Government of Spain
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The Government of Spain (Spanish: Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain. The Government consists of the Parliament (Cortes Generales) and more precisely of the Congress of the Deputies, a body which invests the President or ceases him through the motion of censure. This is because Spain is a parliamentary system established by the Constitution of 1978.
|Government of Spain|
|Spanish: Gobierno de España
Logo of the Government of Spain
|Established||January 15, 1834|
|State||Kingdom of Spain|
|Main organ||Council of Ministers|
|Responsible to||Congress of Deputies and Senate|
|Headquarters||Palace of Moncloa
Its fundamental regulation is placed in Title IV of the Constitution, as well as in Title V of that document, with respect to its relationship with the Cortes Generales, and in Law 50/1997, of November 27, of the Government.
According to Article 97 of the Constitution and Article 1.1 of the Government Act, "the Government directs domestic and foreign policy, the civil and military administration and the defense of the State. It exercises the executive function and the regulatory regulation according to the Constitution and the laws".
The Government's performance is governed by the following operating principles:
- Principle of presidential direction: The President of the Government directs to the Ministers and can appoint or cease them freely.
- Principle of responsibility: The President responds politically to the Congress of Deputies for the action of the Government. The eventual cessation of the President implies the cessation of the Government.
- Principle of collegiality: The Government, understood as Council of Ministers, is a collegiate body composed of a plurality of members of the Government.
- Principle of solidarity: The Government responds in solidum for the action of each one of the members of the Government.
- Departmental principle: The members of the Government, as well as members of this collegiate body, are also the heads of the departmental bodies in charge of a more or less homogeneous area of competence.
To see the current members, see Current government.
According to Article 98 of the Spanish Constitution and Article 1.2 of the Government Law, the Government of Spain is composed of:
- The President of the Government.
- The Vice President of the Government or Vice Presidents (If there are more than one).
- The Ministers.
- Other members. There is the possibility of incorporating other figures into government by law. However, this constitutional possibility has not been used until today.
In accordance with article 11 of the Law of the Government, "to be a member of the Government it is required to be Spanish, adult, to enjoy the rights of active and passive suffrage, as well as not to be disabled to exercise employment or public office by sentence Judicial firm. "
The initiation of a case for treason or against the security of the State can only respond to the initiative of a quarter of the Congress of Deputies, approved by an absolute majority thereof, and can not be granted pardon in such cases.
Head of StateEdit
- The Monarchy of Spain holds the constitutional head of state, which has no executive role, other than appointing officials, requiring reports of official activities and representing Spain at formal and ceremonial occasions. The king is also the commander in chief of the Spanish Armed Forces in which capacity he suppressed the 23-F Spanish coup d'état attempt in February 1981.
- The king, currently Felipe VI, ascended the throne on 19 June 2014. His predecessor, Juan Carlos I, abdicated the throne. The monarchy is hereditary. Daughters can inherit only if the monarch has no sons.
- The heir presumptive is Leonor, Princess of Asturias.
- The Military Chief of Staff (Jefe de Estado mayor) is General of the Army Fernando Alejandre Martínez.
Heads of GovernmentEdit
- President of the Government, sometimes misleadingly called "the Spanish President", is the first minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. He is informally but internationally and commonly referred to as the "Prime Minister". The current holder is Mariano Rajoy Brey, who was elected on 21 December 2011. He appoints a number of vice-presidents ordered numerically according to rank and responsible for their respective major ministries such as Finance, Foreign affairs, Domestic administration, etc.
Presidents of the Governments of Spain since the Spanish transition to democracyEdit
|President||Party||Term of office||Legislature|
|Adolfo Suárez||Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD)||3 July 1976||26 February 1981||I|
|Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo||Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD)||26 February 1981||2 de December 1982|
|Felipe González||Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||2 de December 1982||5 May 1996||II, III, IV, V|
|José María Aznar||People's Party (PP)||5 May 1996||17 April 2004||VI, VII|
|José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero||Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||17 April 2004||21 December 2011||VIII, IX|
|Mariano Rajoy||People's Party (PP)||21 December 2011||Present||X, XI, XII|
Shown here is the official logo of the Government of Spain. On the left are the EU and the Spanish flags; in the centre is the coat of arms of Spain and the words Gobierno de España (in English: "Government of Spain"); and on the right side is a representation of La Moncloa, the official residence of the Prime Minister of Spain, where press conferences are given and the Council of Ministers meets. Below it is a variant design for the Ministry of Finance.
- Article 102.1 of the Spanish Constitution
- Article 102.2 of the Spanish Constitution
- Article 102.3 of the Spanish Constitution
- "Este es el nuevo Gobierno de Mariano Rajoy". Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- (in Spanish) Spanish cabinets from 1931 to 2004