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The Ministry of Development (MFOM) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for preparing and implementing the government policy on land, air and maritime transport infrastructure and the control, planning and regulation of the transport services on this areas. It is also responsible for guaranteeing access to housing; urban, soil and architecture policies; planning and controlling the postal and telegraph services, directing the services related to astronomy, geodesy, geophysics and mapping, and planning and programing the government investments on infrastructure and services related to this scope.[2] The Ministry is headquarters are in the New Ministries government complex.

Ministry of Development
Ministerio de Fomento
Logotipo del Ministerio de Fomento.svg
Madrid - Nuevos Ministerios 03.JPG
Main headquarters
Agency overview
FormedNovember 5, 1832; 186 years ago (1832-11-05) (as Secretary of State and of the Dispatch of General Development of the Realm)
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionGovernment of Spain
Headquarters67, Paseo de la Castellana, Madrid (Spain)
Annual budget2009 €10,595,590,030 [1]
Agency executive
WebsiteFomento.es

MIFOM is headed by the Minister of Development, who is appointed by the King of Spain at request of the Prime Minister, after hearing the Council of Ministers. The Minister is assisted by two main officials, the Secretary of State for Infraestructure, Transport and Housing and the Under Secretary of Development. Other senior officials of the ministry include the Secretary General for Infrastructure, the Secretary General for Transport and the Secretary General for Housing. The current Development Minister is José Luis Ábalos Meco since 7 June 2018.[3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

First yearsEdit

The Ministry of Development was created in 5 November 1832[4] with the name of Secretary of State and of the Dispatch of General Development of the Realm. and with Victoriano de Encima as Acting Minister. Its scope of competence was very broad and included areas of government policy that, over the years, would be splintered in the Ministries of Education, Culture, Agriculture, Interior, Health, Industry and Trade. On May 13, 1834 the ministry was renamed «of the Interior»[5] and in December 1835 «Secretary of State and of the Dispatch of the Governance of the Realm».[6]

New ministriesEdit

The first time that the competencies split was in January 1847.[7] The competencies of the Ministry of the Governance of the Realm over public works, education and charity were transferred to the new Ministry of Trade, Instruction and Public Works and in 1851 officially acquired the name of Ministry of Development. Around 1869 the Ministry was composed of the Directorate-General for Public Instruction and the Directorate-General for Public Works, Agriculture, Industry and Trade. A year later the National Geographic Institute was created, which is incorporated from the first moment to this Ministry.[8]

 
The old emblem of the Ministry of Public Works.

In 1900, the Education and Culture areas were torn apart from Development, when the Ministry of Public Instruction was created. For five years, the Department was named Agriculture, Industry, Trade and Public Works, with powers over railroads, roads, canals, ports, lighthouses and beacons, as well as agriculture, industry and trade. These last three areas of activity were attributed to the new Ministry of National Economy in 1928, maintaining public works, railways, mines, forestry, fishing and hunting.

After the advent of the Second Republic, and by virtue of the Decree of December 16, 1931, the name of the Ministry of Public Works was adopted. It had an Undersecretariat and three Directorates-Generals: Railways, Trams and Mechanical Road Transport; Roads and Hydraulic Works and the Central Service of Ports and Maritime Signals. The structure was maintained for almost half a century, albeit with partial modifications: in 1968 the Technical General Secretariat was created; the Directorate-General for Railways, Trams and Mechanical Transport by Road was renamed Directorate-General for Land Transport and the Directorate-General for Roads and Hydraulic Works was renamed Directorate-General for Roads.

Democratic stageEdit

Major changes occur during the Constituent Legislature. Between July 1977 and March 1991, the competences of the original department remain divided in two: On the one hand, the Ministry of Public Works and Urbanism (with the incorporation of the competences in matter of housing and the Directorate-General for Territorial Action and Environment, coming from Office of the Prime Minister) and on the other hand, the Ministry of Transport and Communications (since 1981, also Tourism). In 1990, the environmental issue was given greater importance, with the creation of the General Secretariat for Environment.

