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Jizan (Arabic: جازانjazān), also spelled Jazan, Gizan or Gazan, is a port city and the capital of Jizan Region, which lies in the southwest corner of Saudi Arabia and directly north of the border with Yemen. Jazan City is situated on the coast of the Red Sea and serves a large agricultural heartland that has a population of 1.5 million, according to a 2010 census. As the city is the capital of the region, it has the regional airport as well as Jizan seaport. The area is noted for its high-quality production of tropical fruits like mango, figs, and papaya.[citation needed]

Jizan

جازان
Jizan is located in Saudi Arabia
Jizan
Jizan
Coordinates: 16°53′21″N 42°33′40″E / 16.88917°N 42.56111°E / 16.88917; 42.56111
Country Saudi Arabia
RegionJizan Region
Government
 • Governor / EmirHRH Prince Mohammed Bin Nasser Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud
Elevation
40 m (130 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total105,193
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Websitewww.jazan.gov.sa

Jazan has one of the largest mega projects market in the kingdom with significant infrastructure projects worth many billions of dollars. Saudi Aramco is building a 400,000 bpd refinery with associated terminal facilities on the Red Sea near Jazan, scheduled for completion in late 2018.[1]

Contents

EthnographyEdit

The inhabitants of Jazan are Arab and entirely Sunni Muslim, except for some foreign residents and workers.[citation needed]

EconomyEdit

In the early 20th century, Jazan was a major site for pearl fishing. When World War I began, trade declined at Jazan, moving to Al Hudaydah.[2]

Today, ambitious projects in transport, renewable energy, tourism and agricultural development are taking place in Jazan region, particularly in Jazan Economic City, including a USD$3 Billion aluminium smelter.[3]

Jizan is being turned into Saudi Arabia's naval industry hub.[citation needed] Furthermore, the southern and western outskirts of the city are a place which the Kingdom wants to turn into its agricultural hub due to the water underground as well as the rich and diverse soil.[citation needed]

Jazan RefineryEdit

Jazan Refinery is a megaproject project under the construction and owned by Saudi Aramco. The Refinery will process heavy and medium crude oil to create liquefied petroleum gas, sulfur, asphalt, benzene, and paraxylene. It is expected to produce 400,000 barrels per day.[4]

ClimateEdit

Jazan has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) with an average annual temperature above 30 °C (86 °F). The weather is very hot all year round and its average annual temperature is one of the hottest in the world, despite its (extremely mild) winters.

It is very humid but parched in some months, making the weather very volatile. Sandstorms are quite common in areas further from the sea.

The highest recorded temperature was 46.3 °C (115.3 °F) on September 15, 2006, while the lowest was 5.8 °C (42.4 °F) on February 7, 1993.[5]

Climate data for Jizan (1985-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.0
(93.2)
34.9
(94.8)
38.1
(100.6)
41.1
(106.0)
44.0
(111.2)
42.7
(108.9)
42.3
(108.1)
45.3
(113.5)
46.3
(115.3)
43.0
(109.4)
42.3
(108.1)
38.0
(100.4)
46.3
(115.3)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
31.2
(88.2)
33.0
(91.4)
35.5
(95.9)
37.4
(99.3)
38.4
(101.1)
38.3
(100.9)
38.1
(100.6)
38.0
(100.4)
36.7
(98.1)
34.4
(93.9)
31.9
(89.4)
35.3
(95.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
(79.0)
26.7
(80.1)
28.2
(82.8)
30.5
(86.9)
32.2
(90.0)
33.5
(92.3)
33.6
(92.5)
33.2
(91.8)
33.0
(91.4)
31.3
(88.3)
29.2
(84.6)
26.9
(80.4)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
22.6
(72.7)
24.1
(75.4)
26.1
(79.0)
27.8
(82.0)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
28.8
(83.8)
26.4
(79.5)
24.6
(76.3)
22.6
(72.7)
26.2
(79.2)
Record low °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
11.8
(53.2)
16.3
(61.3)
18.8
(65.8)
19.1
(66.4)
23.0
(73.4)
21.0
(69.8)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68.0)
20.3
(68.5)
18.3
(64.9)
17.0
(62.6)
11.8
(53.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.4
(0.53)
3.7
(0.15)
5.7
(0.22)
14.6
(0.57)
7.4
(0.29)
0.9
(0.04)
10.5
(0.41)
26.2
(1.03)
10.1
(0.40)
18.5
(0.73)
12.8
(0.50)
15.9
(0.63)
139.7
(5.50)
Average relative humidity (%) 73 73 70 66 64 64 60 64 67 67 69 73 68
Source: Jeddah Regional Climate Center[6]
Jīzān mean sea temperature[7]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
26.8 °C (80.2 °F) 26.6 °C (79.9 °F) 27.6 °C (81.7 °F) 28.9 °C (84.0 °F) 30.7 °C (87.3 °F) 31.9 °C (89.4 °F) 31.5 °C (88.7 °F) 31.6 °C (88.9 °F) 32.0 °C (89.6 °F) 32.0 °C (89.6 °F) 30.5 °C (86.9 °F) 28.7 °C (83.7 °F)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Aramco lets contracts for Jazan refinery, terminal". Oil & Gas Journal. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  2. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Arabia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 75.
  3. ^ "$3bn Jazan aluminium smelter deal signed". Trade Arabia. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Saudi Aramco, Air Products, and ACWA Power to form over $8 billion gasification/power joint venture at Jazan Economic City". www.saudiaramco.com. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  5. ^ "Gizan, Saudi Arabia". Jeddah Regional Climate Center. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  6. ^ "Climate Data for Saudi Arabia". Jeddah Regional Climate Center. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
  7. ^ "Monthly Jīzān water temperature chart". Seatemperatures.org. Retrieved 2014-01-20.

Oil Review-Monday, 11 December 2017

External linksEdit