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The Ministry of Defence (MINISDEF) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for planning, developing and carrying out the general guidelines of the Government about the defence policy and the managing of the military administration. It is the administrative and executive body of the Spanish Armed Forces.[2]

Ministry of Defence
Ministerio de Defensa
Logotipo del Ministerio de Defensa.svg
Logotype
Ministerio de Defensa de España (Madrid) 02.jpg
Main headquarters
Agency overview
FormedJuly 11, 1705; 313 years ago (1705-07-11) (as Secretary of the Universal Dispatch of War and Treasury)
July 4, 1977 (as Ministry of Defence)
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionGovernment of Spain
HeadquartersPaseo de la Castellana, 109
28071 Madrid
40°27′21″N 3°41′27″W / 40.45587°N 3.69077°W / 40.45587; -3.69077Coordinates: 40°27′21″N 3°41′27″W / 40.45587°N 3.69077°W / 40.45587; -3.69077
Annual budget 9.64 billions (2018)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executives
Websitewww.defensa.gob.es

According to the Constitution of 1978, the Monarch is the Commander in Chief of the Spanish military. He can declare war or conclude peace with authorization of the Cortes Generales, provided this act is countersigned by the Prime Minister.[3]

The Ministry of Defense is headed by the Minister of Defence, a Cabinet member who depends directly from the Prime Minister. Beneath the Ministry of Defense are five subordinate principal departments: the Armed Forces headed by the Chief of the Defence Staff which is divided in three military departments leaded by the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Navy and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force; the Secretariat of State for Defence headed by the Secretary of State of Defence; the Undersecretariat of Defence headed by the Under Secretary of Defence and the General Secretariat for Defence Policy head by the Secretary General for Defence Policy. In addition, the National Intelligence Center is subordinated to the Ministry of Defence.

The current holder of the Ministry is Margarita Robles.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Primitive military administrationEdit

Since the first origins of Spain, the monarchy has been the main form of government. That is the main reason why the first government departments appeared in the 18th century because for centuries, the monarch controlled all the power.

At the beginning, the King controlled the military through its Council of State which was divided in different sections dedicated to advise the King in the different areas of government.

Single and double secretariatEdit

On July 11, 1705, King Philip V created a Secretariat for war and treasury matters, called Secretariat of the Dispatch of War and Treasury mainly because of the War of Succession.[4] Once the war was over, in 1714 the Administration was reformed and two secretariats appeared: one dedicated to the Army called Secretariat of the Dispatch of War and another to the Navy called the Secretariat of the Dispatch of the Navy and Indies.

The Secretariat of the Dispatch of the Navy and Indies was suppressed in 1715 and the competences over the Navy were transferred to the Secretariat of War. In 1721 the Secretariat of the Dispatch of the Navy was re-created assuming the competences on the naval forces but in 30 January 1776, the Secretariat of the Dispatch of the Indies was recovered assuming the control of the overseas's naval forces. Since then, the Secretariat of the Navy had competences only on the naval forces of the Peninsular Spain, the Canaries and the Balearics because the Secretariat of the Dispatch of the Indies assumed the responsibilities on the naval forces in the rest of the Empire. It wasn't until 1790 that this Secretariat also assumed the competences on the Overseas Navy when the Indies Secretariat was suppressed.[5] The same did the Secretariat of War with the competencies on the land forces in the Indies.

MinistriesEdit

This organization was maintained through decades and at the beginning of the 19th century, the terms Secretariat and Ministry were used as synonymous, until 1851 when the Ministry of War and Ministry of the Navy were officially renamed.

Since the Constitution of 1812, which creates the Secretary of State and of the Dispatch of the Overseas Government, until the creation of the Ministry of Overseas in 1863, there were constant hesitations in the allocation of powers over those domains and which advisory body to go in case of doubt in the resolution of the issues. In 1836 it is the Ministry of the Navy who assumes these functions; A few years later, they move to the Ministry of the Interior. In 1851 an Overseas Council and an Overseas Directorate were created under the Office of the Prime Minister.[6]

 
Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado, first Defence Minister of the democratic period.

