Ireland West Airport

Ireland West Airport (IATA: NOC, ICAO: EIKN) (Irish: Aerfort Iarthar Éireann Mhuire), officially known as Ireland West Airport Knock (Irish: Aerfort Iarthar Éireann Chnoc Mhuire),[3] is an international airport 5.6 km (3.48 mi) south-west of Charlestown, County Mayo, Ireland. The village of Knock is 20 km (12.43 mi) away. 750,000 passengers used the airport in 2017,[4][5] making it the fourth-busiest in the Republic of Ireland (after Dublin, Cork and Shannon).

Ireland West Airport

Aerfort Iarthar Éireann Chnoc Mhuire
Ireland West Airport Logo.png
Knock Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorConnacht Airport Development Company Ltd
ServesConnacht, Ireland
LocationCharlestown, County Mayo
Elevation AMSL665 ft / 203 m
Coordinates53°54′37″N 008°49′07″W / 53.91028°N 8.81861°W / 53.91028; -8.81861 (Horan International Airport)Coordinates: 53°54′37″N 008°49′07″W / 53.91028°N 8.81861°W / 53.91028; -8.81861 (Horan International Airport)
Websiteirelandwestairport.com
Map
NOC is located in Ireland
NOC
NOC
Location of airport in Ireland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08/26 2,340 7,700 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers805,443
Passenger change 18-19Increase3.9%
Aircraft Movements6,330
Movements change 18-19Increase1.5%
Source: Irish AIS[1] Passengers[2]
Map of Ireland West Airport

HistoryEdit

The airport opened on 25 October 1985 with three Aer Lingus charter flights to Rome: the official opening was on 30 May 1986.[6] The site, on a hill in boggy terrain, was thought by many to be unrealistic, but the airport was built following a long and controversial campaign by Monsignor James Horan,[6] the story of which has even inspired a musical.[7] The primary motivation was for building it was to attract pilgrims to Knock Shrine. Despite criticisms that the site was too boggy and too foggy, Horan delivered an airport within five years, primarily financed by a Government grant of £9.8 million.[8] He died shortly after the opening of the airport, and his funeral was held at the then-named Horan International Airport. In recent times, Horan has been celebrated with a bronze statue erected at the airport.[9]

By 1988, over 100,000 passengers had passed through. Aer Lingus commenced flights from the airport to Birmingham in 1995.[6]

Recent yearsEdit

 
Apron view

Since 2003, flag-carrier, low-cost and regional airlines including Aer Lingus, MyTravelLite, Bmibaby, Ryanair, Aer Arann, flybe, Lufthansa and EasyJet have added routes to Great Britain and mainland Europe. Not all have proven successful, but by 2005 the airport was handling 500,000 passengers per annum.[6]

It was voted the Republic of Ireland's best regional airport in 2006 and 2009 by the Chambers of Commerce of Ireland.[6]

2007 was a notable year, with scheduled transatlantic services to New York and Boston commencing in May, operated by the now-defunct Flyglobespan.[10]

A record 629,000 passengers used the airport in 2008, a 13% rise compared to the previous year.[6]

The installation of the Category II Instrument Landing System in April 2009 has resulted in a significant reduction in the number of flight diversions to other airports due to poor visibility – the airport is 200 metres above sea level.[11] August 2009 was the busiest month for three years, with 81,000 passengers: 28 August was the busiest day in the airport's history, with over 4,500 passengers.

In 2011, the month of August was the busiest in the airport's history with 84,052 passengers. 2011 was the most successful year to date with 654,553 passengers. The year saw the commencement of routes to Lanzarote, Tenerife and Gran Canaria operated by Ryanair and to Edinburgh operated by flybe.[12] During September 2011 Ryanair celebrated its four-millionth passenger through the airport, while Lufthansa announced it would be commencing weekly flights to Düsseldorf in May 2012.[13][14] In November 2011, Ryanair announced flights to Beauvais-Tillé, Frankfurt-Hahn, Bergamo-Orio al Serio and Girona-Costa Brava from March 2012. In January 2012 the 20th scheduled route was announced—flybe to Leeds, its third from the airport, from March 2012. Budget carrier BmiBaby announced in May 2012 that it was to axe its only route to Birmingham from 10 June, owing to the airline's takeover by IAG.[15] Flights to Beauvais-Tillé and Frankfurt-Hahn have since ended.

In 2013, Ryanair launched a weekly summer route to Málaga on Thursdays. Aer Lingus Regional, which took over the Birmingham route operating a daily service using ATR 72s ended service on 26 October. Flybe began four-times-weekly flights on the route on 27 October. On 31 October 2013, in response to the scrapping of the Irish travel tax, Ryanair unveiled three new routes from Knock to Glasgow-Prestwick, Kaunas and Eindhoven. However, these routes had all been withdrawn by the fourth quarter of 2014.[16]

On 16 August 2015, Aer Lingus operated its first transatlantic flight into the airport when carrying members of the Archdiocese of New York, alongside Timothy Cardinal Dolan, Archbishop of New York. Cardinal Dolan subsequently opened the National Novena the following week after a tour around the entire island (all thirty-two counties). The aircraft used for the flight was a Boeing 757-200.

