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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Mumbai (IATA: BOM, ICAO: VABB), formerly known as Sahar International Airport, is the primary international airport serving the Mumbai Metropolitan Area, India. It is the second busiest airport in the country in terms of total and international passenger traffic after Delhi, and was the 14th busiest airport in Asia and 28th busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic in calendar year 2017.[4] Its passenger traffic was about 49.8 million in year 2018. The airport is the second busiest in the country in terms of cargo traffic also. In March 2017, the airport overtook London Gatwick Airport as the world's busiest airport with only one operational runway at a time.[5] The airport has three operating terminals spread over a total land area of 750 hectares (1,850 acres)[6] and handles about 950 aircraft movements per day. It handled a record 1,007 aircraft movements on December 09 2018, higher than its earlier record of 1,003 flight movements in a day in June 2018. It handled a record 51 movements in one hour on 16 September 2014.[7] Along with IGI Delhi, it was adjudged the "World's Best Airport" at Airport Service Quality Awards 2017 in the highest category of airports handling more than 40 million passengers annually by Airports Council International.[8] It has also won the "Best Airport in India and Central Asia" award at the Skytrax 2016 World Airport Awards.[9] It is one of the three airports in India to have implemented Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM) to ensure timely takeoffs and landings.[10]

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport logo.png
Mumbai 03-2016 114 Airport international terminal interior.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorMumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL)
ServesMumbai Metropolitan Region
LocationMumbai, Maharashtra, India
Opened1942 (1942)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL11 m / 37 ft
Coordinates19°05′19″N 72°52′05″E / 19.08861°N 72.86806°E / 19.08861; 72.86806Coordinates: 19°05′19″N 72°52′05″E / 19.08861°N 72.86806°E / 19.08861; 72.86806
Websitewww.csia.in
Map
BOM is located in Mumbai
BOM
BOM
BOM is located in Maharashtra
BOM
BOM
BOM is located in India
BOM
BOM
BOM is located in Asia
BOM
BOM
BOM is located in Middle East
BOM
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Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 2,990 9,760 Asphalt
09/27 3,660 12,008 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers49,877,918 Increase5.7%
Aircraft Movements320,689
Cargo tonnage906,321
Source: AAI[1][2][3]

The airport is operated by Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL), a Joint Venture between the Airports Authority of India and the GVK Industries Ltd led consortium[11] which was appointed in February 2006 to carry out the modernisation of the Airport.[12] The new integrated terminal T2 was inaugurated on 10 January 2014[13] and opened for international operations on 12 February 2014.[14] A dedicated six lane, elevated road connecting the new terminal with the main arterial Western Express Highway[15] was also opened to the public the same day.[16]

The airport is named after the 17th-century Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji, having been renamed in 1999 from the previous "Sahar Airport" to "Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport" (the title "Maharaj" was inserted on August 30, 2018[17]). CSIA's IATA airport code – "BOM" – is derived from Bombay, Mumbai's former name. It is situated across the suburbs of Santacruz, Vile Parle and Sahar village in Andheri.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
A 2017 stamp sheet dedicated to the 75th anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport
 
Terminal 1B being expanded in 2006

RAF Santacruz was constructed in the 1930s.[18] It was a bigger airfield than nearby Juhu Aerodrome and was home to several RAF squadrons during World War II from 1942 to 1947.[19] The Airport covered an area of about 1,500 acres (610 ha) and initially had three runways.[20] The apron existed on the south side of runway 09/27, and the area, referred to today as the "Old Airport", houses, among others, maintenance hangars of Air India, Air Works India, Indamer Aviation Pvt Ltd. and MIAL's General Aviation Terminal.

By 1946, when the RAF began the process of handing over the airfield to the Director General of Civil Aviation for Civil operations,[21] two old abandoned hangars of the Royal Air Force had been converted into a terminal for passenger traffic. One hangar was used as a domestic terminal and the other for international traffic. It had counters for customs and immigration checks on either side and a lounge in the center. Air India handled its passengers in its own terminal adjoining the two hangars.[20] In its first year, it handled six civilian services a day.

