The Republic of India is a country in, and the namesake of, the Indian subcontinent. It is bordered by Pakistan to the northwest, the People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India's coastline stretches for over seven thousand kilometers. Its neighbours in the Indian Ocean are the island nations of the Maldives to the southwest, Sri Lanka to the south, and Indonesia to the southeast. India is the second most populated country in the world, with a population of over one billion, and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. It is a constitutional republic, consisting of twenty nine states and seven union territories. The word India derives from the Old Persian cognate for the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the Indus river. The Constitution of India also recognizes Bhārat listen (help·info) as an official name with equal status.
A centre of important historic trade routes, India is home to the Indus Valley Civilization. India is the birthplace of four world religions:Jainism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Hinduism. It also has the third largest Muslim population in the world, after Indonesia and Pakistan. Hinduism is the largest religion in India. However, India is a secular country. India was a former colony of the British Empire, before gaining independence on 15 August 1947. The country has witnessed significant economic and military growth after the liberalization of the Indian economy. India is also well known for upholding the concept of peace, as was demonstrated by its peaceful method of freedom struggle.
National Anthem of India
Ram Narayan (born 1927) is an Indian musician who popularized the bowed instrument sarangi as a solo concert instrument in Hindustani classical music and became the first internationally successful sarangi player. Narayan was born in Udaipur and learned to play the sarangi at an early age. He studied under sarangi players and singers and, as a teenager, worked as a music teacher and traveling musician. All India Radio, Lahore, hired Narayan as an accompanist for vocalists in 1944. He moved to Delhi following the partition of India in 1947, but wishing to go beyond accompaniment and frustrated with his supporting role, Narayan moved to Mumbai in 1949 to work in Indian cinema. After an unsuccessful attempt in 1954, Narayan became a concert solo artist in 1956, and later gave up accompaniment. He recorded solo albums and began to tour America and Europe in the 1960s. Narayan taught Indian and foreign students and performed, frequently outside of India, into the 2000s. He was awarded India's second highest civilian honor, the Padma Vibhushan, in 2005. (more...)
- Yogi Adityanath becomes UP CM
- BJP wins elections in Uttarakahand and Uttar Pradesh(against a strong alliance), loses to congress in Punjab and almost draws in Manipur and the state of Goa
- Demonetisation pulls down India GDP growth rate to 6.1% in Q4 2016-17
- India — which till now found a place under the common umbrella with other 'developing' countries —will now be called 'lower-middle income country/South Asia'.
- ISRO breaks the world record by launching maximum number of satellites in a single payload
- Demonetization has been issued against 500 and 1000 rupees notes and introduced 2000 rupee note by Mr.Modi which fails to get the expected results.
- Yakub Memon, 53, terrorist and chartered accountant, convicted of financing the 1993 Bombay bombings, executed by hanging.
- More than 2,500 people die due to a heat wave across the country.
India is the world's largest democracy.
The number zero was invented in India by Aryabhata, a mathematician and astronomer.
Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India. The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C.
Chess originated in India during the Gupta Empire.
One of the largest employers in the world is the Indian Railways, employing over a million.
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