It was not until the third government of Felipe González when the merger occurred again (except for the Tourism area), by Royal Decree 576/1991, of April 21, with Josep Borrell as minister of the Department (who in 1993 incorporated to its denomination the term 'Environment'). With the arrival of José María Aznar to the Government, the old denomination of Ministry of Development was recovered and it is created, for the first time in Spain, a Ministry of Environment which assumed those competences.

Since then, the competencies has been practically the same with little modifications like the lost of the telecoms functions in 2000 and the lost of housing functions between 2004 and 2010.

 
José Luis Ábalos, current Spanish Minister of Development

StructureEdit

The Ministry of Development employs the following bodies:[2]

  • The Secretariat of State for Infrastructure, Transport and Housing.
    • The General Secretariat for Infrastructure.
      • The Directorate-General for Roads.
      • The Railway Expropriations Division.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for Railway Planning.
    • The General Secretariat for Transport.
      • The Directorate-General for Civil Aviation.
      • The Directorate-General for Land Transport.
      • The Directorate-General for the Merchant Marine.
      • The Transport Studies and Technology Division.
    • The General Secretariat for Housing.
      • The Directorate-General for Architecture, Housing and Soil.
      • The Deputy Directorate-General for Housing Policy and Aid.
    • The Emergency and Crisis Management and Coordination Unit.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for Infrastructure and Transport Planning.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for International Relations.
  • The Undersecretariat of Development.