Traffic at the airport increased after Karachi was partitioned to Pakistan and as many as 40 daily domestic and foreign services operated by 1949, prompting the Indian Government to develop the airport, equipping the airport with a night landing system comprising a Radio range and a modernised flare path lighting system[22] Construction of a new passenger terminal and apron began in 1950 and was commissioned in 1958.[20] Named after the neighborhood in which it stood and initially under the aegis of the Public Works Department, the new airport was subsequently run by the Ministry of Civil Aviation.

With the dawning of the Jumbo Jet era in the 1970s, Santacruz, despite several extensions, began suffering from insufficient operational capacity. The Santacruz terminal was designed to accommodate 600 passengers at any given time, but by the late 1970s, it was handling 1,200. In 1979-80, 5 million domestic and international passengers flew into and out of Santa Cruz compared with 3 million at Delhi's Palam Airport. The airlines were constantly expanding their services but there was no corresponding increase in space at the terminal, making it the most congested airport in the country. In one of its issues, Time magazine, referring to the chaos, called the terminal building a 'black hole'.[23] A major fire gutted the International section of the terminal building on 21 September 1979, killing three passengers and shutting down the airport. A temporary departure extension or "Gulf Terminal" was made functional in October that year until the terminal was repaired.[24]

The Tata committee, set up in 1967 to examine the issues concerning the airport, had recommended the construction of a new international terminal to meet the requirements of traffic in the seventies. The Santa Cruz terminal was to be used for domestic traffic alone. The International Airport Authority of India (IAAI), which was set up in 1972, started planning the construction of a new terminal building for handling international passenger traffic, to be completed by 1981. Accordingly, construction of the new International terminal at Sahar to the north-east of Santacruz in Andheri was taken up at an estimated cost of 110  million. Construction of the new international terminal at Sahar began in November 1977, and the first phase took three years to build. Sahar Terminal 2A, the first phase of the three-part terminal, was opened on 5 December 1980.[23]

AAI had been considering the modernization of Mumbai airport in 1996 although the AAI board approved a modernization proposal only in 2003. By then, Mumbai and Delhi airports were handling 38% of the country's aircraft movement and generating one-third of all revenues earned by AAI. At that time, the Mumbai airport handled 13.3 million passengers, 60% of which were domestic travelers. The airport faced severe congestion for both aircraft and passengers as it was handling twice as many aircraft movements per day than it was originally designed for. The bidding process for its modernization eventually began in May 2004 with the decision by the Empowered Group of Ministers (EGoM) was announced in January 2006.[25]

A consortium of GVK Industries Ltd, Airports Company South Africa and Bidvest,[11] won the bid to manage and operate CSIA. To accomplish this task, Mumbai International Airport Private Limited (MIAL), a joint venture between the consortium (74%) and the Airports Authority of India (26%) was formed.[26] Since then, MIAL has made several improvements in the aesthetics, design and passenger conveniences at CSIA including the refurbishment of domestic terminals 1A & 1B, international terminals 2B & 2C and the opening of a brand new domestic terminal 1C and Terminal 2. MIAL also undertook airside improvement projects such as the commissioning of new taxiways, aprons and the reconstruction of both runways.[12] In February 2008, MIAL entered into an agreement with Air Transport IT specialist SITA that led to CSIA becoming the first airport in India to Implement Common-use self-service Kiosks and CUTE (Common Use Terminal Equipment) check-in systems.[27]

StructureEdit

 
An aerial view of the airport, when the new T2 was still under construction. Parts of the older T2 are still in use
 
A portrait of the Maratha Emperor, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, after whom the airport is named, at domestic terminal T1.

The airport consists of two passenger terminals: Terminal 1 at Santacruz for domestic flights and Terminal 2 at Sahar for both international and domestic flights. While both terminals use the same airside facilities, they are physically separated on the cityside, requiring a 15–20-minute (landside) drive between them.

