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Niš Constantine the Great Airport

Niš Constantine the Great Airport (Serbian: Аеродром Константин Велики Ниш, romanizedAerodrom Konstantin Veliki Niš) (IATA: INI, ICAO: LYNI), located 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of downtown Niš in the suburbs of Medoševac and Popovac. It is the second-largest and second-busiest airport in Serbia, after Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport.[1]

Niš Constantine the Great Airport

Аеродром Константин Велики Ниш

Aerodrom Konstantin Veliki Niš
Nisairportlogo.png
Niš – Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typeInternational
OperatorJP Airports of Serbia
ServesNiš
LocationMedoševac and Popovac, Serbia
Hub forAir Serbia
Elevation AMSL650 ft / 198 m
Coordinates43°20′14″N 021°51′13″E / 43.33722°N 21.85361°E / 43.33722; 21.85361Coordinates: 43°20′14″N 021°51′13″E / 43.33722°N 21.85361°E / 43.33722; 21.85361
Websitenis-airport.com
Map
INI is located in Serbia
INI
INI
Location in Serbia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11R/29L 2,500 8,202 Asphalt
11L/29R 1,700 5,577 Grass
Statistics (2018)
Passengers351,582 Increase 6%
Aircraft movements2,834 Increase 104.6%
Cargo volume2,543 tons Increase 29.3%
Sources: Serbian AIP at Eurocontrol[1]
Official website[2][3]
JP Airports of Serbia
Native name
ЈП Аеродроми Србије
State-owned enterprise
IndustryConsumer services
Founded25 April 1990; 29 years ago (1990-04-25) (JP Airport Niš)
18 October 2019; 24 days ago (2019-10-18) (JP Airports of Serbia)
Headquarters
Vazduhoplovaca 24, Niš
,
Serbia
Area served
Serbia
Key people
Dušan Knežević (Director)
ServicesAirport operations
RevenueIncrease €2.68 million (2017)[4]
Increase €0.41 million (2017)[4]
Total assetsIncrease €6.05 million (2017)[5]
Total equityIncrease €2.69 million (2017)[5]
OwnerGovernment of Serbia (100.00%)
Number of employees
115 (2017)
Websitewww.nis-airport.com Edit this on Wikidata
Footnotes / references
Business ID: 07343914
Tax ID: 101531405
[6]

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The first airfield serving the city of Niš was established in 1910, near the village of Donje Međurovo. In the 1930s then-national airline company Aeroput used the airport for civil service. In 1935 Aeroput included a stop in Niš in its, back then domestic, route linking Belgrade with Skopje.[7]

Following World War II, the airport was used as a military base. Among other units, it was a base for the 63rd Paratroop Brigade and 119th Aviation Brigade. A portion of the airport is still used by the Serbian Air Force and Air Defence. In 1952, at the site of today's airport, the first concrete runway, measuring 1,500 m (4,921 ft), was built and used for military flights. In order to maintain the pace with the development of military as well as civil aircraft, in 1972 the length of the runway was extended to 2,200 m (7,218 ft) to accommodate larger contemporary commercial aircraft.[8]

In the 1970s, the airport was used for occasional service to the Adriatic coast. By the 1980s, this occasional service led the local authorities to recognize the needs of the people living in Niš as well as Southern and Eastern Serbia and took into account the economic development of the city. The association of economic and political entities prepared detailed terms and in 1986 made a decision on establishing the entity "Airport Niš".[8]

The terminal building as well as the ancillary support facilities were built and opened to service in 1986. This project also included the asphalt coated runway and built-in system of lights that provided visual descent guidance during runway approaches at night. The interesting fact is that the development of air traffic in Niš was not initiated just by JAT Yugoslav Airlines, but also by Slovenian company Inex-Adria Airways (Adria Airways nowadays), although both were domestic airlines back then.

