All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

The All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen (English: All India Council for Unity of Muslims) (abbreviation: AIMIM) is an Indian political party based primarily in the city of Hyderabad.[5] It is also a significant political party in the Indian States of Telangana and Maharashtra.[6] It is the second largest party in Telangana Legislative Assembly[7] and in Telangana Legislative Council.[8] It's aim is to promote the social, economical, and educational development and effective representation of Indian Muslims.[9]

All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen
AbbreviationAIMIM
LeaderAsaduddin Owaisi
PresidentAsaduddin Owaisi
General SecretarySyed Ahmed Pasha Quadri
Parliamentary ChairpersonAsaduddin Owaisi
Lok Sabha leaderAsaduddin Owaisi
FounderAbdul Wahed Owaisi
Founded2 March 1958 (64 years ago) (1958-03-02)
Preceded byMajlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen or MIM
Headquarters5-5-59, Darussalam Rd, Darus Salam, Ghosha Mahal North, Nampally, Hyderabad, India-500001
NewspaperEtemaad Daily (Urdu)
IdeologyComposite Nationalism[1]
Dalits Rights[2]
Constitutionalism[3]
Political positionRight-wing[4]
Colours  Green
ECI StatusState party
AllianceUnited Progressive Alliance (2008–2012)
AIMIM+VBA (2019)(Maharashtra)
AMMK+ (2021)
(Tamil Nadu)
BTP+ (2021-2022)(Gujarat)
GDSF (2020)
(Bihar)
BPM (2022-Present) (Uttar Pradesh)
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies & State Legislative Councils
16 / 4,036

(3987 MLAs & 49 Vacant)

Number of states and union territories in government
0 / 31
Election symbol
kite
Website
www.aimim.org Edit this at Wikidata

AIMIM has held the Lok Sabha seat for the Hyderabad constituency since 1984. In the 2014 Telangana Legislative Assembly elections, the party won seven seats and received recognition as a 'state party' by the Election Commission of India.[10]

For much of its existence, it had little presence beyond Hyderabad. However, in more recent years, it has begun expanding into other states. It now has a significant presence in Maharashtra, with Imtiyaz Jaleel winning the Aurangabad constituency and with multiple members elected to the Legislative Assembly.[11] It has also made inroads in Bihar, winning five Legislative Assembly seats in 2020.[12]

OriginsEdit

The party has roots back to the days of the princely State of Hyderabad. It was founded and shaped by Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan Qiledar of Hyderabad State in the presence of Ulma-e-Mashaeqeen in 1927 as a pro-Nizam party.[13] Then it was only Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) and the first meeting was held in the house of Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan on 12 November 1927. The MIM shunned integration with India and instead, advocated to set up "Muslim dominion" in India.[14][15][16] In 1938, Bahadur Yar Jung was elected president of the MIM which had a cultural and religious manifesto. It soon acquired political complexion and after the death of Bahadur Yar Jang in 1944, Qasim Rizvi was elected as the leader.[17]

The Razakars, led by Kasim Razvi, were an Islamist paramilitary organization of self-styled volunteers formed, ostensibly, to resist merger with India. Razvi and MIM wanted a Muslim country to be carved out of Hyderabad as South Pakistan.[18] The Razakars operated as "storm troopers" for the MIM. The 150,000 Razakar "soldiers", mobilized to "fight against the Indian Union" for the independence of Hyderabad State.[quote citation needed] After the Indian annexation of Hyderabad State, the MIM was banned in 1948. Qasim Rizvi was jailed from 1948 to 1957, and was released on the condition that he would go to Pakistan where he was granted an asylum.[19]

 
Abdul Wahid Owaisi – Revived AIMIM in 1958

Before leaving, Razvi handed over the responsibility of whatever remained of the MIM to Abdul Wahed Owaisi, a lawyer. Owaisi organised it into the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen.[20][21] Under his leadership, the AIMIM shifted from a hardline policy of independence to a pragmatic direction.[19] After Abdul Wahed Owaisi, his son Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi took control of AIMIM in 1975 and was referred to as Salar E Millat (commander of the community).[22][23]

