Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly

The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It has a strength of 234 members of whom are democratically elected using the First-past-the-post system. The presiding officer of the Assembly is the Speaker. The term of the Assembly is five years unless dissolved earlier.

Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
16th Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
M. Appavu, DMK
since 12 May 2021
Deputy Speaker
K. Pitchandi, DMK
since 12 May 2021
Leader of the House
Durai Murugan, DMK
since 11 May 2021
M. K. Stalin, DMK
since 7 May 2021
Edappadi K. Palaniswami, AIADMK
since 11 May 2021
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
O. Panneerselvam, AIADMK
since 14 June 2021
Structure
Seats234
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election 2021.svg
Political groups
Government
SPA (159)
  •   DMK (125)
  •   INC (18)
  •   VCK (4)
  •   MDMK (4)
  •   CPI (2)
  •   CPI(M) (2)
  •   MMK (2)
  •   KMDK (1)
  •   TVK (1)

Opposition
NDA (75)

Elections
First past the post
Last election
6 April 2021
Next election
2026
Meeting place
Fort St. George, Chennai 2.jpg
13°04′54″N 80°17′09″E / 13.081539°N 80.285718°E / 13.081539; 80.285718Coordinates: 13°04′54″N 80°17′09″E / 13.081539°N 80.285718°E / 13.081539; 80.285718
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, Fort St. George, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Website
www.assembly.tn.gov.in

Since Tamil Nadu has a unicameral legislature, the terms Tamil Nadu Legislature and Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly are almost synonymous and are often confused. However, they are not one and the same. The Tamil Nadu Legislature is the legislative body while the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly is a part of it. The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, along with the Governor of Tamil Nadu, constitutes the Tamil Nadu Legislature.

The present state of Tamil Nadu is a residuary part of the erstwhile Madras Presidency and was formerly known as Madras State. The first legislature of any sort for the Presidency was the Madras Legislative Council which was set up as a non-representative advisory body in 1861. In 1919, direct elections were introduced with the introduction of Diarchy under the Government of India Act 1919. Between 1920–1937, the Legislative Council was a unicameral legislature for the Madras Presidency. The Government of India Act 1935 abolished diarchy and created a bicameral legislature in the Madras Presidency. The Legislative Assembly became the Lower House of the Presidency.

After the Republic of India was established in 1950, the Madras Presidency became the Madras State and the bicameral setup continued. The Madras State's assembly strength was 375 and the first assembly was constituted in 1952. The current state was formed in 1956 after the reorganization of states and the strength of the assembly was reduced to 206. Its strength was increased to the present 234 in 1965. Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969 and subsequently, the assembly came to be called the "Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly". The Legislative Council was abolished in 1986, making the legislature a unicameral body and the assembly its sole chamber.

The present Sixteenth Legislative Assembly was constituted on May 2, 2021. It was constituted after the 2021 assembly election, which resulted in the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) led front winning and forming the government. The next election will take place in 2026.

HistoryEdit

OriginEdit

The first Legislature of any kind to be established in Madras was the Madras Legislative Council in 1861. First established as a non-representative advisory body, it saw the introduction of elected members in 1892. The Indian Councils Act 1909 (popularly called as "Minto-Morley Reforms"), officially introduced indirect election of members to the Council. In 1919, direct elections were introduced with the introduction of Diarchy under the Government of India Act 1919. Between 1920–1937, the Legislative Council was a unicameral legislature for the Madras Presidency. The Government of India Act 1935 abolished dyarchy and created a bicameral legislature in the Madras province. The Legislature consisted of the Governor and two Legislative bodies – a Legislative Assembly and a Legislative Council. The Assembly was the lower house and consisted of 215 members, who were further classified into general members and reserved members representing special communities and interests:[1][2]

General Scheduled Castes Muslims Indian Christians Women Landholders Commerce and Industry Labour and Trade Unions Europeans Anglo-Indians University Backward areas and tribes
116 30 28 8 8 6 6 6 3 2 1 1

The presiding officer of the Assembly was called the Speaker of the Assembly.