Ministry agencies and enterprisesEdit

List of MinistersEdit

Period Took office Left office Name Party
Reign of
Ferdinand VII
(1814–1833)
28 December 1832 21 October 1833 Narciso Heredia y Begines de los Ríos (14)
Regency of
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
(1833–1840)
21 October 1833 17 April 1834 Javier de Burgos (11)
17 April 1833 17 February 1835 José María Moscoso y Quiroga (11)
17 February 1833 13 June 1835 Diego Medrano y Treviño (Interin)(11)
13 June 1835 28 August 1835 Juan Álvarez Guerra (13)
28 August 1835 14 September 1835 Manuel de la Riva Herrera (13)
14 September 1835 27 September 1835 Ramón Gil de la Cuadra (13)
27 September 1835 15 May 1836 Martín de los Heros(13)
Reign of
Isabella II
(1833–1868)
28 January 1847 28 March 1847 Mariano Roca de Togores y Carrasco (12)
28 March 1847 31 August 1847 Nicomedes Pastor Díaz (12)
31 August 1847 3 November 1847 Antonio Ros de Olano (12)
10 November 1847 31 August 1847 Juan Bravo Murillo (12)
31 August 1847 29 November 1850 Manuel Seijas Lozano (12)
29 November 1850 14 January 1851 Saturnino Calderón Collantes (12)
14 January 1851 5 April 1851 Santiago Fernández Negrete (12)
5 April 1851 20 October 1851 Fermín Arteta (12)
20 October 1851 15 November 1852 Mariano Miguel de Reynoso (12)(9)
15 November 1852 14 December 1852 Manuel Bertrán de Lis y Ribes(Interin)(9)
14 December 1852 19 February 1853 Rafael Arístegui y Vélez (Interin)(9)
19 February 1853 14 April 1853 Antonio de Benavides (Interim)(9)
14 April 1853 21 June 1853 Pablo Govantes (Interin)(9)
21 June 1853 1 August 1853 Claudio Moyano(9)
1 August 1853 18 July 1853 Agustín Esteban Collantes (9)
18 July 1854 30 July 1854 Miguel de Roda(9)
30 July 1854 6 June 1855 Francisco de Luján Miguel Romero (9)
6 June 1855 15 January 1856 Manuel Alonso Martínez (9)
15 January 1856 14 July 1856 Francisco de Luján Miguel Romero (9)
14 July 1856 12 October 1854 José Manuel Collado y Parada (9)
12 October 1856 15 October 1857 Claudio Moyano (9)
15 October 1857 14 January 1858 Pedro Salaverría (9)
15 January 1858 30 June 1858 Joaquín Ignacio Mencos (9)
30 June 1856 21 November 1861 Rafael de Bustos y Castilla-Portugal (9)
21 November 1861 18 February 1862 José Posada Herrera (Interin)(9)
18 February 1862 17 January 1863 Antonio Aguilar y Correa (9)
17 January 1863 2 March 1863 Francisco de Luján Miguel Romero (9)
3 March 1863 4 August 1863 Manuel Moreno López (9)
4 August 1863 17 January 1864 Manuel Alonso Martínez (9)
17 January 1864 1 March 1864 Claudio Moyano(9)
1 March 1864 16 September 1864 Augusto Ulloa(9)
16 September 1864 16 April 1865 Antonio Alcalá Galiano(9)
16 April 1865 21 June 1865 Manuel Orovio Echagüe (9)
21 June 1865 10 July 1866 Antonio Aguilar y Correa (9)
10 July 1866 23 April 1868 Manuel Orovio Echagüe (9)
23 April 1866 20 September 1868 Severo Catalina del Amo (9)
Junta Revolucionaria Interina
(1868)
8 October 1868 13 July 1869 Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla (9)
13 July 1869 4 January 1871 José de Echegaray (9)
Reign of
Amadeo I
(1871–1873)
4 January 1871 24 July 1871 Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla (9)
24 July 1871 5 October 1871 Santiago Diego Madrazo (9)
5 October 1871 21 December 1871 Telesforo Romero Robledo (9)
21 December 1871 20 February 1872 Alejandro Groizard (9)
20 February 1872 26 May 1872 Francisco Romero Robledo (9)
26 May 1872 13 June 1872 Víctor Balaguer (9)
13 June 1872 19 December 1872 José de Echegaray (9)
19 December 1872 12 February 1873 Manuel Becerra y Bermúdez (9)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Estanislao Figueras
(1873)
12 February 1873 24 February 1873 Manuel Becerra y Bermúdez (9)
24 February 1873 11 June 1873 Eduardo Chao (9)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Francisco Pi y Margall
(1873)
11 June 1873 28 June 1873 Eduardo Benot (9)
28 June 1873 18 July 1873 Ramón Pérez Costales (9)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Nicolás Salmerón
(1873)
19 July 1873 4 September 1873 José Fernando González (9)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Emilio Castelar
(1873–1874)
4 September 1873 3 January 1874 Joaquín Gil Bergés (9)
First Spanish Republic. Presidency of
Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
(1873)
4 January 1874 13 May 1874 Tomás María Mosquera (9)
