Biju Janata Dal

The Biju Janata Dal (BJD) is a state political party of the Indian state of Odisha led by Naveen Patnaik, the current Chief Minister of Odisha and the son of former Chief minister Biju Patnaik, after whom the party was named. It was founded on 26 December 1997.[6]

Biju Janata Dal
PresidentNaveen Patnaik
Lok Sabha leaderPinaki Misra
Rajya Sabha leaderPrasanna Acharya
FounderNaveen Patnaik [1][2]
Founded26 December 1997 (22 years ago) (1997-12-26)
Split fromJanata Dal
Headquarters6R/3, Unit-6, Forest Park, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Student wingBiju Chhatra Janata Dal
Youth wingBiju Yuva Janata Dal
Women's wingBiju Mahila Janata Dal
Labour wingBiju Shramik Samukhya
Peasant's wingBiju Krushak Janata Dal
ColoursDeep Green
ECI StatusState Party[4]
AllianceNDA (1997–2009) [5]
Seats in Lok Sabha
12 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
9 / 245
Seats in Odisha Legislative Assembly
113 / 147
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Conch.svg

Electoral recordEdit

BJD won nine seats in the 1998 general election and Naveen was named the Minister for Mines. In the 1999 general elections, BJD won 10 seats. The party won a majority of seats in the state legislative assembly in the 2000 and 2004 elections in alliance with BJP. The party won 11 Lok Sabha seats in the 2004 elections. In the aftermath of Kandhamal Riots, in the 2009 general election the BJD parted ways with the BJP for both the Lok Sabha and Assembly citing communalism and differences in seat sharing. In the 2009 Indian general election, BJD won 14 seats and secured strong 108 legislative seats out of 147 seats in assembly election of 2009. Biju Janata Dal won a huge victory in the 2014 general election securing 20 of the 21 Lok Sabha seats and 117 of 147 Odisha Legislative Assembly seats.[7]

Policies and ideologyEdit

BJD claims to be inspired by the philosophy of Biju Patnaik. It does not claim any political ideology. It professes a strong belief in secularism and in the welfare of the poor and vulnerable. Being a regional party development of Odisha is its prime goal. The party has been a consistent opposition to the Indian National Congress (Congress Party). While it was allied with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) , it broke off the alliance on the issue of secularism.[8][9][10]


Naveen Patnaik stepped down as Minister of Mines and left the Lok Sabha after the BJD-BJP victory in the Legislative Assembly Elections in 2000 and became the Chief Minister of Odisha. Naveen Patnaik won second, third, fourth and fifth terms as Chief Minister of Odisha in 2004, 2009, 2014 and 2019 state elections respectively.

List of Chief MinistersEdit

  • Naveen Patnaik
    • First term (March 5, 2000 – May 16, 2004).
    • Second term (May 16, 2004 – May 21, 2009).
    • Third term (May 21, 2009 – May 21, 2014).
    • Fourth term (May 21, 2014 – May 23, 2019).
    • Fifth term (May 23, 2019 – present).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Kaminsky, A.P.; Long, R.D. (2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  2. ^ Frontline. S. Rangarajan for Kasturi & Sons. 1998. p. 35. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Lok Sabha Elections 2014: Know your party symbols!". Daily News and Analysis. 10 April 2014.
  4. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  5. ^ Das, Prafulla (10 April 2019). "Patnaik yet again?". Frontline. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Biju village protects Patnaik legacy, stands firmly behind BJD - Bhubaneswar News". The Times of India. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  7. ^ "Naveen Patnaik: Defying Modi wave, Odisha's 'Mr Clean' wins 5th straight term". Moneycontrol. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Biju Janata Dal". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  9. ^ PTI (17 May 2019). "We will not adopt the equal distance policy any more, says BJD's SN Patro". @businessline. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  10. ^ Dal, Biju Janata (26 December 1997). "Manifesto". BJD:: Biju Janata Dal. Retrieved 6 September 2019.

External linksEdit