The Assembly in Madras PresidencyEdit

 
First Assembly of the Madras Presidency meeting in the Senate House, Madras University (1937)

The first legislative assembly election for the Presidency was held in February 1937. The Indian National Congress obtained a majority by winning 159 of 215 seats. C. Rajagopalachari became the first elected chief minister of the Presidency under the provincial autonomy system guaranteed by the Government of India Act 1935. The first assembly was constituted in July 1937. Bulusu Sambamurti and A. Rukmani Lakshmipathi were elected as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker respectively.[3]

The first assembly lasted its term until February 1943, but the Congress cabinet resigned in October 1939, protesting India's participation in World War II. During 1939–46, Madras was under the direct rule of the Governor and no elections were held in 1943 when the assembly's term expired. Next elections were held only in 1946, when a political compromise was reached between the Congress and viceroy Lord Wavell.[4][5][6] The second assembly of the presidency was constituted in April 1946 and J. Shivashanmugam Pillai was elected as the speaker. The Congress won an absolute majority in the elections and again formed the Government.[6] On 15 August 1947, India became independent and the new Indian Constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950. Madras Presidency became Madras State and the existing assembly and the Government were retained till new elections could be held in 1951.[7]

The Assembly in Republic of IndiaEdit

In the Republic of India, the Madras State Legislative Assembly continued to be the lower house in a bicameral legislature. The first election to the assembly on the basis of universal adult suffrage was held in January 1952. According to the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies (Madras) Order, 1951, made by the President under sections 6 and 9 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950, the assembly's strength was 375 members elected from 309 constituencies. Out of the 309 constituencies in the undivided Madras State, 66 were two member constituencies, 62 of which had one seat reserved for Scheduled Caste candidates and 4 for Scheduled Tribe candidates.[8][9] The two member constituencies were established in accordance to Article 332 of the Indian Constitution. The voting method and the plurality electoral formula were defined in The Representation of People Act, 1950.[10] These constituencies were larger in size and had greater number of voters (more than 1,00,000)[11] when compared to general constituencies. Multiple members were elected only in the 1952 and 1957 elections as double member representation was abolished in 1961 by the enactment of Two-Member Constituencies Abolition Act (1961).[12] Of the 375 seats, 143 were from what later became Andhra state, 29 were from Malabar, 11 from South Canara (part of present-day Karnataka) and the remaining 190 belonged to Tamil Nadu.

On 1 October 1953, a separate Andhra State consisting of the Telugu-speaking areas of the composite Madras State was formed and the Kannada-speaking area of Bellary District was merged with the then Mysore State. This reduced the strength of the Legislative Assembly to 231. On 1 November 1956, the States Reorganisation Act took effect and consequently the constituencies in the erstwhile Malabar District were merged with the Kerala State. This further reduced the strength to 190. The Tamil-speaking area of Kerala (present day Kanyakumari district) and Sengottai taluk were added to Madras State. According to the new Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order 1956, made by the Delimitation Commission of India under the provisions of the State Reorganisation Act of 1956, the strength of the assembly was increased to 205.[8]

The 1957 elections were conducted for these 205 seats. In 1959, as result of The Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act 1959, one member from the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly was allotted to Madras increasing its Legislative Assembly strength to 206. The 1962 elections were conducted for these 206 seats. In 1965, the elected strength of the assembly was increased to 234 by the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1965. In addition to the 234, the assembly also has one nominated member representing the Anglo-Indian community. From 1965, the number of members has remained constant. In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu and subsequently the assembly came to be known as the "Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly". The Legislative Council was abolished with effect from 1 November 1986 through an Act of Parliament titled as The Tamil Nadu Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1986. With the abolition of the council, the legislature became a unicameral body and remained so for the next 24 years. Of the fourteen assemblies that have been constituted so far, four (the sixth, seventh, ninth and tenth) have been dismissed by the Central Government using Article 356 of the Indian Constitution.[8] This State Assembly is unique because, since 1991, the actual leader of the Official Opposition party, if he/she is an official member of the house will not attend the house proceedings.

