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The Saudi Arabia Portal - بوابة المملكة العربية السعودية

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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia KSA, or Saudi Arabia (pronounced in English /ˈsɒdɪ əˈɹeɪ̯bɪə/), السعودية /ælʕɑrɑˈbiː æsːæʕuːˈdijːæ/ or, less commonly, It is the largest state in the Middle East and is located in the south-west of Asia. It is the largest part of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of about 2 million square kilometers. Iraq and Jordan are bounded by Kuwait from the north-east, and from the east by Qatar and United Arab Emirates. In addition to Bahrain which is connected to Saudi Arabia through King Fahd Causeway is located on the Arabian Gulf, and to the south is bordered by Yemen and, Oman from the southeast and by the Red Sea to the west.

The beginning of the establishment of Saudi Arabia was the establishment of the First Saudi State, which Dir'iyyah as state's official capital by Muhammad ibn Saud in 1744, which ended in 1818, followed by the establishment of the Second Saudi State, which took new grant to change the capital and take Riyadh as the capital of his state. It began with the fall of the first state until it ended in 1891. Later, there were transformations to establish a Third Saudi State. This was done by Ibn Saud in 1902, and later became the Sultan of Nejd and then the King of Hejaz and Nejd until it became the name of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia after the unification of all its lands in one entity and that was on 23 September, 1932.

Saudi Arabia enjoys a stable political and economic position in generally its economy depends on oil as it has the 2nd largest oil reserves , 4th natural gas reserves and the largest crude oil exporter in the world, which accounts for nearly 90% of exports. The Kingdom ranks 19th among the world's largest economies, at the World Bank, and Veto Power of 3% in the International Monetary Fund.

Saudi Arabia is a membership in the GCC, League of Arab States, United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, G-20, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization and OPEC.

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A group of statutes of old ruins in Mada'in Saleh

Mada'in Saleh It is an archaeological site located in the northwest of Saudi Arabia, the site is distinguished because it is the most important city of the Nabataeans after Petra morndern day Jordan, it contains the largest southern settlement of the Nabataean Kingdom after Petra, which is separated by a distance of 500 km, the most prominent cultural role to the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD. During the period of prosperity of the Nabataean state and before its fall by the Roman Empire in 106 AD and believed that civilization continued in its civilizations until the 4th century AD, and was the capital of the Kingdom of Lehan, including Madain Saleh.

The Thamudites were the first to inhabit the area for many years and the first to carve the houses on the rock followed by the Nabataeans as mentioned in the Quran in more than one part and it is said that the Thamudites are strong and were taken from the mountains accommodation through the sculpture has been mentioned also in the Quran that they passed the Valley And God sent them to Saleh where he invited them to worship God and leave idols, and God sent them to his Prophet Saleh, where he called them to worship God and left the worship of idols but they did not believe him, and continued to call them, they asked him to come out of them a camel from a big rock they have, He did this, and he called on Allah to bring out the camel of god responded to him.

Monuments of Madain Saleh contains 53 carved rock facades and a number of ancient monuments in a number of possible places. In 2008, UNESCO listed the site as a World Heritage Site.

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Abraj Al Bait, in Mecca, is the tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia. With a height of 601m, it is considered the 2nd tallest building in the world.

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Kaaba, Al-Masjid Haram
Photo credit: Bluemangoa2z

The Kaaba or Ka'aba also referred as Kaaba Muazzama (Grand Kaaba), is a building at the center of Islam's most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

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Skyline of Al-Balad (Jeddah Downtown)

Jeddah is one of the governorates of Makkah Region and is located in the west of Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea coast. The province is located 949 km from the capital Riyadh, and is 79 km from Mecca, 420 km away from Medinah, the economic and tourist capital of Saudi Arabia, and is considered the first destination in the Kingdom for tourists both inside and outside the Kingdom, and is the first in terms of projects towers and skyscrapers. With a population of 3,456,259, Jeddah is the second largest city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia after the capital Riyadh, the largest city in Makkah. Makkah is the largest seaport on the Red Sea. It is a financial and business center in Saudi Arabia and a major export port. Non-oil goods and the import of local needs. There are 135 skyscrapers under construction in Jeddah, and there are offices of international banks.

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King Abdullah in Washington D.C. 2005

Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1 August 192423 January 2015) was King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2005 to his death in 2015. He ascended to the throne on 1 August 2005 upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd.

Abdullah, like Fahd, was one of the many sons of Ibn Saud, the founder of modern Saudi Arabia. Abdullah held important political posts throughout most of his adult life. In 1961 he became mayor of Mecca, his first public office. The following year, he was appointed commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a post he was still when he became king. He also served as deputy defense minister and was named crown prince when Fahd took the throne in 1982. After King Fahd suffered a serious stroke in 1995, Abdullah became the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia until ascending the throne a decade later.

The king curtailed his activities after June 2010 with no clear explanation. From 2010 to 2012 he underwent several operations and suffered from cartilage slide. King Abdullah left Saudi Arabia on a "special trip" on 27 August 2012. He underwent surgery at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York on or before September 4, 2012, following a heart attack. However, there was no official report on the process. Instead, it was officially announced that the king went on a private trip to Morocco, which he was known to visit frequently. He returned to Saudi Arabia on September 24, 2012.

The Royal Court of Saudi Arabia announced the death of King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud in an official statement on January 23, 2015. He was buried in the Oud cemetery after he prayed at Imam Turki bin Abdullah mosque after the Asr prayer on Friday, January 23, His successor was Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.

He was considered one of the richest people in the world, Forbes Magazine reported in its bulletin on the richest kings in the world published in 2010 that the value of his wealth is estimated at $18 billion.



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