Biju Janata Dal
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The Biju Janata Dal (BJD) is a state political party of the Indian state of Odisha led by Naveen Patnaik, the current Chief Minister of Odisha and the son of former Chief minister Biju Patnaik, after whom the party was named. It was founded on 26 December 1997.
|Lok Sabha leader||Bhartruhari Mahtab|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Prasanna Acharya|
|Founded||26 December 1997|
|Split from||Janata Dal|
|Headquarters||6R/3, Unit-6, Forest Park, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.|
|Student wing||Biju Chhatra Janata Dal|
|Youth wing||Biju Yuva Janata Dal|
|Women's wing||Biju Mahila Janata Dal|
|Labour wing||Biju Shramik Samukhya|
|Peasant's wing||Biju Krushak Janata Dal|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|National convener||Naveen Patnaik|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
12 / 545
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
5 / 245
|Seats in Odisha Legislative Assembly|
111 / 147
BJD won nine seats in the 1998 general election and Naveen was named the Minister for Mines. In the 1999 general elections, BJD won 10 seats. The party won a majority of seats in the state legislative assembly in the 2000 and 2004 elections in alliance with BJP. The party won 11 Lok Sabha seats in the 2004 elections.
However the BJD parted ways with the BJP for both the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections 2009 citing differences in seat sharing. In the Indian general election, 2009, BJD won 14 seats and secured strong 108 legislative seats out of 147 seats in assembly election of 2009. Biju Janata Dal won a huge victory in the 2014 general election securing 20 of the 21 Lok Sabha seats and 117 of 147 Odisha Legislative Assembly seats.
Naveen Patnaik stepped down as Minister of Mines and left the Lok Sabha after the BJD-BJP victory in the Legislative Assembly Elections in 2000 and became the Chief Minister of Odisha. Naveen Patnaik won second, third, fourth and fifth terms as Chief Minister of Odisha in 2004, 2009, 2014 and 2019 state elections respectively.
Alliance and break-upEdit
BJD had an alliance with BJP in Odisha and it also supported the NDA in the centre since 1998 till 2009 when Naveen Patnaik decided to break the alliance and go alone in the 2009 general election. The decision gave BJD better result and independence.
List of Chief MinistersEdit
- Naveen Patnaik
- First term (March 5, 2000 – May 16, 2004).
- Second term (May 16, 2004 – May 21, 2009).
- Third term (May 21, 2009 – May 21, 2014).
- Fourth term (May 21, 2014 – May 23, 2019).
- Fifth term (May 23, 2019 – present).
- "Missions and Values". India: Biju Janata Dal. 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- "Lok Sabha Elections 2014: Know your party symbols!". Daily News and Analysis. 10 April 2014.
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.