The hesitations continue regarding the advisory body (the Overseas Council alternates with the Royal Council and the Advisory Board) the vacillations also occur in terms of the dependence of the Directorate that passes to the Ministry of State in 1854, it is added to the Development in 1856, to return to State a few months later and depends on the Ministry of War from 1858 until the creation of the Overseas Ministry by Royal Decree of 20 May 1863. It subsists until the loss of those imperial provinces and is definitively suppressed by Royal Decree of 15 April 1899.[6]

First attempt and final unificationEdit

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Air Force started to make its firsts steps and at the very start they were just the air branch of the Army and later it was also created a Naval Air Force subordinated to the Navy.

During the Civil War, the armed forces split into two sides: the republican and the nationalist. In the republican side, there were two main ministries: the Ministry of War and the Ministry of the Navy and Aire Force; in the national side, there were only one unified ministry, the Ministry of National Defence that had all the competences over the three branches. After the Civil War, the francoist regime divided again the former Ministry of National Defence intro three ministries: Ministry of the Army, Ministry of the Navy and the new Ministry of the Air Force (created in 1939).

This three military departments disappeared in 1977 when they merged into the current Ministry of Defence. This new Ministry of Defence established its headquarters in a building belonged to the Ministry of Culture and the three headquarters of the military ministries were destined to hold the main headquearters of each military branch. The position of Under Secretary of Defence was created in 1977.[7] The new military organization was established in 1984 with the JEMAD as the Chief Operative of the Armed Forces and the Prime Minister (through the Defence Minister) as de facto leader of the Armed Forces. The Monarch remained as the symbolic commander-in-chief and the position of Secretary of State for Defence was created too.[8]

StructureEdit

 
Margarita Robles, current Minister of Defence

The Department is organized as follows:[2]

  • The Armed Forces.
  • The Secretariat of State for Defence.
    • The Directorate-General for Armament and Materiel.
    • The Directorate-General for Economic Affairs.
    • The Directorate-General for Infraestructure.
    • The Center of Systems and Technologies of the Information and Communications.
  • The Undersecretariat of Defence.
    • The Technical General Secretariat.
    • The Directorate-General for Personnel.
    • The Directorate-General for Military Recruitment and Teaching.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Internal Regime.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for Economic and Payroll Services.
    • The Legal Department of the Defence.
    • The Comptroller of the Defence.
    • The General Inspection of Health.
    • The Military Prison of Alcalá de Henares.
  • The General Secretariat for Defence Policy.
    • The Directorate-General for Defence Policy.
    • The Division for Security and Defense Studies and Coordination.
  • The Directorate for Institutional Communication of Defense.
  • The National Intelligence Centre.

The Civil Guard depends on the Ministry of Defence in the terms stipulated by laws.

The Ministry of Defence's consultant and advisory bodies are:

  • The Superior Council of the Army.
  • The Superior Council of the Navy.
  • The Superior Council of the Air Force.
  • The Superior Boards of the Common Corps of the Armed Forces.

Chain of CommandEdit

The Chain of Command of the military is regulated in the National Defence Organic Act of 2005.[9]

Like the Constitution, the law recognizes the Monarch as the supreme commander of the Armed Forces. The Government is the body in charge of establishing the defense policy as well as control of the military administration. The Prime Minister is the civilian authority in command of the Armed Forces. The Minister of Defence, under the authority of the Prime Minister, control the Armed Forces and establish the military policy. The Chief of the Defence Staff (JEMAD) is the fourth military authority, in charge over the operative command of the Armed Forces. After the Chief of the Defence Staff are the Chief of Staff of the different branches.

The Parliament is the responsible for authorising the signing of military treaties, approving the defence laws and military budgets and authorize the Sovereign to declare war and to make peace. In particular, the Congress is responsible for authorising the use of the Armed Forces abroad in missions that are not of national interest, if they are of national interest, the Government can use them without authorization but communicating it to the Congress.

  1. The King.
  2. The Prime Minister.
  3. The Minister of Defence.
  4. The Chief of the Defence Staff.
  5. The Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Navy and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
  6. Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army, the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Navy and the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Air Force.