In Indian politicsEdit

 
Current leader of the party Asaduddin Owaisi

Andhra Pradesh/TelanganaEdit

 
Late Qaaid-e-Millat Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung

In 1960, AIMIM won the Mallepally ward of Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. In 1962, Salahuddin won from Patharghatti assembly seat as an independent candidate and later from Charminar constituency in 1967. In 1972, he won from Yakutpura and later in 1978, again from Charminar.[citation needed] In 1984 Salahuddin emerged victorious in the federal seat of Hyderabad, which he represented the seat until 2004.[24][25][26] Mohammad Majid Hussain of the AIMIM was unanimously elected as the Mayor of Greater Hyderabad on 2 January 2012.[27]

In 1993, AIMIM suffered a split, with a faction led by Amanullah Khan creating the Majlis Bachao Tehreek. As a result, AIMIM was reduced to a single Assembly seat in Andhra Pradesh in 1994.[28] They won 4 seats in 1999, and increased their total to 7 in 2009, where they have remained since then. They joined the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance in 2008, but left it in 2012.[29] AIMIM have 7 MLAs , 2 MLCs , 1 MP , 67 Municipal Corporators & 70 Councillors in Telangana.

MaharastraEdit

The party won 2 seats at the 2014 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election.[30]

In 2018, AIMIM allied with Prakash Ambedkar's Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi.[31][32] AIMIM and VBA contested the 2019 Lok Sabha elections in Maharashtra in alliance. Imtiyaz Jaleel won the Aurangabad seat, winning a seat for AIMIM outside Hyderabad for the first time ever.[original research?] Owaisi's AIMIM big scores in Maharashtra Municipal Corporation Election. The Party won 25 seats in Aurangabad, 10 in Amravati, 9 in Solapur, 7 in Malegaon, 4 in Dhule, 2 in Mumbai, 2 in Thane , 2 in Kalyan and 1 in Pune. The AIMIM Party won Total 62 Municipal corporators , 40 Municipal Councilors , 102 Grampanchayat member & 1 Zilla Parishad member in Maharashtra.[citation needed]

BiharEdit

State President Akhtarul Iman[33] contested from Kishanganj in the 2019 Indian general election,[34] placing third. Later that year, Qamrul Hoda won the Bihar Legislative Assembly seat of the same name in a by-election.[35]

AIMIM contested the 2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election as part of the Grand Democratic Secular Front. The party won 5 seats in the Seemanchal region,[36] with Iman winning from Amour.[37]

Uttar PradeshEdit

AIMIM win 32 seats in Uttar Pradesh Local body election in 2017. AIMIM contested on 100 seats in 2022 election in UP but failed miserably.AIMIM lost election on all seats. 2022 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election[38] on around 100 seats in Uttar Pradesh.[39]

In many such constituencies, they have indirectly split the secular votes and made BJP win , hence been termed as "BJP Agent" by many opposition leaders.[40][41][42]

GujaratEdit

AIMIM made impressive debut in Amdavad Municipal Corporation. They contested 21 seats and won 7. AIMIM panel won all seats in Jamalpur and Maktampura Wards. All 7 seats AIMIM won came at the cost of Congress, these seats belonged to Congress in 2015. After few days AIMIM likely contest to Gujarat Municipality election & he succeeded. Party won 9 seats in Modasa , 8 in Godhra & 2 seats in Bharuch. Later AIMIM won Bharuch municipality ward no 10 bye election by 1400 votes.

KarnatakaEdit

AIMIM won 4 Corporators seats in Karnataka Municipal Corporation. 3 in Hubli & 1 in Belgavi. In City Council election AIMIM won 4 Councillors in Bidar (2) & Kolar (2) Municipality.

Tamil NaduEdit

AIMIM opened its account in Tamil Nadu by winning 2 seats of the 16 wards it contested in Vaniyambadi municipal elections 2022. Tamil Nadu is the fourth state in south India after Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka to have its representation in municipal bodies.

