17th Lok Sabha
The 17th Lok Sabha was formed by the members elected in the 2019 Indian general election. Elections, all across India, were conducted in seven phases from 11 April 2019 to 19 May 2019 by the Election Commission of India. Counting started officially on the morning of 23 May 2019 and the results were declared on the same day. Bharatiya Janata Party emerged as the largest party in the Lok Sabha and formed the government. Narendra Modi was sworn in as the prime minister on 30 May 2019 in an event held at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Om Birla was elected as speaker of the house. As no other party received 10 percent of the membership of the house, the position of Leader of Opposition remains vacant. The 17th Lok Sabha has the most women representatives, at 14 per cent. 300 members are first-time MPs and 90.4 per cent of members are Hindus. 233 members (43 per cent) have had criminal charges against them. 475 members have their declared assets to be more than ₹1 crore (US$140,000); average assets were ₹20.9 crore (US$3.0 million). Around 39 percent of members are professionally noted to be politicians or involved in social work.
- Speaker: Om Birla, BJP
- Deputy Speaker: TBA (as of 31 July 2019[update])
- Secretary-General: Snehlata Shrivastava
- Leader of the House: Narendra Modi, BJP
- Leader of Opposition: None, as no opposition party received 10% membership of the House. The single largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha is the Indian National Congress with 52 seats, with Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury as the leader.
Party-wise distribution of seatsEdit
The 17th Lok Sabha has the maximum number of women politicians with a total of 78 which is nearly 14%. The earlier Lok Sabha had 62 women MPs. The average age of 17th Lok Sabha is noted to be 54 years and 12% of MPs are below the age of 40. Chandrani Murmu of BJD from Keonjhar constituency became the youngest member at the age of 25 years, 11 months and nine days and Shafiqur Rahman Barq of SP from Sambhal constituency became the oldest member at the age of 86. Education wise, 43% MPs have graduate-level education, 25% are post-graduates and 4% of members have doctorates in various subjects. Of the total strength, 300 members have been elected as member for the first time and 197 members have been elected second time consecutively i.e. they were member in 16th Lok Sabha as well. BJP members Maneka Gandhi from Sultanpur constituency and Santosh Gangwar from Bareilly constituency have been elected to Lok Sabha for the eighth time. Religion-wise, 90.4% members are Hindus and 5.2% are Muslims, and rest nearly 4% being Sikhs, Christians and other minorities.
According to the NGO Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), 233 members (i.e. 43%) have criminal charges against them. Of these, nearly 29% of the cases comprise of rape, murder, attempted murder or crime against women. Congress MP Dean Kuriakose, of the Idukki constituency in Kerala, has 204 criminal cases.
Financially, the number of members who are crorepati (i.e. with declared assets more than ₹1 crore (US$140,000)) are 475. Members with more than ₹5 crore (US$720,000) assets are 266. The average assets of the whole Lok Sabha was ₹20.9 crore (US$3.0 million) and Nakul Nath of Congress from Chhindwara constituency has the highest declared assets of nearly ₹660 crore (US$95 million). Nath is followed by H. Vasanthakumar from Kanyakumari constituency, with ₹417 crore (US$60 million) and D. K. Suresh from Bangalore Rural constituency with ₹338 crore (US$49 million); both being of Congress party.
Professionally, around 39% noted to be politicians or involved in social work. This is followed by 38% members declaring to be agriculturists and 23% as businessmen.
By-elections and vacanciesEdit
Post the May 2019 results, various members have resigned or died in office. Following is the list of seats which were vacated and later filled up post by-elections were held.
|State||Constituency||Elected M.P.||Party affiliation|
|Bihar||Samastipur||Ram Chandra Paswan
(Died on 21 July 2019)
|Lok Janshakti Party|
(Resigned on 14 September 2019)
|Nationalist Congress Party|
- Elections in Vellore constituency were held later in August 2019 and won by DMK. The same has been included in table making their total to 24.
- Kunwar Danish Ali was removed as Leader of House and replaced with Shyam Singh Yadav after Ali went against the party's decision to support revocation of J&K's special status in Lok Sabha.
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- Khanna, Pretika (24 May 2019). "At 14%, 17th Lok Sabha has highest number of women MPs". Live Mint. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
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- Chaudhary, Anjan Kumar (28 May 2019). "17वीं लोकसभा के सबसे यंग और सबसे बूढ़े सांसद को जानिए". One India (in Hindi). Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "From faith to gender and profession to caste: A profile of the 17th Lok Sabha". Hindustan Times. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Deuskar, Nachiket (27 May 2019). "Composition of 17th Lok Sabha: Women's representation, education and professional backgrounds". Money Control. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "With Assets Worth Rs 660 Crore, Kamal Nath's Son Tops List of 475 Crorepati MPs in New Lok Sabha: Report". News 18. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Rai, Kavya (22 June 2019). "What does the 17th Lok Sabha look like?". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Vacant constituencies". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- PTI (21 July 2019). "Lok Sabha Member And Ram Vilas Paswan's Brother Ramchandra Paswan Dies". NDTV.com. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- "In a jolt to NCP, Udayanraje Bhosale resigns; joins BJP in Amit Shah's presence". Hindustan Times. 14 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.