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Parent portals : Geography / Asia / India

Introduction

Taj Mahal, Agra, India
Taj Mahal, Agra, India
Flag of India
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India (IAST: Bhārat), also known as the Republic of India (IAST: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as Southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture. Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate; the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.

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In the news

10 December 2018 –
The Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, Urjit Patel, resigns abruptly. (Reuters)
28 November 2018 – India–Pakistan relations
Personalities from both countries inaugurate a corridor that will enable Sikh pilgrims to travel visa-free between the Indian town of Dera Baba Nanak and the Sri Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara in Pakistan. (Al Jazeera)
24 November 2018 – Traffic accidents in India
A bus crash in Karnataka, India, leaves at least 25 people dead as the vehicle sinks into a canal. (The Guardian)
21 November 2018 –
A 27-year-old American Christian missionary is killed upon landing on North Sentinel Island in an effort to convert the indigenous Sentinelese people. He is the first person killed by the isolated islanders since two Indian nationals in 2006. (BBC)
8 November 2018 – 2018 in science
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory confirms earlier observations by Indian Space Research Organisation's Astrosat space observatory of a rotating black hole in the binary star system 4U1630-47, which is spinning close to the speed of light, one of the fastest ever observed. (India Today) (Metro)
31 October 2018 – List of tallest statues
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Statue of Unity, which depicts the first Deputy Prime Minister of India and winner of the highest civilian award of the Republic of India, the Bharat Ratna, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, becomes the world's largest statue. The statue is located near the Narmada Dam in the Indian state of Gujarat. (NDTV)

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