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State Legislative Assembly (India)

  (Redirected from Vidhan Sabha)

The Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha in Hindi) is the lower house of a state legislature in the States and Union Territories of India. In the 22 states and 3 union territories with unicameral state legislature it is the sole legislative body. In 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being State Legislative Council. 6 Union Territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies. In 14 states the Governor of a state may appoint one Anglo-Indian MLA to their respective states Assemblies, in accordance with the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution of India. The Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members. A State Legislative Assembly may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the majority coalition[1].

Contents

Qualifications required to become an MLAEdit

To become a Member of a State Legislative Assembly (MLA), a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age, should be mentally sound, should not be bankrupt, and must be enrolled on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her. Speaker of State Legislative Assembly who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and also a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence. The Speaker acts as a neutral judge and manages all debates and discussions in the house. Usually he or she is a member of the stronger political party.

A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Special powers of the State Legislative AssemblyEdit

A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.

A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the State Legislative Council, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.

In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of State Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, State Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).

List of Legislative AssembliesEdit

Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) Image List of constituencies Location/state capital Number of constituencies Governing party
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Amaravati 176 YSR Congress Party
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Itanagar 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Assam Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Assam Legislative Assembly Dispur 126 Bharatiya Janata Party
Bihar Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Bihar Legislative Assembly Patna 244 Janata Dal (United)
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly Naya Raipur 91 Indian National Congress
Delhi Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Delhi Legislative Assembly New Delhi 70 Aam Aadmi Party
Goa Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Goa Legislative Assembly Panaji 40 Bharatiya Janata Party
Gujarat Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly Gandhinagar 183 Bharatiya Janata Party
Haryana Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Haryana Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 90 Bharatiya Janata Party
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly 68 Bharatiya Janata Party
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly 89 None
(President's rule)
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Ranchi 82 Bharatiya Janata Party
Karnataka Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly Bangalore.


Belagavi (winter)

Belagavi. (winter)

225†.. Bharatiya Janata Party
Kerala Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Kerala Legislative Assembly Thiruvananthapuram 141 Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Bhopal 231 Indian National Congress
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly 289 Bharatiya Janata Party
Manipur Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Manipur Legislative Assembly Imphal 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Shillong 60 National People's Party
Mizoram Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Mizoram Legislative Assembly Aizawl 40 Mizo National Front
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Nagaland Legislative Assembly Kohima 60 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party
Odisha Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly Bhubaneshwar 147 Biju Janata Dal
Puducherry Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Puducherry Legislative Assembly Puducherry 33# Indian National Congress
Punjab Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Punjab Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 117 Indian National Congress
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Jaipur 200 Indian National Congress
Sikkim Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Sikkim Legislative Assembly Gangtok 32 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Chennai 235 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telangana Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Telangana Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 120 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Tripura Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Tripura Legislative Assembly Agartala 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Lucknow 404 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly Dehradun (interim) 71 Bharatiya Janata Party
West Bengal Legislative Assembly   List of constituencies of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly Kolkata 295 All India Trinamool Congress
Total 4139[2]

NotesEdit

  • – In these fourteen state legislative assemblies, one seat is reserved for the nominated Anglo-Indian member.
  • – In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. Twenty-four are reserved for Pakistan-administered Kashmir and not counted normally.
  • # – In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the members nominated by the Union Government of India.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ www.india.gov.in (PDF) https://www.india.gov.in/sites/upload_files/npi/files/coi_part_full.pdf. Retrieved 2018-12-12. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Election Commission of India". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 12 January 2017.

External linksEdit