The Republic of India is a country in, and the namesake of, the Indian subcontinent. It is bordered by Pakistan to the northwest, the People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India's coastline stretches for over seven thousand kilometers. Its neighbours in the Indian Ocean are the island nations of the Maldives to the southwest, Sri Lanka to the south, and Indonesia to the southeast. India is the second most populated country in the world, with a population of over one billion, and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. It is a constitutional republic, consisting of twenty nine states and seven union territories. The word India derives from the Old Persian cognate for the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the Indus river. The Constitution of India also recognizes Bhārat listen (help·info) as an official name with equal status.
A centre of important historic trade routes, India is home to the Indus Valley Civilization. India is the birthplace of four world religions:Jainism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Hinduism. It also has the third largest Muslim population in the world, after Indonesia and Pakistan. Hinduism is the largest religion in India. However, India is a secular country. India was a former colony of the British Empire, before gaining independence on 15 August 1947. The country has witnessed significant economic and military growth after the liberalization of the Indian economy. India is also well known for upholding the concept of peace, as was demonstrated by its peaceful method of freedom struggle.
National Anthem of India
The economy of India is the fourth-largest in the world as measured by purchasing power parity (PPP), with a GDP of $3.3 trillion. When measured in USD exchange rates it is the tenth largest in the world, with a GDP of $691.8 billion. However India's huge population results in a relatively low per capita income ($3,100 at PPP). Services are the major source of economic growth in India today, though two-thirds of Indian workforce earn their livelihood directly or indirectly through agriculture. In recent times, India has also capitalised on its large number of highly-educated populace fluent in the English language to become a major exporter of software services, financial services and software engineers. For most of India's independent history, a socialist inspired approach was adhered to, with strict government control and regulation on private sector participation, foreign trade and foreign direct investment. Since the early 1990s, India has gradually opened up its markets through economic reforms by reducing government controls on foreign trade and investment. The socio-economic problems India faces are the burgeoning population, growing inequality, lack of infrastructure, growing unemployment and growing poverty. (more...)
The Toda people are a small pastoral tribe of less than 1,000 people who reside in the Nilgiri hills of Southern India. Shown here is a typical Toda hut, about 3 m (10 ft.) high, 5.5 m (18 ft.) long and 2.7 m (9 ft.) wide. They are built of bamboo fastened with rattan and thatched. The hut has only a tiny (about 0.9 x 0.9 m, 3 x 3 ft.) entrance at the front, which serves as protection from wild animals.
Photo credit: Pratheepps
- Yogi Adityanath becomes UP CM
- BJP wins elections in Uttarakahand and Uttar Pradesh(against a strong alliance), loses to congress in Punjab and almost draws in Manipur and the state of Goa
- Demonetisation pulls down India GDP growth rate to 6.1% in Q4 2016-17
- India — which till now found a place under the common umbrella with other 'developing' countries —will now be called 'lower-middle income country/South Asia'.
- ISRO breaks the world record by launching maximum number of satellites in a single payload
- Demonetization has been issued against 500 and 1000 rupees notes and introduced 2000 rupee note by Mr.Modi which fails to get the expected results.
- Yakub Memon, 53, terrorist and chartered accountant, convicted of financing the 1993 Bombay bombings, executed by hanging.
- More than 2,500 people die due to a heat wave across the country.
Did you know...
India is the world's largest democracy.
The number zero was invented in India by Aryabhata, a mathematician and astronomer.
Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India. The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C.
Chess originated in India during the Gupta Empire.
One of the largest employers in the world is the Indian Railways, employing over a million.
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