It was announced in November 2017 that €15 million would be invested in improving and upgrading the airport in 2018 and 2019, to coincide with strong passenger growth.[17] These plans include upgrading of car parks, passenger facilities, the terminal and resurfacing of the runway.

On Thursday 20 February 2020, the first Airbus A380 (F-HPJB) to be retired by Air France arrived from Dresden, Germany, for scrapping. The A380 was only ten years old.[18]

Government assistanceEdit

The building of the airport was primarily financed by Government grants totaling £9.858 million.[19] The completion of the airport was funded by a £1.3 million grant from the European Union, payable on condition that the airport developers provided an equal sum from their own resources.[20]

On 21 February 2007, the Government of Ireland announced that it was making a €27 million capital grant. The airport stated that it would continue the implementation of its €46 million infrastructural investment programme with over €20 million of spend anticipated for 2008.[21] Work commenced on a number of significant civil and building projects in this year. A€5.5 million extension to the terminal building was completed in April 2009. The implementation of Category II Instrument Landing System (CAT II ILS) on runway 27, to enhance reliability in low visibility, has been completed and approved. An extension to the Runway End Safety Areas (RESAs) and runway turnpad was completed in March 2009.[22]

Departing passengers aged 12 years and over pay a "Development Fee" of €10. The fee is a critical contributor to the ongoing sustainability of the airport and provides a vital funding source to support the ongoing development works of the airport.[23]

In 2005, the airport changed its name to Ireland West Airport Knock.[3] As of August 2009, the Aeronautical Information Publication, including the aeronautical charts available at European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, showed it as Ireland West.[1]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate scheduled and charter flights to and from Ireland West Airport:[24]

AirlinesDestinations
Aer Lingus London–Gatwick[25]
Ryanair Bergamo, Birmingham,[26] Bristol, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Liverpool, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Málaga, Manchester
Seasonal: Alicante, Cologne/Bonn, Faro, Girona,[27] Palma de Mallorca

Passenger statisticsEdit

Passenger numbersEdit

Annual passenger traffic at NOC airport. See source Wikidata query.
Year Passengers
1998 186,689
1999 197,358
2000 173,421
2001 203,000
2002 199,000
2003 247,000
2004 373,000
2005 530,084
2006 621,171
2007 556,357
2008 629,000
2009 607,228
2010 589,180
2011 654,553
2012 677,368
2013 665,558
2014 703,318
2015 684,671
2016 734,031
2017 749,499
2018 771,619
2019 805,443
2020 142,532 [28]
2021 174,027 [28]

Busiest routesEdit

10 busiest international routes at Knock Airport (2021)
Rank Airport Passengers
Handled
1 London–Luton 37,529
2 London–Stansted 36,018
3 Liverpool 29,880
4 East Midlands 12,122
5 Faro 10,709
6 Bristol 10,400
7 Alicante 9,048
8 Manchester 8,229
9 Edinburgh 6,187
10 Malaga 5,728
Source: Central Statistics Office[29]

Ground transportEdit

RoadEdit

The airport is near the N17 road, about halfway between Galway and Sligo. It is also close to the N5 Westport to Longford road. Over 1,500 short-term and long-term parking spaces are available at the airport.

The nearest large towns, Castlebar and Ballina, are both 38 kilometres (24 mi) distant, while Sligo is 54 km (34 mi) from the airport. Galway is 89 km (55 mi) away and Dublin is 220 km (140 mi) from the airport.

BusEdit

Bus Éireann airport services:[30]

TrainEdit

The nearest railway stations, accessible by taxi and bus are:

The proposed reopening of the Western Rail Corridor from Claremorris onto Sligo would ultimately have closer railway access to the airport.

TaxiEdit

Ireland West Airport is serviced by specially licensed Hackneys and must be pre booked by the laws set down by the National Transport Authority in the Republic of Ireland.[31]

Car hireEdit

A number of international car rental companies offer rental facilities at Ireland West Airport including Budget, Avis, Europcar and Hertz.[31]

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • Incident: Beech Queen-Air 70, N70AA, Sligo Airport, 20 Dec 2005.[32]
  • Serious Incident: Boeing B737, EI-DHX, Ireland West Airport, Knock, 23 Mar 2006.[33]
  • Accident: Beech 65-A90 King Air, N712DB, Ireland West Airport Knock, 22 August 2006.[34]
  • Accident: Beechcraft 77 Skipper, EI-BHT, Kilmovee Co. Mayo, Ireland, 11 May 2008.[35]
  • Incident: Cessna 172S, EI-NFW, Ireland West Airport, Knock, Co. Mayo, 28 May 2009.[36]
  • Serious Incident: Diamond Twin Star DA42 MNG, G-COBS & Piper PA31-350, G-FCSL 5NM east of Ireland West Airport Knock, Co. Mayo 22 April 2013.[37]

