Itanagar (/ˈtɑːnəɡər/pronunciation ) is the capital and largest town of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. The seat of Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the seat of government of Arunachal Pradesh, and the seat of Gauhati High Court permanent bench at Naharlagun are all in Itanagar. Being the hub of all the major economic bases, Itanagar along with the adjacent town of Naharlagun comprising the administrative region of Itanagar Capital Complex Region stretching from the Itanagar Municipal limit at Chandranagar Town extended till Nirjuli Town, is a major junction of Cultural, economic, fashion, education and recreational activities.

Itanagar
Ita city
From top, left to right: Itanagar Skyline, Gompa Buddhist Temple, Arunachal Pradesh Secretariat Building, Ita fort, Geker Sinying (Ganga Lake), Itanagar–Hollongi Highway
Nickname: 
Capital of Arunachal
Itanagar is located in Arunachal Pradesh
Itanagar
Itanagar
Location of Itanagar in Arunachal Pradesh
Itanagar is located in India
Itanagar
Itanagar
Itanagar (India)
Coordinates: 27°06′00″N 93°37′12″E / 27.10000°N 93.62000°E / 27.10000; 93.62000Coordinates: 27°06′00″N 93°37′12″E / 27.10000°N 93.62000°E / 27.10000; 93.62000
Country India
State Arunachal Pradesh
Government
 • BodyItanagar Municipal Council
Elevation
320 m (1,050 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total59,490
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationAR-01, AR-02, ARX
ClimateHumid subtropical climate

GeographyEdit

Itanagar is located at 27°06′N 93°37′E / 27.1°N 93.62°E / 27.1; 93.62. It has an average elevation of 320 metres.

ClimateEdit

Itanagar features a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa), with dry, warm winters and hot, unpleasantly humid and wet summers.

Climate data for Itanagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
30.0
(86.0)
33.9
(93.0)
33.7
(92.7)
35.6
(96.1)
35.8
(96.4)
38.0
(100.4)
36.6
(97.9)
35.2
(95.4)
35.6
(96.1)
31.3
(88.3)
28.9
(84.0)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 23.4
(74.1)
25.0
(77.0)
27.8
(82.0)
29.0
(84.2)
31.0
(87.8)
31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
30.3
(86.5)
28.1
(82.6)
25.2
(77.4)
28.8
(83.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
18.1
(64.6)
21.0
(69.8)
23.4
(74.1)
25.9
(78.6)
27.1
(80.8)
27.6
(81.7)
27.6
(81.7)
27.2
(81.0)
25.3
(77.5)
21.0
(69.8)
18.0
(64.4)
23.3
(73.9)
Average low °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
11.2
(52.2)
14.2
(57.6)
17.8
(64.0)
20.8
(69.4)
22.8
(73.0)
23.3
(73.9)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
20.2
(68.4)
13.8
(56.8)
10.7
(51.3)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
5.2
(41.4)
8.8
(47.8)
13.6
(56.5)
18.7
(65.7)
20.0
(68.0)
20.5
(68.9)
21.3
(70.3)
17.4
(63.3)
15.6
(60.1)
9.8
(49.6)
7.4
(45.3)
5.2
(41.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 33.7
(1.33)
67.6
(2.66)
106.1
(4.18)
226.8
(8.93)
468.7
(18.45)
633.2
(24.93)
577.7
(22.74)
503.0
(19.80)
492.3
(19.38)
241.6
(9.51)
19.2
(0.76)
11.3
(0.44)
3,381.2
(133.12)
Average rainy days (≥ 2.5 mm) 2.5 5.3 6.9 12.2 14.4 19.7 20.5 16.4 16.2 8.5 1.8 1.0 125.4
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 85 77 71 75 78 84 83 86 89 87 85 86 82
Source: India Meteorological Department[1]

CultureEdit

 
Ganga Lake

People

Itanagar is inhabited by a number of tribes viz., Nyishi, Adi, Apatani, Tagin, Galo, Nyishis are the aborigines of the city.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 India census,[2] Itanagar had a population of 59,490 . Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Itanagar has an average literacy rate of 66.95%, lower than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy is 73.69%, and female literacy is 59.57%. In Itanagar, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