List of Ministers of Defence of SpainEdit

Period Took office Left office Portrait Name Party
Reign
of
Charles IV

(1788–1808)
25 November 1807 19 March 1808   Antonio Olaguer Feliú (7)
Reign
of
Ferdinand VII

(1808)
19 March 1808 5 April 1808   Antonio Olaguer Feliú (7)
5 April 1808 7 July 1808   Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera (7)
Reign
of
Joseph I

(1808–1813)
7 July 1808 27 June 1813   Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera (6)
Junta Suprema Central
(1808–1812)
15 October 1808 31 January 1810   Antonio Cornel Ferraz Doz y Ferraz (7) Military
31 January 1810 20 May 1810   Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
20 May 1810 9 October 1810   Eusebio Bardají y Azara (Interim) (7)
9 October 1810 6 February 1812   José Heredia (7)
6 February 1812 23 June 1812   José María Carvajal (Interim) (7)
23 June 1812 30 May 1813   Francisco Javier Abadía (7)
30 May 1813 14 January 1814   Juan O'Donojú (Interim) (7)
14 January 1814 4 May 1814   Tomás Moreno Daoíz (Interim) (7)
Reign
of
Ferdinand VII

(1814–1833)
4 May 1814 29 May 1814   Manuel Alberto Freire de Andrade y Armijo (7)
29 May 1814 25 March 1815   Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
25 March 1815 23 October 1815   Francisco López Ballesteros (7)
23 October 1815 19 June 1817   Francisco Bernaldo de Quirós y Mariño de Lobera (Interim) (7)
19 June 1817 13 June de 1819   Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
13 June 1819 18 March 1820   José Alós Mora (Interim) (7)
18 March 1820 18 August 1820   Pedro Agustín Girón (6) Military
18 August 1820 23 September 1820   Juan Jabat (6)
23 September 1820 4 March 1821   Cayetano Valdés (6)
4 March 1821 23 August 1821   Tomás Moreno Daoíz (6)
23 August 1821 4 September 1821   Diego Contador (6)
4 September 1821 9 September 1821   Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
9 September 1821 8 January 1822   Estanislao Sánchez Salvador (6)
9 January 1822 24 January 1822   José Castellar (Interim) (6)
24 January 1822 28 February 1822   José Cienfuegos Jovellanos (6)
28 February 1822 6 July 1822   Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
10 July 1822 29 April 1823   Miguel López-Baños (6)
29 April 1823 2 June 1823   Pedro de la Bárcena (Interim) (6)
2 June 1823 18 June 1823   Estanislao Sánchez Salvador (Interim) (6)
21 June 1823 30 September 1823   Manuel de la Puente (6)
30 September 1823 2 December 1823   José San Juan (6)
2 December 1823 26 August 1824   José de la Cruz (7)
26 August 1824 13 June 1825   José Aimerich (Interim) (7)
13 June 1825 27 June 1825   Luis María Salazar (Interim) (7)
27 June 1825 1 October 1832   Miguel Ibarrola González (7)
1 October 1832 14 December 1832   Juan Antonio Monet (7)
14 December 1832 29 November 1833   José de la Cruz (7)
Regency
of
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies

(1833–1840)
29 November 1833 2 November 1834   Antonio Remón Zarco del Valle y Huet (6) Military
2 November 1834 17 February 1835   Manuel Llauder (6)
17 February 1835 13 June 1835   Gerónimo Valdés (6)
13 June 1835 28 August 1835   Pedro Agustín Girón (6) Military
18 August 1835 14 September 1835   Prudencio de Guadalfajara (Interim) (6)
14 September 1835 27 September 1835   Mariano Quirós (Interim) (6)
27 September 1835 27 April 1836   Ildefonso Díez de Rivera
27 April 1836 15 May 1836   José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6)
15 May 1836 8 June 1836   Antonio Seoane (6)
8 June 1836 14 August 1836   Santiago Méndez Vigo (6)
20 August 1836 26 November 1836   José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6)
26 November 1836 27 February 1837   Javier Rodríguez Vera (Interim) (6)
27 February 1837 29 July 1837   Ildefonso Díez de Rivera (6)
29 July 1837 30 August 1837   Baldomero Espartero (6)
30 August 1837 1 October 1837   Evaristo Fernández de San Miguel (6) Military
1 October 1837 4 October 1837   Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
4 October 1837 8 December 1837   Francisco Ramonet (6)
8 December 1837 16 December 1837   Jacobo María Espinosa (Interim) (6)
16 December 1837 17 January 1837   Baldomero Espartero (6) Military
17 January 1837 19 March 1837   José Carratalá (6)
19 March 1837 16 September 1838   Manuel Latre (6)
16 September 1838 30 October 1839   Isidro Alaix (6) Military
30 October 1839 8 April 1840   Francisco de Narváez (Interim) (6)
8 April 1839 14 April 1840   Fernando de Norzagaray (Interim) (6)
14 April 1840 19 July 1840   Serafín María de Sotto (6) Military
20 July 1840 28 August 1840   Valentín Ferraz (6)
28 August 1840 11 September 1840   Francisco Javier Azpiroz (6)
11 September 1840 16 September 1840   Facundo Infante (6)
Regency
of
Baldomero Espartero

