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The 17th Lok Sabha was formed by the members elected in the 2019 Indian general election.[1] Elections, all across India, were conducted in seven phases from 11 April 2019 to 19 May 2019 by the Election Commission of India. Counting started officially on the morning of 23 May 2019 and the results were declared on the same day. Bharatiya Janata Party emerged as the largest party in the Lok Sabha and formed the government. Narendra Modi was sworn in as the prime minister on 30 May 2019 in an event held at Rashtrapati Bhavan.[2]

Om Birla was elected as speaker of the house. As no other party received 10 percent of the membership of the house, the position of Leader of Opposition remains vacant. The 17th Lok Sabha has the most women representatives, at 14 per cent. 300 members are first-time MPs and 90.4 per cent of members are Hindus. 233 members (43 per cent) have had criminal charges against them. 475 members have their declared assets to be more than 1 crore (US$140,000); average assets were 20.9 crore (US$3.0 million). Around 39 percent of members are professionally noted to be politicians or involved in social work.

MembersEdit

 
Party-wise seat distribution in the 17th Lok Sabha

Party-wise distribution of seatsEdit

Party wise distribution as declared in the results on 23 May 2019[1][a]
Party Abbr. Seats Leader in Lok Sabha
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 303 Narendra Modi
Indian National Congress INC 52 Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury [8]
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 24[a] T. R. Baalu[9]
YSR Congress Party YSRCP 22 P. V. Midhun Reddy[10]
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 22 Sudip Bandyopadhyay[11]
Shiv Sena SS 18 Vinayak Raut[12]
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 16 Rajiv Ranjan Singh[13]
Biju Janata Dal BJD 12 Pinaki Misra[14]
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 10 Kunwar Danish Ali (till July 2019)
Shyam Singh Yadav[b][16]
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 9 Nama Nageswara Rao[17]
Lok Janshakti Party LJP 6 Chirag Paswan
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 5 Supriya Sule
Samajwadi Party SP 5 Mulayam Singh Yadav
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 3 A. M. Ariff
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 3 P. K. Kunhalikutty
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 3 Farooq Abdullah
Telugu Desam Party TDP 3 Galla Jayadev
Communist Party of India CPI 2 K. Subbarayan
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 2 Asaduddin Owaisi
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 2 Sukhbir Singh Badal
Apna Dal (Sonelal) AD(S) 2 Anupriya Patel
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1 Prajwal Revanna
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1 P. Raveendranath Kumar
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1 Vijay Hansdak
All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1 Chandra Prakash Choudhary
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP 1 Tokheho Yepthomi
National Peoples Party NPP 1 Agatha Sangma
Naga People's Front NPF 1 Lorho S. Pfoze
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1 N. K. Premachandran
Kerala Congress KC(M) 1 Thomas Chazhikadan
Mizo National Front MNF 1 C. Lalrosanga
Aam Aadmi Party AAP 1 Bhagwant Mann
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 1 Indra Hang Subba
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK 1 Thirumavalavan
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 1 Badruddin Ajmal
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party RLP 1 Hanuman Beniwal
Independents IND. 4  –
Nominated Anglo-Indians NOM. 2  –
TOTAL 545  –
Vacant VAC. 2  –

StatisticsEdit

Party-wise members with criminal charges[18]
Party Elected
Members
Members with
criminal charges
Percent
BJP 303 116 39%
INC 52 29 57%
DMK 24 10 43%
JD(U) 16 13 81%
AITC 22 9 41%

The 17th Lok Sabha has the maximum number of women politicians with a total of 78 which is nearly 14%.[19] The earlier Lok Sabha had 62 women MPs. The average age of 17th Lok Sabha is noted to be 54 years and 12% of MPs are below the age of 40. Chandrani Murmu of BJD from Keonjhar constituency became the youngest member at the age of 25 years, 11 months and nine days and Shafiqur Rahman Barq of SP from Sambhal constituency became the oldest member at the age of 86.[20][21] Education wise, 43% MPs have graduate-level education, 25% are post-graduates and 4% of members have doctorates in various subjects. Of the total strength, 300 members have been elected as member for the first time and 197 members have been elected second time consecutively i.e. they were member in 16th Lok Sabha as well.[19] BJP members Maneka Gandhi from Sultanpur constituency and Santosh Gangwar from Bareilly constituency have been elected to Lok Sabha for the eighth time.[22] Religion-wise, 90.4% members are Hindus and 5.2% are Muslims, and rest nearly 4% being Sikhs, Christians and other minorities.[22]

According to the NGO Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), 233 members (i.e. 43%) have criminal charges against them. Of these, nearly 29% of the cases comprise of rape, murder, attempted murder or crime against women. Congress MP Dean Kuriakose, of the Idukki constituency in Kerala, has 204 criminal cases.[18]

