also runs an Online College of the Chinese language in collaboration with the National Office for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language (NOCFL), which is the first of its kind to be established in the country with over 5,800 students in 137 countries and regions. In 2008, it set up the NOCFL Study and Training Base for International Chinese Teachers.

Study China Programme edit

Along with several other Chinese universities, East China Normal University has hosted the United Kingdom (UK) government-funded Study China Programme for a number of years.[11] In this programme, students from UK institutions spend one to two summer months studying Mandarin Chinese and Chinese culture at a university in China. The programme is organised by the University of Manchester and is fully funded by UK government bodies, such as the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills. Its purpose is to strengthen ties between UK university students and China, in particular as relatively few British students enroll in degrees in China. The programme has increased relations between ECNU and numerous leading UK universities.[12]

Diplomats' Program edit

Sponsored by Shanghai Municipal Education Commission and Shanghai Foreign Affairs Office, the Diplomats' Program has been organized by ECNU since 2011. In this program, consular officials from over 20 countries spend two months during summer studying at East China Normal University.[13]

Academics edit

Putuo Campus central arch

At present the university is made up of 24 full-time schools and colleges, 2 unconventional colleges and 5 advanced research institutes, with 58 departments offering 79 undergraduate programs. The university also comprises 3 affiliated schools: NYU Shanghai, Asia-Europe Business School and ECNU-UNC School of Sino-American Innovative Education.

Full-time schools and colleges edit

  • Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Economics and Management
  • School of Humanities and Social Science
  • School of Social Development
  • School of Foreign Languages
  • International College of Chinese Studies
  • School of Psychology and Cognitive Science
  • Preschool and Special Education School
  • School of Sports and Health
  • School of Communication
  • School of Art
  • School of Design
  • School of Urban and Regional Science
  • School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences
  • School of Geographic Sciences
  • School of Life Sciences
  • School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering
  • School of Science and Engineering
  • School of Information Science and Technology
  • School of Computer Science and Software Engineering
  • International Teachers College of Chinese Language and Culture
  • Meng Xiancheng College (Teachers College)
  • School of Data Science and Engineering

Unconventional colleges edit

  • College of Continuing Education
  • College of Distance Education

Advanced research institutes edit

  • Institute of Estuary and Coastal Research
  • Institute for Advanced International and Regional Studies
  • Institute for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies
  • Institute of Arts
  • Si-mian Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities

The Software Engineering Institute is one of the 35 statewide pilot schools of software engineering granted by Ministry of Education in 2001; the International College of Chinese Studies is among the eight State Bases for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language, certified by the Ministry of Education. ECNU is designated as one of the National Liberal Arts and Basic Sciences Training and Research Bases in its disciplines of Chinese, History, Mathematics, Geography, Psychology and Physics.

ECNU's Business School was founded by the pioneer of China's Economics and Financing studies, Prof. Chen Biao Ru. Hence, the Business School of ECNU inherited the good tradition and enjoys top reputation in the economic and financial circle in China.

The Ministry of Education's Training Center for Secondary School Principals at ECNU is a state base for the training of secondary school principals in Mainland China and advanced studies of those in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. ECNU is the only university in China designated as a national training center for elite secondary school principals and enjoys the reputation as the "Whampoa Military Academy" for secondary school principals.[citation needed]

Research edit

University Auditorium.

The university is officially authorized to offer programs:

  • in two of the Primary Disciplines and five of the Sub-Disciplines, which are enlisted as National Key Disciplines;
  • in five of the disciplines, which are enlisted as Preparatory National Key Disciplines,
  • in 12 disciplines enlisted as Shanghai Key Disciplines.

Key laboratories edit

It has two State Key Laboratories, one National Field Observation and Research Station, six Key Labs or Engineering Centers, and six Key Research Bases for Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education. ECNU is authorized to offer 112 doctoral programs covering 14 Primary Disciplines, 178 master's programs in six specialties, i.e., Education, Public Administration, Engineering, Physical Education and Business Administration, and to set up 14 post-doctoral mobile research stations.