(1840–1843)
16 September 1840 20 May 1841   Pedro Chacón y Chacón (6)
20 May 1841 17 June 1842   Evaristo Fernández de San Miguel (6) Military
17 June 1842 9 May 1843   José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6) Military
9 May 1843 19 May 1843   Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
19 May 1843 24 May 1843   Isidoro de Hoyos (6)
24 May 1843 30 July 1843   Agustín Nogueras (Interim) (6)
Reign
of
Isabella II

(1843–1868)
30 July 1843 1 December 1843   Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
5 December 1843 3 May 1844   Manuel Mazarredo (6)
3 May 1844 12 February 1846   Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
12 February 1846 16 March 1846   Federico Roncali (6) Military
16 March 1846 5 April 1846   Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
5 April 1846 12 April 1846   Francisco Armero Peñaranda (Interim) (6)
12 April 1846 28 January 1847   José Laureano Sanz (6)
28 January 1847 15 February 1847   Manuel Pavía (6) Military
15 February 1847 28 March 1847   Marcelino Oráa (6) Military
28 March 1847 31 August 1847   Manuel Mazarredo (6) Military
31 August 1847 3 November 1847   Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
3 November 1847 24 December 1847   Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
24 December 1847 19 October 1849   Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
19 October 1849 20 October 1849   Serafín María de Sotto (6) Military
20 October 1849 14 January 1851   Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
14 January 1851 6 February 1851   Rafael Aristégui y Vélez (6)
6 February 1851 16 January 1852   Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
16 January 1852 13 June 1852   Joaquín Ezpeleta Enrile (6)
13 June 1852 27 November 1852   Juan de Lara (6) Military
27 November 1852 14 December 1852   Cayetano de Urbina (6) Military
14 December 1852 14 April 1853   Juan de Lara (6) Military
14 April 1853 19 September 1853   Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
19 September 1853 18 July 1854   Anselmo Blaser (6)
18 July 1854 30 July 1854   Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
30 July 1854 12 October 1856   Leopoldo O'Donnell (6)
12 October 1856 16 December 1856   Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo (6)
16 December 1856 15 October 1857   Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
15 October 1857 14 January 1858   Francisco Armero Peñaranda (6)
14 January 1858 30 June 1858   Fermín de Ezpeleta (6)
30 June 1858 2 March 1863   Leopoldo O'Donnell (6) Military
2 March 1863 17 January 1864   José Gutiérrez de la Concha (6) Military
17 January 1864 1 March 1864   Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
1 March 1864 16 September 1864   José María Marchessi y Oleaga (6) Military
16 September 1864 30 March 1865   Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
30 March 1865 21 June 1865   Felipe Rivero Lemoyne (6)
21 June 1865 10 July 1866   Leopoldo O'Donnell (6) Military
10 July 1866 23 April 1868   Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
23 April 1868 19 September 1868   Rafael Mayalde (6)
19 September 1868 30 September 1868   José Gutiérrez de la Concha (6) Military
Sexenio Democrático
(1868–1871)
8 October 1868 27 December 1870   Juan Prim (6) Military
27 December 1870 4 January 1871   Juan Bautista Topete (Interim) (6)
Reign
of
Amadeo I