In popular cultureEdit

  • The construction of the airport is the subject of "Knock Song" by Irish folk singer-songwriter Christy Moore.[38]
  • The musical "On a Wing and a Prayer" deals with the life and times of Monsignor Horan, focusing on his struggle to get the airport built. It premièred in The Royal Theatre, Castlebar, on 25 November 2010.[39]
  • The airport was used in the film Wild Mountain Thyme in October 2019.[40]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b EIKN – IRELAND WEST (PDF). AIP and charts from the Irish Aviation Authority.
  2. ^ "AVIATION STATISTICS QUARTER 4 AND YEAR 2019". Central Statistics Office. 16 April 2020. Archived from the original on 9 June 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b News, The Mayo. "Knock airport defends new 'brand identity'". www.mayonews.ie. Archived from the original on 4 May 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  4. ^ "About Us. Aviation Statistics". Ireland West Airport. 8 January 2018. Archived from the original on 5 October 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Knock Airport records highest ever passenger numbers". Irish Examiner. 8 January 2018. Archived from the original on 5 October 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "History of Ireland West Airport Knock". Ireland West Airport Knock. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
  7. ^ "The Remarkable Life Story of Monsignor James Horan". Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
  8. ^ Oireachtas, Houses of the (14 February 1985). "Ceisteanna—Questions. Oral Answers. - Knock Airport. – Dáil Éireann (24th Dáil) – Thursday, 14 Feb 1985 – Houses of the Oireachtas". www.oireachtas.ie. Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Mayo tribute: Msgr James Horan remembered". Archived from the original on 23 December 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  10. ^ "New scheduled flights to New York & Boston commence!". IrelandWestAirport.com. 31 May 2007. Archived from the original on 5 December 2007.
  11. ^ "Investment of €3.6 million undertaken to complete two major projects". Irelandwestairport.com. 19 August 2009. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  12. ^ "Ireland West Airport Knock - Over 81,000 passengers use the Airport in August". Irelandwestairport.com. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  13. ^ "Ryanair celebrates 4 million passengers on Knock flights". September 2011. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  14. ^ "Lufthansa to start Knock Airport service". RTÉ News. 14 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  15. ^ "Ryanair announces major European expansion from Ireland West Airport Knock". Irelandwestairport.com. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  16. ^ "Ryanair route map | Our European destinations". www.ryanair.com. Archived from the original on 17 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  17. ^ "Ireland West Airport embarks on €15m investment phase of terminal enhancements and Runway upgrade works". Ireland West Airport Knock. 20 November 2017. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  18. ^ "Air France's First Retired Airbus A380 Completes Its Final Flight". Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  19. ^ Oireachtas, Houses of the (2 February 1988). "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 2 Feb 1988". www.oireachtas.ie. Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  20. ^ Oireachtas, Houses of the (30 June 1988). "Dáil Éireann debate - Thursday, 30 Jun 1988". www.oireachtas.ie. Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Immigration unit to open at Knock". Archived from the original on 23 December 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  22. ^ "Ireland West Airport Knock". Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  23. ^ "Development Fee". Archived from the original on 13 May 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  24. ^ "Destinations". Ireland West Airport Knock. Archived from the original on 16 August 2020. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  25. ^ "Ireland West Airport welcomes news of Aer Lingus return to the airport in December". Ireland West Airport Knock. Archived from the original on 5 October 2021. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  26. ^ "Ryanair announces new year round service to Birmingham". Ireland West Airport. 13 December 2021. Archived from the original on 13 December 2021. Retrieved 13 December 2021.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 January 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ a b Another Poor Year for Passenger Numbers at Ireland West Airport Flying In Ireland Magazine, 2022-01-06.
  29. ^ "Passenger Movement by Irish Airport, Direction, Foreign Airport and Month". Central Statistics Office. December 2018. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  30. ^ "Ireland West - Knock". Bus Éireann. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Directions & Transport". Ireland West Airport Knock. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  32. ^ "Incident: Beech Queen-Air 70, N70AA, Sligo Airport, 20 Dec 2005: Report No 2006-009". AAIU. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  33. ^ "Serious Incident: Boeing B737, EI-DHX, Ireland West Airport, Knock, 23 Mar 2006: Report No 2006-028". AAIU. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  34. ^ "Accident: Beech 65-A90 King Air, N712DB, Ireland West Airport Knock, 22 August 2006: Report No 2007-010". AAIU. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  35. ^ "Accident: Beechcraft 77 Skipper, EI-BHT, Kilmovee Co. Mayo, Ireland, 11 May 2008: Report No: 2011-003". AAIU. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  36. ^ "Incident: Cessna 172S, EI-NFW, Ireland West Airport, Knock, Co. Mayo, 28 May 2009: Report No 2009-017". AAIU. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  37. ^ "Serious Incident: Diamond Twin Star DA42 MNG, G-COBS & Piper PA31-350, G-FCSL 5NM east of Ireland West Airport Knock, Co. Mayo 22 April 2013: Report 2014-005". AAIU. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  38. ^ "The Knock Song lyrics and guitar chords". Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  39. ^ "KateRussell.co.uk". Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  40. ^ "'On A Wing and a Prayer' – The Musical'". 4 October 2019. Archived from the original on 18 December 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ireland West Airport Knock at Wikimedia Commons