Václav Havel Airport Prague
Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Letiště Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyně International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní letiště Praha-Ruzyně, Czech pronunciation: [ˈpraɦa ˈruzɪɲɛ]) (IATA: PRG, ICAO: LKPR), is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. The airport was founded in 1937, when it replaced the Kbely Airport (founded in 1918). It was reconstructed and extended in 1956, 1968, 1997, and 2006. In 2012, it was renamed after the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first President of Czech Republic Václav Havel. It is located in the edge of Prague-Ruzyně area, next to Kněževes village, 12 km (7 mi) west of the centre of Prague and 12 km (7 mi) southeast of the city Kladno.
Václav Havel Airport Prague
Letiště Václava Havla Praha
|Operator||Letiště Praha, Ltd.|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||1,234 ft / 376 m|
Prague–Ruzyně Airport began operations on 5 April 1937, but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in Prague–Kbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.
Due to insufficient capacity of Kbely Airport by the mid-1930s, the government decided to develop a new state civil airport in Ruzyně. One of the major awards Prague Ruzyně Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Adolf Benš.
In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of 20–21 August 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.
Moreover, the Ruzyně fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.
The political and economic changes affected the seventy years of existence of Prague–Ruzyně Airport. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three-decade gaps before the major modernisation of Prague–Ruzyně Airport began to match the current capacity requirements.
An online petition organised by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Fenič, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyně Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted – in just one week after 20 December 2011 – the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic. A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport. This name change took place on 5 October 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. However, the PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.
As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005), further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Letiště Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 5–7 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) was to be put into service in 2010. However, because of many legal problems and the protests of people who live close to the airport premises, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.
It will be over 3,500 m (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 m (4,921 ft) southeast of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.
Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs – Nebušice and Přední Kopanina – giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.
The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.
General runway reconstructionEdit
The main runway 06/24 was reconstructed from 2012 - 2013 due to poor technical conditions. During reconstruction, runway 12/30 was the only usable runway as runway 04/22 is closed permanently. The runway reconstruction was originally planned for three stages. The first stage in 2012, the second stage in 2013 and the last stage in 2014. However, runway 12/30 (which would be used during the reconstruction of the main runway) is not equipped for low visibility landings as it offers only ILS CAT I landings. In addition, the approach path of runway 12/30 goes above high-density population areas (such as Prague 6 and Kladno). Therefore, the second and the third stage of the runway reconstruction had to be merged so the works could be finished in 2013.
Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility. Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.
- Terminal 1 is used for flights outside the Schengen Area; it was opened in 1968 and rebuilt in 1997, it includes concourses A and B
- Terminal 2 is used for flights within the Schengen area; it was opened on 17 January 2006, it includes concourses C and D
- Terminal 3 is used for private and charter flights; it was opened in 1997
- Terminal 4 is used exclusively for VIP flights and state visits; it is the oldest part of the airport which was opened on 5 April 1937.
There are also two freight terminals, Cargo Terminal 1 is operated by Menzies Aviation Czech while Cargo Terminal 2 is operated by Skyport.
The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only. The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.
The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Letiště Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatisation process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Letiště Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Letiště Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company. The head office of Prague Airport is in Prague 6. The former state-owned enterprise had its head office on the airport property.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Budapest, Doha|
Annual passenger numbersEdit
The top 15 destinations by passengers handled in 2019 were:
|2||Paris–Charles de Gaulle||740,439||712,414|
Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building, on the grounds of Prague Airport. On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.
There are a number of drinking water fountains across the airport departure halls for travellers to refill their reusable water bottles.
Buses of DPP, the Prague Public Transit Co., stop at both terminals 1 and 2 frequently.
There are plans to build a rail connection to the airport. Preliminary work commenced in 2018, with procurement proceedings launched the following year. Main construction is likely to start around 2023.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On 19 February 1973, Aeroflot Flight 141, during approach a Tupolev Tu-154 crashed half a kilometre short of the airport. While most of the passengers survived the crash many died in the fire that followed. Altogether 66 people died from the 100 passengers and crew. The crash was the first loss of and the first fatal accident involving a Tu-154.
- On 30 October 1975, Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 450, a Douglas DC-9-32 hit high ground during an approach in fog to Prague Ruzyně Airport. 75 of the 120 passengers and crew on board were killed.
- On 29 March 1989, two teenagers from Czechoslovakia armed with grenades and shotguns hijacked Malév Flight 640 at Prague Ruzyně Airport, and forced the Tupolev Tu-154B with 15 hostages to fly to Frankfurt Airport in West Germany before surrendering.
- Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit
- "Letiště Václava Havla Praha odbavilo za rok 2019 rekordních 17,8 milionů cestujících". Retrieved 16 January 2020.
- "Traffic Report - December 2019" (PDF). Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- "AIP Czech Republic Praha/Ruzyně" (PDF). Retrieved 2 April 2017.
- "Rekordní rok pro pražské letiště? Odbavit má přes 17 milionů lidí, otevře novou komerční zónu". iROZHLAS (in Czech). Retrieved 9 January 2019.
- "History of Václav Havel Airport Prague". Vaclav Havel Airport Prague, Ruzyne. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- Oxford Index, from A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture in Oxford Reference. Retrieved 23 July 2017
- "Letiště Václava Havla". Vaclavhavelairport.com. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Blogy a názory - Aktuálně.cz » Chyba!". Blog.aktualne.centrum.cz. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Parallel runway | Václav Havel Airport Prague, Ruzyně". Prg.aero. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Předplatné MF DNES". Zpravy.idnes.cz. 17 August 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Aerodrome Chart - ICAO" (PDF). Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- "Generální oprava | Letiště Václava Havla Praha, Ruzyně". Prg.aero. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Main Runway at Václav Havel Airport Prague Now Back in Service | Václav Havel Airport Prague, Ruzyně". Prg.aero. 30 September 2013. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Jak se začalo létat z našeho největšího letiště a co ho čeká do budoucna". iDNES.cz. 5 April 2017.
