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The Biju Janata Dal (BJD) is a state political party of the Indian state of Odisha led by Naveen Patnaik, the current Chief Minister of Odisha and the son of former Chief minister Biju Patnaik, after whom the party was named. It was founded on 26 December 1997.

Biju Janata Dal
PresidentNaveen Patnaik
Lok Sabha leaderBhartruhari Mahtab
Rajya Sabha leaderPrasanna Acharya
FounderBiju Patnaik
Founded26 December 1997 (21 years ago) (1997-12-26)
Split fromJanata Dal
Headquarters6R/3, Unit-6, Forest Park, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Student wingBiju Chhatra Janata Dal
Youth wingBiju Yuva Janata Dal
Women's wingBiju Mahila Janata Dal
Labour wingBiju Shramik Samukhya
Peasant's wingBiju Krushak Janata Dal
Social democracy[1]
Political positionCentre-left
ColoursDeep Green
ECI StatusState Party[3]
AllianceNDA (1998−2009)
None (2009−present)
National convenerNaveen Patnaik
Seats in Lok Sabha
12 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
5 / 245
Seats in Odisha Legislative Assembly
111 / 147
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Conch.svg


Electoral recordEdit

BJD won nine seats in the 1998 general election and Naveen was named the Minister for Mines. In the 1999 general elections, BJD won 10 seats. The party won a majority of seats in the state legislative assembly in the 2000 and 2004 elections in alliance with BJP. The party won 11 Lok Sabha seats in the 2004 elections.

However the BJD parted ways with the BJP for both the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections 2009 citing differences in seat sharing. In the Indian general election, 2009, BJD won 14 seats and secured strong 108 legislative seats out of 147 seats in assembly election of 2009. Biju Janata Dal won a huge victory in the 2014 general election securing 20 of the 21 Lok Sabha seats and 117 of 147 Odisha Legislative Assembly seats.


Naveen Patnaik stepped down as Minister of Mines and left the Lok Sabha after the BJD-BJP victory in the Legislative Assembly Elections in 2000 and became the Chief Minister of Odisha. Naveen Patnaik won second, third, fourth and fifth terms as Chief Minister of Odisha in 2004, 2009, 2014 and 2019 state elections respectively.

Alliance and break-upEdit

BJD had an alliance with BJP in Odisha and it also supported the NDA in the centre since 1998 till 2009 when Naveen Patnaik decided to break the alliance and go alone in the 2009 general election. The decision gave BJD better result and independence.

List of Chief MinistersEdit

  • Naveen Patnaik
    • First term (March 5, 2000 – May 16, 2004).
    • Second term (May 16, 2004 – May 21, 2009).
    • Third term (May 21, 2009 – May 21, 2014).
    • Fourth term (May 21, 2014 – May 23, 2019).
    • Fifth term (May 23, 2019 – present).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Missions and Values". India: Biju Janata Dal. 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha Elections 2014: Know your party symbols!". Daily News and Analysis. 10 April 2014.
  3. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.

External linksEdit