Open main menu

Tivat Airport (Montenegrin: Аеродром Тиват, Aerodrom Tivat) (IATA: TIV, ICAO: LYTV) is an international airport serving the Montenegrin coastal town of Tivat and the surrounding region.

Tivat Airport

Aerodrom Tivat

Аеродром Тиват
Tivat.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAirports of Montenegro
ServesTivat
LocationMrčevac, Montenegro
Hub forMontenegro Airlines
Elevation AMSL20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates42°24′17″N 18°43′24″E / 42.40472°N 18.72333°E / 42.40472; 18.72333
Websitemontenegroairports.com
Map
TIV is located in Montenegro
TIV
TIV
Location of airport in Montenegro
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14/32 8,202 2,500 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Aircraft movements6,816
Number of passengers1,245,999

The airport is situated 3 km (1.9 mi) south of the centre of Tivat, with the runway aligned with the Tivat Field (Montenegrin: Tivatsko polje).

It is the busier of two international airports in Montenegro, the other being Podgorica Airport. Traffic at the airport follows the highly seasonal nature of the tourism industry in coastal Montenegro, with 80% of the total volume of passengers being handled during the peak season (May–September). It has been one of the fastest growing airports in the region, doubling passenger flow in the 2006–2016 period.

OverviewEdit

Tivat airport is located right next to the city of Tivat, 8 km (5 mi) from the center of Kotor, and 20 km (12 mi) north-west of Budva, one of the most popular tourist destinations on the eastern Adriatic coast. The sole runway of the airport ends just 88 m (289 ft) from the coastline of the Bay of Kotor.

Tivat Airport is assigned 4D classification by ICAO,[1] airspace class D, and is noted for its challenging approach and landing procedures. Landing at Tivat is considered demanding due to hilly terrain surrounding the valley in which the airport is situated, and strong prevailing crosswinds. Runway 32 approach requires a descent into the valley of Tivatsko polje,[2] and a 20° turn for runway alignment just before landing. Runway 14 approach is even more challenging, because of the circle-to-land maneuver executed in the dramatic scenery surrounding the Bay of Kotor. It is known among pilots as the European Kai Tak because of its tricky approach and landing procedures.[citation needed] Passengers landing at Tivat have views of the bay, the surrounding mountains and a low flyby over Porto Montenegro luxury yacht marina.[citation needed] The airport is also commonly visited by plane spotters, as end of the runway is easily accessible and offers unobstructed views of takeoffs and landings, with a mountain backdrop.

Year-round services from the airport include Belgrade and Moscow; however, more than 80% of the traffic is concentrated in the summer period[citation needed], with the introduction of seasonal and charter flights. With the opening of Porto Montenegro and introduction of other high-end tourist services, the airport increasingly caters to business jets.

Adriatic Highway (E65/E80) passes right by the passenger terminal, making the airport easily accessible from the entire northern part of Montenegrin coast.

HistoryEdit

The airport in Tivat was opened on May 30, 1957, as a small airport with a single grass runway (1200 m × 80 m) a small apron (30 m × 30 m) and a terminal building complete with control tower. From 1957 to 1968, activity at the airport consisted mostly of domestic passenger traffic to Belgrade, Zagreb and Skopje, with JAT Douglas DC-3 and Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft.[3]

From 1968 to 1971, the airport underwent expansion and modernization. It was reopened on September 25, 1971 with an asphalt runway (2500 m × 45 m), larger apron (450 m × 70 m), extended taxiways, and completely new passenger terminal and control tower. After the 1979 earthquake, the airport was once again refurbished. Notably, the apron was expanded (460 m × 91.5 m) and taxiways widened, so the airport could handle wide-body aircraft.[4]

On April 23, 2003, the ownership of the airport was transferred from Jat Airways to "Airports of Montenegro" public company, owned by the government of Montenegro. Since then, the airport was once again modernized and refurbished, with reconstructed passenger terminal opening on June 3, 2006. In October 2007, South Korea made a government donation valued at $1 million for a new airport equipment ranging from cargo loaders to flight information display system.[5][6] Further reforms came in 2008 when several old types of passenger aircraft such as the Ilyushin Il-86 were permanently banned from flying to Tivat and subsequently redirected to Podgorica Airport due to noise abatement.[7]

However, as passenger traffic in the mid-2010s approaches the one-million mark, and strong growth continues, the passenger terminal is a bottleneck in peak summer months. Thus, a new passenger terminal is planned at Tivat Airport in the near future, along with further expansion of airport facilities.[citation needed]