RunwaysEdit

The airport has two intersecting runways. Only 1 runway have been upgraded to Code F, which means they can accommodate larger aircraft like the Airbus A380.[28] Following a presentation in March 2011 by UK's air traffic service provider NATS on how the capacity of the airport can be increased, MIAL set a target of 48 aircraft movements an hour in an effort to reduce congestion at the airport. Both runways were operated simultaneously especially during peak hours to try and attain this target.[29] MIAL scrapped simultaneous Cross-runway flight operations in mid-2013 after it found that single runway operations were more effective for increasing Aircraft movements per hour. Runway 14/32 is now used only when the main runway is unavailable due to maintenance or other reasons.[30] The construction of new rapid exit taxiways helped in increasing flight handling capacity from 32 movements per hour to 44 in 2012.[31]

Number Length Width ILS Notes
09–27 3,660 m (12,008 ft) 60 metres (200 ft) Cat. II (27); Cat. I (09) Once the longest commercial runway in India, Runway 09/27 is the airport's main runway. 13 taxiways, including four rapid exit taxiways, connect it to a full-length parallel taxiway to its north. It intersects the secondary runway south of the terminal buildings. The reconstruction of the runway was completed in May 2011. The runway width was increased from 45 metres (148 ft) to 60 metres (200 ft) with a runway shoulder width of 7.5 m added on each side. The ILS on 27 starts at 2,900 ft (880 m) and is 9.1 nautical miles (16.9 km) long with a glide slope path of 3°.[32]
14–32 2,990 m (9,810 ft) 45 metres (148 ft) Cat. I (both directions) Runway 14/32 has ten taxiways including three rapid exit taxiways that connect to a parallel taxiway running along its eastern flank. It runs between Terminals 1 and 2 and was reconstructed in 2010. The runway shoulders were widened from 7.5 to 15 metres (25 to 49 ft).

Issues with utilising 14/32 are:

MIAL was considering constructing a second parallel runway as part of its master plan. However, the construction of this runway would necessitate a large-scale relocation of either Air India's hangars and maintenance facilities or the airport's flight kitchens and the Sahar police station, among others, depending on its alignment. The parallel runway remains an active part of the expansion plan but in the meantime the cross runway is being upgraded as much as possible.[35]

Air traffic control towerEdit

India's second tallest air traffic control tower with a height of 85 m (279 ft) after Delhi airport (101.9 m) stands in a section of the parking area opposite terminal 1B. The triangular three-dimensional structure with soft vertices that won the Hong Kong Building Information Modeling (BIM) Award for the year 2009, has six storeys commencing from 62.1 m (204 ft)[36] The tower was inaugurated on 18 October 2013[37] and took over operations on 1 January 2014.[38]

From the new tower, air traffic controllers are able to see 8 km (5 mi) beyond the thresholds of both runways. The tower and its associated technical block and mechanical plant building cover a total of 2,884 m2 (31,040 sq ft).[39] The cost of the fully equipped tower is estimated at 4 billion.[40][41]

The previous ATC tower, built by the Airports Authority of India (AAI) at an overall project cost of about 2.80 billion, was functional from 1999 to 2013.[42] During that period, many airlines such as Singapore Airlines, Saudi, Qantas and United avoided landing at Mumbai airport when the secondary runway was in use as the ATC tower was too close to the runway and not in compliance with ICAO standards. The tower penetrated runway 14/32's transitional obstacle limitation surfaces by over 50 metres (for instrument approaches).[43][44] The tower also obstructed the path of a parallel taxiway under construction for the secondary runway.[38] MIAL demolished the tower in 2014.[45]

TerminalsEdit

 
Terminal 1 Departures
 
Terminal 1 security hold area
 
Aerial View of Domestic Terminal 1
 
Mumbai International airport T2 boarding gates
 
View of Multi-Level Car Parking of Mumbai Airport T2
 
View of interiors of Mumbai Airport T2

The airport has two main passenger terminal complexes. Terminal 1 at Santacruz was dedicated for domestic passengers, and today, it is only for domestic passengers of select low-cost airlines. Terminal 2 at Sahar was the former arc-shaped international terminal, and today, the new X-shaped building is an integrated terminal catering to both international and domestic passengers.

Currently operational terminalsEdit

Terminal 1Edit

Terminal 1, locally known as Santacruz Airport, is used for domestic flights primarily operated by low-cost carriers. This was the original Santacruz building that was once used for international and domestic operations and was previously known as 1B. It was refurbished several times over the decades, the most recent being during the 2000s. It is used by SpiceJet, GoAir and IndiGo.[46] The terminal has 11 passenger boarding bridges. MIAL renamed the T1B to T1 in January 2017 to help fliers identify it easily.[47] Several airlines operate airconditioned Cerita buses owned by BEST to ferry passengers between the terminal and aircraft.[48] It was further divided into Terminals 1A, 1B and 1C after their permanent closure during the course of late 1990's and early 2000's.