13 May 1874 3 September 1874 Eduardo Alonso Colmenares (9)
3 September 1874 31 December 1874 Carlos Navarro Rodrigo (9)
Reign of
Alfonso XII
(1874–1885)
31 December 1874 12 September 1875 Manuel Orovio Echagüe (9)
12 September 1875 2 December 1875 Cristóbal Martín de Herrera (9)
2 December 1875 9 December 1879 Francisco de Borja Queipo de Llano (9)
9 December 1879 8 February 1881 Fermín Lasala y Collado (9)
8 February 1881 9 January 1883 José Luis Albareda y Sezde (9)
9 January 1883 13 October 1883 Germán Gamazo Calvo (9)
13 October 1883 18 January 1884 Ángel Carvajal y Fernández de Córdova (9)
18 January 1884 27 November 1885 Alejandro Pidal y Mon (9)
Regency of
María Cristina
for Alfonso XIII
(1885–1902)
27 December 1885 9 October 1886 Eugenio Montero Ríos (9) Liberal
9 October 1886 12 June 1888 Carlos Navarro Rodrigo (9) Liberal
12 June 1888 30 November 1888 José Canalejas Méndez (9) Liberal
30 November 1888 21 January 1890 José Álvarez de Toledo y Acuña (9) Conservador
21 January 1890 5 July 1890 Cristóbal Colón de la Cerda (9)
5 July 1890 23 November 1891 Santos Isasa y Valseca (9)
23 November 1891 11 December 1892 Aureliano Linares Rivas (9)
11 December 1892 12 March 1894 Segismundo Moret Prendergast (9) Liberal
12 March 1894 4 November 1894 Alejandro Groizard y Gómez de la Serna (9)
4 November 1894 23 January 1895 Joaquín López Puigcerver (9)
23 January 1895 14 December 1895 Alberto Bosch y Fustegueras (9)
14 December 1895 4 October 1897 Aureliano Linares Rivas (9)
4 October 1897 18 May 1898 José Álvarez de Toledo y Acuña (9) Conservador
18 May 1898 22 October 1898 Germán Gamazo Calvo (9)
22 October 1898 4 March 1899 Vicente Romero Girón (9)
4 March 1899 18 April 1900 Alejandro Pidal y Mon (10)
18 April 1900 23 October 1900 Rafael Gasset Chinchilla (10) Conservador
23 October 1900 6 March 1901 Joaquín Sánchez de Toca (10)
6 March 1901 19 March 1902 Miguel Villanueva y Gómez (10) Liberal
19 March 1902 17 May 1902 José Canalejas Méndez (10) Liberal
Reign of
Alfonso XIII
(1902–1923)
17 May 1902 31 May 1902 José Canalejas Méndez (10) Liberal
31 May 1902 15 November 1902 Félix Suárez Inclán (10) Liberal
15 November 1902 6 December 1902 Amós Salvador Rodrigáñez (10)
6 December 1902 20 July 1903 Francisco Javier González de Castejón y Elío (10) Conservador
20 July 1903 15 December 1903 Rafael Gasset Chinchilla (10) Conservador
15 December 1903 16 December 1904 Manuel Allendesalazar Muñoz (10)
16 December 1904 27 January 1905 José de Cárdenas Uriarte (10) Conservador
27 January 1905 23 June 1905 Francisco Javier González de Castejón y Elío (10) Conservador
23 June 1905 1 December 1905 Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres (10) Liberal
1 December 1905 4 December 1906 Rafael Gasset Chinchilla (9) Liberal
4 December 1906 25 January 1907 Francisco de Federico y Martínez (9) Liberal
25 January 1907 21 October 1909 Augusto González Besada Mein (9)
21 October 1909 9 February 1910 Rafael Gasset Chinchilla (9) Liberal
9 February 1910 2 January 1911 Fermín Cándido Calbetón y Blanchón (9) Liberal
2 January 1911 12 March 1912 Rafael Gasset Chinchilla (9) Liberal
12 March 1912 24 May 1913 Miguel Villanueva y Gómez (9) Liberal
24 May 1913 27 October 1913 Rafael Gasset Chinchilla (9) Liberal
27 October 1913 25 October 1915 Francisco Javier Ugarte Pagés (9) Conservador
25 October 1915 9 December 1915 Luis Espada Guntín (9)
9 December 1915 30 April 1916 Amós Salvador Rodrigáñez (9)
30 April 1916 20 April 1917 Rafael Gasset Chinchilla (9) Liberal
20 April 1917 11 June 1917 Martín Rosales Martel (9) Liberal
11 June 1917 1 November 1917 Luis Marichalar y Monreal (9) Conservador
1 November 1917 21 March 1918 Niceto Alcalá Zamora y Torres (9)
21 March 1918 9 November 1918 Francesc Cambó i Batlle (9) Lliga
9 November 1918 5 December 1918 Manuel García Prieto (9)
5 December 1918 15 April 1919 José Gómez Acebo (9) Liberal
15 April 1919 19 July 1919 Ángel Ossorio y Gallardo (9) Conservador
19 July 1919 12 December 1919 Abilio Calderón Rojo (9) Conservador
12 December 1919 14 February 1920 Amalio Gimeno y Cabañas (9)
14 February 1920 17 February 1920 Manuel Allendesalazar Muñoz (9)
17 February 1920 1 September 1920 Emilio Ortuño Berte (9) Conservador
1 September 1920 12 March 1921 Luis Espada Guntín (9)
12 March 1920 13 August 1921 Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (9) Conservador
