West Champaran district
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West Champaran is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India, located just 60 km (37 mi) west of Birgunj. It is a part of Tirhut Division (Tirhut). The district headquarters are located in Bettiah. The district is known for its fluid border with Nepal. One of the major location in West Champaran is KumarBagh and Vrindavan belongs to KumarBagh where Mahatma Gandhi started Satyagrah Aandolan.
West Champaran district
Location of West Champaran district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Bettiah, Valmiki Nagar|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Valmiki Nagar, Ramnagar, Narkatiaganj, Bagaha, Lauriya, Nautan, Chanpatia, Bettiah, Sikta|
|• Total||5,228 km2 (2,019 sq mi)|
|• Density||750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||58.06 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||906|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH 28B|
Flora and faunaEdit
In 1989 West Champaran district became home to Valmiki National Park, which has an area of 336 km2 (129.7 sq mi). It is also home to two wildlife sanctuaries: Valmiki (adjacent to its namesake national park) and Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary. Fauna include the Bengal tiger.
Blocks: Bettiah, Sikta, Mainatand, Chanpattia, Bairia, Lauria, Bagaha - 1, Bagaha - 2, Madhubani, Gaunaha, Narkatiaganj, Manjhaulia, Nautan, Jogapatti, Ramnagar, Thakraha, Bhitaha, Piprasi
According to the 2011 census West Champaran district has a population of 3,935,042, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 63rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 950 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,500/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.89%. Pashchim Champaran has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.06%.
The district is well connected by roads and railways to all major cities.
The city is the birthplace of poet Gopal Singh Nepali. Mahatma Gandhi started the Champaran Satyagraha movement from here in 1917 along with nationalists Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Brajkishore Prasad.
- Manoj Bajpayee, Film actor.
- Dinesh Bhramar, Poet & Writer
- Vinay Bihari, Actor, Lyricist.
- Mahatma Gandhi, freedom fighter who started the Champaran Satyagraha movement here.
- Sanjay Jaiswal, Politician
- Prakash Jha, Film director.
- Baidyanath Prasad Mahto, Politician, Member of Parliament.
- Krishna Kumar Mishra, Politician.
- Vikas Mishra (economist)
- Gopal Singh Nepali, Hindi poet.
- Gauri Shankar Pandey, Politician.
- Kedar Pandey, Politician
- Raghaw Sharan Pandey, IAS (Retd), Former Union Petroleum Secretary, Politician
- Damodar Raao, Film Music Director, Actor & Singer
- Valmiki Rishi, an ascetic who wrote Hindu epic Ramayana here.
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Amund Ringnes Island 5,255km2
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- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Pashchim Champaran Religion-wise Data 2011". Census 2011. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
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Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 August 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
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