Terminal 2Edit

Terminal 2, locally known as Sahar International Airport, handles all international flights and domestic flights from Air India and Vistara, along with few IndiGo flights.

Larsen & Toubro (L&T) was awarded the contract to construct the new Terminal 2. Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) was the architectural designer of the project. SOM also provided the schematic design of structure and MEP and the detailed structural design of the roof. Detailed design of the foundations and the rest of the structure and civil works, the MEP, IT and airport systems, including the full construction documentation of the project was carried out by L&T's inhouse design team, EDRC (Engineering Design and Research Center). The terminal covers a land area of 210,000 square metres and has replaced the previous International Terminal (which has already been demolished). The entire project was estimated to cost 98 billion (US$1.4 billion) and employ over 12,000 workers.[49] The X-shaped terminal has a total floor area of 450,000 square metres across four floors and handles both domestic and international passengers. It includes new taxiways and apron areas for aircraft parking designed to cater to 40 million passengers annually.[50] The structure has boarding gates on two piers extending southwards from a central processing building featuring a 42-metre high roof employing over 20,000 metric tonnes of fabricated steel covering 30 acres.[51] However, the eastern pier of T2 remains truncated due to non clearance of slums in the adjoining plot, giving an asymmetrical look when seen on Google Earth. The new T2 terminal building operates Multiple Aircraft Ramp System (MARS) stands and swing gates, so that a single stand can accommodate either one wide body aircraft or two narrow body aircraft, in either domestic or international configuration.[52] The new terminal is connected by the six-lane Sahar Elevated Access Road to the Western Express Highway. A metro rail link to the terminal is under construction.[53]

The new terminal has around 21,000 square meters of retail space, lounges and travel services, over 5,000 square meters of landscaping and a multi level car park for 5,000 cars.[54] The parking Management System and Revenue control system for the entire MLCP has been designed and supplied by SKIDATA.[55] It has 192 check-in counters and 60 immigration counters for departing passengers, and 14 baggage carousels and 76 immigration counters for arriving passengers. To transfer passengers across its four levels, the building has 48 escalators and 75 elevators. The terminal also features 42 travelators.[50] In the initial phase of development, the apron adjoining T2 provides a total of 48 stands including 3 Code F stands (for the A380). In the final phase of development a total of 38 Code E/F contact stands, 14 Code E/F remote stands and 20 Code C remote stands are provided (total 72 stands).[52]

The GVK Lounge, the first common luxury lounge at an airport in India, opened in November 2014.[56] The lounge is open to First class and Business class travellers and can accommodate 440 guests at a time. It is spread over 30,000 square feet across two levels of the terminal and has a library, a business centre and fine-dining options, apart from the usual facilities like concierge services, smoking zone, food and beverage, bar, luxury spa, shower area and a relaxation area. The luxury lounge has won the ‘World’s Leading Airport Lounge – First Class 2015’ award at the World Travel Awards 2015 held in Morocco.[57]

The terminal also houses the Niranta Airport Transit Hotel and the 32-room hotel is the first of its kind in the country.[58] It is located on Level 1 of the terminal and rooms may be booked by passengers who have checked into the airport.[59]

The old international terminal was closed permanently at 13:00 on 12 February 2014, and international operations from the new terminal commenced from the same day.[13] The first arrival was Air India flight 343 (an Airbus A330-200) from Singapore via Chennai, and the first departure was Jet Airways flight 118 (a Boeing 777-300ER) to London. Dedicated domestic operations at T2 were launched on 9 January 2015, with the inaugural flight of Vistara arriving from Delhi.[60] Vistara initially operated from level 4 of the terminal, which is being used by international passengers. In July 2015, they shifted to level 3, which will be used exclusively for domestic operations.[60][61] Air India shifted all its domestic operations from Terminal 1B to T2 on 1 October 2015 making it the second airline to operate domestic flights from the T2 Terminal, to ease their International and Domestic Transfer Passenger.[62][63][64][65] Jet Airways shifted its domestic operations to T2 on 15 March 2016, facilitating a seamless transfer experience for its passengers.[66] Indigo airlines wished to continue their operations in Terminal 1B.[65]

 
Some of the art exhibits at Terminal 2

. After the demise of Jet Airways in April 2019, additional domestic flights from T2 now include IndiGo (flight numbers 6E5300-5399), Spice Jet (flight numbers SG6000-6999), GoAir (flight numbers G82000-2999) and all AirAsia India flights.