13 August 1921 8 March 1922 José Maestre Pérez (9) Conservador
8 March 1922 4 December 1922 Manuel Argüelles Argüelles (9) Conservador
4 December 1922 7 December 1922 Luis Rodríguez de Viguri (9) Conservador
7 December 1922 3 September 1923 Rafael Gasset Chinchilla (9) Liberal
3 September 1923 15 September 1923 Manuel Portela Valladares (9)
Dictatorship of
Primo de Rivera
(1923–1931)
3 December 1925 28 January 1930 Rafael Benjumea y Burín (9)
28 January 1930 25 November 1930 Leopoldo Matos y Massieu (9)
25 November 1930 14 February 1931 José Estrada (9)
14 February 1931 14 April 1931 Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (9) Conservador
II Republic
(1931–1939)
14 April 1931 16 December 1931 Álvaro de Albornoz Liminiana (9) PRS
14 April 1931 16 December 1931 Diego Martínez Barrio (1) PRR
16 December 1931 12 September 1933 Indalecio Prieto Tuero (2) PSOE
12 September 1933 4 October 1934 Rafael Guerra del Río (2) PRR
12 September 1933 8 October 1933 Antonio Lara Zárate (1) ERC
8 October 1933 16 December 1933 Emilio Palomo Aguado (1) PRS
16 December 1933 4 October 1934 José María Cid Ruiz-Zorrilla (1) A
4 October 1934 6 May 1935 César Jalón Aragón (1) PRR
4 October 1934 3 April 1935 José María Cid Ruiz-Zorrilla (2) A
3 April 1935 6 May 1935 Rafael Guerra del Río (2) PRR
6 May 1935 25 September 1935 Manuel Marraco Ramón (2) PRR
6 May 1935 25 September 1935 Luis Lucia Lucia (1) CEDA
25 September 1935 14 December 1935 Luis Lucia Lucia (3) CEDA
14 December 1935 19 February 1936 Cirilo del Río Rodríguez (3) PRP
19 February 1936 13 May 1936 Santiago Casares Quiroga (2) IR
19 February 1936 13 May 1936 Manuel Blasco Garzón (4) UR
13 May 1936 19 July 1936 Antonio Velao Oñate (2) IR
13 May 1936 19 July 1936 Bernardo Giner de los Ríos (4) UR
19 July 1936 19 July 1936 Antonio Lara Zárate (2) UR
19 July 1936 19 July 1936 Juan Lluhí Vallescá (4) ERC
19 July 1936 4 September 1936 Antonio Velao Oñate (2) IR
19 July 1936 17 May 1937 Bernardo Giner de los Ríos (4) UR
4 September 1936 17 May 1937 Julio Just Gimeno (2) IR
17 May 1937 5 April 1938 Bernardo Giner de los Ríos (5) UR
5 April 1938 1 April 1939 Antonio Velao Oñate (2) IR
5 April 1938 1 April 1939 Bernardo Giner de los Ríos (6) UR
Francoism
(1936–1975)
3 October 1936 30 January 1938 Mauro Servet (3)
30 January 1938 18 July 1945 Alfonso Peña Boeuf (2)
18 July 1945 18 July 1951 José Mª Fernández-Ladreda y Menéndez-Valdés (2)
18 July 1951 25 February 1957 Fernando Suárez de Tangil y Angulo (2)
25 February 1957 7 July 1967 Jorge Vigón Suerodíaz (2)
7 July 1965 14 April 1970 Federico Silva Muñoz (2)
14 April 1970 31 January 1974 Gonzalo Fernández de la Mora y Mon (2)
31 January 1974 12 December 1975 Antonio Valdés González-Roldán (2)
Reign of
Juan Carlos I
(1975-2014)
12 December 1975 5 July 1976 Antonio Valdés González-Roldán (2)
5 July 1976 15 April 1977 Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo (2)
15 April 1977 5 July 1977 Luis Ortiz González (2)
4 July 1977 6 April 1979 Joaquín Garrigues Walker (7) UCD
4 July 1977 24 February 1978 José Lladó Fernández-Urrutia (15) UCD
24 February 1978 2 May 1980 Salvador Sánchez-Terán (15) UCD
6 April 1979 26 February 1981 Jesús Sancho Rof (7) UCD
2 May 1980 1 December 1981 José Luis Álvarez (es) (15) UCD
26 February 1981 2 December 1982 Luis Ortiz González (7) UCD
1 December 1981 2 December 1982 Luis Gámir Casares (16) UCD
3 December 1982 5 July 1985 Julián Campo Sainz de Rozas (7) PSOE
2 December 1982 5 July 1985 Enrique Barón Crespo (16) PSOE
5 July 1985 12 March 1991 Javier Sáenz de Cosculluela (7) PSOE
5 July 1985 11 July 1988 Abel Caballero Álvarez (16) PSOE
11 July 1988 12 March 1991 José Barrionuevo Peña (16) PSOE
12 March 1991 13 July 1993 Josep Borrell Fontelles (7) PSOE
14 July 1993 5 May 1996 Josep Borrell Fontelles (8) PSOE
6 May 1996 27 April 2000 Rafael Arias-Salgado (9) PP
28 April 2000 18 April 2004 Francisco Álvarez Cascos (9) PP
18 April 2004 13 April 2008 Magdalena Álvarez Arza (9) PSOE
14 April 2008 7 April 2009 Magdalena Álvarez Arza (9) PSOE
7 April 2009 22 December 2011 José Blanco López (9) PSOE
22 December 2011 19 July 2015 Ana Pastor Julián (9) PP
Reign of
Felipe VI
(2014-today)
22 December 2011 19 July 2016 Ana Pastor Julián (9) PP
4 November 2016 7 June 2018 Íñigo de la Serna (9) PP
7 June 2018 Incumbent José Luis Ábalos Meco (9) PSOE