State key laboratories edit

  • State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research[14]
  • State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy[15]

Key laboratories of provincial level and ministerial level edit

  • Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Ministry of Education
  • Key Laboratory of Geography-Information Science, Ministry of Education
  • Shanghai Institute of Brain Functional Genomics[16]
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Regulatory Biology[17]
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Green Chemical Process
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Trustworthy Computing[17]

Key research bases in humanities and social science edit

  • Institute of Curriculum and Instruction[18]
  • Institute of Modern Chinese Thought and Culture
  • Center for Russian Studies
  • Center for the Study of Chinese Characters and Their Applications[19]
  • Institute of Schooling Reform and Development[20]
  • Center for Modern Chinese City Studies[17][21]

Joint Research Centre edit

Faculty and staff edit

ECNU has a faculty body of over 4,000, among whom there are 2000 full-time teachers (including over 1,200 professors or associate professors), 14 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences or Chinese Academy of Engineering (six of them are academicians of both academies), 11 members of the State Council Academic Appraisal Committee, eight specially hired professors or lecture professors for the Yangtze Scholar Award Program sponsored by the Ministry of Education, nine "state-level talents" chosen by the New-Century Talents Project, ten National Outstanding Youth Fund award winner, 80 specially hired professors or lecture professors for ECNU's Zijiang Scholar Award Program, and 105 tenured professors.[citation needed]

Campus edit

With campuses in Minhang and Putuo District totalling an area of over 220 hectares.

North Zhongshan Road Campus (Putuo Campus) edit

The previous main campus was located in the Putuo District of Shanghai, formerly a campus of the Great China University. The campus is an enclosed campus of gardens, lawns, and historic buildings interspersed with modern facilities, in a location in downtown Shanghai. The university also provides transportation by shuttle bus to its new Minhang Campus.

The campus still houses a variety of scientific research institutions, such as State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research and State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy.

The university's athletic facilities include an outdoor track, outdoor basketball courts, indoor basketball courts, and indoor tennis and badminton courts.

Minhang Campus edit

The Minhang new campus is located in the Minhang District on the outskirts of metropolitan Shanghai. Most administrative and academic framework of the university and the majority of undergraduate and graduate students are situated at this campus, which is accompanied by the Minhang Campus of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

Rankings and reputation edit

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[25]201-300 (2022)
QS World[26]501-510 (2021)
QS Employability[27]301-350 (2020)
THE World[28]301-350 (2022)
THE Reputation[29]151-175 (2020)
USNWR Global[30]321 (2023)
Regional – Overall
THE Asia[31]61 (2021)
THE Emerging Economies[32]29 (2022)
USNWR Asia[33]59 (2023)
National – Overall
THE National[34]13 (2021)

ECNU has always been ranked the top two or three among the mainland Chinese universities in Education and Training according to the most recent QS World University Rankings by Subjects[35] and Academic Ranking of World Universities by Subjects.[36]

In 2021, it was ranked 37th globally in the Times Higher Education Rankings by Subjects in "Education",[37] which is historical strengths of the university as suggested in the name "Normal". East China Normal graduates employability rankings placed at # 151-200 in the world in the 2017 QS Graduate Employability Rankings.[38] Globally, East China Normal University is regarded as a competitive university with a good reputation Chinese universities by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings where it ranked 151-175th.[39]

Global University Rankings of ECNU:

Admission edit

East China Normal University is a highly selective university that only accepts students with a National College Entrance Examination score in the top 0.5%.[43]

Notable people edit

Alumni edit

Writer edit

Academics edit

In politics edit

In business and media edit

In sport edit

Study abroad edit

Notable faculty members edit

  • Meng Xiancheng: Educator, the first president of East China Normal University.
  • Li Linsi: Educator and diplomat who has been recognized as one of the key figures in modern Chinese cultural and diplomatic history.
  • Shen Zhihua: Professor of history at ECNU, expert in the history of the Soviet Union, Sino-Soviet relations, and the Cold War.
  • Lü Simian: Chinese historian, former professor of history at ECNU.
  • Shi Zhecun: Author, former professor of Chinese Language and Literature.
  • Hu Huanyong: Demographer, forefather of modern Chinese demography and the founder of China's population geography.
  • He Jifeng: Computer scientist, member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • Ghil'ad Zuckermann: Linguist, revivalist.