Key facilities at the New T2[67]
Facilities Current Earlier
Parking stands for aircraft 108 84
Boarding bridges 60 25
Check-in counters 192 135
Car parking 5,000 3,600

Car Parking & Passenger Arrivals All vehicles arriving at T2 to pick up arriving passengers are routed via the Multi-Level Car Park and are charged a fee to counter traffic congestion at the airport. Vehicles are charged a minimum fee of 140 (US$2.00) for 30 minutes in general parking.[68]

General-Aviation TerminalEdit

CSIA's General Aviation Terminal for private and non-scheduled flight operators (NSOPs) is located at Kalina on the south-west side of the airfield. The terminal was approved for international operations in April 2011, making CSIA the first airport in India to have a self-contained terminal for handling round the clock domestic and international flight operations for private and NSOPs. The terminal offers facilities for passengers departing and arriving on private aircraft and business jets. The terminal has two exclusive lounges, two conference halls, two crew rest rooms and a café bar.[69]

Previous terminalsEdit

Terminal 1A, 1B & 1CEdit

When Sahar terminal was opened in the 1980s, the terminal at Santacruz reverted to being a domestic terminal. The terminal consisted of three Structures, 1A, 1B and 1C.

  • Terminal 1A-It was opened in April 1992, and was used solely by Indian Airlines (now Air India). In 2005, Kingfisher Airlines also began operating from 1A, after it entered into an agreement to source all ground handling and terminal space from Indian Airlines.[70] In June 2013, shortly after Kingfisher ceased operations, MIAL allocated the vacant space to GoAir.[71] From 1 October 2015, Air India moved all of its T1A operations to the new T2 Terminal. GoAir moved its departure operations to T1B on that same date, resulting in the closure of the T1A departures level. GoAir, however, continued to use T1A's arrivals level[72] until 15 March 2016 when its arrivals were also shifted to T1B[73] and 1A was shut.
  • Terminal 1B-It was the original Santacruz building that was once used for international and domestic operations. It was refurbished several times over the decades, the most recent being during the 2000s.
  • Terminal 1C-It was built at a cost of 3 billion and opened in April 2010. Architectural design was provided by Hafeez Contractor. EDRC, the in-house design unit of the EPC contractor Larsen & Toubro (L&T) performed the Structural, MEP and IT / Airport systems design. The terminal had six passenger boarding bridges and allowed connectivity between terminals 1A and 1B. It was spread over 297,194 sq ft across three levels and had a seating capacity of about 900 passengers. Level 1 housed the offices of MIAL and some airlines, Level 2 comprised the security-hold area for passengers after checking in at either terminal 1A or 1B. Level 3 accommodated a food court.[74] The building served as a boarding-only facility for all airlines. Passengers entered this facility via T1B.

In January 2017, MIAL renamed the Terminal 1B as T1.[47]

Old Terminal 2 (Divided into 2A, 2B and 2C)Edit

 
Terminal 2B and 2C as seen from the runway before being decommissioned and demolished

Terminal 2 of the airport is located at Sahar Village, in Andheri (East). Designed by Aéroports de Paris and opened in January 1981, Terminal 2 was built in three modular phases as 2-A, 2-B, and 2-C. Each module had a capacity of 2.5 million passengers. This terminal had an area of 120,000 m2 (1,300,000 sq ft).[20] The terminal structure was laid out in a space-saving vertical arrangement with separate levels for arrivals and departures. An overpass on the city-side took passengers to the upper level departure forecourt.[23]