The Breakup of Yugoslavia at the beginning of 1990s brought to the sharp decrease in travelling to the Adriatic Sea, Ljubljana and Zagreb, once the busiest routes from Niš. This was followed by United Nations sanctions imposed on Serbia and Montenegro included a ban on international air travel. In these circumstances the volume of traffic reached its lowest point with the only route being to Tivat Airport during the summer period. In 1998, the traffic volume increased owing to the heavy air traffic from Pristina International Airport which was out of use because of numerous foggy days during which the traffic was successfully carried out from Niš. The airport was heavily damaged during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

The airport was reopened in 2003 with the financial assistance from government of Norway. Damage sustained during the bombing was repaired, including the building of a new control tower and renewal of the terminal building.

In 2004, Jat Airways and Montenegro Airlines resumed flights from Niš to Zurich, Paris, and Tivat. In 2010, Wind Jet connected the airport with Forlì, Italy while Montenegro Airlines linked it with Podgorica on a daily basis. The route to Podgorica was discontinued in 2013 because of low passenger numbers. For more than two years (2014-2015) there were only charter flights to and from Niš.

Recent developmentsEdit

The expansion in traffic began in 2015 when low-cost airline Wizz Air launched flights to Basel and Malmö. Shortly after, Ryanair followed the suit by announcing flights to Berlin. In 2016, both Wizzair and Ryanair announced more flights from Niš, respectively Wizzair to Dortmund, Eindhoven, Memmingen and Ryanair to Weeze, Bergamo and Bratislava. Shortly after the launch of these flights Niš experienced triple-digit growth in passenger traffic, exceeding the previous record figure. On October 2016, Turkish Cargo, the airline for the transport of cargo which is a part of Turkish Airlines commenced scheduled cargo service between Niš and Istanbul.[9] In November 2016, Swiss International Air Lines announced flights to Zurich, operated by the Airbus 320. In December 2016, Swiss got direct competition when Germania Flug announced flights to Zurich, starting June 2017 operated by the Airbus 319.

In December 2016, it was announced that Constantine the Great Airport airport began overhaul of its terminal by expanding check-in and boarding space, as well as building a new exterior and fixing the roof. The project is being funded jointly by the Government of Serbia and local authorities. Furthermore, the Serbia and Montenegro Air Traffic Services Agency (SMATSA) plans to start construction of a new control tower next year and will invest a million euros in an instrument landing system (ILS), which provides guidance to aircraft approaching and landing on a runway during low ceilings or reduced visibility due to fog, rain or snow.[10]

In January 2018, the Government of Serbia granted a 25-year concession of the Serbian largest Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport to the French airport operator Vinci Airports for a sum of 501 million euros.[11] As part of the deal, other three Serbian civil airports (Niš Constantine the Great Airport, Ponikve Airport and Morava Airport) are restricted when it comes to annual passenger flow expansion; they are allowed to increase to a maximum of 1 million passengers over the next 12 years.[12]

Plans exist for Niš Constantine the Great Airport to be linked to twelve more European cities, after Government of Serbia publish document about lines of public interests. Companies with the best offers will be granted 5 million euros. Twelve destinations of public interest are Frankfurt, Rome, Hannover, Ljubljana, Bologna, Budapest, Göteborg, Friedrichshafen, Karlsruhe, Salzburg, Nuremberg, Tivat.[13]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights as of August 2019:

AirlinesDestinations
Air Serbia[14] Bologna, Friedrichshafen, Gothenburg, Hahn, Hannover, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Ljubljana, Nuremberg, Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg
Ryanair Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bratislava, Malta, Stockholm–Skavsta (ends 28 March 2020)[15]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich (ends 12 January 2020)[16]
Wizz Air Basel/Mulhouse, Dortmund, Memmingen, Malmö, Vienna

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk[17]

StatisticsEdit

 
Terminal interior (prior to overhaul)
 
