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Oman (/ˈmɑːn/ (About this soundlisten) oh-MAHN; Arabic: عمانʻumān [ʕʊˈmaːn]), officially the Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: سلطنة عُمانSalṭanat ʻUmān), is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Its official religion is Islam.

Holding a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the country shares land borders with the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Oman on the northeast. The Madha and Musandam exclaves are surrounded by the UAE on their land borders, with the Strait of Hormuz (which it shares with Iran) and Gulf of Oman forming Musandam's coastal boundaries.

From the late 17th century, the Omani Sultanate was a powerful empire, vying with Portugal and the UK for influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak in the 19th century, Omani influence or control extended across the Strait of Hormuz to modern-day Iran and Pakistan, and as far south as Zanzibar. When its power declined in the 20th century, the sultanate came under the influence of the United Kingdom. For over 300 years, the relations built between the two empires were based on mutual benefits. The UK recognized Oman's geographical importance as a trading hub that secured their trade lanes in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean and protected their empire in the Indian sub-continent. Historically, Muscat was the principal trading port of the Persian Gulf region. Muscat was also among the most important trading ports of the Indian Ocean. Read more...

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Tourists riding camels in the Wahiba Sands
Tourism in Oman grew considerably during the 2000s, and a 2013 report predicted that it would become one of the largest industries in the nation.[1]

Oman has various tourist attractions, particularly within the realm of cultural tourism.[2][3] Muscat was named the second best city to visit in the world by the travel guide publisher Lonely Planet in 2012,[4] and was chosen as the Capital of Arab Tourism of 2012.[5]

Pictured are tourists riding camels in the Wahiba Sands.

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British Museum Sharja Hoard.jpg
Credit: User:BabelStone
78 Persian silver coins in a small blue-glazed pot, from Sharjah in Trucial Oman, late 17th century

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Selected biography

Omani footballer, Hashim Saleh in action for his team, Dhofar F.C. facing city rivals, Al-Nasr F.C
Hashim Saleh (Arabic: هاشم صالح‎) is an Omani football striker who plays for Dhofar. A member of the Oman national football team, he wears the number 9 shirt for both club and country.

Hashim has been fighting for a place on the first squad of the national team as a forward, but players such as Hassan Rabia, Badar Al-Maimani, and Imad Al-Hosni make it difficult for him to make many appearances. Although he has not made as many appearances as Al-Hosni or Al-Maimani, he was featured in many games as a substitute, and even frequently started. In the 2007 Gulf Cup of Nations, he scored a magnificent goal against a stunned Kuwait, which was thought by many as "the best goal in the competition". He was also on the squad in the 16th Gulf Cup in Kuwait and on the 19th Gulf Cup squad in Muscat.



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  1. ^ "Travel & Leisure Market Research Reports and Industry Analysis". Retrieved 2013-06-09.
  2. ^ Kharusi, N. S. & Salman, A. (2011) The English Transliteration of Place Names in Oman. Journal of Academic and Applied Studies Vol. 1(3) September 2011, pp. 1-27 Available online at
  3. ^ Babu Thomas. "Culture in Oman, Tourism". Archived from the original on 2013-06-25. Retrieved 2013-06-09.
  4. ^ Richard I'Anson. "Lonely Planet's Best in Travel: top 10 cities for 2012 - travel tips and articles". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2013-06-09.
  5. ^ "Home Page - Gulf in the Media". Retrieved 23 December 2015.

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