LocationEdit

 
Fort St. George where the Tamil Nadu Legislature has functioned for 60 years
 
Senate House, Madras University

The Legislative Assembly is seated at the Fort St. George, Chennai. Fort St. George has historically been the seat of the Government of Tamil Nadu since colonial times. During 1921–37, the precursor to the assembly – Madras Legislative Council, met at the council chambers within the fort. Between 14 July 1937 – 21 December 1938, the assembly met at the Senate House of the University of Madras and between 27 January 1938 – 26 October 1939 in the Banqueting Hall (later renamed as Rajaji Hall) in the Government Estate complex at Mount Road. During 1946–52, it moved back to the Fort St. George. In 1952, the strength of the assembly rose to 375, after the constitution of the first assembly, and it was briefly moved into temporary premises at the government estate complex. This move was made in March 1952, as the existing assembly building only had a seating capacity of 260. Then on 3 May 1952, it moved into the newly constructed assembly building in the same complex. The assembly functioned from the new building (later renamed as "Kalaivanar Arangam") during 1952–56. However, with the reorganisation of states and formation of Andhra, the strength came down to 190 and the assembly moved back to Fort St. George in 1956. From December 1956 till January 2010, the Fort remained the home to the assembly.[13][14][15]

In 2004, during the 12th assembly, the AIADMK Government under J. Jayalalithaa made unsuccessful attempts to shift the assembly, first to the location of Queen Mary's College and later to the Anna University campus, Guindy. Both attempts were withdrawn after public opposition.[16] During the 13th Assembly, the DMK government led by M. Karunanidhi proposed a new plan to shift the assembly and the government secretariat to a new building in the Omandurar Government Estate. In 2007, the German architectural firm GMP International won the design competition to design and construct the new assembly complex. Construction began in 2008 and was completed in 2010. The new assembly building was opened and the assembly started functioning in it from March 2010.[16][17][18][19] After AIADMK's victory in the 2011 elections, the assembly shifted back to Fort St. George.[20][21][22]

List of historical locations where the Tamil Nadu Legislature has been housed:

Duration Location
11 July 1921– 13 July 1937 Council Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
14 July 1937 – 21 December 1937 Beveridge Hall, Senate House, Chennai
27 January 1938 – 26 October 1939 Multipurpose Hall, Rajaji Hall, Chennai
24 May 1946 – 27 March 1952 Council Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
3 May 1952 – 27 December 1956 Multipurpose Hall, Kalaivanar Arangam, Chennai
29 April 1957 – 30 March 1959 Assembly Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
20 April 1959 – 30 April 1959 Multipurpose Hall, Arranmore Palace, Udhagamandalam
31 August 1959 – 11 January 2010 Assembly Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
19 March 2010 – 10 February 2011 Assembly Chamber, Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly-Secretariat Complex, Chennai
23 May 2011 – 13 September 2020 Assembly Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
14 September 2020 – present Multipurpose Hall, Kalaivanar Arangam, Chennai

List of AssembliesEdit

Madras State and Tamil NaduEdit

Election Year Assembly Winning Party/Coalition Chief Minister Speaker Leader of the Opposition
1952 First Assembly INC C. Rajagopalachari
K. Kamaraj(1)
J. Shivashanmugam Pillai (2)
N. Gopala Menon
T. Nagi Reddy
P. Ramamurthi
1957 Second Assembly INC K. Kamaraj (2) U. Krishna Rao V. K. Ramaswami Mudaliar
1962 Third Assembly INC K. Kamaraj (3)
M. Bakthavatsalam
S. Chellapandian V. R. Nedunchezhiyan
1967 Fourth Assembly DMK C. N. Annadurai
M. Karunanidhi(1)
S. P. Adithanar
Pulavar K. Govindan
P. G. Karuthiruman
1971 Fifth Assembly DMK M. Karunanidhi (2) K. A. Mathiazagan
Pulavar K. Govindan (2)
R. Ponnappan Nadar
1977 Sixth Assembly AIADMK M. G. Ramachandran Munu Adhi M. Karunanidhi
1980 Seventh Assembly AIADMK M. G. Ramachandran (2) K. Rajaram M. Karunanidhi (2)
K. S. G. Haja Shareef
1984 Eighth Assembly AIADMK M. G. Ramachandran (3)
V. N. Janaki Ramachandran
P. H. Pandian O. Subramanian
1989 Ninth Assembly DMK M. Karunanidhi (3) M. Tamilkudimagan J. Jayalalithaa
S. R. Eradha
G. K. Moopanar
1991 Tenth Assembly AIADMK J. Jayalalithaa R. Muthiah S. R. Balasubramaniam
1996 Eleventh Assembly DMK M. Karunanidhi (4) P. T. R. Palanivel Rajan S. Balakrishnan
2001 Twelfth Assembly AIADMK J. Jayalalithaa (2)
O. Panneerselvam
J. Jayalalithaa (3)
K. Kalimuthu K. Anbazhagan
2006 Thirteenth Assembly DMK (DPA) M. Karunanidhi (5) R. Avudaiappan O. Panneerselvam
J. Jayalalithaa (2)
2011 Fourteenth Assembly AIADMK J. Jayalalithaa (4)
O. Panneerselvam (2)
J. Jayalalithaa (5)
D. Jayakumar
P. Dhanapal
Vijayakanth
2016 Fifteenth Assembly AIADMK J. Jayalalithaa (6)
O. Panneerselvam (3)
Edappadi K. Palaniswami
P. Dhanapal (2) M. K. Stalin
2021 Sixteenth Assembly DMK M. K. Stalin M. Appavu Edappadi K. Palaniswami
  • Note: In the 1952 election, no party achieved a majority in the assembly election, so C. Rajagopalachari became the first and only non-elected Chief Minister. In the 1967 election, C. N. Annadurai was elected to the Lok Sabha and not to the Assembly. He resigned his as Member of Parliament and was elected to the Legislative Council to become Chief Minister.