Check-in area
 
Duty Free Shop at Niš Airport


Year Passengers Change Aircraft movements Change Cargo (t) Change
2004 19,040   927% 284   13% 147  
2005 26,787   41% 315   11% 452   207%
2006 35,518   33% 382   12% 112   75%
2007 30,453   14% 456   19% 448   300%
2008 22,870   24% 353   23% 163   64%
2009 17,159   25% 349   1% 390   139%
2010 23,627   38% 558   60% 1,554   298%
2011 25,112   6% 591   6% 705   66%
2012 27,426   9% 781   32% 322   54%
2013 21,700   21% 497   36% 357   10%
2014 1,335   93% 271   45% 288   19%
2015 36,200   2,611% 526   94% 553   91%
2016 124,917   345% 722   37% 1,967   355%
2017 331,582   165.4% 1,477   104.6% 2,543   29.3%
2018 351,582   6.0% 2,834   4.9% 623   74.5%
2019 - - - - - -
Source: [18][19]

Emergency Response CentreEdit

In 2009, the Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations established a joint emergency response centre at the airport. In 2011 a Russian Mil Mi-26 and Beriev Be-200 were dispatched to this centre for aerial firefighting duties.[20] The centre was completed and put into operation in 2012.[21]

Transport linksEdit

BusEdit

 
Airport bus (old type)

There are two bus lines that connects airport to most of the Niš suburbs - line 34A (Airport-Central Bus Station-Central Railway station-Airport) and 34B (Airport-Central Railway station-Central Bus Station-Airport). One single ticket costs 60 dinars (0,51 euro) and can be purchased in bus. Buses are available every 30 minutes.[22]

TaxiEdit

Taxi service is available at any time for any city destination and more.

Rent a carEdit

There are eight rent a car agencies available at the airport.[23]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int.
  2. ^ Niš Constantine the Great Airport. "Official website" (in Serbian). Retrieved 4 May 2007.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Statistics - Nis Constantine the Great Airport".
  4. ^ a b "БИЛАНС СТАЊА (2017) - JP Aerodrom Niš". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b "БИЛАНС СТАЊА (2017) - JP Aerodrom Niš". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Основни подаци о привредном друштву". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Serbian Business Registers Agency. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  7. ^ Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput (1927-1948) at europeanairlines.no
  8. ^ a b "History - Nis Constantine the Great Airport".
  9. ^ "Serbia: Turkish Cargo make Nis airport its regional center - Transport - ANSAMed.it". www.ansamed.info.
  10. ^ "EX-YU Aviation News".
  11. ^ "Pala odluka: Kome će "Nikola Tesla"". b92.net (in Serbian). Tanjug. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  12. ^ Miladinović, Z. (17 January 2018). "Najava novog "gušenja"". danas.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Vlada odlučila: Od 1. jula 12 PSO linija na "Konstantinu Velikom"; Knežević: Sledeće godine očekujemo više od pola miliona putnika". tangosix.rs.
  14. ^ "Air Serbia expands Nis network from July 2019". routesonline.com. 17 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Ryanair cancels flights on Nis-Stockholm route". rs.seebiz.eu. 5 November 2019.
  16. ^ "Four flights from Nis cancelled in just ten days". serbianmonitor.com. 7 November 2019.
  17. ^ https://www.visokogradnja.rs/kargo-loader_en.html
  18. ^ http://nis-airport.com/en/traffic-figures/ Airport traffic figures
  19. ^ Niš, Fly From. "FLY FROM NIŠ: Wizz Air bez zamerki, rukovodstvo aerodroma očekuje nove linije".
  20. ^ "Russian water bomber, helicopter land in airport in south". B92. 30 August 2011. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
  21. ^ "Serbia and Russia launch joint emergency center". B92. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  22. ^ http://www.jgpnis.com/red-voznje/
  23. ^ "Rent a Car". Niš Constantine the Great Airport. Retrieved 11 August 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Niš Constantine the Great Airport at Wikimedia Commons