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Leonor, Princess of Asturias[a][2] (born 31 October 2005) is the heir presumptive to the throne of the Kingdom of Spain as the elder daughter of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia.

Leonor
Princess of Asturias (more)
Leonor de Borbón 2019 (cropped).jpg
Leonor in June 2019
Born (2005-10-31) 31 October 2005 (age 13)
Ruber International Hospital, Madrid, Spain
Full name
Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz[1]
HouseBourbon
FatherFelipe VI of Spain
MotherLetizia Ortiz Rocasolano
ReligionRoman Catholic
SignatureLeonor's signature

In addition to the official title of Princess of Asturias, she bears the historical titles of Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer. When Leonor ascends the throne, she will be Spain's first queen regnant since Isabella II, who reigned from 1833 to 1868.

Contents

BirthEdit

Leonor was born to Felipe and Letizia, then Prince and Princess of Asturias, on 31 October 2005 at 1:46am during the reign of her paternal grandfather Juan Carlos I in the Ruber International Hospital in Madrid by means of a caesarean section necessitated by non-progression of labour.[3] As the daughter of the Crown Prince and granddaughter of a King, she automatically became an Infanta and the second in the line of succession to the Throne. Her birth was announced by the Royal Family to the press via SMS.[4]

Her umbilical cord was clipped and sent for storage to Cord Blood Registry based in Arizona. Leonor left the Ruber International Hospital with her parents on 7 November 2005. She was baptised in the Zarzuela Palace by the Cardinal Archbishop of Madrid, Antonio Rouco Varela, on 14 January 2006.[5] Like her father, Leonor was christened in a romanesque baptismal font used to Christianize Spanish princes since the 17th century and originally used by Saint Dominic with water from the Jordan River.[6]

Her godparents were her paternal grandparents, Juan Carlos I and Sophia. She received the nickname of Leonor de Todos los Santos (Eleanor of All Saints).[7]

Education and activitiesEdit

Leonor's education began at the daycare for the children of the Spanish Royal Guard. She began her first year of elementary school on 15 September 2008 at the Santa María de los Rosales School in Aravaca, just outside Madrid.[8] Her father is an alumnus of the private school and her younger sister, Sofía, is also enrolled there. Leonor is fluent in both Spanish and English and has studied Mandarin.[9]

In May 2014, Leonor made her first official visit to the San Javier Air Force base in Murcia.[8]

On 18 June 2014, King Juan Carlos signed the instrument of abdication, and the following day at the stroke of midnight (18-19 June 2014) Leonor's father ascended the throne becoming King Felipe VI, and Leonor became his heir presumptive and became the brand new Princess of Asturias.[10]

Spanish monarchy operates under a system of male-preference cognatic primogeniture,[11] meaning that Leonor, as the elder of Felipe's two daughters, is first in line to inherit the throne. Under the current law, however, if her father has a legitimate son while still being king, Leonor would be displaced in the line of succession and again become an infanta.[8] There have been discussions[12][13][14] about changing the succession law to absolute primogeniture, allowing for the inheritance of the eldest child, regardless of sex; however, the birth of Leonor, followed by that of her younger sister Sofía, stalled these plans. Despite a change from male-preference to absolute primogeniture for Spanish titles of nobility in 2009,[15] as of 2019 no legislation has been passed affecting the succession to the throne.

In October 2014, a wax figure of Leonor was unveiled at the Museo de Cera in Madrid.[16] On 20 May 2015, Leonor received First Communion as per Catholic custom.[17][18]

A day before her 10th birthday, she was granted the Order of the Golden Fleece by her father.[19][20][21] In addition, the Council of Ministers approved the design of her personal standard and guidon.[22] Coinciding with the 50th birthday of King Felipe, in January 2018, the King officially gave Leonor's the collar of the Golden Fleece.[23]

In September 2018, Leonor conducted her first public engagement outside the palace by accompanying her parents to Covadonga to celebrate the 1,300th anniversary of the Kingdom of Asturias.[24] On 31 October 2018, Princess Leonor gave her first public speech, held at the Instituto Cervantes in Madrid, where she read the first article of the Constitution of Spain. The speech coincided with the 40th anniversary of the constitution and her 13th birthday.[25]

Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit

Before her father's ascension to the Throne, her title was: Her Royal Highness Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz, Infanta of Spain.