Alumni associations edit

  • East China Normal University Alumni Association[45]
  • East China Normal University Alumni Association in US[46]
  • East China Normal University Alumni Association in North California[47]

Addresses edit

  • North Zhongshan Road (Putuo) Campus: 3663 North Zhongshan Road, Shanghai 200062, P.R. China.
  • Minhang Campus: 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, P.R. China.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "童世骏|走出校门时,请带着校训一起远行". Retrieved 2017-05-22.. News.ecnu.edu.cn. Retrieved 2017-05-22.
  2. ^ "Foreword to the First Issue of ECNU Review". ECNU. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  3. ^ "History". Retrieved 2017-05-22.. English.ecnu.edu.cn (1951-10-16). Retrieved 2017-05-22.
  4. ^ About ECNU Archived 2012-07-02 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Joint Graduate Program with ENS Group – ECNU". Archived from the original on 2015-07-05. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  6. ^ "ENS Cachan – Ouverture internationale". Archived from the original on 5 March 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  7. ^ "The ENS in Shanghai". Archived from the original on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  8. ^ "Shanghai Campus". Archived from the original on 2012-09-19. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  9. ^ "New Cornell-China center for humanities will foster interdisciplinary research". USA: Cornell University. October 2008. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  10. ^ "First Sino-US university to open in 2013". University World News. 8 April 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  11. ^ "Study China Programme Partnership Universities and locations". Study China. UK. Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  12. ^ University of Oxford, The Study China Programme, 2013.
  13. ^ "Study in Shanghai—Shanghai Summer School". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  14. ^ State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, China.
  15. ^ State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, China.
  16. ^ Shanghai Institute of Brain Functional Genomics Archived 2008-03-02 at the Wayback Machine, China.
  17. ^ a b c East China Normal University Archived 2010-02-27 at the Wayback Machine, China. (in English)
  18. ^ Institute of Curriculum and Instruction Archived 2007-12-08 at the Wayback Machine, China.
  19. ^ Center for the Study of Chinese Characters and Their Applications[permanent dead link], China.
  20. ^ Institute of Schooling Reform and Development Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine, China.
  21. ^ Center for Modern Chinese City Studies Archived 2007-08-06 at the Wayback Machine, China.
  22. ^ "提示信息". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  23. ^ "提示信息". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  24. ^ "提示信息". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  25. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2022 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2022 | Top 1000 universities | Shanghai Ranking - 2021".
  26. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2021".
  27. ^ "QS Graduate Employability Rankings 2020". Top Universities.
  28. ^ "World University Rankings 2021". Times Higher Education. 25 August 2020.
  29. ^ "THE Reputation World University Rankings 2020". 30 October 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  30. ^ "US News Best Global Universities in China 2023". Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  31. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2021". Times Higher Education. 18 May 2021.
  32. ^ "THE Emerging University Rankings 2022". 15 October 2021.
  33. ^ "US News Asia University Rankings 2023". Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  34. ^ "World University Rankings". 25 August 2020.
  35. ^ "Education". Top Universities. 2020-02-25. Retrieved 2020-10-02.
  36. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2022-08-12.
  37. ^ "World University Rankings 2022 by subject: education". Times Higher Education. 2021-09-28. Retrieved 2021-10-19.
  38. ^ "Graduate Employability Rankings 2017 | Top Universities". Archived from the original on 2017-10-14.
  39. ^ "World Reputation Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2021-10-25. Retrieved 2021-10-29.
  40. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Academic Ranking of World Universities". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2022-11-01.
  41. ^ "2023 U.S. News & World Report Best Global Universities East China Normal University". U.S. News & World Report. 2022-10-24. Retrieved 2022-10-31.
  42. ^ "East China Normal University". Times Higher Education. 2020-09-18. Retrieved 2020-10-20.
  43. ^ "青春人院 扬帆起航——记第二十一期人才学院开班仪式-华东师范大学". ECNU official.
  44. ^ Tunison, John (2011-01-21). "Jenison area man who took money, allegedly intending to spy for China, sentenced to four years". MLive. Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  45. ^ East China Normal University Alumni Association, China.
  46. ^ East China Normal University Alumni Association in US, China.
  47. ^ East China Normal University Alumni Association in North California, China.

External links edit

31°13′41″N 121°24′00″E / 31.22806°N 121.40000°E / 31.22806; 121.40000