CommitteesEdit

S.No. Committee Membership Type
1 Press Advisory 13 Non-financial
2 Business Advisory 15 Non-financial
3 Government Assurances 12 Non-financial
4 Delegated Legislation 12 Non-financial
5 Estimates 16 Financial
6 Public Accounts 16 Financial
7 Public Undertakings 16 Financial
8 Rules 17 Non-financial
9 Privileges 14 Non-financial
10 Petitions 11 Non-financial
11 Library 10 Non-financial
12 Papers laid on the Table of the House 11 Non-financial
13 House 18 Non-financial

Strength of parties in the assemblyEdit

Alliance Party No.of MLA'S Leader Of Party
Government
(UPA)
Seats (159)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 125 M. K. Stalin
Indian National Congress 18 K. Selvaperunthagai
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi 4
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 4
Communist Party of India 2 T. Ramachandran
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 2 P. Mahalingam
Manithaneya Makkal Katchi 2
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi 1
Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi 1
Opposition
(NDA)
Seats (75)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 65 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
Pattali Makkal Katchi 5 G. K. Mani
Bharatiya Janata Party 4 Nainar Nagendran
Puratchi Bhartham Party 1
Total 234

Members of Legislative AssemblyEdit

Information derived from data produced by the Election Commission of India (ECI) except where noted. Reserved constituencies for candidates from the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (SC / ST) were defined in 2007 by the Delimitation Commission.[23]

