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Bremen Airport (German: Flughafen Bremen, IATA: BRE, ICAO: EDDW) is the international airport of the city and state of Bremen in Northern Germany. It is located 3.5 km (2.2 mi) south of the city[1] and handled 2.66 million passengers in 2015. It mainly features flights to European metropolitan and leisure destinations.

Bremen Airport

Flughafen Bremen
FlughafenBremen-01.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Bremen GmbH
ServesBremen, Germany
Elevation AMSL14 ft / 4 m
Coordinates53°02′51″N 008°47′12″E / 53.04750°N 8.78667°E / 53.04750; 8.78667Coordinates: 53°02′51″N 008°47′12″E / 53.04750°N 8.78667°E / 53.04750; 8.78667
Websitebremen-airport.com
Map
EDDW is located in Bremen
EDDW
EDDW
Location of airport in Bremen
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,634 8,642 Asphalt
23 700 2,297 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 30 98 Grass
Statistics (2017)
Number of Passengers2,540,084
Source: German AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The beginnings of the airport date back to the early 20th century. The Bremer Verein für Luftschiffahrt, a local aerospace club, conducted the first experimental flights at the present site in the summer of 1910, on what was then the parade ground of the local garrison. The Senate of Bremen supported the establishment of an airfield to connect Bremen to the growing airship route network. Official permission for the opening of an airport was granted on 16 May 1913. The initial infrastructure was geared towards aircraft operations instead of the initially envisaged airships. Several wooden hangars were erected.[2]

During World War I, the airport was taken into military administration, and civilian operations ceased. The military erected a wooden hangar, but conducted only a small number of operations from the airfield.[2] After the war, the airport only reopened on 18 July 1920, with Dutch airline KLM beginning scheduled flights to Amsterdam soon thereafter. In the same year, the Weimar National Assembly authorised investment into upgraded facilities at the airport. Administration of the airport was transferred to the newly founded Bremer Flughafengesellschaft.[3] In 1923, the aeroplane manufacturer Focke-Wulf was founded on a site adjacent to the airfield.

World War IIEdit

In the 1930s, several new terminal buildings and hangars were constructed, with the largest to date being completed in 1937. In the same year, four new runways were built. These were arranged in a star-like pattern. The increasing military buildup under the rule of the Nazis also began to show itself at the airport, with the Luftwaffe establishing a flight training base there. Civilian operations again came to a standstill with the beginning of World War II. For a short period between November 1939 and June 1940, the airport served as the base for a squadron of Focke-Wulf Fw 200 bombers. In the later stages of the war, the airport came under repeated bombardment due to co-location with the Focke-Wulf plant. This left most of the infrastructure destroyed or severely damaged by the end of the war.[2]

The United States Army took over the airport and the adjacent aircraft plant in 1945 for use as an airbase. After conducting the necessary repairs, it operated mostly transport aircraft into and out of the American enclave within otherwise British-occupied northern Germany. Control was handed back to the Bremen authorities in 1949. Civilian operations resumed that year with Scandinavian Airlines using Bremen Airport as a stopover on routes from Scandinavia to Geneva and Vienna.[4] Runway 09-27 was extended to 2.000 m.[2]

Development since the 1950sEdit

In the mid-1950s, the terminal buildings were reconstructed and Lufthansa began scheduled flights to the airport. The German airline also established its pilot training operations (Lufthansa Flight Training) at the airport. During the 1960s, scheduled jet flights began to be operated at Bremen. In 1971, a large radar system was installed on the southern perimeter of the airport.[2]

1989 was the first year that the airport had more than one million passengers. The current terminal building was opened in 1998.[5]

In January 2016 the airport's operator announced that the main terminal building would undergo major redesign and renovation works until 2018. Terminal sections 1, 2 and 3 were merged amongst several other changes.[5] In May 2016 the airport introduced its new brand with BRE Bremen Airport replacing City Airport Bremen .[6]

In February 2017 British Airways announced it would end its flights from Bremen to London and Manchester, which were both operated by SUN-AIR.[7] SUN-AIR maintained a base for the routes at Bremen Airport. In April 2017 the airport announced it was changing its name to Bremen Airport Hans Koschnick, after the former mayor and honorable citizen of Bremen.[8]

In October 2018, Ryanair announced it would be closing its base at the airport on 5 November 2018.[9]

FacilitiesEdit

The airport consists of one main passenger terminal building, split into sections Terminal 1, 2 and 3[10] that features several shops, restaurants and service facilities as well five aircraft stands equipped with jet bridges and some additional stands for mid-sized aircraft on the apron. The main building contains the check-in counters 5–19 and 21–38.[10] Ryanair uses another more basic facility to the west of the main terminal called Terminal E which only features walk-boarding and features the check-in counters 1E-4E.[10]