The original terminal was a convex shaped single concourse building with 14 Code E contact stands. The greater T2 apron also provided a further 15 Code D/E and 6 Code C remote stands. This gave a total of 35 stands on the existing apron.[52] The departures section of 2A had 42 check-in counters, 18 more than in the international section at the Santacruz terminal. After completing customs and immigration formalities, the departing travellers were led down to a mezzanine floor where five elongated nodules connect the terminal with the aircraft via aerobridges.[23]

  • Terminal 2A- This first phase of the terminal complex was completed at a cost of 180 million (US$2.6 million)[20] and it served most international carriers. Its boarding gates 3 to 8 were the first aerobridges installed in the subcontinent. It was decommissioned and demolished in January 2009[75] to make way for the new T2 structure.
  • Terminal 2B- It costed 220 million (US$3.2 million) and was completed in 1984.[20] It served Air India and carriers handled by Air India between September 1986 and October 1999 and was decommissioned when Terminal 2C opened. It was extensively refurbished and made operational once again following the demolition of Terminal 2A.
  • Terminal 2C- Inaugurated in October 1999, it was originally and exclusively for Air India, Air India Express and those carriers whose ground operations were handled by Air India.

2B and 2C were decommissioned in February 2014 when the new T2 took over operations. 2B and 2C were demolished later that year, so that the remainder of the new T2 could be completed.[76]

CargoEdit

The Air Cargo Complex, located west of the International passenger Terminal (T2), has been in operation since 1977.[77] The cargo apron is capable of handling five wide-bodied aircraft. In 2009–10, the airport handled 385,937 metric tonnes of International Cargo and 165,252 metric tonnes of Domestic Cargo.[78] Air India (AI) and Mumbai International Airport Pvt Ltd (MIAL) have been appointed as custodians of cargo by the Central Board of Excise and Customs at Mumbai. The Cargo Terminal has a Centre for Perishable Cargo (CPC) with an area of 1844 m2 for perishable and temperature sensitive international export shipments, strong rooms of 115 m2 for storage of valuable cargo and storage areas for dangerous goods in both import and export warehouses, dedicated Unaccompanied Baggage handling and clearance areas and 9 coloured X-ray cargo screening machines for export cargo.[79]

Apart from handling 65% of the international volumes at CSIA, MIAL also operates a Common User Domestic Cargo Facility. After taking over the redevelopment work of the airport in 2006, MIAL commissioned an offshore Common User Terminal (CUT) near the Marol pipeline as a temporary arrangement. In June 2016, MIAL opened a new domestic cargo CUT near the Western Express Highway in Vile Parle.