(1871–1873)
4 January 1871 24 July 1871   Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (Interim) (6)
24 July 1871 5 October 1871   Fernando Fernández de Cordova (Interim) (6)
5 October 1871 21 December 1871   Joaquín Bassols (6)
21 December 1871 20 February 1872   Eugenio Gaminde (6)
20 February 1872 8 April 1872   Antonio del Rey y Caballero (6)
8 April 1872 26 May 1872   Juan de Zavala y de la Puente (6) Military
26 May 1872 13 June 1872   Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
13 June 1872 12 February 1873   Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
First Spanish Republic
(1873–1874)
12 February 1873 24 February 1873   Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
24 February 1873 30 April 1873   Juan Acosta Muñoz (6)
30 April 1873 7 June 1873   Ramón Nouvilas (6) Military
11 June 1873 28 June 1873   Nicolás Estévanez Murphy (6) Military
28 June 1873 4 September 1873   Eulogio González Íscar (6)
9 September 1873 3 January 1874   José Sánchez Bregua (6) Military
3 January 1874 3 September 1874   Juan de Zavala y de la Puente (6) Military
3 September 1874 31 December 1874   Francisco Serrano Bedoya (6) Military
Reign
of
Alfonso XII

(1874–1885)
31 December 1874 21 December 1875   Joaquín Jovellar y Soler (6) Military
21 December 1875 7 March 1879   Francisco de Ceballos y Vargas (6) Military
7 March 1879 9 December 1879   Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (6) Military
9 December 1879 8 February 1881   José Ignacio de Echavarría (6) Military
8 February 1881 13 October 1883   Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (6) Military
13 October 1883 18 January 1884   José López Domínguez (6) Military
18 January 1884 27 November 1885   Genaro de Quesada y Matheus (6) Military
Regency
of
Maria Christina of Austria

(1885–1902)
27 November 1885 10 October 1886   Joaquín Jovellar y Soler (6) Military
10 October 1886 8 March 1887   Ignacio María del Castillo (6) Military
8 March 1887 14 June 1888   Manuel Cassola (6) Military
14 June 1888 11 December 1888   Tomás O'Ryan (6) Military
11 December 1888 21 January 1890   José Chinchilla Military
21 January 1890 5 July 1890   Eduardo Bermúdez Reina (6) Military
5 July 1890 11 December 1892   Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
11 December 1892 23 March 1895   José López Domínguez (6) Military
23 March 1895 4 October 1897   Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
4 October 1897 4 March 1899   Miguel Correa y García (Interim) (6)
4 March 1899 2 October 1899   Camilo García de Polavieja (6) Military
2 October 1899 18 October 1900   Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
18 October 1900 6 March 1901   Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
6 March 1901 17 May 1902   Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
Reign
of
Alfonso XIII

(1902–1931)
17 May 1902 6 December 1902   Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
6 December 1902 20 July 1903   Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
20 July 1903 5 December 1903   Vicente Martitegui (6) Military
5 December 1903 16 December 1904   Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
16 December 1904 27 January 1905   Cesar del Villar y Villate (6) Military
27 January 1905 23 June 1905   Vicente Martitegui (6) Military
23 June 1905 1 December 1905   Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
1 December 1905 6 July 1906   Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
6 July 1906 15 October 1906   José López Domínguez (6) Military
15 October 1906 4 December 1906   Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
4 December 1906 25 January 1907   Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
25 January 1907 3 July 1907   Francisco de Paula Loño y Pérez (6) Military
3 July 1907 1 March 1909   Fernando Primo de Rivera (6) Military
1 March 1909 21 October 1909   Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
21 October 1909 9 February 1910   Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
9 February 1910 3 April 1911   Ángel Aznar y Butigieg (6) Military
3 April 1911 27 October 1913   Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
27 October 1913 9 December 1915   Ramón Echagüe y Méndez Vigo (6) Military
9 December 1915 19 April 1917   Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
19 April 1917 11 June 1917   Francisco Aguilera y Egea (6) Military
11 June 1917 18 October 1917   Fernando Primo de Rivera (6) Military
18 October 1917 3 November 1917   José Marina Vega (6) Military
3 November 1917 22 March 1918   Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (6)
22 March 1918 9 November 1918   José Marina Vega (6) Military
9 November 1918 27 January 1919   Dámaso Berenguer (6) Military
27 January 1919 15 April 1919   Diego Muñoz Cobo (6) Military
15 April 1919 20 July 1919   Luis de Santiago (6) Military
20 July 1919 12 December 1919   Antonio Tovar y Marcoleta (6) Military
15 December 1919 5 May 1920   José Villalba Riquelme (6) Military
5 May 1920 14 August 1921   Luis de Marichalar y Monreal (6)
14 August 1921 8 March 1922   Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (6)
8 March 1922 15 July 1922   José Olaguer Feliú (6) Military
15 July 1922 7 December 1922   José Sánchez Guerra (Interim) (6)
7 December 1922 26 May 1923   Niceto Alcalá-Zamora (6)
26 May 1923 15 September 1923   Luis Aizpuru y Mondéjar (6)
Dictatorship
of
Miguel Primo de Rivera