Since her father's ascension, the Princess' full title is: Her Royal Highness Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz, Princess of Asturias, Princess of Gerona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer.

HonoursEdit

As heir presumptive to the throne, she is the nominal chairwoman of the Princess of Asturias Fundation and the Princess of Girona Foundation, although because of her young age those functions are assumed by her father.[26][27]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In the languages of Spain, her name is:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ This article uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is de Borbón and the second or maternal family name is Ortiz.
  2. ^ "Los 10 nobles años de Leonor en 10 imágenes". El Mundo (in Spanish).
  3. ^ Galaz, Mábel (31 October 2005). "Nace la primera hija de los príncipes de Asturias, que se llamará Leonor". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  4. ^ Marcos, Charo; Cernuda, Olalla (31 October 2005). "Letizia Ortiz da a luz una niña". El Mundo (in Spanish). Mundinteractivos, S.A. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  5. ^ "Princess Leonor of Spain: Facts about the future queen". hellomagazine.com. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Royal christenings around the world". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. 9 November 2015. p. 8. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  7. ^ "La Infanta Leonor sólo abrió los ojos en su bautizo al recibir el agua del río Jordán | elmundo.es". www.elmundo.es. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b c Galaz, Mábel (4 June 2014). "Leonor becomes a crown princess". El País. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  9. ^ "Princess Leonor preparing for her role as Spain's future queen". Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  10. ^ "Spanish constitution" (PDF). Congress of Spain. congreso.es. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  11. ^ "Una esperada confirmación". El Mundo.
  12. ^ "LOS 'PROBLEMAS' SI EL PRIMOGÉNITO ES PRIMOGÉNITA: Pendientes de la Constitución hasta saber si será niño o niña". El Mundo.
  13. ^ Woolls, Daniel (27 September 2006). "Royal Pregnancy a Conundrum for Spain". The Washington Post. The Associated Press. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  14. ^ Govan, Fiona (30 September 2006). "Royal baby in waiting sparks row over throne". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  15. ^ Tremlett, Giles (12 July 2009). "Spanish nobles rebel over inheritance law". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  16. ^ "Princess Leonor of Spain's waxwork is unveiled in Madrid". Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  17. ^ Galaz, Mábel (20 May 2015). "Leonor hace la comunión como colegiala, no como princesa". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  18. ^ Remírez, Carmen (20 May 2015). "La Princesa Leonor, tras su primera comunión: 'Estaba muy nerviosa'". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  19. ^ "El Rey concede el Toisón de Oro a Leonor por su décimo cumpleaños". El País (in Spanish). 30 October 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  20. ^ Remírez, Carmen (30 October 2015). "El Rey Felipe VI concede a la Princesa de Asturias el Toisón de Oro". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  21. ^ Real Decreto 978/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  22. ^ Real Decreto 979/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  23. ^ "King Felipe of Spain gives daughter Princess Leonor same honour as the Queen". HELLO!. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  24. ^ Abellán, Lucía (8 September 2018). "La princesa Leonor estrena su agenda oficial de viajes en Asturias". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  25. ^ Alberola, Miquel (1 November 2018). "La princesa Leonor hace su primera lectura pública para conmemorar la Constitución". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  26. ^ "Leonor, princesa de Asturias, cumple diez años en la más estricta intimidad familiar - Republica.com". www.republica.com. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  27. ^ "Los primeros Premios Princesa de Asturias no tendrán a su Princesa". HOLA USA (in Spanish). 19 October 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2019.

External linksEdit

Leonor, Princess of Asturias
Born: 31 October 2005
Lines of succession
First
Succession to the Spanish throne Succeeded by
Infanta Sofía
Spanish royalty
Preceded by
Felipe
Princess of Asturias, Princess of Viana
Princess of Girona, Duchess of Montblanc,
Countess of Cervera, Lady of Balaguer

2014–present
Incumbent