ReligionEdit

Others include Sikhism, Jainism & Other religions
Religion in Itanagar City (2011)[3]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
40.94%
Christianity
29.51%
Donyi Polo
21.17%
Islam
4.52%
Buddhism
2.88%
Others
0.98%

The majority of the Tribes are worshipers of the nature with Tani Tribes being descendants of the Forefather Abotani are followers of Donyi-Polo Way-Of-Life . According to the 2011 census, 40.94% of the population is Hindu, 29.51% Christian, 21.17%  Donyi Polo, 4.52% Muslim and 2.88% Buddhist but these figures are disputed.

LanguagesEdit

Languages spoken in Itanagar (2011)[4]

  Nishi (30.08%)
  Bengali (13.68%)
  Adi (13.61%)
  Apatani (7.15%)
  Nepali (6.26%)
  Hindi (6.12%)
  Assamese (5.93%)
  Bhojpuri (3.34%)
  Others (19.95%)

According to 2011 census, Nishi was the most spoken language in Itanagar with 17,896 speakers followed by Bengali at 8,125, Adi at 8,102, Apatani at 4,256, Nepali at 3,721, Hindi at 3,641, Assamese at 3,538 and Bhojpuri at 1,987.

EducationEdit

 
Front view of Bunny's fantatsy world school and boys hostel, Itanagar

Universities and collegesEdit

Media and communicationsEdit

TelevisionEdit

DD Arunprabha is the state-owned television broadcaster of Arunachal Pradesh.[5]

RadioEdit

Radio stations of Itanagar are - All India Radio, RadioCity Itanagar - Arunachal Pradesh's first community radio and Big FM 92.7 - India's largest national radio network .

NewspapersEdit

  • The Arunachal Times
  • Echo of Arunachal
  • Dawnlit post

Places of interestEdit

  • Ita Fort, one of the most important historical sites in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. The name literally means "Fort of bricks"( brick being called "Ita" in the Assamese language). The Ita Fort was built as early as the 14th or the 15th century. The fort has an irregular shape, built mainly with bricks dating back to the 14th-15th Century. The total brickwork is of 16,200 cubic meter lengths which have been identified by some scholars with the Chutiya kingdom. The fort has three different entrances at three different sides, which are western, eastern, and southern sides.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Museum, Itanagar is also known for showcasing the rich tribal culture of the state.
  • Gekar sinyi (Ganga Lake) is a beautiful natural lake which literally means confined lake in the Nyishi dialect. It is surrounded by a landmass of hard rock. Primeval vegetation, orchids masses on tall trees and tree ferns contribute to its popularity as a hot picnic spot and recreation hub. Boating facilities and a swimming pool are available at the site.
  • Buddhist monastery [Gompa mandir]

TransportEdit

AirEdit

Regular helicopter service is available from Guwahati to Naharlagun (Itanagar). Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the greenfield Itanagar Airport at Hollongi on 9 February 2019. It has been named Donyi Polo Airport and was inaugurated on 19 November 2022 by prime minister, Narendra Modi.

RailwayEdit

Naharlagun railway station is the nearest railway station, which is nearly 15 km away from the city. Taxi and bus services are easily available from the railway station to Itanagar. Donyi Polo Express can be availed which runs on all days of a week from Guwahati and Shatabdi Express is available thrice a week from Guwahati. The Arunachal AC Superfast Express runs between Naharlagun and Anand Vihar Terminal twice a week which is the only direct train that connects Arunachal Pradesh with the Capital of Nation.

RoadEdit

National Highway 415 connects Itanagar to Arunachal Pradesh and the rest of the country. Regular bus and taxi services are available from Guwahati and Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Climate of North Eastern States" (PDF). Climatological Summaries of States Series - No. 19. India Meteorological Department. December 2013. pp. 270–274. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns(Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Population by Religious Community". Census of India. Archived from the original on 13 September 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  4. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16T/DDW-C16-TOWN-STMT-MDDS-1200.XLSX[bare URL spreadsheet file]
  5. ^ "DD Arun Prabha to meet aspirations of people: Official". The Indian Express. 8 February 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2019.

External linksEdit