Financially, the number of members who are crorepati (i.e. with declared assets more than 1 crore (US$140,000)) are 475. Members with more than 5 crore (US$720,000) assets are 266. The average assets of the whole Lok Sabha was 20.9 crore (US$3.0 million) and Nakul Nath of Congress from Chhindwara constituency has the highest declared assets of nearly 660 crore (US$95 million).[23] Nath is followed by H. Vasanthakumar from Kanyakumari constituency, with 417 crore (US$60 million) and D. K. Suresh from Bangalore Rural constituency with 338 crore (US$49 million); both being of Congress party.[24]

Professionally, around 39% noted to be politicians or involved in social work. This is followed by 38% members declaring to be agriculturists and 23% as businessmen.[25]

By-elections and vacanciesEdit

Post the May 2019 results, various members have resigned or died in office. Following is the list of seats which were vacated and later filled up post by-elections were held.[26]

State Constituency Elected M.P. Party affiliation
Bihar Samastipur Ram Chandra Paswan
(Died on 21 July 2019)[27]
Lok Janshakti Party
Vacant
Maharashtra Satara Udayanraje Bhosale
(Resigned on 14 September 2019)[28]
Nationalist Congress Party
Vacant

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Elections in Vellore constituency were held later in August 2019 and won by DMK. The same has been included in table making their total to 24.[7]
  2. ^ Kunwar Danish Ali was removed as Leader of House and replaced with Shyam Singh Yadav after Ali went against the party's decision to support revocation of J&K's special status in Lok Sabha.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "General Election 2019 - Election Commission of India". results.eci.gov.in. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  2. ^ "High-profile world leaders to attend PM Modi's swearing-in ceremony. A look at guest list". India Today. 29 May 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Om Birla unanimously elected as the speaker of Lok Sabha". Economic Times. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  4. ^ Kumar Shakti Shekhar (31 July 2019). "Narendra Modi govt yet to appoint Lok Sabha deputy speaker, Congress slams delay". Times of India. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Lok Sabha Secy Gen Snehlata Shrivastava gets one-year extension". Indian Express. 8 November 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Leader of the House". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  7. ^ "DMK's Kathir Anand wins Vellore Lok Sabha seat by margin of over 8,000 votes". India Today. 9 August 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  8. ^ "After Rahul Gandhi refuses, Congress names Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury as its leader in Lok Sabha: Reports". Times Now. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Baalu new DMK parliamentary party leader". The Times of India. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Vijayasai Reddy named YSRCP Parliamentary Party leader". Business Standard. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  11. ^ "TMC designates six MPs for speaking to media". India Today. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Shiv Sena appoints Vinayak Raut as party leader for Lok Sabha". Hindustan Times. 15 June 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Rajiv Ranjan Singh is JDU Parliamentary party leader in Lok Sabha". Business Standard. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Pinaki Misra appointed BJD parliamentary party leader in Lok Sabha". Times of India. 2 June 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  15. ^ Mathur, Swati (8 August 2019). "Danish Ali removed as floor leader of BSP in LS for refusing to toe party line on J&K". Times of India. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  16. ^ "BSP appoints Munquad Ali as UP party chief, Danish Ali removed as leader in LS". India Today. 7 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  17. ^ "Nama Nageswara Rao elected TRS leader in Lok Sabha". Business Standard. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  18. ^ a b "43% newly-elected Lok Sabha MPs have criminal record: ADR". The Hindu. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  19. ^ a b Khanna, Pretika (24 May 2019). "At 14%, 17th Lok Sabha has highest number of women MPs". Live Mint. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  20. ^ "BJD's Chandrani Murmu, 25, becomes youngest Member of Parliament". MSN. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  21. ^ Chaudhary, Anjan Kumar (28 May 2019). "17वीं लोकसभा के सबसे यंग और सबसे बूढ़े सांसद को जानिए". One India (in Hindi). Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  22. ^ a b "From faith to gender and profession to caste: A profile of the 17th Lok Sabha". Hindustan Times. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  23. ^ Deuskar, Nachiket (27 May 2019). "Composition of 17th Lok Sabha: Women's representation, education and professional backgrounds". Money Control. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  24. ^ "With Assets Worth Rs 660 Crore, Kamal Nath's Son Tops List of 475 Crorepati MPs in New Lok Sabha: Report". News 18. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  25. ^ Rai, Kavya (22 June 2019). "What does the 17th Lok Sabha look like?". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  26. ^ "Vacant constituencies". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  27. ^ PTI (21 July 2019). "Lok Sabha Member And Ram Vilas Paswan's Brother Ramchandra Paswan Dies". NDTV.com. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  28. ^ "In a jolt to NCP, Udayanraje Bhosale resigns; joins BJP in Amit Shah's presence". Hindustan Times. 14 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.

External linksEdit