The CUT has been outsourced to Concor Air Ltd. on a Build-operate-transfer basis. The terminal has the capacity to handle 300,000 metric tonnes of cargo annually and is built on an area of 60,000 square feet. The Cargo Terminal is an "elevated terminal structure" where all arriving domestic cargo is managed from the basement level while departing cargo is handled at the upper level. Air India and Blue Dart handle their own domestic cargo operations at their own terminals.[80] Blue Dart opened its dedicated cargo facility at Mumbai airport near Terminal 1 on 7 February 2019. The facility measures 4,300 square meters and has air-side and city-side access, allowing for faster transfer of shipments.[81]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinationsRefs.
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air Canada Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson [82]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [83]
Air India Abu Dhabi, Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Aurangabad, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Colombo (begins 20 September 2019),[84] Delhi, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Goa, Hong Kong (resumes 19 September 2019)[85], Hubli, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Jamnagar, Jeddah, Jodhpur, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, London–Heathrow, Lucknow, Madurai, Mangalore, Muscat, Nagpur, Nairobi–Kenyatta (resumes 27 September 2019),[86] Newark, Patna (begins 27 September 2019),[87] Raipur, Rajkot, Ranchi, Riyadh, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Varanasi, Visakhapatnam [88][89]
Air India Express Doha, Dubai–International, Sharjah, Vijayawada
Air Mauritius Mauritius
Air Seychelles Seychelles
Air Tanzania Dar es Salaam [90]
AirAsia India Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Indore, Kochi, Kolkata [91]
Alliance Air Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Diu, Gwalior, Indore, Shirdi, Surat[citation needed]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Bangkok Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Bhutan Airlines Seasonal: Paro (begins 27 October 2019; ends 27 November 2019)[92]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK (begins 22 December 2019)[93]
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai–International
GoAir Abu Dhabi, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[94] Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Delhi, Goa, Jaipur, Jammu, Kannur, Kochi, Kolkata, Leh, Lucknow, Muscat, Nagpur, Patna, Phuket, Port Blair, Ranchi, Srinagar[95][96][96]
Gulf Air Bahrain
IndiGo Abu Dhabi,[97] Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Amritsar, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (begins 22 August 2019),[98] Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Dammam, Dehradun, Delhi, Doha, Dubai–International, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Jammu, Jeddah, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Kuwait,[99] Lucknow, Malé, Mangalore, Muscat, Nagpur, Patna, Raipur, Ranchi, Singapore (resumes 22 August 2019),[98] Surat (resumes 27 October 2019), Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Vadodara, Varanasi, Visakhapatnam
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Najaf
Jazeera Airways Kuwait
KLM Amsterdam
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Kenyatta
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu
Oman Air Muscat
Qatar Airways Doha
RwandAir Guangzhou, Kigali
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Seasonal: Medina
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SpiceJet Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bagdogra, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Belgaum, Bangalore, Bhopal, Chennai, Coimbatore, Dehradun, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai–International, Durgapur, Goa, Gorakhpur, Guwahati, Hong Kong,[100] Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Jeddah, Kandla, Kanpur, Kochi, Kolkata, Madurai, Mangalore, Patna, Porbandar, Ranchi, Riyadh,[101] Srinagar, Surat, Tirupati, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Varanasi, Vijayawada
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Star Air Belgaum (Begins 6 September 2019)
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Trujet Jalgaon (begins 1 September 2019), Kolhapur (begins 1 September 2019), Nanded
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [102]
United AirlinesNewark (resumes 6 September 2019)[103]
Ural AirlinesMoscow–Domodedovo (begins 17th September 2019)[104]
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent[105]
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow (resumes 27 October 2019)[106]
Vistara Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai,[107] Delhi, Dubai–International (begins 21 August 2019),[108] Goa, Hyderabad,[107] Kolkata, Singapore, Varanasi
Yemenia Aden

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aerologic[109] Frankfurt
Atlas Air Bahrain, Dubai, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hong Kong, London-Stansted, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Tokyo-Narita, Toledo
Blue Dart Aviation[110] Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Patna, Raipur
Cargolux Bahrain, Luxembourg, Taipei-Taouyuan
Cathay Pacific Cargo[111][112]Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chennai, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Emirates SkyCargo[113] Dubai-Al Maktoum, Shanghai-Pudong
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo[114] Addis Ababa, Guangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong
FedEx Express Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai-International, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hong Kong, Memphis, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tokyo-Narita
Fits Air Chennai
Lufthansa Cargo[115] Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Krasnoyarsk, Leipzig/Halle
MASkargo[116] Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo[117]Ahmedabad, Doha
Quikjet Airlines[118] Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad
Saudia Cargo[119] Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh
Singapore Airlines Cargo Brussels, Singapore
Turkish Airlines Cargo[120] Doha, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Istanbul-Atatürk, Hanoi
UPS Airlines[121] Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Cologne/Bonn, Dubai-International, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur-Sepang, Leipzig/Halle, Shenzhen, Taipei-Taoyuan
Uni-Top Airlines[122] Delhi, Wuhan
Uzbekistan Airways[123] Baku, Tashkent

StatisticsEdit

Top domestic destinationsEdit

Busiest domestic routes from BOM (2019)[124]
Rank City Carriers
1 New Delhi Air Asia India, Air India, Alliance Air, GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara
2 Bangalore Air Asia India, Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara
3 Hyderabad Air Asia India, Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara
4 Chennai Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara
5 Goa Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara
6 Ahmedabad Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara
7 Kolkata Air Asia India, Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara
8 Cochin Air Asia India, Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet
9 Jaipur Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet
10 Indore Air Asia India, Air India, IndiGo
11 Nagpur Air India, GoAir, IndiGo
12 Lucknow Air India, GoAir, IndiGo
13 Varanasi Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara
14 Coimbatore Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet
15 Patna GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet

