Zagrebački električni tramvaj
The Zagrebački električni tramvaj (ZET) (English: Zagreb Electric Tram) is the transit authority responsible for public transport in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, and parts of the surrounding Zagreb County. It is one of the municipal companies controlled by Zagreb Holding.
|Transit type||tram, bus, funicular, gondola lift|
|Number of lines||19 tram lines, 134 bus lines, 1 funicular line and 1 gondola lift (currently out of order)|
|Operator(s)||Zagrebački električni tramvaj|
|System length||116 km (72 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3+3⁄8 in) (narrow gauge)|
ZET operates an extensive bus system, 19 tram lines (15 daytime lines and 4 nighttime lines), a gondola lift and a funicular line. Historically, ZET workshops also produced trams (namely, types M-22, M-24 and three TMK 101 prototypes).
The first tram line was opened on September 5, 1891, setting off a vital part of the Zagreb mass transit system. Zagreb today features an extensive tram network with 15 day and 4 night lines running over 117 km (73 mi) of tracks through 255 stations and transporting almost 500,000 passengers per day. During the day every line runs on average every 5–10 minutes, but almost every station serves at least two routes. Nighttime lines have exact timetables averaging at about every 40 minutes. Daytime lines also have timetables, but they don't usually abide to them due to traffic fluctuations that can prolong a trip by more than 30 minutes, leading to frequent gaps at and after rush hour.
Rolling stock is very diverse. It currently includes around 240 motor units of 6 different tram types (June 2010). On a normal work day there are over 193 units used in traffic.
ZET currently runs 134 bus lines, providing services not only to the city of Zagreb, but also to other satellite towns such as Zaprešić, Velika Gorica, Bistra, etc. Bus service frequencies vary depending on the number of passengers on a certain line- some bus lines have 5 minute intervals, others 15, or even 50-minute intervals, and some run only in peak times. Physical (paper) Timetables are given only for the first and the last stops, but online (www.zet.hr) you can see timetables for every stop on every line. Buses generally serve as feeders for tram system.
Current stock is around 300 units, and it consists of MAN, Mercedes-Benz and Irisbus-Iveco buses. Buses are mostly low-floor, with high-floor buses in use only on suburban-regional routes. In June, 2007 ZET started using biodiesel in 11 busses, and since 2009 sixty CNG buses are in use. ZET is planning to use biodiesel and CNG 50:50% in their buses in early future.
Urban bus system consists of 78 routes: 101-110, 112-116, 118-143, 146, 150, 201-210, 212-234, 236-238; although routes 112, 132, 208, 209 and a few others might be described as suburban. City buses and trams are entirely in the 1st tariff zone. The network is constantly expanding, and new routes to neighborhoods Donje Svetice, Podbrežje and a few others are expected soon.
Out of 56 suburban routes, 23 of them run in the City of Zagreb administrative area: numbers 159-164, 166, 168, 261-263, 269-280. Since tariff system change put in service on January 1, 2006, all routes on the territory of City of Zagreb have been running in the 1st zone.
Suburban routes outside of City of Zagreb run in zones 1-4, most of them beginning at tram terminals in the first zone, connecting the city with surrounding villages and towns, but some of the routes also begin in towns Zaprešić and Velika Gorica. These 35 lines go to following areas in Zagreb County: cities Velika Gorica (268, 290, 302-305, 307-311, 313, 315, 319-325, 330, 335) and Zaprešić (170, 172, 180, 181, 182) and municipalities of Luka (174), Bistra (175-177), Jakovlje (178), Klinča Sela (165, 169) and Stupnik (111, 164).
The longest route is the 35-km route 311 (Main Station-Cerovski Vrh), though most of suburban routes are about 20 km long.
See also: List of bus lines (PDF file)
City bus galleryEdit
The only funicular in Zagreb is operated by ZET, connecting the Tomićeva Street with Strossmayerovo Promenade to the north.
The funicular was built in 1890 and has been in operation since April 23, 1893. It has two cars for 28 passengers each. It runs on 1200 mm gauge rails, track length is only 66 m, but height difference is 30.5 m and inclination 52%. This makes it one of the shortest, but also one of the steepest funiculars in the world. It runs at a speed of 1.5 m/s, needing 1 minute to complete the trip.
The gondola lift towards Sljeme on Medvednica used to operate over a distance of 4017 m and over a height difference of 669 meters. The cars traveled at a speed of 3 metres per second (9.8 ft/s) and it took it 13 minutes to cross the distance. A cabin can hold four adult persons and a new one started the ride every 32 seconds.
The current gondola lift was in operation from 1963-07-27 to 2007-06-30, when it officially ceased to operate.
Though, there are plans to thoroughly rebuild the entire gondola lift system. Modernisation would include bigger cars, speed improvement, higher wind resistance and about 1030 m longer route - 130 m towards north until the peak of the mountain, and 900 m towards south down to the Dolje tram terminal. Construction might begin soon.
- Zet article "Sljemenski lift do vrha Medvednice", in Croatian, retrieved 2009-10-08.