No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Thiruvallur District
1 Gummidipoondi Govindarajan T. J. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
2 Ponneri (SC) Durai.Chandrasekar Indian National Congress UPA
3 Tiruttani S. Chandran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
4 Thiruvallur Raajendran. V. G Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
5 Poonamallee (SC) Krishnaswamy. A Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
6 Avadi S. M. Nasar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
7 Maduravoyal Karambakkam Ganapathi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
8 Ambattur Joseph Samuel Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
9 Madavaram Sudharsanam. S Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
10 Thiruvottiyur K. P. Shankar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Chennai District
11 Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar J. J. Ebenezer Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
12 Perambur Shekar R.D. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
13 Kolathur M. K. Stalin Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
14 Villivakkam A.Vetriazhagan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
15 Thiru-Vi-Ka-Nagar (SC) P. Sivakumar (A) Thayagam Kavi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
16 Egmore (SC) I. Paranthamen Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
17 Royapuram Idreams Moorthy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
18 Harbour P. K. Sekar Babu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
19 Chepauk-Thiruvallikeni Udhayanidhi Stalin Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
20 Thousand Lights Dr. N. Ezhilan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
21 Anna Nagar M. K. Mohan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
22 Virugampakkam Prabakar Raja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
23 Saidapet M. Subramanian Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
24 Thiyagaraya Nagar J. Karunanidhi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
25 Mylapore T. Velu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
26 Velachery J. M. H. Hassan Indian National Congress UPA
Kanchipuram District
27 Shozhinganallur S. Aravind Ramesh Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
28 Alandur T. M. Anbarasan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
29 Sriperumbudur (SC) Selvaperunthagai. K Indian National Congress UPA
Chengalpattu District
30 Pallavaram I. Karunanithi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
31 Tambaram S. R. Raja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
32 Chengalpattu M. Varalakshmi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
33 Thiruporur S. S. Balaji Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi UPA
34 Cheyyur (SC) Panaiyur M. Babu Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi UPA
35 Maduranthakam (SC) Maragatham Kumaravel All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Kanchipuram District
36 Uthiramerur Sundar .K Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
37 Kancheepuram C. V. M. P. Ezhilarasan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Ranipet District
38 Arakkonam (SC) S. Ravi All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
39 Sholingur A. M. Munirathinam Indian National Congress UPA
Vellore District
40 Katpadi Durai Murugan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Ranipet District
41 Ranipet R. Gandhi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
42 Arcot J. L. Eswarappan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Vellore District
43 Vellore P. Karthikeyan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
44 Anaikattu A. P. Nandakumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
45 Kilvaithinankuppam (SC) M. Jaganmoorthy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (PBK) NDA
46 Gudiyattam (SC) V. Amalu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Tirupathur District
47 Vaniyambadi G. Senthilkumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
48 Ambur A. C. Vilwanathan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
49 Jolarpet K. Devaraji Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
50 Tirupattur(Vellore) A. Nallathambi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Krishnagiri District
51 Uthangarai (SC) T. M. Tamilselvam All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
52 Bargur D. Mathiazhagan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
53 Krishnagiri K. Ashok Kumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
54 Veppanahalli K. P. Munusamy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
55 Hosur Y. Prakash Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
56 Thalli T. Ramachandran Communist Party of India UPA
Dharmapuri District
57 Palacode K. P. Anbalagan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
58 Pennagaram G. K. Mani Pattali Makkal Katchi NDA
59 Dharmapuri S. P. Venkateswaran Pattali Makkal Katchi NDA
60 Pappireddippatti A. Govindasamy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
61 Harur (SC) V. Sampathkumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Tiruvannamalai District
62 Chengam (SC) M. P. Giri Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
63 Tiruvannamalai E. V. Velu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
64 Kilpennathur K. Pitchandi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
65 Kalasapakkam P. S. T. Saravanan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
66 Polur S. S. Krishnamoorthy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
67 Arani Sevvoor S. Ramachandran All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
68 Cheyyar O. Jothi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
69 Vandavasi (SC) S. Ambeth Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Villupuram District
70 Gingee K. S. Masthan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
71 Mailam C. Sivakumar Pattali Makkal Katchi NDA
72 Tindivanam P. Arjunan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
73 Vanur (SC) M. Chakrapani All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
74 Villupuram R. Lakshmanan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
75 Vikravandi N. Pugazhenthi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
76 Tirukkoyilur K. Ponmudy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Kallakurichi District
77 Ulundurpettai A. J. Manikannan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
78 Rishivandiyam Vasantham K. Karthikeyan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
79 Sankarapuram T. Udhayasuriyan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