Electoral performanceEdit

General electionsEdit

Lok Sabha
Election year Overall votes % of
overall vote
Seats contested Seats won +/– in seats
1989 403625 0.21% 1 1 1  
1991 454823 0.16% 1 1  
1996 340,070 0.1% 1 1  
1998 485785 0.13% 1 1  
1999 448,165 0.12% 1 1  
2004 378,854 0.1% 1 1  
2009 308,061 0.07% 1 1  
2014 685,730 0.12% 5 1  
2019 1,201,542 0.20% 3 2 1  

State Assembly ElectionsEdit

Election Year Overall votes % of
overall votes
Seats contested Seats won +/- in seats Sitting side
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
1989
(Debut)
571757 1.99% 35
4 / 294
  4
1994 216838 0.7% 20
1 / 294
  3
1999 360211 1.05% 5
4 / 294
  3
2004 3,75,165 1.05% 7
4 / 294
 
2009 3,49,896 0.83% 8
7 / 294
  3
Bihar Legislative Assembly
2015
(Debut)
80,248 0.2% 6
0 / 243
 
2020 5,23,279 1.24% 20
5 / 243
  5 GDSF
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
2019
(Debut)
1,73,980 1.16% 0
0 / 81
 
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
2014
(Debut)
4,89,614 0.93% 24
2 / 288
  2
2019 7,37,888 1.34% 44
2 / 288
 
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
2016
(Debut)
10,117 0.02% 2
0 / 234
 
2021 3,134 0.01% 3
0 / 234
  AMMK+
Telangana Legislative Assembly
2014
(New State Assembly)
7,37,134 1.52% 35
7 / 119
  7
2018 5,61,089 2.7% 8
7 / 119
 
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
2017
(Debut)
2,04,142 0.24% 38
0 / 403
 
2022 4,50,929 0.49% 95
0 / 403
  BPM
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly
2022
(Debut)
1,687 0.03% 4
0 / 70
 
West Bengal Legislative Assembly
2021
(Debut)
10,852 0.02% 6
0 / 294
 

LeadershipEdit

Post Name
National President Asaduddin Owaisi[43]
General Secretary Syed Ahmed Pasha Quadri
National Spokesperson Waris Pathan[44]
National Spokesperson Asim Waqar[45]
Telangana Assembly Floor Leader Akbaruddin Owaisi[46]
Karnataka President Usman Ghani Humnabad[47]
Tamil Nadu President Abdul Rahim Khan
Gujarat President Sabirbhai Kabuliwala[48]
Maharashtra President Imtiyaz Jaleel[49]
Jharkhand President Mohammad Shakir Ansari[50]
Bihar President Akhtarul Iman
Delhi President Kaleemul Hafeez
Uttar Pradesh President Shaukat Ali[51]
Uttrakhand President Nayyer Kazmi[52]

HeadquartersEdit

The main party office is located within Darussalam, where Deccan College of Engineering and Technology, Deccan School of Pharmacy, Deccan School of Planning and Architecture, and Deccan School of Management are also located. The Etemaad Press Office is also situated adjacent to the engineering college. The open grounds on the campus are also used from time to time to organize political gatherings (termed as "jalsa") where the party leaders deliver speeches to public and media alike.

List of National PresidentsEdit

  1. Abdul Wahed Owaisi - (1958 to 1983) Founder President
  2. Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi - (1983 to 2008)
  3. Asaduddin Owaisi - (2008 to Till date)

Non-Muslim candidatesEdit

AIMIM has occasionally fielded Hindus in various assembly and local body elections.[53][54][55][56][57] The AIMIM selected Alampally Pochiah as its First Mayor in the City.[58] MIM had three Hindu Hyderabad mayors- K. Prakash Rao, A. Satyanarayana and Alampalli Pochaiah.[59] A Muralidhar Reddy, Hindu candidate being fielded for an assembly seat by Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen from Rajendranagar constituency.