Top international destinationsEdit

Busiest international routes from BOM (January-March 2019)[125]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1   Dubai–International 329924 Air India, Air India Express, Emirates, flydubai, IndiGo, Jet Airways, SpiceJet
2   London–Heathrow 151244 Air India, British Airways, Jet Airways
3   Singapore 127834 Air India, Jet Airways, Singapore Airlines
4   Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 98478 Air India, Bangkok Airways, Jet Airways, Thai Airways, Thai Smile
5   Abu Dhabi 87534 Air India, Etihad Airways, Jet Airways
6   Doha 75029 Air India Express, IndiGo, Jet Airways, Qatar Airways
7   Muscat 72792 Air India , IndiGo, Jet Airways, Oman Air
8   Hong Kong 62783 Air India, Jet Airways, Cathay Pacific
9   Jeddah 51472 Air India, Jet Airways, Saudia
10   Newark 50606 Air India

ConnectivityEdit

  Vile Parle is a railway station on the Western line and Harbour line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network closest to the Domestic Terminal.
  Andheri is a railway station on the Western and Harbour lines closest to the International Terminal.[126]
  Airport Road and Marol Naka are the stations on Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro system closest to the International Terminal.
  Western Express Highway (WEH) is the station on Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro system closest to the Domestic Terminals.

The Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport Undertaking (BEST) operates air-conditioned buses to the Airport from various parts of the city and the suburbs.[127] The Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT) runs bus services to the Airport from various nodes of Navi Mumbai.[128]

Upcoming airport metro stations

Line 3 of the Mumbai Metro will run underground from Cuffe Parade to SEEPZ and serve CSIA via three stations — one each at the Santacruz and Sahar terminals and one in the GVK SkyCity.[129] It will reduce the commute time between Colaba and the airport to 40 minutes.[130]

In early 2012, the MMRDA held talks with MIAL to either construct or finance the construction of three of the line's stations.[131] MIAL agreed to bear the cost of constructing the three stations, expected to total 777 crore, because of the potential increase in passenger convenience. However, CSIA placed conditions before MMRDA for the corridor;[131]

  • The metro line should operate twenty-four hours a day in order to serve passengers of international flights scheduled at odd hours.
  • A provision be made for a check-in facility at all metro stations.

MIAL specified that the commercial rights of the three stations it constructs will fully rest with the authority, and that revenue earned from any commercial activity on the premises would go to MIAL. It would undertake the design and civil construction of the stations, costing 600 crore, on its own, and would pay the estimated cost of electromechanical equipment (around 177 crore) to MMRDA in three equal installments over three years.[129]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

1950sEdit

  • On 19 July 1959, Rani of Aera, a Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation (registered VT-DIN) carrying 46 people (39 passengers and 7 crew) approached Santacruz Airport in conditions of poor visibility due to rain. The captain was using an altimeter with the barometric pressure set at 29.92". The aircraft crashed and suffered damage beyond repair. There were no fatalities.[132]

1960sEdit

1970sEdit

  • On 12 October 1976: Indian Airlines Flight 171, a Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle had its right engine catch fire shortly after take off. The crew attempted to return, but the plane crashed approximately 1000 feet short of Runway 09. All six crew members and their 89 passengers were killed.
  • On 1 January 1978 Air India Flight 855 a Boeing 747-237B crashed into the Arabian Sea after take off from Mumbai, killing all on board (213 persons; 190 passengers, 23 crew).
  • On 4 August 1979: a Hawker Siddeley HS 748 aircraft was approaching Sahar International Airport (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport) at night and in poor weather when it flew into high terrain approximately 6 mi (9.7 km) from the airport, killing the four crew and their 41 passengers.

1980sEdit

21st centuryEdit

  • On 4 September 2009, Air India Flight 829 a Boeing 747–437 flying on the Mumbai-Riyadh route caught fire at the Airport. The fire started in number one engine while the aircraft was taxiing to Runway 27 for take-off. An emergency evacuation was carried out with no injuries among the 228 people (213 passengers and 15 crew) on board.[133]
  • On 1 July 2019, a SpiceJet Boeing 737-800, flight SG 6237 arriving from Jaipur, skidded and overshot at the main runway in heavy rain. No passengers or crew were injured.[134]

See alsoEdit

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External linksEdit