80 Kallakurichi M. Senthilkumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Salem District
81 Gangavalli (SC) A. Nallathambi All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
82 Attur (SC) A. P. Jayasankaran All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
83 Yercaud (ST) G. Chitra All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
84 Omalur R. Mani All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
85 Mettur S. Sathasivam Pattali Makkal Katchi NDA
86 Edapadi Edappadi K. Palaniswami All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
87 Sankari S. Sundararajan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
88 Salem (West) R. Arul Pattali Makkal Katchi NDA
89 Salem (North) R. Rajendran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
90 Salem (South) E. Balasubramanian All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
91 Veerapandi M. Raja All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Namakkal District
92 Rasipuram (SC) M. Mathiventhan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
93 Senthamangalam (ST) K. Ponnusamy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
94 Namakkal P. Ramalingam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
95 Paramathi-Velur S. Sekar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
96 Tiruchengodu E. R. Eswaran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (KMDK) UPA
97 Kumarapalayam P. Thangamani All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Erode District
98 Erode (East) E. Thirumahan Everaa Indian National Congress UPA
99 Erode (West) S. Muthusamy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
100 Modakkurichi Dr. C.K. Saraswathi Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
Tiruppur District
101 Dharapuram N. Kayalvizhi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
102 Kangayam M. P. Saminathan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Erode District
103 Perundurai S. Jayakumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
104 Bhavani K. C. Karuppannan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
105 Anthiyur A. G. Venkatachalam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
106 Gobichettipalayam K. A. Sengottaiyan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
107 Bhavanisagar (SC) A. Bannari All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Nilgiris District
108 Udhagamandalam R. Ganesh Indian National Congress UPA
109 Gudalur (SC) Pon. Jayaseelan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
110 Coonoor K. Ramachandran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Coimbatore District
111 Mettupalayam A. K. Selvaraj All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Tiruppur District
112 Avanashi (SC) P. Dhanapal All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
113 Tiruppur (North) K N Vijeyakumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
114 Tiruppur (South) K Selvaraj Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
115 Palladam M. S. M. Anandan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Coimbatore District
116 Sulur V P Kandasamy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
117 Kavundampalayam P. R. G. Arunkumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
118 Coimbatore (North) Amman K. Arjunan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
119 Thondamuthur S P Velumani All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
120 Coimbatore (South) Dr. Vanathi Srinivasan Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
121 Singanallur K R Jayaram All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
122 Kinathukadavu S. Damodaran All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
123 Pollachi Pollachi V. Jayaraman All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
124 Valparai (SC) Amul Kandasami T K All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Tiruppur District
125 Udumalaipettai Udumalai K. Radhakrishnan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
126 Madathukulam C. Mahendran All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Dindigul District
127 Palani I. P. Senthil Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
128 Oddanchatram R. Sakkarapani Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
129 Athoor I. Periyasamy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
130 Nilakottai (SC) S. Thenmozhi All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
131 Natham Natham R. Viswanathan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
132 Dindigul Dindigul C. Sreenivaasan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
133 Vedasandur S. Gandhirajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Karur District
134 Aravakurichi Monjanoor R. Elango Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
135 Karur V. Senthilbalaji Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
136 Krishnarayapuram (SC) K. Sivagama Sundari Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
137 Kulithalai R. Manickam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Tiruchirappalli District
138 Manapaarai Abdul Samad. P Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MMK) UPA
139 Srirangam M. Palaniyandi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
140 Tiruchirappalli (West) K. N. Nehru Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
141 Tiruchirappalli (East) Inigo Irudhayaraj .S Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
142 Thiruverumbur Anbil Mahesh Poyyamozhi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
143 Lalgudi A. Soundara Pandian Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
144 Manachanallur C. Kathiravan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
145 Musiri N. Thiyagarajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
146 Thuraiyur (SC) S. Stalin Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Perambalur District
147 Perambalur (SC) M. Prabaharan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
148 Kunnam S. S. Sivasankar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Ariyalur District
149 Ariyalur K. Chinnappa Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) UPA
150 Jayankondam K. S. K. Kannan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Cuddalore District
151 Tittakudi C. V. Ganesan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
152 Vriddhachalam M. R. R. Radhakrishnan Indian National Congress UPA
153 Neyveli Saba Rajendran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
154 Panruti T. Velmurugan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (TVK) UPA
155 Cuddalore G. Iyappan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
156 Kurinjipadi M. R. K. Panneerselvam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