On December 2018 PM Duško Marković opened the newly-built Terminal 2 at Tivat Airport – the first investment since 2006, when the existing airport building was built. Marković used this opportunity to point out that he sees the cooperation between the Government and the Management of Airports as an example to be followed by others in Montenegro

Airlines and destinationsEdit

Below is a list of scheduled services throughout all seasons from Tivat Airport according to the Montenegrin Airports Authority:[8]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Alanna Seasonal charter: Kharkiv, Kiev–Zhuliany, Odessa[9]
Air Moldova Seasonal charter: Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade,
Seasonal:Niš[10][11]
Aircompany Armenia Seasonal: Yerevan
Anda Air Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany[12]
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
BRA Braathens Regional Airlines Seasonal charter: Gothenburg[13]
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
easyJet Seasonal: London–Gatwick, Manchester
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Geneva
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Katowice,[14] Poznań,[14] Warsaw–Chopin[14]
Eurowings Seasonal: Düsseldorf
flydubai Seasonal: Dubai–International[15]
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Copenhagen,[16] Helsinki,[17] Stockholm–Arlanda[13]
Jet2.com Seasonal: London Stansted (begins 21 May 2020),[18] Manchester (begins 18 May 2020)[19]
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal charter: Katowice[20]
Lufthansa Seasonal: Frankfurt,[21] Munich[21]
Montenegro Airlines Belgrade, Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Hanover, Leipzig/Halle, London–Gatwick, Munich, Saint Petersburg
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Helsinki, Oslo–Gardermoen
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Rossiya Seasonal: Saint Petersburg
Red Wings Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen (begins 1 July 2020)[22]
Seasonal charter: Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
SmartLynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[23]
Transavia France Seasonal: Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels[24]
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo
Windrose Airlines Seasonal charter: Dnipro, Kiev–Boryspil[25]
Yamal Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg

StatisticsEdit

Traffic figures at Tivat Airport
Year Passengers Change Aircraft movements Change
2005 377,013 2,522
2006 451,289  20% 3,261  29%
2007 573,914  27% 4,079  25%
2008 570,636  1% 4,630  14%
2009 532,080  7% 4,226  9%
2010 541,870  2% 4,017  4%
2011 647,184  19% 4,531  12%
2012 725,412  12% 4,605  2%
2013 868,343  20% 5,198  14%
2014 910,264  5% 5,281  1%
2015 895,050  2% 5,422  2%
2016 979,432  10% 5,985  10%
2017 1,129,720  15% 6,324  7%
2018 1,245,999  10% 6,816  8%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Montenegro Airports
  2. ^ Tivatsko polje map
  3. ^ Tivat airport history
  4. ^ Aerodromi Crne Gore
  5. ^ Pobjeda – Donacija od milion dolara za aerodrom u Tivtu - October 16, 2007 Archived January 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Profesionalno serviranje putnika - October 17, 2007 Archived January 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Noisy jets disturb Montenegro's coastal region - March 31, 2008
  8. ^ [1] JP Aerodromi Crne Gore: Red letenja
  9. ^ https://chartershop.com.ua/index.php/charternye-rejsy-v-chernogoriyu/charternye-bilety-v-tivat.html
  10. ^ Air Serbia to launch twelve routes from Niš
  11. ^ Avio-linija Niš – Tivat od 15. jula 9 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Timetable" (PDF). iev.aero. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Only Flight". tui.se.
  14. ^ a b c "Charter flights". tui.pl.
  15. ^ http://www.exyuaviation.com
  16. ^ "Only Flight". tui.dk.
  17. ^ "Only Flight".
  18. ^ https://www.travelweekly.co.uk/articles/345234/jet2-adds-summer-2020-routes-to-montenegro
  19. ^ https://www.travelweekly.co.uk/articles/345234/jet2-adds-summer-2020-routes-to-montenegro
  20. ^ "LOT will make charter flights for Katowice from Rainbow Tours".
  21. ^ a b 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Lufthansa S19 European network additions".
  22. ^ Liu, Jim (9 October 2019). "SAS S20 Short-Haul network changes as of 08OCT19". routesonline.com.
  23. ^ "Novaturas Flights en". novatours.eu/.
  24. ^ https://www.tuifly.be/en/last-minute/all-airports/tivat
  25. ^ http://windrose.aero/eng/about/napravleniya_polotov.html

External linksEdit

  Media related to Tivat Airport at Wikimedia Commons