(1923–1931)
15 September 1923 4 July 1924   Luis Bermúdez de Castro (6) Military
4 July 1924 3 November 1928   Juan O'Donnell (6) Military
3 November 1928 30 January 1930   Julio Ardanaz (3) Military
30 January 1930 14 April 1931   Dámaso Berenguer (3) Military
Second Spanish Republic
(1931–1939)
14 April 1931 12 September 1933   Manuel Azaña Díaz (6) IR
14 April 1931 14 October 1931   Santiago Casares Quiroga (4) ORGA
14 October 1931 12 June 1933   José Giral Pereira (4) IR
12 June 1933 12 September 1933   Lluís Companys Jover (4) ERC
12 September 1933 8 October 1933   Juan José Rocha García (6) Radical
12 September 1933 8 October 1933   Vicente Iranzo Enguita (4) ASR
8 October 1933 16 December 1933   Vicente Iranzo Enguita (6) ASR
8 October 1933 16 December 1933   Leandro Pita Romero (4) Radical
16 December 1933 23 January 1934   Diego Martínez Barrio (6) Radical
16 December 1933 23 January 1935   Juan José Rocha García (4) Radical
23 January 1934 16 November 1934   Diego Hidalgo Durán (6) Radical
16 November 1934 3 April 1935   Alejandro Lerroux García (6) Radical
23 January 1935 3 April 1935   Gerardo Abad Conde (4) Radical
3 April 1935 6 May 1935   Carlos Masquelet Lacaci (6) Military
3 April 1935 6 May 1935   Francisco Salas González (4) Military
6 May 1935 14 December 1935   José María Gil-Robles y Quiñones (6) CEDA
6 May 1935 25 September 1935   Antonio Royo Villanova (4) Agrario
25 September 1935 14 December 1935   Pedro Rahola Molinas (4) Lliga
14 December 1935 19 February 1936   Nicolás Moreno Lobo (6)
14 December 1935 30 December 1935   Francisco Salas González (4) Military
30 December 1935 19 February 1936   Antonio Azarola y Gresillón (4) Military (Navy)
19 February 1936 13 May 1936   Carlos Masquelet Lacaci (6) Military
19 February 1936 22 August 1936   José Giral y Pereira (4)
13 May 1936 19 July 1936   Santiago Casares Quiroga (6)
19 July 1936 19 July 1936   José Miaja Menant (6) Military
19 July 1936 6 August 1936   Luis Castelló Pantoja (6) Military
6 August 1936 4 September 1936   Juan Hernández Saravia (6) Military
22 August 1936 4 September 1936   Francisco Maíz Sánchez (4)
4 September 1936 17 May 1937   Francisco Largo Caballero (6) PSOE
4 September 1936 17 May 1937   Indalecio Prieto Tuero (7) PSOE
17 May 1937 5 April 1938   Indalecio Prieto Tuero (2) PSOE
5 April 1938 31 March 1939   Juan Negrín López (2) PSOE
5 March 1939 31 March 1939   Segismundo Casado López (1) Military
Dictatorship
of
Francisco Franco