The Bremenhalle inside the airport hosts a small aviation and space exploration museum, displaying the Junkers W33 Bremen and the first Spacelab module.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Bremen Airport:[11]

AirlinesDestinations
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
British Airways Toulouse[12]
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas[13]
Corendon Airlines Antalya
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal: Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Rhodes[13]
Eurowings Stuttgart
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
KLM Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Onur Air Seasonal charter: Antalya
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal: Antalya[14]
Ryanair Alicante, Bergamo,[15] Faro (ends 6 January 2020),[16][17] Girona, London–Stansted, Palma de Mallorca, Porto,[15] Vilnius
Seasonal: Málaga, Riga, Stockholm–Skavsta, Thessaloniki
Sundair Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria
Seasonal: Antalya, Heraklion, Hurghada (begins 4 November 2019),[18] Marsa Alam (begins 7 February 2020),[18] Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tenerife–South (begins 6 November 2019)[19]
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya (begins 5 April 2020),[20] Izmir
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Wizz Air Gdańsk, Kiev–Zhuliany, Olsztyn—Mazury (begins 27 October 2019),[21] Skopje, Vienna (begins 17 December 2019)[22]

StatisticsEdit

 
Aerial view
 
Terminal interior
 
Apron overview
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 1,918,064
2008   2,486,337 46,876 723
2009   2,448,851   43,650   731
2010   2,676,297   46,409   539
2011   2,560,023   45,412   612
2012   2,447,007   44,737   643
2013   2,612,627   44,263   567
2014   2.773.129   45.987   721
2015   2.660.754   42.263   608
2016[23]   2.573.501   40.687   731
2017[24]   2,540,084   37.233   647
Source: ADV[25]

Ground transportationEdit

TramEdit

Tram line 6 departs every 6 to 10 minutes (on Sunday evenings up to 20 min) to Universität Bremen via Domsheide and Hauptbahnhof. The ride takes 11 minutes to the city center, 16 minutes to the central station and 30 minutes to the university.[26]

CarEdit

The airport can be reached via motorway A1 (Baltic SeaRuhr area; Exit Arsten) and the yet only partly completed city motorway A281 which crosses the city of Bremen.[27]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Fliegerhorst Bremen-Neuenlander Feld". Relikte.com. 17 January 2002. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  3. ^ "City Airport Bremen | History". Airport-bremen.de. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  4. ^ "Scandinavian Airlines System Timetable May 1, 1949". Airline Timetable Images. 2013.
  5. ^ a b aerotelegraph.com – Flughafen Bremen frischt sein Terminal auf (German) 26 January 2016
  6. ^ fluege.de. "Flüge: Wichtige Themen und Inspirationen im Überblick". news.fluege.de.
  7. ^ britishairways.com (Germany) retrieved 11 February 2017
  8. ^ "Pressestelle des Senats – "Bremen Airport Hans Koschnick" und Gastprofessur an der Universität Bremen". senatspressestelle.bremen.de (in German). Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  9. ^ "Ryanair to shut down Bremen, Eindhoven bases in mid-4Q18". ch-aviation.com. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  10. ^ a b c "Orientation plans – orientation at Bremen Airport". CITY AIRPORT BREMEN.
  11. ^ "Overall flight schedule – overall flight schedule for Bremen Airport". CITY AIRPORT BREMEN. 26 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Growth, traffic, news: the top 10 provincial airports in 2018". tourhebdo.com.
  13. ^ a b "Sundair and Corendon start operations at Bremen after Germania filed for insolvency". MK.
  14. ^ "Pegasus brings you from Bremen to Antalya". Bremen Airport.
  15. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Ryanair W19 Network changes summary as of 04OCT19". Routesonline. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  16. ^ https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-ryanair-portugal/ryanair-to-shut-faro-base-in-portugal-in-2020-union-idUKKCN1UX1ET
  17. ^ https://www.ryanair.com
  18. ^ a b "Germany's SundAir to extend its Bremen base into W19/20". ch-aviation.com.
  19. ^ "Sundair starts at Bremen from late summer 2019". Bremen Airport.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim. "SunExpress S20 network additions as of 13SEP19". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  21. ^ "Wizz Air adds Bremen – Olsztyn-Mazury service from late-Oct 2019". routesonlone.com. 19 July 2019.
  22. ^ "Wizz Air connects Bremen with Vienna". MK.
  23. ^ "Flughafen verbucht weniger Passagiere". 20 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Zahlen & Fakten". Flughafen Bremen GmbH. 25 January 2018.
  25. ^ "German Airport Statistics (German)". Archived from the original on 24 January 2016.
  26. ^ BSAG Archived 20 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine Bremer Straßenbahn AG
  27. ^ "Anreise – Einfache und schnelle Fahrt zum City Airport Bremen". Airport-bremen.de.

External linksEdit