(1) Minister of Communications
(2) Minister of Public Works
(3) Minister of Public Works and Communications
(4) Minister of Communications and the Merchant Navy
(5) Minister of Communications, Transport and Public Works
(6) Minister of Communications and Transport
(7) Minister of Public Works and Urban Development
(8) Minister of Public Works, Transport and the Environment
(9) Minister of Development
(10) Minister of Agriculture, Industry, Trade and Public Works
(11) Minister of General Development of the Realm
(12) Minister of Trade, Education and Public Works
(13) Minister of Inner Affairs
(14) Secretary of State and of the Dispatch of General Development of the Realm
(15) Minister of Communications and Transports
(16) Minister of Transports, Tourism and Communications

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.sgpg.pap.meh.es/Presup/PGE2009Ley/MaestroDocumentos/PGE-ROM/doc/1/3/14/2/N_09_E_R_31_117_1_1_7.PDF Budget of Ministry of Public Works (2009) (in spanish)
  2. ^ a b "Royal Decree 953/2018, of July 27, which develops the basic organic structure of the Ministry of Development". www.boe.es. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Spain's new P.M. presents majority-female Cabinet". www.efe.com. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Royal decree organizing the secretariat of State and the Dispatch of Development in the way that is expressed" (PDF).
  5. ^ "1834 change of name" (PDF).
  6. ^ "1835 change of name" (PDF).
  7. ^ Pérez Juan, José Antonio. The Ministry of Trade, Instruction and Public Works, 1847-1851 (in Spanish). ISBN 9788470888267.
  8. ^ "Instituto Geográfico Nacional". web.archive.org. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2019.

External linksEdit