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Erbil International Airport (IATA: EBL, ICAO: ORER), is the main airport of the city of Erbil in Iraq. It is administered by the Iraqi Government under a committee consisting of the Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan, Nechervan Idris Barzani, and is one of two international airports (the other being Sulaymaniyah Airport), with a third in Duhok being under construction. The new modern airport opened in 2010. The airport has one of the longest runways in the world (4800m).

Erbil International Airport

Firokaxaney Nêwdewletî Hewlêr

فڕۆکه‌خانه‌ی نێوده‌وڵه‌تی هه‌ولێر
ErbilAirport logo.jpg
Erbil International Airport terminal building.JPG
Airport typePublic
ServesErbil, Iraq
Hub for
Elevation AMSL1,363 ft / 415 m
Coordinates36°14′15″N 043°57′47″E / 36.23750°N 43.96306°E / 36.23750; 43.96306Coordinates: 36°14′15″N 043°57′47″E / 36.23750°N 43.96306°E / 36.23750; 43.96306
ORER is located in Iraq
Location in Iraq
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 4,800 15,748 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Total passengers1,565,998



The airport was built at the beginning of the 1970s as an Iraqi military base. The airstrip was used as a military base until 1991 by the Ba'ath Party regime as a result of United Nations Security Council establishing a no-fly zone over Northern Iraq. After the 2003 Iraq War, the Kurdistan Regional Government took over administrative rule of the region. On 26 May 2005, the airport was given the ICAO airport code, ORER. Endowed with natural resources including oil, natural gas and other minerals, investment in Iraq has increased since 2005 and the city of Erbil has been the recipient of foreign investments. Due to the growing need for safe access into the country, the Regional Government invested US$500 million in the construction of a modern airport.[citation needed]

Old airportEdit

The old Erbil airport covered 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft), and was divided into departure and arrival halls. It had three gates and a 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long runway with an ILS system.[1] The Kurdistan International Bank, a Tourism Information office, the airline companies offices, duty-free shops, a cafeteria, and the Korek Telecom office were located inside the terminal.

The warehouse offered cargo space amounting to 4,320 m2 (46,500 sq ft) and consisted of an import and an export section. The cargo was handled by Dnata, a Dubai-based company.[1]

New airportEdit

A new Turkish built, $US550 million airport was opened on 5 July 2005.[1][2] The new airport is next to the old airport (previously a military field) and has one of the world's longest runways, 4,800 m × 75 m (15,748 ft × 246 ft) and is equipped for ILS CAT II operations.[1] The airport's new terminal has duty-free shops and currency exchange offices.[3] The terminal also has CIP areas for business jets, and there is a VIP terminal for visiting dignitaries and diplomats[2] for the purpose of achieving international airport standards.[4]

In 2010 Erbil International Airport had the least expensive aviation fuel in Iraq (at 83 US cents per litre).[5]

From September 29, 2017, until the 14th of March, 2018, following the Iraqi Kurdistan independence referendum, all commercial international flights were suspended.[6] The airport remained open for domestic, humanitarian, military, and diplomatic flights.[7]

Airlines and destinationsEdit


Since its opening in 2006, the airport has seen increased traffic. Traffic was up 22% in 2010 and in 2011 demand was up 37% to just over 620,000 passengers. In the first four months of 2012 passenger numbers are up 52% with April setting a new record of 84,275 departing and arriving passengers.[25]

Annual Passenger & Cargo Traffic[26]
Year Passengers % Change Cargo (MT) % Change
2006 163,619   N/A N/A
2007 275,183   68% 10,000  
2008 302,000   10% 14,500   45%
2009 356,850   18% 11,533   -20%
2010 449,536   26% 10,848   -6%
2011 620,365   38% 17,864   65%
2012 947,600   53% 27,488   54%
2013 1,193,783   26% 38,571   40%
2014 1,565,998   31% 33,527   -13%


  1. ^ a b c d "Old & New".
  2. ^ a b "A winning design". 26 May 2005.
  3. ^ "Shops and Services".
  4. ^ Erbil International. "Airport".
  5. ^ EIA informs of one liter fuel in Erbil is $0.83
  6. ^ Erbil International Airport. "Baghdad 'No fly Zone' looms for Kurdistan airports".
  7. ^ "Iraqi govt enforces international flight ban in Kurdistan region - France 24". 29 September 2017.
  8. ^ Erbil Airport Flight Schedule
  9. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Anadolu Jet adds Erbil service from late-March 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  10. ^ Liu, Jim (25 April 2019). "Armenia schedules new service to Iraq in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  11. ^ Atlasglobal. "Flight Schedule".
  12. ^ - Where we fly retrieved 9 September 2018
  13. ^ Flydubai Flight. "Timetables". flydubai.
  14. ^ a b c Liu, Jim (28 June 2018). "FlyErbil outlines operations from June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  15. ^ Rudaw News. "First international flight lands at Erbil airport from Saudi after ban lifted". Rudaw.
  16. ^ MEA. "Timetable".
  17. ^ Liu, Jim. "Onur Air expands Iraq network in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  18. ^
  19. ^ DOH. "Booking".
  20. ^ Al-awsat, Asharq. "Saudi Airlines to Launch Direct Flights to Erbil".
  21. ^ Liu, Jim. "SunExpress Germany adds Dusseldorf – Erbil service from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Istanbul New Airport Transition Delayed Until April 5, 2019 (At The Earliest)".
  23. ^
  24. ^ Turkish Airlines cargo 2015 winter schedule
  25. ^ Erbil International Airport (13 June 2012). "Growing by 50% in 2012; Mahan Air, Qatar Airways and new this year".
  26. ^ "Airport Statistics".

External linksEdit