157 Bhuvanagiri A. Arunmozhithevan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
158 Chidambaram K. A. Pandian All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
159 Kattumannarkoil (SC) M. Sinthanai Selvan Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi UPA
Mayiladuthurai District
160 Sirkazhi (SC) M. Panneerselvam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
161 Mayiladuthurai S. Rajakumar Indian National Congress UPA
162 Poompuhar Nivedha M. Murugan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Nagapattinam District
163 Nagapattinam Aloor Shanavas Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi UPA
164 Kilvelur (SC) Nagai Maali (A) P. Mahalingam Communist Party of India (Marxist) UPA
165 Vedaranyam O. S. Manian All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Tiruvarur District
166 Thiruthuraipoondi (SC) K. Marimuthu Communist Party of India UPA
167 Mannargudi Dr. T. R. B. Rajaa Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
168 Thiruvarur K. Poondi Kalaivanan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
169 Nannilam R. Kamaraj All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Thanjavur District
170 Thiruvidaimarudur (SC) Go. Vi. Chezhiyan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
171 Kumbakonam G. Anbazhagan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
172 Papanasam Dr. M. H. Jawahirullah Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MMK) UPA
173 Thiruvaiyaru Durai Chandrasekaran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
174 Thanjavur T. K. G. Neelamegam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
175 Orathanadu R. Vaithilingam All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
176 Pattukkottai K. Annadurai Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
177 Peravurani N. Ashok Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Pudukottai District
178 Gandharvakottai (SC) M. Chinnadurai Communist Party of India (Marxist) UPA
179 Viralimalai C. Vijayabaskar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
180 Pudukkottai D. Muthuraja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
181 Thirumayam S. Ragupathi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
182 Alangudi S. V. V. Meyyanaadhan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
183 Aranthangi Ramachandran T Indian National Congress UPA
Sivaganga District
184 Karaikudi S. Mangudi Indian National Congress UPA
185 Tiruppattur(Sivaganga) K. R. Periyakaruppan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
186 Sivaganga P. R. Senthilnathan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
187 Manamadurai (SC) A. Tamilarasi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Madurai District
188 Melur Periyapulian (A) P. Selvam All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
189 Madurai East P. Moorthy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
190 Sholavandan (SC) Venkatesan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
191 Madurai North G. Thalapathi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
192 Madurai South M. Boominathan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) UPA
193 Madurai Central Palanivel Thiagarajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
194 Madurai West Sellur K. Raju All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
195 Thiruparankundram V. V. Rajan Chellappa All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
196 Tirumangalam R. B. Udhayakumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
197 Usilampatti P. Ayyappan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Theni District
198 Andipatti A. Maharajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
199 Periyakulam (SC) K. S. Saravana Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
200 Bodinayakanur O. Panneerselvam All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
201 Cumbum N. Eramakrishnan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Virudhunagar District
202 Rajapalayam S. Thangappandian Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
203 Srivilliputhur (SC) E. M. Manraj All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
204 Sattur A. R. R. Raghumaran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) UPA
205 Sivakasi A. M. S. G. Ashokan Indian National Congress UPA
206 Virudhunagar A. R. R. Seenivasan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
207 Aruppukkottai K. K. S. S. R. Ramachandran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
208 Tiruchuli Thangam Thennarasu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Ramanathapuram District
209 Paramakudi (SC) S. Murugesan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
210 Tiruvadanai R. M. Karumanickam Indian National Congress UPA
211 Ramanathapuram K. Kadharbatcha Muthuramalingam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
212 Mudhukulathur R. S. Raja Kannappan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Thoothukudi District
213 Vilathikulam Markandayan V Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
214 Thoothukkudi P. Geetha Jeevan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
215 Tiruchendur Anitha Radhakrishnan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
216 Srivaikuntam S. Amirtharaj Indian National Congress UPA
217 Ottapidaram (SC) C. Shunmugaiah Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
218 Kovilpatti Kadambur C. Raju All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Tenkasi District
219 Sankarankovil (SC) E.Raja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
220 Vasudevanallur (SC) Dr. T. Sadhan Tirumalaikumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) UPA
221 Kadayanallur C. Krishnamurali All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
222 Tenkasi Palani Nadar Indian National Congress UPA
223 Alangulam P. H. Manoj Pandian All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
Tirunelveli District
224 Tirunelveli Nainar Nagendran Bhartiya Janata Party NDA
225 Ambasamudram E. Subaya All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
226 Palayamkottai M. Abdul Wahab Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
227 Nanguneri Ruby R. Manoharan Indian National Congress UPA
228 Radhapuram M. Appavu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
Kanniyakumari District
229 Kanniyakumari N. Thalavai Sundaram All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA
230 Nagercoil M. R. Gandhi Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
231 Colachel Prince J.G. Indian National Congress UPA
232 Padmanabhapuram Mano Thangaraj Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
233 Vilavancode S. Vijayadharani Indian National Congress UPA
234 Killiyoor S. Rajesh Kumar Indian National Congress UPA