In 2013 local elections the party fielded a woman candidate from Hindu OBC, V.Bhanumathi, who won election against Hajira Sultana from Congress by 1,282 votes.[60]

Aurangabad Municipal Corporation AIMIM fielded 12 non-Muslim candidates, mostly underprivileged Hindus referred to as Dalits. Of these 12, five non-Muslims — Sangeeta Waghule, Lata Nikhalge, Gangadhar Dhage, Sarita Borde and Vikas Edke won.[citation needed]

AIMIM has announced 19 Hindus candidates in various assembly seats in 2022 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, with Pandit Manmohan Jha Gama being the first one.[61][62]

ControversiesEdit

Multiple members of the party have been accused of inciting violence, fear mongering and hate speech.[63][64][65][neutrality is disputed] In 2007, the floor leader of the party in the Telangana Assembly, Akbaruddin Owaisi, threatened to kill the writer Taslima Nasreen[63] should she ever visit Hyderabad again.[66] Nasreen was later attacked during a book launch for the Telugu translation of her novel Shodh.[67]

In February 2020, Police from India's Kalaburagi, Karnataka region charged party leader Waris Pathan for alleged hate speech. In the speech Pathon allegedly expressed Anti-Hindu sentiment by positing, "To those saying we have only put our women at the forefront of the protest against the CAA, NRC and NPR, only our lionesses have come out till now and you are already sweating. Imagine what will happen if we all men came together. We are 15 crore, which can outweigh their 100 crore". Waris later apologised for the comments via Twitter while the party's president Asaduddin Owaisi advised him not to make provocative remarks in public.[64]

PhilanthropyEdit

AIMIM donated relief worth 78.75 lakh for Uttarakhand flood victims in 2013.[68][69]

AIMIM donated over 5 crores aid to the 2017 Bihar flood victims in August 2017.[70]

During the 2018 floods in Kerala, AIMIM donated 16 Lakh rupees and 10 Lakh rupees worth medicines.[71][72]

During the 2020 Delhi riots, AIMIM organized two medical relief camps in Delhi and donated medicines worth 40 Lakhs. Asaduddin Owaisi announced that all elected representatives of AIMIM will donate one month of their salary for those affected by the Delhi riots.[73]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  7. ^ Telangana Legislative Assembly
  8. ^ Telangana Legislative Council
  9. ^
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  11. ^
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  15. ^ Ramachandran, Rajesh (18 March 2016). "Asaduddin Owaisi's remark: Razakars don't say 'Bharat Mata Ki Jai'". The Economic Times.
  16. ^ Malik, Ashok (20 March 2016). "Instigating a controversy". Deccan Chronicle.
  17. ^ Muralidharan, Sukumar (2014). "Alternate Histories: Hyderabad 1948 Compels a Fresh Evaluation of the Theology of India's Independence and Partition". History and Sociology of South Asia. 8 (2): 119–138. doi:10.1177/2230807514524091. S2CID 153722788.
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  62. ^ "यूपी चुनाव 2022: जानें कौन हैं मनमोहन झा गामा, जिन्हें ओवैसी की पार्टी ने यूपी में बनाया पहला हिंदू उम्मीदवार". Hindustan (in Hindi). Retrieved 21 April 2022.
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  64. ^ a b "Asaduddin Owaisi's Party Leader Charged For "15 Crore Muslims" Remark In Karnataka". NDTV. 23 February 2020. Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 4 November 2021.
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  66. ^ "Owaisi booked for threatening Taslima". Hindustan Times. 12 August 2007. Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2021.
  67. ^ "Taslima Nasreen attacked in Hyderabad during book launch". Times of India. 9 August 2007. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2021.
  68. ^ "MIM announces relief for victims of Uttarakhand cal". Zee News. 25 June 2013.
  69. ^ "AIMIM announces relief worth Rs 7.75 crores for Uttarakhand victims". Archived from the original on 11 June 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  70. ^ "Hyderabad: AIMIM sends medical relief to flood-affected Bihar". Telangana Today. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  71. ^ "Kerala floods: TRS MPs donate one month's pay". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
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External linksEdit