(1936–1975)
31 January 1938 9 August 1939   Fidel Dávila Arrondo (2) Military
9 August 1939 3 September 1942   José Enrique Varela Iglesias (3) Military
9 August 1939 20 July 1945   Salvador Moreno Fernández (4) Military
9 August 1939 27 June 1940   Juan Yagüe Blanco (5) Military
3 September 1942 20 July 1945   Carlos Asensio Cabanillas (3) Military
27 June 1940 20 July 1945   Juan Vigón Suerodíaz (5) Military
20 July 1945 19 July 1951   Fidel Dávila Arrondo (3) Military
20 July 1945 19 July 1951   Francisco Regalado Rodríguez (4) Military
20 July 1945 25 February 1957   Eduardo González-Gallarza (5) Military
19 July 1951 25 February 1957   Agustín Muñoz Grandes (3) Military
19 July 1951 25 February 1957   Salvador Moreno Fernández (4) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962   Antonio Barroso y Sánchez-Guerra (3) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962   Felipe José Abárzuza y Oliva (4) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962   José Rodríguez Díaz de Lecea (5) Military
10 July 1962 11 February 1964   Pablo Martín Alonso (3) Military
10 July 1962 29 October 1969   Pedro Nieto Antúnez (4) Military
10 July 1962 29 October 1969   José Daniel Lacalle Larraga (5) Military
20 February 1964 29 October 1969   Camilo Menéndez Tolosa (3) Military
20 October 1969 11 June 1973   Juan Castañón de Mena (3) Military
20 October 1969 11 June 1973   Adolfo Baturone Colombo (4) Military
20 October 1969 3 January 1974   Julio Salvador y Díaz-Benjumea (5) Military
11 June 1973 11 July 1975   Francisco Coloma Gallegos (3) Military
11 June 1973 14 April 1977   Gabriel Pita da Veiga y Sanz (4) Military
3 January 1974 11 December 1975   Mariano Cuadra Medina (5) Military
Reign
of
Juan Carlos I

(1975–2014)
11 December 1975 4 July 1977   Félix Álvarez-Arenas y Pacheco (3) Military
11 December 1975 4 July 1977   Carlos Franco Iribarnegaray (5) Military
14 April 1977 4 July 1977   Pascual Pery Junquera (4) Military
4 July 1977 6 April 1979   Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado (1) Military
5 April 1979 26 February 1981   Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún (1) UCD
26 February 1981 3 December 1982   Alberto Oliart Saussol (1) UCD
3 December 1982 12 March 1991   Narcís Serra (1) PSOE
12 March 1991 3 July 1995   Julián García Vargas (1) PSOE
3 July 1995 5 May 1996   Gustavo Suárez Pertierra (1) PSOE
5 May 1996 27 April 2000   Eduardo Serra Rexach (1) Independent
28 April 2000 18 April 2004   Federico Trillo-Figueroa (1) PP
18 April 2004 7 April 2006   José Bono Martínez (1) PSOE
7 April 2006 14 April 2008   José Antonio Alonso Suárez (1) PSOE
14 April 2008 20 May 2008   Carme Chacón Piqueras (1) PSOE
20 May 2008 30 June 2008   Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (Interim) (1) PSOE
30 June 2008 22 December 2011   Carme Chacón Piqueras (1) PSOE
22 December 2011 19 June 2014   Pedro Morenés Eulate (1) Independent
Reign
of
Felipe VI

(2014–present)
19 June 2014 4 November 2016   Pedro Morenés Eulate (1) Independent
4 November 2016 1 June 2018   María Dolores de Cospedal García (1) PP
7 June 2018 Incumbent   Margarita Robles (1) Independent

(1) Minister of Defence
(2) Minister of National Defence
(3) Minister of the Army
(4) Minister of the Navy
(5) Minister of the Air Forces
(6) Minister of War
(7) Royal Secretary of War

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Government of Spain, Ministry of the Treasury (2018). "General Budget of the State" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b "Royal Decree 1399/2018, of November 23, by which the basic organic structure of the Ministry of Defense is developed". boe.es. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
  3. ^ "Royal Decree 415/2016, 3 November, for restructuring the ministerial departments" (PDF). 2016.
  4. ^ "Corporate Body - Secretaría de Estado y del Despacho de Guerra y Hacienda (España)". PARES (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  5. ^ "Corporate Body - Secretaría de Estado y del Despacho de Marina (España)". PARES (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  6. ^ a b "Corporate Body - Ministerio de Ultramar (España)". PARES. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
  7. ^ "Royal Decree 2723/1977, of November 2, by which the Ministry of Defense is structured organically and functionally". boe.es. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
  8. ^ "Royal Decree 135/1984, of January 25, by which the Ministry of Defense is restructured". boe.es. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
  9. ^ "Organic Law 5/2005, of November 17, of the National Defence". www.boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.

External linksEdit