- "About us | Václav Havel Airport Prague, Ruzyně". Prg.aero. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Contacts | Václav Havel Airport Prague, Ruzyně". Prg.aero. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Airport Prague - Basic information". 14 August 2006. Archived from the original on 14 August 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Letiště Praha, s.p. - Základní informace". 29 August 2006. Archived from the original on 29 August 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Transat Introduces New European Destination: Prague - Yahoo Finance". Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Arkia Israeli Airlines nabídnou na podzim lety do Prahy". airways.cz. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
- csa.cz - Destinations retrieved 10 February 2019
- "Smartwings Group obnovují další letecká spojení nejen do Středomoří, novinkou je pravidelná linka ČSA na Heathrow". smartwings.cz. 28 May 2020.
- "Israel's El Al to drop UP budget brand". ch-aviation.com. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- Liu, Jim. "FlyArmenia files provisional network from Dec 2020 including Los Angeles". Routesonline. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
- "Luxair Resumes Prague Service from late-Mar 2016". Routesonline.com. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- Milan Hnátek (22 April 2014). "Pegasus ještě nezačal létat a již fvyvolal rozruch". ČeskoTurecko.cz.
- "Ryanair to Launch New Corfu – Prague Route for Summer 2020". GTP Headlines. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- "Ryanair Launches 14 New Routes in Greece for Summer 2020 | Ryanair's Corporate Website".
- "Ryanair Launches Record Prague Summer 19 Schedule". Ryanair. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
- "Sichuan Airlines Scheduled Prague Service from Aug 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- "SkyUp". skyup.aero.
- "Flight schedule". smartwings.com.
- Liu, Jim. "Smartwings adds Prague – Bodrum seasonal service from May 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
- Liu, Jim. "SunExpress S20 network additions as of 22OCT19". Routesonline. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
- "Ural Airlines schedules new Moscow Zhukovsky – Europe routes from Dec 2018". routesonline.com. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- ""Уральские авиалинии" с 18 сентября начнут летать из Перми в Прагу". Interfax-Tourism. 31 July 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- Liu, Jim (15 August 2019). "Ural Airlines adds Perm – Prague service from Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- Liu, Jim (19 December 2019). "Ural Airlines adds Rostov – Prague service from Feb 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
- Liu, Jim. "Wizz Air S20 new routes addition as of 09JUN20". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
- "WIZZ – Dream more. Live more. Be more". wizzair.com. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- airlineroutemaps.com - UPS retrieved 24 July 2020
- qrcargo.com retrieved 24 July 2020
- turkishcargo.com - Flight Schedule retrieved 24 July 2020
- "Airport: Praha-Ruzyne NUMBER OF PASSENGERS" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Airport: Prague-Ruzyne, NUMBER OF AIRCRAFT MOVEMENTS" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "Airport: Praha-Ruzyne NUMBER OF AIRCRAFT MOVEMENTS" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report 2006" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report 2007" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report 2008" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report 2009" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report 2010" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report 2011" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report 2012" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report 2013" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report December 2014" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report December 2015" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Report December 2016" (PDF). Prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Prague Airport Traffic Reports | Václav Havel Airport Prague, Ruzyně" (PDF). prg.aero. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2017.
- "Traffic Report - December 2018" (PDF). Prague Airport. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "Traffic Report 2019" (PDF). Prg.aero. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "Air passenger transport between the main airports of Czechia and their main partner airports (routes data)". Eurostat. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- "The Settlement of Land Relations between Czech Airlines and the Prague Airport Authority to Increase the Value of Both Companies Prior to their Privatisation." Czech Airlines. 22 August 2008. Retrieved on 15 February 2010.
- "Imprint Archived 1 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine." Czech Airlines. Retrieved on 4 February 2010. "Letiště Ruzyně Prague 6 160 08 Czech republic"
- Heijmans, Philip. "Czech Airlines sells headquarters to Prague Airport Archived 2 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine." The Prague Post. 6 January 2010. Retrieved on 31 January 2014.
- "Contacts." Travel Service Airlines. Retrieved on 14 November 2011. "Travel Service, a. s. K Letišti 1068/30 160 08 Prague 6 Czech Republic"
- "Contact Archived 20 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine." Smart Wings. Retrieved on 19 February 2012. "Office at Prague airport K letisti 1068/30 160 08 Praha 6 Czech Republic"
- Home page. Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved on 25 February 2012. "Postal and visitor's address: Civil Aviation Authority Czech Republic Václav Havel Airport Prague 160 08 Praha 6"
- Ivanovic, Christian. "Water fountain Gate C3 - Departures Hall - Václav Havel Airport Prague". Waterly.org.
- "Prague airport rail link plan finalised". 6 August 2015.
- "Rail connection to Prague airport comes step closer | Radio Prague". Radio Praha.
- "New stage of Prague airport rail link project". RailTech.com. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- Accident description for Cccp-85023 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 31 December 2016.
- "Accident Details : Cairns Airport : Commair". Planecrashinfo.com. 23 October 1975. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "2 Czech Youths Hijack Jetliner to West Germany". Los Angeles Times. 30 March 1989. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
Media related to Prague Ruzyně Airport at Wikimedia Commons