Portraits in the assembly chamberEdit

S.No Portrait Unveiled on Unveiled by
1 C. Rajagopalachari 24 June 1948 Jawaharlal Nehru
2 Mahatma Gandhi 23 August 1948 C. Rajagopalachari
3 Thiruvalluvar 22 March 1964 Zakir Hussain
4 C. N. Annadurai 6 October 1969 Indira Gandhi
5 K. Kamaraj 18 August 1977 Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
6 E. V. Ramasami 9 August 1980 Jothi Venkatachalam
7 B. R. Ambedkar 9 August 1980 Jothi Venkatachalam
8 U. Muthuramalingam Thevar 9 August 1980 Jothi Venkatachalam
9 Muhammad Ismail Sahib 9 August 1980 Jothi Venkatachalam
10 M. G. Ramachandran 31 January 1992 J. Jayalalithaa
11 J. Jayalalithaa 12 February 2018 P. Dhanapal
12 S. S. Ramaswami Padayachi 19 July 2019 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
13 V. O. Chidambaram Pillai 23 February 2021 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
14 P. Subbarayan 23 February 2021 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
15 Omanthur P. Ramaswamy Reddiar 23 February 2021 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
16 M. Karunanidhi 2 August 2021 Ram Nath Kovind

The bust of P. Rajagopalachari and L. D. Swamikannu Pillai, former presidents of Madras Legislative Council adorns the assembly lobby.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Christopher Baker (1976), "The Congress at the 1937 Elections in Madras", Modern Asian Studies, 10 (4): 557–589, doi:10.1017/s0026749x00014967, JSTOR 311763
  2. ^ "The State Legislature - Origin and Evolution:Brief History Before independence". Assembly.tn.gov.in. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  3. ^ Kaliyaperumal, M (1992). The office of the speaker in Tamilnadu : A study (PDF). Madras University. p. 47. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011.
  4. ^ Chaurasia, Radhey Shyam (2002). History of Modern India, 1707 A. D. to 2000 A. D. Atlantic Publishers. p. 388. ISBN 978-81-269-0085-5.
  5. ^ Mansergh, Nicholas (1968). Survey of British Commonwealth Affairs: Problems of Wartime Cooperation and Post-War Change 1939–1952. Routledge. p. 299. ISBN 978-0-7146-1496-0.
  6. ^ a b "INDIA (FAILURE OF CONSTITUTIONAL MACHINERY) HC Deb 16 April 1946 vol 421 cc2586-92". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  7. ^ Kaliyaperumal, M (1992). The office of the speaker in Tamilnadu : A study (PDF). Madras University. p. 91. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "The State Legislature – Origin and Evolution". Assembly.tn.gov.in. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  9. ^ "1952 Election" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  10. ^ "The Representation of People Act, 1950" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  11. ^ "Constituent Assembly of India Debates Vol IV, Friday the 18th July 1947" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  12. ^ Hasan, Zoya; Sridharan, Eswaran; Sudharshan, R (2005). India's living constitution: ideas, practices, controversies. Anthem Press. pp. 360–63. ISBN 978-1-84331-136-2.
  13. ^ Karthikeyan, Ajitha (22 July 2008). "TN govt's new office complex faces flak". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  14. ^ S. Muthiah (28 July 2008). "From Assembly to theatre". The Hindu.
  15. ^ "A Review of the Madras Legislative Assembly (1952–1957) : Section I, Chapter 2" (PDF). Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  16. ^ a b S, Murari (15 January 2010). "Tamil Nadu Assembly bids goodbye to Fort St George, to move into new complex". Asian Tribune. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  17. ^ Ramakrishnan, T. (19 April 2008). "New Assembly complex to have high-rise building". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  18. ^ Ramakrishnan, T (13 March 2010). "Another milestone in Tamil Nadu's legislative history". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  19. ^ Ramakrishnan, T (11 March 2010). "State-of-the-art Secretariat draws on Tamil Nadu's democratic traditions". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  20. ^ "Jaya picks historic seat of power: Fort St George". The Times of India. 15 May 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  21. ^ "Jayalalitha to bring back Fort St George as TN secretariat". Deccanherald.com. 15 May 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  22. ^ "Jayalalithaa, 33 ministers to be sworn in on Monday : Fort St George". Rediff.com. 15 May 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  23. ^ "Notification" (PDF). Delimitation Commission of India. 13 August 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2018.

External linksEdit