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The Government of Spain (Spanish: Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain. The Government consists of the Parliament (Cortes Generales) and more precisely of the Congress of the Deputies, a body which invests the President or ceases him through the motion of censure. This is because Spain is a parliamentary system established by the Constitution of 1978.

Government of Spain
Spanish: Gobierno de España
Co-official languages
Catalan: Govern d'Espanya
Galician: Goberno de España
Basque: Espainiako Gobernua
Logotipo del Gobierno de España.svg
Logo of the Government of Spain
Established January 15, 1834; 184 years ago (1834-01-15)
State Kingdom of Spain
Appointed by Monarch
Main organ Council of Ministers
Responsible to Congress of Deputies and Senate
Headquarters Palace of Moncloa
Website Official website

Its fundamental regulation is placed in Title IV of the Constitution, as well as in Title V of that document, with respect to its relationship with the Cortes Generales, and in Law 50/1997, of November 27, of the Government.

According to Article 97 of the Constitution and Article 1.1 of the Government Act, "the Government directs domestic and foreign policy, the civil and military administration and the defense of the State. It exercises the executive function and the regulatory regulation according to the Constitution and the laws".



The Government's performance is governed by the following operating principles:

  • Principle of presidential direction: The President of the Government directs to the Ministers and can appoint or cease them freely.
  • Principle of responsibility: The President responds politically to the Congress of Deputies for the action of the Government. The eventual cessation of the President implies the cessation of the Government.
  • Principle of collegiality: The Government, understood as Council of Ministers, is a collegiate body composed of a plurality of members of the Government.
  • Principle of solidarity: The Government responds in solidum for the action of each one of the members of the Government.
  • Departmental principle: The members of the Government, as well as members of this collegiate body, are also the heads of the departmental bodies in charge of a more or less homogeneous area of competence.


To see the current members, see Current government.

According to Article 98 of the Spanish Constitution and Article 1.2 of the Government Law, the Government of Spain is composed of:


In accordance with article 11 of the Law of the Government, "to be a member of the Government it is required to be Spanish, adult, to enjoy the rights of active and passive suffrage, as well as not to be disabled to exercise employment or public office by sentence Judicial firm. "

Criminal privilegesEdit

The members of the Government enjoy their own criminal procedure, so that they will only be tried by the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court.[1]

The initiation of a case for treason or against the security of the State can only respond to the initiative of a quarter of the Congress of Deputies, approved by an absolute majority thereof,[2] and can not be granted pardon in such cases.[3]


Head of StateEdit

Heads of GovernmentEdit

  • President of the Government, sometimes misleadingly called "the Spanish President", is the first minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. He is informally but internationally and commonly referred to as the "Prime Minister". The current holder is Mariano Rajoy Brey, who was elected on 21 December 2011. He appoints a number of vice-presidents ordered numerically according to rank and responsible for their respective major ministries such as Finance, Foreign affairs, Domestic administration, etc.

Previous LegislationsEdit

Presidents of the Governments of Spain since the Spanish transition to democracyEdit

President Party Term of office Legislature
Adolfo Suárez Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 3 July 1976 26 February 1981 I
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 26 February 1981 2 de December 1982
Felipe González Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 2 de December 1982 5 May 1996 II, III, IV, V
José María Aznar People's Party (PP) 5 May 1996 17 April 2004 VI, VII
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 17 April 2004 21 December 2011 VIII, IX
Mariano Rajoy People's Party (PP) 21 December 2011 Present X, XI, XII

Current governmentEdit


Shown here is the official logo of the Government of Spain. On the left are the EU and the Spanish flags; in the centre is the coat of arms of Spain and the words Gobierno de España (in English: "Government of Spain"); and on the right side is a representation of La Moncloa, the official residence of the Prime Minister of Spain, where press conferences are given and the Council of Ministers meets. Below it is a variant design for the Ministry of Finance.


  1. ^ Article 102.1 of the Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ Article 102.2 of the Spanish Constitution
  3. ^ Article 102.3 of the Spanish Constitution
  4. ^ "Este es el nuevo Gobierno de Mariano Rajoy". Retrieved 4 November 2016. 

External linksEdit